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28-2 Powerpoint


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28-2 Powerpoint

  1. 1. 28-2 Japan Modernizes<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Tokugawa Shogunate<br />1603-1868<br />Characterized by isolation<br />Japan closed off to all trade (except Dutch and Chinese)<br />Centralized feudalism: strong central government<br />
  4. 4. Feudalism<br />A political, economic, and social system based on loyalty, the holding of land, and military service.Japan:<br />Shogun<br />Land - Shoen<br />Loyalty<br />Daimyo<br />Daimyo<br />Land - Shoen<br />Loyalty<br />Samurai<br />Samurai<br />Samurai<br />Food<br />Protection<br />Peasant<br />Peasant<br />Peasant<br />Peasant<br />
  5. 5. The emperor reigned, but did not always rule!<br />Feudal Society<br />
  6. 6. Social Structure<br />Shogun: chief general who ran country<br />Damiyo: great landowners<br />Samurai: warrior knights<br />
  7. 7. Samurai<br />
  8. 8. Japan ends its isolation<br />
  9. 9. Facing the Demand for Foreign Trade<br />Europeans and U.S. start to demand that Japan open up to foreign trade. Japan initially refuses<br />
  10. 10. Commodore Matthew Perry<br />1853: Perry sails 4 steamships to harbor at Edo (Tokyo) with letter from President Millard Fillmore<br />Letter – asks Japan to allow U.S. ships to refuel<br />
  11. 11. Treaty of Kanagawa<br />1854: Japan opens up 2 ports to U.S. ships<br />Why does Japan sign the Treaty of Kanagawa?<br />Significance?<br />Opens up door for other Western powers<br />
  12. 12. Japan learns a lesson from the Chinese<br />The Chinesehave become servants to the foreigners. Sovereignty may belong to China but in fact it's no more than a colony of Great Britain and France.<br />Japanese diary entry, 1862<br />
  13. 13. Remember China, the Opium Wars, etc???<br />Opium Wars – extraterritorial rights, etc.<br />Open Door Policy<br />Spheres of influence<br />Japan is convinced that it has to open up to the west<br />
  14. 14. The Shogunate is Overthrown!<br />Japanese angry at shogun for agreeing to Kanagawa…losing control of country??<br />
  15. 15. Emperor Mutsuhito Restored to Power<br />
  16. 16. Meiji Restoration<br />Meiji = Enlightened<br />Look to west and adopt their ways<br />
  17. 17. Newspaper Cartoon, 1870s<br />Enlightened Half-Enlightened Un-Enlightened<br />
  18. 18. Modernization by “Selective Borrowing”<br /><ul><li> Popular board game.
  19. 19. Start by leaving Japan & studying in various Western capitals.
  20. 20. End by returning to Japan and becoming a prominent government official.</li></li></ul><li>EuropeanGoods<br /><ul><li> Europe began to “loom large” in the thinking of many Japanese.
  21. 21. New slogan:Japanese Spirit; Western Technology!</li></li></ul><li>The Japanese Became Obsessedwith Western Styles<br />Civilization and Enlightenment!<br />
  22. 22. LandRedistribution<br />Public Education<br /> (U.S.)<br />Abolitionof the feudal system<br />ModernBankingSystem<br />Modernize the Army(Prussian)<br />MeijiReforms<br />WrittenConstitution(Germans)<br />Build aModern Navy(British)<br />Human Rights & ReligiousFreedom<br />EmperorWorshipIntensified<br />
  23. 23. What’s the big idea????<br />Japan modernizes!!! Accepts western ideals…including <br />IMPERIALISM<br />
  24. 24. Japanese imperialism grows<br />
  25. 25. Japanese Imperialism<br />Military power by 1890. strongest military in Asia<br />Eliminates extraterritorial rights of foreigners…promises fair treatment<br />Empire-building to met security and economic needs<br />
  26. 26. Japan Attacks ChinaSino-Japanese War 1894-1895<br />Fight over Korea<br />China is expected to win…<br />Japan wins. Signal of Japanese success<br />Get Taiwan and Pescadore Islands<br />
  27. 27. Russo-Japanese War1904-1905<br />War over Manchuria<br />Japan wants Russia to stay out of Korea…<br />1904: surprise attack on Russia<br />Japan wins… shocking to the entire world!<br />
  28. 28. President Teddy Roosevelt Mediates the Peace<br />The Treaty of Portsmouth, NH ended the Russo-Japanese War.<br />
  29. 29. Treaty of Portsmouth<br />Japan gets captured territories<br />Russia stays out of Manchuria and Korea<br />
  30. 30. Japan Annexes Korea<br />
  31. 31. Korea under Japanese occupation<br />Annexation: Adding a region to the territory of an already existing political unit.<br />Japan annexes Korea in 1910<br />Rule?<br />Harsh<br />Control education, newspaper, prohibit public protest<br />Land taken from farmers and given to settlers<br />Modernize Korea<br />
  32. 32. Next Steps…<br />Modernization / Imperialism steps – could Japan have become an imperialized power if it had not modernized? Why or why not?<br />Why does Japan become aggressive imperialist power?<br />Compare / contrast Chinese and Japanese imperialism – responses, outcomes, etc.<br />