Trade union


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This is a PPT about employees trade union from HR poit of view

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Trade union

  2. 2. What is a Trade Union? • An organization of workers or employees formed mainly to _ Negotiate with the employers on various employment related issues – Improve the terms and conditions at their workplace – Enhance their status in society • In most countries, there are laws governing the formation, membership and administration of trade unions.
  3. 3. DEFINITION • "Trade Union" means any combination, whether temporary or permanent, formed primarily for the purpose of regulating the relations between workmen and employers or between workmen and workmen, or between employers and employers, or for imposing restrictive conditions on the conduct of any trade or business • Trade unions are formed to protect and promote the interests of their members. Their primary function is to protect the interests of workers against discrimination and unfair labor practices.
  4. 4. ORIGIN & GROWTH OF TRADE UNION MOVEMENT • • • • • • • • • Industrialization brought about new economic and social order in societies. TU emerged as a result of industrialization in new social order First workers’ union in India under the leadership of Mr Lokhande was developed in 1890 Beginning of labor movement in the modern sense started after the outbreak of World War I Economic. Political and social conditions influenced the growth of trade union movement in India. Establishment of ILO helped the formation of TUs in the country In 1920 AITUC( All India Trade Union Congress) was formed- the 1st All India trade union World War II brought splits in AITUC. Efforts of Indian National Congress resulted in the formation of INTUC( Indian National Trade Union Congress) Socialists separated from AITUC formed HMS( Hind Mazdoor Sabha) in 1948 Some other unions were also formed. They were BMS ( Bhartiya Majdoor Sangh) in1955, HMP( Hind Majdoor Panchayat) in 1965, CITU( Centre of Indian Trade Union ) in 1970
  5. 5. Objectives of a Trade Union 1. Collective bargaining – Represent members to negotiate with employers, for better wages and conditions of employment 1. Safeguard jobs – Protect jobs of members 1. Cooperate with employers – For the benefits of members, resolve disputes in a mutually acceptable manner
  6. 6. Objectives of a Trade Union 4. Political activities - Support pro-union political parties 5. Social activities - Support members with recreation facilities and benefits for unemployment, illness, retirement, death
  7. 7. Functions of Trade unions • (i) Militant functions (a) To achieve higher wages and better working conditions (b) To raise the status of workers as a part of industry (c) To protect labors against victimization and injustice
  8. 8. (ii) Fraternal functions • To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers • To generate self confidence among workers • To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers • To provide opportunities for promotion and growth • To protect women workers against discrimination
  9. 9. Types of Unions 1. Craft union – Same craft or occupation 1. General union – For unskilled workers 1. Staff union – Non-manual workers
  10. 10. 4. Industry union – Same industry, regardless of skills, occupation or job 4. House union (company or enterprise union) – All members are from the same company regardless of occupation or job
  11. 11. Reasons For Joining Trade Unions 1. Greater Bargaining Power 2. Minimize Discrimination 3. Sense of Security 4. Sense of Participation 5. Sense of Belongingness 6. Platform for self expression 7. Betterment of relationships
  12. 12. Central Trade Union Organizations in India: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS) Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU) Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP) Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS) Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU) 7. Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC) 8. National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU) 9. National Labor Organization (NLO) 10. Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC) 11. United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) and 12. United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)
  13. 13. MAJOR PROBLEMS FACED BY TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA • • • • • • • Outside or political leadership Multiplicity of trade unions Small size of unions Low membership Uneven growth Poor financial position Low level of knowledge of labor legislation • Fear of victimization
  14. 14. TRADE UNION ACT (1926) • It legalizes the formation of trade unions by allowing employees the right to form and organize unions and also strengthen bargaining power of workers • Act aims to provide law for the registration of trade unions and get it registered under the act • Permits any seven persons to form a union OBJECTIVES • Lay down conditions governing the registration of trade unions • Defines obligations of trade unions • Prescribe rights and liabilities of a registered trade union STATUS OF A REGISTERED UNION • It becomes a body corporate • It gets a common seal • It can buy and hold movable and immovable property • It can enter into contracts with others • It can sue and be sued in its name
  15. 15. TRADE UNION ACT (1926) REGISTRATION: A trade union formed with at least 7 members may apply for registration with following documents • A copy of the rules of trade union • Name, occupation and addresses of members • Name of trade union and address of its Office Bearers of the trade unions • In case already in operation- submit statement of accounts/assets and liability statement OBLIGATIONS: It should have a name, clearly laid down objective, membership list readily available, purpose for which funds shall be utilized, members to be the actually working persons , Honorary/temporary office bearers, conditions for benefits/fines, conditions under which rules shall be amended, manner in which office bearers shall be appointed, safe custody of funds and manner in which trade union shall be dissolved
  16. 16. RIGHTS AND LIABILITIES • Section 15 of the Act provides for certain obligations and liabilities of registered unions • It also stipulates the purpose for which funds can be utilized THE AMALGAMATION OF TRADE UNIONS: • Any two or more registered unions may get amalgamated together as one trade union