The OpenSolaris Operating System and Sun xVM VirtualBox - Blake Deville


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The OpenSolaris Operating System and Sun xVM VirtualBox - Blake Deville

  1. 1. The OpenSolaris Operating System and Sun xVM VirtualBox Blake Deville
  2. 2. Solaris <ul><li>Since the early 1980s, Sun worked on the SunOS variant of UNIX. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1987, Sun and AT&T merged BSD, System V, and Xenix to create System V Release 4. </li></ul><ul><li>Releases ending at SunOS 4 were based off of BSD and later renamed to Solaris 1. </li></ul><ul><li>SunOS 5 was based off of SVR4 and referred to as Solaris 2. </li></ul><ul><li>After Solaris 2.6, the minor version replaced the major (The current Solaris 10 is SunOS 5.10). </li></ul>
  3. 3. Solaris, cont'd. <ul><li>Became very popular on Sparc systems. </li></ul><ul><li>SunOS 5 included the OpenWindows environment, and later included the Common Desktop Environment. </li></ul><ul><li>As of Solaris 10, the default desktop environment is the Java Desktop System. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives are supported, such as KDE, Gnome 2.0, and XFCE. </li></ul>
  4. 4. OpenSolaris <ul><li>Started as a fork of the Solaris 10 code. </li></ul><ul><li>First available on June 14, 2005. </li></ul><ul><li>Both binary and source availability, free of cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Gradually, more of the Solaris code will be available. </li></ul><ul><li>Starting with the current version of Solaris (Nevada), code will be used on OpenSolaris. </li></ul><ul><li>Also available as a weekly-updated developer release. </li></ul><ul><li>The only SVR4-based open-source UNIX. </li></ul>
  5. 5. OpenSolaris, Cont'd. <ul><li>The code for Dtrace was released first, followed by much of the Solaris code. </li></ul><ul><li>Some parts were still only available as binary. </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed under the Common Development and Distribution License. </li></ul><ul><li>The CDDL is OSI-approved and based off of the Mozilla Public License (MPL). </li></ul><ul><li>Because of MPL roots it is not compatible with the GPL. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Project Indiana <ul><li>One of the most significant releases of OpenSolaris. </li></ul><ul><li>Version 2008.05 (Released in May). </li></ul><ul><li>Ian Murdock of Debian fame was asked to head the project. </li></ul><ul><li>Brings several successes of Linux distributions to OpenSolaris. </li></ul><ul><li>Includes Gnome, GNU tools, and a network-based package manager. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Project Indiana, Cont'd. <ul><li>Functions as a live CD. </li></ul><ul><li>Contains the Grub bootloader. </li></ul><ul><li>X86(_64), PowerPC, and Sparc architectures supported. </li></ul><ul><li>Linux influences make OpenSolaris easier to pick up with hardly any learning curve. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Image Packaging System <ul><li>Similar to Debian apt and FreeBSD ports. </li></ul><ul><li>Slight emphasis on setting up one's own repository. </li></ul><ul><li>Has the ability to send packages to a repository. </li></ul><ul><li>GUI (Package Manager) and command-line variants (pkg). </li></ul><ul><li>Not yet complete, and has some quirks. </li></ul><ul><li>Repositories based on “Authorities.” </li></ul>
  9. 9. OpenSolaris Variants <ul><li>Nexenta OS – OpenSolaris with Ubuntu influences </li></ul><ul><li>MilaX – Minimalist OpenSolaris distribution </li></ul><ul><li>SchilliX – First OpenSolaris live CD/distribution </li></ul><ul><li>OpenSolaris for System Z – port to IBM's System Z mainframe. </li></ul><ul><li>Belenix – Served as a basis for Project Indiana. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Typical Installation <ul><li>Boot the OpenSolaris live CD </li></ul><ul><li>Double-click the “Install OpenSolaris” icon on the desktop. </li></ul><ul><li>Select a partition. </li></ul><ul><li>Timezone, date, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Default language </li></ul><ul><li>Set the root password (Optionally create a user)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>Install and reboot. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Sun xVM VirtualBox <ul><li>Originally developed by Innotek, but now by Sun. </li></ul><ul><li>At first only free for personal/evaluational use, but later most of the source code was released under GPLv2. </li></ul><ul><li>Features seamless desktops, USB support (not in open-sourced version), audio, mounting an iso as a CD/DVD drive, and snapshots. </li></ul><ul><li>Runs most operating systems decently. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  12. 12. Useful Links <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>