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The Reminder (Sofar 1435)


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This is the second edition of the monthly publication of The Muslim Congress (tmc), Aguda Branch

Published in: Education
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The Reminder (Sofar 1435)

  1. 1. 1
  2. 2. 2 Table of Contents Al-Qur’an: Suratul Mudathir 38-56..................................................... 3 Adab: Etiquettes of Trade and Business Transactions..................... 7 Hadith: Truthfulness ......................................................................... 13 Seerah: Alli & Fatimah ...................................................................... 22
  3. 3. 3 Al-Qur’an: Suratul Mudathir 38-56 ‫أعوذ‬‫باهلل‬‫من‬‫الشيطان‬‫الرجيم‬          
  4. 4. 4 38. Every soul, for what it has earned, will be retained 39. Except the companions of the right, 40. [Who will be] in gardens, questioning each other 41. About the criminals, 42. [And asking them], "What put you into Saqar?" 43. They will say, "We were not of those who prayed, 44. Nor did we used to feed the poor. 45. And we used to enter into vain discourse with those who engaged [in it], 46. And we used to deny the Day of Recompense 47. Until there came to us the certainty." 48. So there will not benefit them the intercession of [any] intercessors. 49. Then what is [the matter] with them that they are, from the reminder, turning away 50. As if they were alarmed donkeys 51. Fleeing from a lion? 52. Rather, every person among them desires that he would be given scriptures spread about. 53. No! But they do not fear the Hereafter. 54. No! Indeed, the Qur'an is a reminder 55. Then whoever wills will remember it. 56. And they will not remember except that Allah wills. He is worthy of fear and adequate for [granting] forgiveness.
  5. 5. 5 Title The title chosen by Dr. Wahbatu Zuhaili in his tafseer muneer for these verses is: The conversation between the righteous and the criminals Cause of revelation (‫النزول‬ ‫)سبب‬ Verse 52: Abu Jahl and some groups from Quraysh said: Oh Muhammad! We will never believe in you until you bring a book from the heaven for each of us with the title: From the Lord of the worlds to so and so commanding us to follow you Source: ‫البحر‬‫المحيط‬:8/383 Explanations These verses informed us about the event of the Day of Judgment:  Judgment will be individual. Criminals will be retained for questioning and punishment while the righteous (after his/her brief appearance before Allah) will be forgiven of mistakes and rewarded with bliss.  Judgment will be according to the deeds of individual. People of righteousness will be saved from punishment and admitted into the pleasure of Allah while the criminals will be destroyed due to their corruption in faith and deeds.  The people of the right side are the believers who will receive their books (of life records maintained by the two angels) in their right hands, they will not be retained (as criminals) to account for their actions since their correct
  6. 6. 6 believes and many righteousness with sincerity has wiped out their mistakes with the little left to be interceded for.  In their places in paradise with pleasure and tranquility, the believers will be shown the calamity and agony of the criminals in hell as an added visual enjoyment. The disbelievers enjoyed mocking the believers while the later obey the commandments of Allah in this life (example: Q5 v 57 & 58).  The believers will ask the criminals (in order to increase them in regret and pains): What has caused you to enter hell? Their replies will be as in verses 42-47  The “certainty” referred to in verse 47 is “death”.  The intercession of whom Allah has permitted to intercede (the prophets, the angels and the devotedly righteous believers) will not be extended to these criminals (who have committed the crimes mentioned). This is because their fate of inhabiting hell has been sealed.  Allah ended the chapter with some rhetorical questions elaborating on the foolishness in turning away from His clear guidance which the messengers have brought and some reminders as tonics for those who wish to take heed. Culled from tafsir muneer by Dr. Wahbatu Zuhaili
  7. 7. 7 Adab: Etiquettes of Trade and Business Transactions Points to cover include: A. Virtues and allurement to trade and business B. Etiquettes of trade C. Artisanship D. The permitted and prohibited of trade and business 1. A Muslim must view Trade and business transaction as: a. A means of seeking livelihood b. A cause to seek the pleasure of Allah 2. In Q78:11 and Q7:10 Allah mentioned that He has made provision in nature for men to trade as a blessing that requires better utilization and gratitude. 3. In Q2:198 Allah mentioned how direct worship and trade should be managed 4. In Sahih Bukhari, the prophet (SAW) said: the best food for a man to consume is that which he obtained from the gains of his work/struggle. 5. The prophet (SAW) also said that prophet Dawud (AS) will like to eat from the gain of his handwork. 6. Ibn Abbas (RA) said: Our Father Adam (AS) is a farmer; Prophet Nuh (AS) a carpenter; Prophet Idrees (AS) a tailor; Prophets Ibraheem and Lut (AS) were farmers;
  8. 8. 8 Prophet Soolih (AS) a trader; Prophet Dawud (AS) an ironsmith; Prophets Musa, Shuaib and Muhammad (AS) were shepherds. 7. (Prophet) Luqman once advised his son on seeking means of sustenance through trade to save himself from three: (1) disgrace to his religion (2) weakness in intellect (3) loss of dignity or inability to protect his dignity. The worst of the three is the last. 8. Imam Ahmad ibn Hambal was asked about one man who chose to remain devoted to worship in the mosque and not work. He replied that the man has acted on ignorance. He continues by saying that Allah has placed my sustenance under my spear. The Muslim warriors occupied in jihad strategies and execution to defend Islam will gain their sustenance from war booty. 9. Seeking means of sustenance and livelihood is part of every moving creature. An example of the birds that scout the surface of the earth for food while flying in the air. It is a routine activity. 10. The companions of the prophet were devoted worshippers of Allah yet they will source for sustenance and livelihood on the land and on the sea, indicating their view of seeking sustenance as a type of worship 11. Abu Darda’ was reported to have said that he had difficulty in combining worship and trade and he chose worship and left trade. The explanation is that the intent for work is not just for the sake of working to accumulate wealth but rather (1) to seek the pleasure of Allah
  9. 9. 9 (2) to protect the dignity of oneself from the abuse of joblessness (3) to sustain one’s family and prevent them from the lowliness of begging (4) to attain a significant status of recognition among the family. Once these aims have been achieved then the intent of trade and transactions will be considered accomplished. Hence, leaders of an Islamic state and the scholars may suffice themselves with the noble task of administration and scholarship training while their needs were been catered for by government. 12. Any trade and business transactions must comply with the following requirements: (1) it must be in line with what is permitted in the Shariah of Islam (2) Justice must be established with it (3) it must be for some goodness or benefit (4) it must not prevent the practice/establishment of the religion. 13. Trade has the following pillars: (1) the buyer or the seller (2) the item of trade/business itself (3) the statement or conclusion of transactions 14. The buyer or seller: (1) must be of sound mind (not insane) (2) must not be a slave (except after confirmation from his/her master to buy or sell) (3) must not be a youngster (except with a written instruction from his parent/guardian to buy from him or sell to him). 15. It is permissible to sell to or buy from a blind person if the later can describe the product of the trade. 16. It is not permissible to buy from one who is known to steal other people’s property.
  10. 10. 10 17. The item of trade: (1) it must be what is permitted in the Shariah (2) it must not support vices and corruption (eg, fireworks, xmas tree, cigarette, etc) (3) it must be an existing and present item. i.e, a flying bird cannot be sold until it is caught; a foetus of animal cannot be sold until it is born (4) it must be definite and specific (by accurate description or appreciation) (5) it must not cause harm (eg, a breastfeeding animal cannot be sold without its mother, the mother cannot be sold without the child) (6) it must be present at the point of sale (except large goods, i.e, stored in the warehouse, airplane on the airport; a document of authorization to pick-up the goods must be issued after payment). 18. Concerning online shopping, the “pay on delivery” is the most suitable option. The goods will be examined and appreciated by the buyer, the payment will be made and the transaction will be concluded with mutual satisfaction on a face-to-face basis). 19. The statement of transaction: Both the buyer and the seller must issue a definite, clear and conclusive statement of interest to buy or sell by spoken or written expressions. Note: This type of definite statement is common to most contracts in Islam, e.g., marriage. 20. Trade or business involving usury is invalid and cursed. Any agreement on such will also be invalid. 21. A Muslim trader, artisan or business owner must understand the rules of the Shariah governing the type of his chosen trade or profession.
  11. 11. 11 22. Injustice associated with trade and business transactions: There are some tactics of trade and business transactions understood by the traders and artisans. These tactics can be manipulated to cause harm and injustice. A Muslim trader or artisans must be careful on the following: i. Hoarding: it is impermissible to cause artificial scarcity by stockpiling valuable common public items until they become rare with the intention to hike the price. However, it is permissible to preserve and store excess produce until when the people are in need. ii. Cheating/Deception: The intent here is when the seller hides the defect of the item of sale or service in order to gain a value above it’s worth. This also includes exploiting on the buyers’ surprise at the availability of the item. It is also not permissible to mix items of low quality with high one. The prophet (SAW) said: Whoever deceives us is not from us (ie. is not having our standard). iii. An-Najas: This is a type of support or cooperation to cheat/deceive the buyer. This is when the seller has negotiated with his colleague to support him on the description of the item of sale during the transaction until the buyer succumbs to their description and buys the product at a cost that is not its’ worth. Like the supporter saying: “you cannot get this product elsewhere for a price better than this”
  12. 12. 12 23. Goodness and mercy in trade: it is important that a trader be gentle and merciful and accepts sold goods from the buyer if the later has a valid reason for the return. This reason may include the buyer having other urgent need to attend to with the money other than what he has bought. If the time of purchase is reasonably short and the item is undamaged, the seller should consider accepting the return as a benevolent gesture to save the buyer from distress. This is because the ultimate intent of trade is not for profit but for seeking the pleasure of Allah through obeying his commands and making livelihood easy by participating in the unavoidable human needs contained in trade. In conclusion, the trader must understand the following points to succeed in the accomplishment of the aforementioned (1) Sincere intention (2) to consider it as fard kifaayah (collective obligation) (3) the market of this world must not hinder us from the market of the hereafter (mosque) (4) the remembrance of Allah should be part of trade and business (5) we should not be the first to enter the market and the last to leave (6) must not involve himself in what is doubtful.
  13. 13. 13 Hadith: Truthfulness ُ‫اهلل‬ ‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ ِ‫اهلل‬ ُ‫ول‬ُ‫س‬َ‫ر‬ َ‫ال‬َ‫ق‬ :َ‫ال‬َ‫ق‬ ،ٍ‫ود‬ُ‫ع‬ْ‫س‬َ‫م‬ ِ‫ن‬ْ‫ب‬ ِ‫اهلل‬ ِ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ :َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬َ‫و‬ ِ‫ه‬ْ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬«‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫د‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫ي‬ َّ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫و‬ ،ٌّ‫ر‬ِ‫ب‬ َ‫ق‬ْ‫د‬ِّ‫الص‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬ َ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ْع‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫و‬ ،ِ‫َّة‬‫ن‬َ‫ْج‬‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫د‬ْ‫ن‬ِ‫ع‬ َ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫َّى‬‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ ،َ‫ق‬ْ‫د‬ِّ‫الص‬ ‫ى‬َّ‫ر‬َ‫ح‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬ ‫ي‬ِ‫د‬ْ‫ه‬َ‫ي‬ َ‫ور‬ُ‫ج‬ُ‫ف‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫و‬ ،ٌ‫ور‬ُ‫ج‬ُ‫ف‬ َ‫ب‬ِ‫ذ‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫و‬ ،‫ا‬ً‫ق‬‫ِّي‬‫د‬ِ‫ص‬ ِ‫اهلل‬ َ‫ب‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ك‬ُ‫ي‬ ‫َّى‬‫ت‬َ‫ح‬ ،َ‫ب‬ِ‫ذ‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ل‬‫ا‬ ‫ى‬َّ‫ر‬َ‫ح‬َ‫ت‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ل‬ َ‫د‬ْ‫ب‬َ‫ْع‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ َّ‫ن‬ِ‫إ‬َ‫و‬ ،ِ‫ر‬‫َّا‬‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬َ‫ل‬ِ‫إ‬ ‫ا‬ً‫اب‬َّ‫ذ‬َ‫ك‬» Translation Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said, “Verily, truthfulness leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Paradise. A man may speak the truth until he is recorded with Allah as truthful. Verily, falsehood leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to the Hellfire. A man may tell lies until he is recorded with Allah as a liar.” Sahih Muslim 2607
  14. 14. 14 Explanation Imam Nawawi explained that taking and implementing the messages from the hadith will not be easy except with sincere determination. This statement of the imam is especially true with the type of society we live in today. Understanding of Truth: Truth is the opposite of falsehood. A statement will be considered true only if it conforms accurately to the situation or event it describes. For example, a man that is about to enter a home will not be considered to have said the truth if he informed his caller (on a phone call) that he is in the home. The information must be accurate and exact according to the best of the person’s knowledge. Truth is an integral part of faith. A character of believer    Among the believers are men true to what they promised Allah. Among them is he who has fulfilled his vow [to the death], and among them is he who awaits [his chance]. And they did not alter [the terms of their commitment] by any alteration –
  15. 15. 15 That Allah may reward the truthful for their truth and punish the hypocrites if He wills or accept their repentance. Indeed, Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful. (Q33:23-24)  119. O You who believe! be afraid of Allâh, and be with those who are true (in Words and deeds) . (Q9:119)  21. obedience (to Allâh) and good Words (were better for them). and when the matter (preparation for Jihâd) is resolved on, Then if they had been true to Allâh, it would have been better for them. (Q47:21) A high rank with Allah   69. and whoso obeys Allâh and the Messenger (Muhammad), Then they will be In the company of those on whom Allâh has bestowed his Grace, of the Prophets, the Siddiqûn (those followers of the Prophets who were first and foremost to believe In them, like Abu Bakr As-Siddiq ), the martyrs, and the righteous. and How excellent These companions are! (Q4:69)
  16. 16. 16 A believer cannot be a liar Safwan ibn Sulaym said, "The Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was asked, 'Can a believer be a coward?' He said, 'Yes.' He was asked, 'Can a believer be a miser?' He replied, 'Yes.' He was asked, 'Can a believer be a liar?' He said, 'No.'" (Imam Malik, Mishkaat) Part of a success chain Abdullahi ibn Abbas said: Four things were inseparable from each other  Truth  Haya’ (Modesty)  Bir (righteousness)  Shukr (Gratitude) Manifestations of Truth 1. Truthfulness of the tongue (sidqu lisaan): This is when the tongue always utters statements that give the actual description of the reality, it may not necessarily be correct for absolute flawlessness is only with Allah. 2. Truthfulness of intention (sidqu niyyah wal iraada): This is when the sayings, actions, involvement and abstention are only for the sake of Allah. This type of truthfulness is necessary to continue on the commandments of Allah and keep away from what He has prohibited, especially in the kind of society we live in today. 3. Truthfulness of determination (sidqul azm): This will be established by steadfastness, perseverance for the sake of Allah. For example, a fellow trader may continue to accumulate gains through cheating and deceit, but you
  17. 17. 17 cannot, if you are sincere in your determination to always stand by the truth. 4. Truthfulness in deeds/actions:   2. O You who believe! why do You Say that which You do not do? 3. Most hateful it is with Allâh that You Say that which You do not do. 5. Truthfulness to deliver trust (sidqul waffaa):  8. And they who are to their trusts and their promises attentive (Q23:8) Types of Truth 1. Truthfulness with Allah: This is the foundation of Truth. Allah has created us with the natural instinct to recognize and worship Him. Shaytan is striving to corrupt this trait and lead us astray. Allah sent prophets and messengers to re-establish the truth with the clearest proofs. Anyone who turns away from this manifest guidance has demonstrated the highest level of falsehood. This will lead to oppression on others. Upholding the Book of Allah is a demonstration of truthfulness
  18. 18. 18   43. So adhere to that which is revealed to you. Indeed, you are on a straight path. 44. And indeed, it is a remembrance for you and your people, and you [all] are going to be questioned. (Q43:43-44)   124. and whoever does righteous good deeds, male or female, and is a true believer In the Oneness of Allâh (Muslim), such will enter Paradise and not the least injustice, even to the size of a Naqîra (speck on the back of a date-stone), will be done to them. A Bedouin Arab embraced Islam and fought in jihad, he sustained a wound from an arrow shot on the battlefield, the prophet gave him his share from the war booty but he said “I did not fight because of this, my intention is martyrdom to gain the reward of Allah” the prophet said “if you are truthful and sincere, Allah will make that evident and grant you your reward in full”, shortly afterwards, the man was martyred in another battle, the prophet said “he ascertained his truthfulness with Allah and Allah will surely reward him accordingly”
  19. 19. 19 2. Truthfulness with the prophet: This includes believe in him and following him, not to innovate in the religion and not to corrupt his message/sunnah. Imam Bukhari once travelled to a scholar to collect some hadiths from him. During his stay, the scholar used a food basket as bait to catch his donkey. Imam Bukhari witnessed this event and made a statement “I cannot rely on a report from the one who tricked an animal”. 3. Truthfulness with the people: ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ْ‫ٌِم‬‫م‬َ‫ت‬ْ‫ي‬ِ‫ار‬َّ‫د‬‫ال‬َّْ‫ن‬َ‫أ‬ًَِّْ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ه‬‫للا‬ِْ‫ه‬ٌَ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬،َ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:«ْ‫ٌنه‬‫الد‬ْ‫ه‬‫ة‬َ‫ٌح‬ ِ‫ص‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬»‫ا‬َ‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ه‬‫ق‬: ‫؟‬‫ن‬َ‫م‬ِ‫ل‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:«ِْ َّ ِ‫لِل‬ِْ‫ه‬ِ‫اب‬َ‫ت‬ِ‫ك‬ِ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ِْ‫ه‬ِ‫ل‬‫و‬‫ه‬‫س‬َ‫ِر‬‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ِْ‫ة‬َّ‫م‬ِ‫ئ‬َ ِ‫ِل‬ َ‫و‬َْ‫ٌِن‬‫م‬ِ‫ل‬‫س‬‫ه‬‫م‬‫ال‬ْ‫م‬ِ‫ه‬ِ‫ت‬َّ‫م‬‫ا‬َ‫ع‬ َ‫و‬» Tameem ad-Dari (RA) said: “The Prophet(SAW) said, (three times), “The Religion is naseeha (sincerity and sincere advice).” We said, “To whom?” He said, “To Allaah, His Book, His Messenger, and to the leaders of the Muslims and the general people.” [Saheeh Muslim No.55] 4. Truthfulness in trade: Swearing in trade to deceive people remove the Barakah in it. No over emphasis on the quality of goods, don’t hide the defects in goods. Don’t mix items of low quality with high ones. 5. Truthfulness in witness: This includes court witness. Election balloting is also a type of witness. False witness is a serious violation of this principle.
  20. 20. 20 ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ِْ‫د‬‫ب‬َ‫ع‬ِْ‫ن‬َ‫م‬‫ح‬َّ‫الر‬ِْ‫ن‬‫ب‬ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬،َ‫ة‬َ‫ر‬‫ك‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬ِْ‫ه‬ٌِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ًَْ ِ‫ض‬َ‫ر‬ْ‫ه‬ َّ‫للا‬،‫ه‬‫ه‬‫ن‬َ‫ع‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬ًِْ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬ ‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ه‬‫للا‬ِْ‫ه‬ٌَ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬َْ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬:«َْ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫م‬‫ه‬‫ك‬‫ه‬‫ئ‬‫ب‬َ‫ن‬‫ه‬‫أ‬ِْ‫ر‬َ‫ب‬‫ك‬َ‫أ‬ِ‫ب‬‫؟‬ِ‫ِر‬‫ئ‬‫ا‬َ‫ب‬َ‫ك‬‫ال‬»،‫ا‬ً‫ث‬َ‫ال‬َ‫ث‬‫وا‬‫ه‬‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:‫ى‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ب‬‫ا‬ٌَ َْ‫ل‬‫و‬‫ه‬‫س‬َ‫ر‬،ِ َّ‫للا‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬« :ْ‫ه‬‫ك‬‫ا‬َ‫ر‬‫ش‬ِ‫إل‬‫ا‬،ِ َّ‫الِل‬ِ‫ب‬ْ‫ه‬‫وق‬‫ه‬‫ق‬‫ه‬‫ع‬ َ‫و‬ِْ‫ن‬ٌَ‫ِد‬‫ل‬‫ا‬ َ‫الو‬-َْ‫س‬َ‫ل‬َ‫ج‬ َ‫و‬َْ‫ان‬َ‫ك‬ َ‫و‬‫ا‬ً‫ئ‬ِ‫ك‬َّ‫ت‬‫ه‬‫م‬ َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬َ‫ف‬-َْ‫ل‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫ه‬‫ل‬‫و‬َ‫ق‬ َ‫و‬ِْ‫ور‬‫الز‬»،َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:‫ا‬َ‫م‬َ‫ف‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ز‬‫َا‬‫ه‬‫ه‬‫ر‬‫ر‬َ‫ك‬‫ه‬ٌ‫ى‬َّ‫ت‬َ‫ح‬‫ا‬َ‫ن‬‫ل‬‫ه‬‫ق‬:ْ‫ه‬‫ه‬َ‫ت‬ٌَ‫ل‬َْ‫ت‬َ‫ك‬َ‫س‬ (Bukhari no. 2654) 6. Truthfulness in jokes and play: while Islam permits limited jokes and riddles, it prohibits any lies associated in the name of play. A Muslim cannot attend the “nite of a thousand laughs” organized today where situations are being imagined and fabricated for the sake of laughter. ‫ا‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ه‬‫د‬َّ‫م‬َ‫ح‬‫ه‬‫م‬ْ‫نه‬‫ب‬ْ‫ار‬َّ‫ش‬َ‫ب‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:‫ا‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬‫ى‬ٌَ‫ح‬ٌَْ‫نه‬‫ب‬ْ‫ٌِد‬‫ع‬َ‫س‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:‫ا‬َ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬ْ‫ه‬‫ز‬‫ه‬َ‫ب‬ْ‫نه‬‫ب‬ ْ‫ٌِم‬‫ك‬َ‫ح‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:ًِ‫ن‬َ‫ث‬َّ‫د‬َ‫ح‬،ًِ‫ب‬َ‫أ‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ع‬،‫ي‬‫د‬َ‫ج‬َْ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ق‬:ْ‫ه‬‫ت‬‫ِع‬‫م‬َ‫س‬ًَِّْ‫ب‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫ى‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫ص‬ْ‫ه‬ َّ‫للا‬ِْ‫ه‬ٌَ‫ل‬َ‫ع‬ َْ‫م‬َّ‫ل‬َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬ْ‫ه‬‫ل‬‫و‬‫ه‬‫ق‬ٌَ:«ْ‫ل‬ٌ َ‫و‬‫ِي‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬ِ‫ل‬ْ‫ه‬‫ث‬‫د‬َ‫ح‬‫ه‬ٌِْ‫ث‬ٌِ‫د‬َ‫الح‬ِ‫ب‬َْ‫ك‬ِ‫ح‬‫ض‬‫ه‬ٌِ‫ل‬ِْ‫ه‬ِ‫ب‬َْ‫م‬‫و‬َ‫ق‬‫ال‬،‫ه‬‫ِب‬‫ذ‬‫ك‬ٌََ‫ف‬ْ‫ل‬ٌ َ‫و‬ ْ‫ه‬‫ه‬َ‫ل‬ْ‫ل‬ٌ َ‫و‬ْ‫ه‬‫ه‬َ‫ل‬» (Tirmithy 4/557) Islam permits only jokes that print the true reality A woman once came to the prophet to discuss some issue about her husband; the prophet said: “are you talking about your husband who has whiteness in his eyes?” the woman was surprised and said “no”. The prophet said “is it not that every human being has whiteness in their eyes!. The woman laughed. 7. Truthfulness with the children: Whatever we promise a child we must fulfill it. Promises to them are like promises to adult.
  21. 21. 21 8. Truthfulness in family matters: Affairs of the home should be disposed in truth, between the husband, wife and children. Some permissibility After the aforementioned however, with careful regulations, a Muslim may be permitted to say what is apparently incorrect as part of a strategy to victory or peace. "ََ‫ْس‬‫ي‬َ‫ل‬َ‫اب‬َّ‫ذ‬َ‫ك‬ْ‫ال‬‫ِي‬‫ذ‬َّ‫ل‬‫ا‬َ‫ِح‬‫ل‬ْ‫ص‬‫ي‬ََ‫ْن‬‫ي‬َ‫ب‬، ِ‫اس‬َّ‫ن‬‫ال‬‫ِي‬‫م‬ْ‫ن‬َ‫ي‬َ‫ف‬،‫ا‬ً‫ْر‬‫ي‬َ‫خ‬َْ‫و‬َ‫أ‬َ‫ول‬‫ق‬َ‫ي‬‫ا‬ً‫ْر‬‫ي‬َ‫خ‬". Narrated Um Kulthum bint `Uqba: That she heard Allah's Messenger (SAW) saying, "He who makes peace between the people by inventing good information or saying good things, is not a liar." (Sahih al-Bukhari 2692)  In war:  To reconcile between quarreling parties:  Sarcastic husband:  To avert harm A case study Hajaaj and his trickery with the Quraysh on khaybar victory.
  22. 22. 22 Seerah: Alli & Fatimah Alli (radiyallahu anhu) Facts and figures His names and nicknames Name: Ali ibn Abi Taalib ibn Abdulmmutalib. Nickname:  Abu turoob (father of sand): This nickname was given to him by the prophet. One day, Ali had a disagreement with his wife Fatima, so he left the home and went to lie down on his back on the floor of the mosque near a pillar. The prophet approached him and said “sit down! Abu turoob”. Being a pronouncement by the prophet, it became the most beloved nickname for him.  Father of the prophet grandsons Alli ibn Abi Taalib ibn Abdulmutalib Father Abi Taalib ibn Abdulmutalib Mother Fatima bint Asad Birthplace At the gate of the Ka’abah Caliphacy tenure 656–661 Nicknames Abu Turoob Died 21st Ramadan 40 AH (Jan. 27, 661 CE)
  23. 23. 23 His birth and upbringing  Born at the gate of kaabah 10 yrs before the prophet was commissioned as a prophet by Allah.  He never prostrated to any idol.  His father Abi Talib was very honourable among the Quraysh.  His father was very generous  The Quraysh will give gifts to his father as part of their honour for him.  His father had determination  Ali ibn Abi Talib inherited all these noted characteristics.  The prophet consulted his uncle Abbas on how they both could assist Abi Talib on his large family. The prophet took care of Ali and Abbas took care of Ja’far. Notable qualities  First to accept Islam among the youths: since he lived in the house of the prophet, he was opportuned to be among the first to appreciate and accept the message.  First to pray together with the prophet: also, as a male among the household of the prophet, he was the first person to observe solat together with the prophet.  The chosen pair companion of the prophet: When the prophet arrived Madinah, he established brotherhood by paring his companions, one muhaajir to one ansar, as part of administrative and religious establishment.  A trustee of the prophet: When the prophet embarked on the hijrah, he delegated him to sleep on his bed and
  24. 24. 24 wait behind in order to return the items kept in trust with the prophet to their original owners. When he was asked why he accepted to deliver this task for the prophet, he replied “when the prophet said I should deliver the task and return to him in Madinah, I knew for sure that I will not be consumed by the dangers in it”. This is a clear demonstration of his faith in the sacredness of the prophet’s speech.  One among the 10 promised paradise: The prophet (SAW) mentioned 10 of his companions by name and conveyed the pleasure of Allah to them on the assurance of their paradise with Allah. Ali ibn Abi Talib wjas one of them. Reference: tobaqoot ibn saad, vol. 3 pg. 19 His mother  The name of his mother is Fatima ibn Assad  She accepted Islam and migrated (on the hijrah).  The prophet led the funeral proceedings after her death. Notable characteristics  He lived an ascetic life: The simplicity in his lifestyle astonishes.  He was a brave and courageous: He participated in all battles except Tabook because the prophet charged him to look after Madinah.
  25. 25. 25  A knowledgeable companion: He once said “No ayah was revealed in the Qur’an except that I knew when and on what it was revealed” Fatimah bintu Rosulullah  The leader of women in this life and in paradise.  Daughter of the Prophet (SAW), grew up in the house of revelation and knowledge under the care of her father who later became the Prophet of Allah.  She was the most beloved to the Prophet.  The Prophet will stand up to embrace and kiss her. The Prophet once said “whoever harms her has caused me harm”.  The Prophet once called Ali and Fatimah and said: You are both of my family  The prophet married her to Ali at the age of 15  She and her husband once concluded to make a request for a housemaid from the prophet. The prophet substituted the request with some tasbeehaat.  The prophet confided in her when he was dying: (1) Jubril has informed me that I will not recover from my illness (2) you will be the first among my family to join me.
  26. 26. 26 NOTES _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________
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  32. 32. 32