Election Campaign Japan Us


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Election Campaign Japan Us

  1. 1. Election Campaign - as a Cultural Event
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Basic Information Japanese politics/ US politics </li></ul><ul><li>Hypothesis – Our Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>The comparison between US and Japan - the party’s platform (the policy) - politician’s public appearances </li></ul><ul><li>The conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Japan’s basic data <ul><li>Leader of the country is the prime minister </li></ul><ul><li>Voter can NOT choose him/her directly </li></ul><ul><li>We choose member of house by election, house majority party chooses PM </li></ul><ul><li>2 parties / LDP & DPJ …based on the same party …has still similar policy </li></ul>
  4. 4. The US’s basic data <ul><li>Leader of the country is President. </li></ul><ul><li>We CAN choose him/her directly. </li></ul><ul><li>2 parties Republican & Democrat …has quite difference policy </li></ul><ul><li>2 house Senate & House of Representatives </li></ul>
  5. 5. Japanese and US Voter Affiliation Public opinion poll in telephone (August 1 st &2 nd , 2009) by Kyodo News Service ( 共同通信)
  6. 6. US - Two parties system <ul><li>Republican </li></ul>Democrats Small gov. Big gov Conservative Liberal
  7. 7. Our Hypoth esis <ul><li>Japan Election campaign reflected by group consciousness </li></ul><ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Election campaign reflects individualism </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Case I: The Platform (“ Manifesto” ) </li></ul><ul><li>United States vs. Japan </li></ul>
  9. 9. USA’s “platform” (2008) Show the individualism Obama (Democrat) McCain (Republic) Strong border regulation Immigration Strong border regulation Immediately begin troop withdrawal . War in Iraq Opposes timetable for withdrawal . Pro-choice Abortion Pro-Life Cut for the middle class Taxes Cut for upper class Promote National Insurance Plan; thanks to Government support Health Care Promote lower costs; thanks to market mechanism
  10. 10. “ Manifesto” Japan Lower House Election (August 30th, 2009) LDP DPJ Grant aid (3-5 years old) Children Children aid (-12 years old) about 250 $ /per month 2% growth in 2010 latter support small business by the gov support Economy Support small business by gov subsidy Rasing house income 10 thousand $/ year by the gov policy Wages Minimum Wages 10 $/ hour by the law
  11. 11. “ Manifesto” Japan Lower House Election (August 30th, 2009) “ Amakudari” ( 天下り) = government employee leave to go work in the private sector. Show the group consciousness in Japan LDP DPJ Up increase tax (after recovery) prohibit “Amakudari” Financial Prohibit “Amakudari”
  12. 12. How politicians express themselves in public? <ul><li>Case II: How To express themselves </li></ul><ul><li>United States vs. Japan </li></ul>The way to Speak…
  13. 13. American TV
  14. 14. Street Speeches ( 街頭演説) <ul><li>Street Speech is the traditional way in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>The usually activities in the district for politicians </li></ul><ul><li>Especially, a lot of street speeches </li></ul>
  15. 15. What do you think? <ul><li>Both movies are like a “twin” </li></ul><ul><li>Policy: Little difference </li></ul><ul><li>Speech Manner: Very serious </li></ul><ul><li>(strict face, policy-centered) -- the symbol of “Group Consciousness” </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>PRESIDENTIAL DEBATE </li></ul>The US Election
  17. 17. What is debate? – with subscript <ul><li>McCain: That, to me, was so hurtful. Obama: Less interested in our hurt feelings... than addressing the issues… </li></ul><ul><li>McCain: you didn't repudiate those remarks. Obama: And 100 percent, John, of your ads 100 percent of [McCain's Ads] have been negative ... </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Campaign >> Policy </li></ul><ul><li>How to control the images - in order to get better positions than others </li></ul><ul><li>The choosing of the WORDS - use criticized, negative phrases </li></ul>
  18. 18. Conclusion <ul><li>Difference of Culture -> Difference of Election Campaign </li></ul><ul><li>“ Group Consciousness” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Individualism” </li></ul>Japan United States Party’s Platform Just the same Very different Politican’s public appearnces Look seriously Look personality
  19. 19. Main Reference <ul><li><Japanese> Kamashima - Media and Politics (2007) , Yuhikaku Watanabe - Obama and US (2008) , Gentosha </li></ul><ul><li>and a lot of more in the activities in Japan… </li></ul><ul><li><English> http://www.bostonherald.com/news/national/politics/2008/bios/view.bg?articleid=1063110 http://www.bostonherald.com/news/national/politics/2008/bios/view.bg?articleid=1063099 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:U.S._party_affiliation.png http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/10/16/politics/2008debates/main4525254.shtml and we check a lot of website and books in the activities in William and Mary!! </li></ul>