Hebrejčina 1: Spoluhlásky

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  • The font used to demonstrate the writing is a simple font in order to represent handwriting. However, these is not always the way the letter should look when writing by hand. The students should pay closest attention to the strokes drawn next to the letters.
  • This is a specific example of how the font used for representing handwriting does not represent the letter well. Please note the shape of the stroke drawn next to the letter and follow its guidance.
    The font used to demonstrate the writing is a simple font in order to represent handwriting. However, these is not always the way the letter should look when writing by hand. The students should pay closest attention to the strokes drawn next to the letters.
  • This is a specific example of how the font used for representing handwriting does not represent the letter well. Please note the shape of the stroke drawn next to the letter and follow its guidance.
    The font used to demonstrate the writing is a simple font in order to represent handwriting. However, these is not always the way the letter should look when writing by hand. The students should pay closest attention to the strokes drawn next to the letters.

  • This is a specific example of how the font used for representing handwriting does not represent the letter well. Please note the shape of the stroke drawn next to the letter and follow its guidance.
    The font used to demonstrate the writing is a simple font in order to represent handwriting. However, these is not always the way the letter should look when writing by hand. The students should pay closest attention to the strokes drawn next to the letters.

  • Begad Kefat písmená majú dágéš lene na začiatku slabiky
  • Word, image, covenant
  • The son, to keep (piel), the bread
  • Fruit, keep (imv)
  • Hifil to exclude, withdraw; participle, write
  • Hebrejčina 1: Spoluhlásky

    1. 1. Pozadie Michel D’anastasio Hebrejský alefbet
    2. 2. Pozadie Michel D’anastasio príbuzné jazyky
    3. 3. akkadčina semitský materský jazyk Averbeck
    4. 4. Pozadie Michel D’anastasio vývoj hebrejčiny
    5. 5. história hebrejčiny • Proto sinaitická abeceda • Fénitská abeceda • Paleo-hebrejska abeceda • Aramejska abeceda (dnešná)
    6. 6. Siloamský nápis (circa 701 pr. Kr., foto: Anita Gould)
    7. 7. Siloamský nápis a Aramejský ‫א‬
    8. 8. Pozadie Michel D’anastasio alefbet
    9. 9. ‫א‬ siloam aprotosinajské A ’ālĕf 1 ’ (, ʔ) 1 2 3
    10. 10. ‫ּב‬ siloam bprotosinajské Bbêt 2 b, ḇ () 1 2
    11. 11. ‫ּג‬ siloam g gimĕl 3 g, g̱ 1 2
    12. 12. ‫ּד‬ siloam d dālĕt 4 d, ḏ 1 2
    13. 13. ‫ה‬ Siloam hprotosinajské H hē 5 h 1 2
    14. 14. ‫ו‬ siloam w wāw 6 w 1
    15. 15. ‫ז‬ siloam z záyĭn 7 z 1 2
    16. 16. ‫ח‬ siloam ux ḥêt 8 ḥ (, ħ) 1 2
    17. 17. ‫ט‬ siloam j ṭêt 9 ṭ (, tˤ) 1
    18. 18. ‫י‬ siloam y yôd 10 y 1
    19. 19. ‫ּכ‬ siloam kprotosinajské Kkaf 20 k, ḵ (, χ) 1
    20. 20. ‫ל‬ siloam l lāmĕd 30 l 1
    21. 21. ‫מ‬ siloam mprotosinajské Mmêm 40 m 1 2
    22. 22. ‫נ‬ siloam nprotosinajské Nnûn 50 n 1
    23. 23. ‫ס‬ Siloam s sāmĕkh 60 s 1
    24. 24. ‫ע‬ siloam protosinajské [‘áyĭn 70 ‘ (, ʕ) 12
    25. 25. ‫ּפ‬ Siloam p pê 80 p, p̱ 1 2
    26. 26. ‫צ‬ siloam ṣādê 90 ṣ 1 2
    27. 27. ‫ק‬ siloam q qôf 100 q 1 2
    28. 28. ‫ר‬ siloam rprotosinajské Rrêš 200 r 1
    29. 29. ‫ׂש‬ siloam v protosinajské Vśîn 300 ś 12 3
    30. 30. ‫ׁש‬ siloam v protosinajské Všîn 300 š 12 3
    31. 31. ‫ּת‬ siloam tprotosinajské Ttāw 400 t, ṯ 1 2
    32. 32. Pozadie Michel D’anastasio skupiny samohlások
    33. 33. hrdelnice ‫ר‬ ‫ע‬ ‫ח‬ ‫ה‬ ‫א‬
    34. 34. Koncový tvar ‫צ‬ ‫פ‬ ‫נ‬ ‫מ‬ ‫כ‬ ‫ץ‬ ‫ף‬ ‫ן‬ ‫ם‬ ‫ך‬
    35. 35. Begad Kefat ‫ת‬ ‫פ‬ ‫כ‬ ‫ד‬ ‫ג‬ ‫ב‬ ‫ּת‬ ‫ּפ‬ ‫ּכ‬ ‫ּד‬ ‫ּג‬ ‫ּב‬
    36. 36. Dágéš lene • Tvrdá výslovnosť • Len v písmenách ‫ּת‬ ‫ּפ‬ ‫ּכ‬ ‫ּד‬ ‫ּג‬ ‫ּב‬ • Nikdy nenasleduje samohlásku (vždy na začiatku slabiky) ‫ית‬ ִ‫ר‬ ְּ‫ּב‬ ‫מ‬ ָּ‫ּד‬‫ּו‬‫ת‬ ‫ר‬ ָּ‫ב‬ ָּ‫ּד‬
    37. 37. Dageš forte • Tvrdá aj zdvojená výslovnosť (‫ּל‬ = ‫ל‬ ‫)ל‬ • Vo všetkých spoluhláskach okrem hrdelníc ( ‫ה‬ ‫א‬‫ח‬‫ע‬ a ‫.)ר‬ • Vždy nasleduje samohlásku ‫ּל‬ ַ‫ה‬‫ח‬‫ם‬ ִ‫י‬ָּ‫ש‬‫ר‬ ֵ‫מ‬ ֵ‫ּב‬ ַ‫ה‬‫ן‬
    38. 38. Pozadie Michel D’anastasio ševa
    39. 39. znelé ševa • Na začiatku slabiky ְּ‫ׁש‬‫ר‬ ַ‫מ‬ ‫י‬ ִ‫ר‬ ְּ‫ּפ‬
    40. 40. tiché ševa • Na konci slabiky ‫ב‬ ָּ‫ּת‬ ְּ‫כ‬ ִ‫מ‬ ‫יל‬ ִ‫ּד‬ ְּ‫ב‬ ַ‫ה‬
    41. 41. dva krát ševa uprostred slova • Prvé je tiché, druhé je znelé ‫א‬ְּ‫ׁש‬‫ה‬ ָּ‫ר‬ ְּ‫מ‬ ִ‫י‬ְּ‫ׁש‬‫ר‬ ְּ‫מ‬‫ּו‬ ‫ב‬ ֵ‫ת‬ ְּ‫ּכ‬ ְּ‫ת‬ ִ‫ה‬
    42. 42. ševa pod zdvojenou spoluhláskou • Končí predchádzajúcu slabiku a začína novú—čiže sú znelé ַ‫ׁש‬‫ר‬ ְּ‫ּב‬‫ּו‬ = ַ‫ׁש‬‫ר‬ ְּ‫ּב‬ ְּ‫ב‬‫ּו‬ ִ‫ח‬‫ה‬ ָָּ ְּ‫ּל‬ = ִ‫ח‬‫ה‬ ָָּ ְּ‫ל‬ ְּ‫ל‬
    43. 43. Pozadie Michel D’anastasio podľa miesta artikulácie Fonetické skupiny
    44. 44. sykavky ‫ׂשׁש‬ ‫צ‬ ‫ס‬ ‫ז‬
    45. 45. palatále ָ ‫כ‬ ‫ג‬
    46. 46. dentále ‫ת‬ ‫ט‬ ‫ד‬
    47. 47. labiále ‫פ‬ ‫ב‬
    48. 48. znelé ‫י‬ ‫ו‬ ‫ל‬ ‫ר‬ ‫מ‬ ‫נ‬

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