Assignment 6 - Comparative History Articles


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Assignment 6 - Comparative History Articles

  1. 1. Tadd Mannino<br />History 141, Spring 2011<br />Palomar College<br />Into the Economic AbyssEric Hobsbawm<br />Roosevelt and Hitler<br />New Deal and Nazi Reactions<br />To the Depression<br />John A. Garraty<br />
  2. 2. The Great Slump<br />Near worldwide economic collapse<br />1920s - 1939<br />Pre-dates 1929 US Stock Market Crash<br />Capitalist economies cycle high and low<br />Approx. every 7 to 11 years<br />Post WWI, global economy stagnated<br />Inflation/devalued currency, unemployment,<br /> savings gone, no capital for business<br />Non-existent social safety nets<br />
  3. 3. The Great Depression<br />US unscathed after WWI<br />No war damage<br />Least loss of life<br />Economic leader of the world<br />Leading import/exporter to Europe<br />Largely self-sufficient<br />Fails to involve itself in European matters<br />Esp. in vacuum of England’s capacity as world bank<br />Germany “kept weak” by War Repatriations<br />Borrows heavily<br />Nations seek to protect their own<br />Abandon Gold standard, impose tariffs<br />Address social, not economic issues<br />USSR thrives, increased production, no unemployed<br />But inefficient economy, brutal collectivization & mass repression<br />
  4. 4. The Great Depression<br />Feeling of fundamental failure of economy/world left three choices:<br />Marxism<br />Capitalism, modified w/social services<br />Fascism<br />National Socialism is most successful, economically<br />At a great price for Germany and the world<br />Depression not ended until outbreak of WWII<br />
  5. 5. Roosevelt and Hitler<br />Moral opposites, they reacted to Depression in similar ways<br />1933 – both took office a month apart, considered “intellectual lightweights,” both:<br />Appealed to their social/economic opposites<br />Used new media of radio brilliantly<br />Used strong paternal, personal leadership<br />Wanted to mobilize people’s energy<br />
  6. 6. Roosevelt and Hitler<br />Without economic experience, both faced nations in throes of Great Depression<br />Similar actions<br />Aid to unemployed, “social security” measures<br />Manipulated agriculture to support farms/food prices<br />Created civilian work camps<br />Semi-military camps kept unemployed off streets & active<br />Provided infrastructure, public works projects<br />Neither “solved” problem of Depression<br />
  7. 7. An Ocean Apart:<br />The Anglo-American Relationship<br />on the Eve of War<br />David Dimbleby, David Reynolds<br />The Race WarAmerican and Japanese Perceptions of the EnemyJohn W. Dower<br />
  8. 8. Churchill and FDR<br />1930s – A troubling world<br />Depression continues<br />Japan invades China<br />Nazis rise to power<br />Britain, USA watched<br />US isolationist, self-serving<br />Britain war-shocked by WWI<br />Much to lose, little to gain from war<br />Tries to appease Hitler<br />
  9. 9. Churchill and FDR<br />US, Britain at odds over<br />Trade imbalances, tariffs<br />Air of distrust exists as both sense threat of Germany and Japan<br />FDR wants to aid Britain, U.S. public does not<br />1939 –Hitler invades Poland, war declared<br />US “Cash and Carry” allows support<br />Goods, materiel and finally armaments<br />
  10. 10. Churchill and FDR<br />US still “neutral”<br />FDR aids England<br />Lend Lease<br />Returns destroyers to Britain<br />Churchill sees need for US<br />Puts aside animosity<br />FDR sees Britain as 1st line of defense<br />1941 – Pearl Harbor, America enters war<br />
  11. 11. The Race War<br />Both US and Japan used racial stereotypes to de-humanize,<br /> demonize their enemies<br />US portrayed Japanese as:<br />The Yellow Peril<br />Inferior, sub-humans or supermen<br />Primitive, child-like<br />Vermin, monkeys<br />Portrayals debased Japanese<br />
  12. 12. The Race War<br />Japanese racism based on:<br />Contempt for westerners/non-Japanese<br />White devils<br />Racial revenge<br />Patronize/rule over “child-like” Asians<br />Portrayals elevated Japanese to “divine”<br />