Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
MRP (Materials Requirements Planning)
DPR105: MGMT Info Systems
Author: Tom Matys
4/19/2014 1
PP Module
SCM’s dependency
on M/S
Aggregate
Production Plan
Utilization/Capacity
Agenda / Lesson Summary
Sales & Operation...
The Traditional Supply Chain
Figure 4-24 Supply chain management (SCM) from raw materials to4/19/2014 3
Concepts in Enterprise Resource Planning, Third Edition 4
The Traditional Supply Chain
• Supply chain: all activities that...
New Terminology
• Material Requirements Planning
(MRP)
• Sales Forecast
• Sales and Operations Plan (SOP)
• Master Product...
Non-ERP Production Issues
To meet customer demand efficiently, a company must:
• Develop a forecast of customer demand
• D...
Production Problems
Non-ERP Businesses have problems deciding how much to make
and when to make them
Communication proble...
Production Problems
Inventory problems
• Production manager lacks systematic method for:
-Meeting anticipated sales deman...
The Production Planning ERP Process
Three important principles for production planning:
• Work from sales forecast and cur...
The SAP ERP Approach to Production Planning
4/19/2014 10
SAP’s ERP system
takes an integrated
approach
Whenever a sale is
recorded in Sales and
Distribution (SD) module,
quantity ...
Sales Forecasting (cont’d.)
Sales Forecasting Jan Feb March April May June
Previous Year 5734 5823 5884 6134 6587 6735
Pro...
Sales & Operations Planning
• In SAP ERP, sales forecast can be made using:
• Historical sales data from the Sales and
Dis...
• Rough-cut planning: common term in manufacturing for
aggregate planning
• Disaggregated to generate detailed production ...
Sales and Operations Planning
Figure 4-11
Product
group
structure in
SAP ERP
4/19/2014 15
Sales & Operations Planning
Sales and Operations Planning Dec Jan Feb March April May
1) Sales Forecast 5906 5998 6061 631...
Sales and Operations Planning
4/19/2014 17
Sales and Operations Planning
4/19/2014 18
Demand Management
• Links the sales and operations planning process with detailed
scheduling and materials requirements pl...
Summary
• ERP system can improve the efficiency of production and
purchasing processes
• Efficiency begins with Marketing ...
Questions? More Information?
4/19/2014 21
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

MRP (Materials Requirements Planning) in ERP

2,344 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

MRP (Materials Requirements Planning) in ERP

  1. 1. MRP (Materials Requirements Planning) DPR105: MGMT Info Systems Author: Tom Matys 4/19/2014 1
  2. 2. PP Module SCM’s dependency on M/S Aggregate Production Plan Utilization/Capacity Agenda / Lesson Summary Sales & Operation Planning (SOP) Production Planning Sales Forecasting Demand Management Master Production Schedule (MPS) MRP Link to the SOP Disaggregated Production Schedule Raw materials: How much, what, and when 2
  3. 3. The Traditional Supply Chain Figure 4-24 Supply chain management (SCM) from raw materials to4/19/2014 3
  4. 4. Concepts in Enterprise Resource Planning, Third Edition 4 The Traditional Supply Chain • Supply chain: all activities that occur between the growing or mining of raw materials and the appearance of finished products on the store shelf • Traditional supply chain • Information is passed through the supply chain reactively as participants increase their product orders • Inherent time lags cause problems 4/19/2014 4
  5. 5. New Terminology • Material Requirements Planning (MRP) • Sales Forecast • Sales and Operations Plan (SOP) • Master Production Schedule (MPS) • Stock Requirements List • Bill of Material (BOM) • Lead Time • Lot Sizing • Standard Costs • Demand Planning • Capacity • Disaggregate • Aggregate • Inventory • Demand Management • Sales History • Production Plan • Rough Cut Plan • Actual Costs 4/19/2014 5
  6. 6. Non-ERP Production Issues To meet customer demand efficiently, a company must: • Develop a forecast of customer demand • Develop a production schedule to meet the estimated demand • ERP system is a good tool for developing and executing production plans • Goal of production planning is to schedule production economically 4/19/2014 6
  7. 7. Production Problems Non-ERP Businesses have problems deciding how much to make and when to make them Communication problems • Marketing and Sales personnel do not share information with Production personnel • Production personnel find it hard to deal with sudden increases in demand might cause shortages or stockout 4/19/2014 7
  8. 8. Production Problems Inventory problems • Production manager lacks systematic method for: -Meeting anticipated sales demand -Adjusting production to reflect actual sales Accounting and purchasing problems The Production and Accounting Depts. must periodically compare standard costs (normal costs of manufacturing a product) with actual costs (overhead and labor)and then adjust the accounts for the inevitable differences 4/19/2014 8
  9. 9. The Production Planning ERP Process Three important principles for production planning: • Work from sales forecast and current inventory levels to create an “aggregate” (meaning combined) production plan for all products • Break down aggregate plan (meaning to disaggregate) into more specific production plans for individual products and smaller time intervals • Use production plan to determine raw material requirements 4/19/2014 9
  10. 10. The SAP ERP Approach to Production Planning 4/19/2014 10
  11. 11. SAP’s ERP system takes an integrated approach Whenever a sale is recorded in Sales and Distribution (SD) module, quantity sold is recorded as a consumption value for that material Simple forecasting technique Use a prior period’s sales and then adjust those figures for current conditions To make a forecast for Non-ERP System Use previous year’s sales data in combination with marketing initiatives to increase sales Sales Forecasting 11
  12. 12. Sales Forecasting (cont’d.) Sales Forecasting Jan Feb March April May June Previous Year 5734 5823 5884 6134 6587 6735 Promotion sales 300 300 Previous year base 5734 5823 5884 6134 6287 6435 Growth (3%) 172 175 177 184 189 193 Base projection 5906 5998 6061 6318 6476 6628 Promotion 500 Sales Forecast 5906 5998 6061 6318 6476 7128 4/19/2014 12
  13. 13. Sales & Operations Planning • In SAP ERP, sales forecast can be made using: • Historical sales data from the Sales and Distribution (SD) module • Input from plans developed in Controlling (CO) module • CO module • Profit goals for company can be set • Sales levels needed to meet the profit goals can be estimated 13
  14. 14. • Rough-cut planning: common term in manufacturing for aggregate planning • Disaggregated to generate detailed production schedules • Once SAP ERP system generates a forecast, the planner can view the results graphically • Rough-cut capacity planning applies simple capacity- estimating techniques to the production plan to see if the techniques are feasible Sales & Operations Planning 14
  15. 15. Sales and Operations Planning Figure 4-11 Product group structure in SAP ERP 4/19/2014 15
  16. 16. Sales & Operations Planning Sales and Operations Planning Dec Jan Feb March April May 1) Sales Forecast 5906 5998 6061 6318 6476 2) Production PlanPromotion sales 5906 5998 6061 6318 6900 3) Inventory 100 100 100 100 100 524 4) Working Days 22 20 22 23 23 5) Capacity 7333 6667 7333 7000 7667 6) Utilization 81% 90% 83% 90% 90% NRG A Bars 70% 4134 4199 4223 4423 4830 NRG A Bars 30% 1772 1799 1818 1895 2070 4/19/2014 16
  17. 17. Sales and Operations Planning 4/19/2014 17
  18. 18. Sales and Operations Planning 4/19/2014 18
  19. 19. Demand Management • Links the sales and operations planning process with detailed scheduling and materials requirements planning processes • Output: master production schedule (MPS) • Production plan for all finished goods • For a business, MPS is an input to detailed scheduling, which determines what bars to make and when to make them 4/19/2014 19
  20. 20. Summary • ERP system can improve the efficiency of production and purchasing processes • Efficiency begins with Marketing sharing a sales forecast • Production plan is created based on sales forecast and shared with Purchasing so raw materials can be ordered properly 4/19/2014 20
  21. 21. Questions? More Information? 4/19/2014 21

×