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  2. 2. • In ancient India, there was a practice of having Nagarvadhus, "brides of the town"(grooms). Famous examples include Amrapali • written in the 2nd century BC by Sudraka. In Goa, a former Portuguese colony in India, during the late 16th and 17th centuries, there was a community of Japanese slaves, who were usually young Japanese women and girls brought or captured as sexual slaves by Portuguese traders and their South Asian lascar crewmembers from Japan • During the British East India Company's rule in India in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, it was initially fairly common for British soldiers to frequently visit local Indian nautch dancers. • In the 19th and early 20th centuries, thousands or even millions of women and girls from continental Europe and Japan were trafficked into British India HISTORY
  3. 3. • Sex Workers: A prostitute who seduces or solicits shall be prosecuted. Similarly, call girls can not publish phone numbers to the public. (imprisonment up to 6 months with fine, point 8) Sex worker also punished for prostitution near any public place or notified area. (Imprisonment of up to 3 months with fine, point 7) • Clients: A client is guilty of consorting with prostitutes and can be charged if he engages in sex acts with a sex worker within 200 yards of a public place or "notified area". (Imprisonment of up to 3 months, point 7) The client may also be punished if the sex worker is below 18 years of age. (From 7 to 10 years of imprisonment, whether with a child or a minor, point 7) • Pimps and Babus: Babus or pimps or live-in lovers who live off a prostitute's earnings are guilty of a crime. Any adult male living with a prostitute is assumed to be guilty unless he can prove otherwise. (Imprisonment of up to 2 years with fine, point 4) Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act - PITA
  4. 4. • Brothel: Landlords and brothel-keepers can be prosecuted, maintaining a brothel is illegal. (From 1 to 3 years imprisonment with fine for first offence, point 3) Detaining someone at a brothel for the purpose of sexual exploitation can lead to prosecution. (Imprisonment of more than 7 years, point 6) • Procuring and trafficking: A person procures or attempts to procure anybody is liable to be punished. Also a person who moves a person from one place to another, (human trafficking), can be prosecuted similarly. (From 3 to 7 years imprisonment with fine, point 5) • Rescued Women: The government is legally obligated to provide rescue and rehabilitation in a "protective home" for any sex worker requesting assistance. (Point 21) Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act - PITA
  5. 5. • the All Bengal Women's Union interviewed a random sample of 160 sex workers in Calcutta and, of those, 23 claimed that they had come of their own accord, whereas the remaining 137 women claimed to have been introduced into the sex trade by agents of various sorts. The breakdown was as follows: • Neighbour in connivance with parents: 7 • Neighbours as pimps (guardians not knowing): 19 • Aged sex workers from same village or locality: 31 • Unknown person/accidental meeting with pimp: 32 • Mother/sister/near relative in the profession: 18 • Lover giving false hope of marriage or job and selling to brothel: 14 • Close acquaintance giving false hope of marriage or job: 11 • "Husband" (not legally married): 3 • Husband (legally married): 1 Reasons for entry
  7. 7. • There are approximately 10million prostitutes in India. (Human Rights Watch, Robert I. Friedman, "India’s Shame :Sexual Slavery and Political Corruption Are Leading to An AIDS Catastrophe," The Nation, 8 April 1996) Continue..
  8. 8. • There are300,000-500,000children in prostitution in India. • (Rahul Bedi, "Bid To Protect Children As Sex Tourism Spreads,"London‟s Daily Telegraph, 23 August, 1997) Continue..
  9. 9. • 160,000 Nepalese women are held inIndia's brothels. • (Executive Director of SAN LAAP, Indrani Sinha,Paper on Globalization and Human Rights“) Continue..
  10. 10. • About 5,000-7,000Nepalese girls are trafficked to India everyday. 100,000-160,000Nepalese girls are prostituted in brothels in India. About 45,000Nepalese girls are in the brothels of Bombay and40,000 in Calcutta. • (Women‟s groups in Nepal, „Trafficking in Women and Children: The Cases of Bangladesh, pp.8 & 9,UBINIG, 1995) Continue..
  11. 11. • There are more than 100,000 women in prostitution in Bombay, Asia‟s largest sex industry center. 90% of the100,000 women in prostitution in Bombay are indentured slaves. Continue..
  12. 12. • In Bombay, children as young as 9 are bought for up to 60,000 rupees, orUS$2,000, at auctions where Arabs bid against Indian men who believe sleeping with a virgin cures gonorrhea and syphilis. • (Robert I. Friedman, "India‟s Shame: Sexual Slavery and Political Corruption Are Leading to An AIDS Catastrophe," The Nation, 8 April 1996) Continue..
  13. 13. • The red light district in Bombay generates at least $400 million a year in revenue, with 100,000prostitutes servicing men365 days a year , averaging 6 customers a day, at $2 each. • (Robert I. Friedman, "India‟s Shame: Sexual Slavery and Political Corruption Are Leading to An AIDS Catastrophe," The Nation, 8April 1996) Continue..
  14. 14. • India, along with Thailand and the Philippines, has 1.3million children in its sex-trade centers. The children come from relatively poorer are as and are trafficked to relatively richer ones. • (Soma Wadhwa , "For sale childhood," Outlook, 1998)City Prostitute Population . Bombay 100,000Calcutta 100,000Delhi 40,000Agra 40,000 Continue..
  15. 15. • India and Pakistan are the main destinations for children under16 who are trafficked in south Asia. (MasakoIijima , "S. Asia urged to unite against child prostitution," Reuters, 19June 1998) Continue..
  16. 16. • Sonagachi in Kolkata, Kamathipura in Mumbai, G.B. Road in New Delhi, Reshampura in Gwalior, Budhwar Peth in Pune , host thousands of sex workers & are the famous red light centers in India. Continue..
  17. 17. • Mumbai and Kolkata(Calcutta) have the country's largest brothel based sex industry, with over 100,000 sex workers in Mumbai. It is estimated that more than 50% of the sex workers in Mumbai are HIV-positive. In Surat , a study discovered that HIV prevalence among sex workers had increased from 17% in 1992 to 43%in 2000. Continue..
  18. 18. • Believe, they are not fond of doing it. They do this because they want to eat , they want to wear cloths , they want a shelter , they need medicine , their children need education, Continue..
  19. 19. • So which one of our systems like Religious, Political, Educational, Cultural , Moral or Social failed? Or a human in India is no more God fearing?? Any religion, culture or population isn’t advanced, educated & sound which lack the women respect • Let’s think on this • “System Failure” • Let’s think about • “MERA BHARAT MAHAN” THANK U..