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A powerpoint presentation providing a complete look at the practice of mountaintop mining

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Special Mountaintop Mining Powerpoint Finished

  1. 1. Mountaintop Mining Building a New West Virginia West Virginia Coal Association Presentation March 11, 2009
  2. 2. Coal Production in United States
  3. 3. The Basics <ul><li>Two distinct coal regions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Northern West Virginia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Southern West Virginia </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Basics <ul><li>West Virginia is: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The second largest coal producing state in the nation (161 million tons) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The largest underground coal producing state (93 million tons) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The largest international coal exporting state (@ 20 million tons) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Economics <ul><li>Number of active mines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Underground -- 308 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Surface – 244 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total employment: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total of all types – 34,527 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Underground – 13,053 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Surface – 6,154 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prep Plants – 2,342 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Contractors – 12,978 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Economics <ul><li>Wages and Benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Average annual salary – $62,700 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits include health, disability, life and retirement, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Production and Taxation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Estimated production value -- $6.8 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coal severance tax -- $418 million </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total taxes paid to West Virginia -- @$1 billion </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Mining <ul><li>Underground </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Room and Pillar </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longwall </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Surface Mining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contour Mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Auger Mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mountaintop Removal Mining </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Basics <ul><li>Surface mining in general and mountaintop mining in particular, play an essential role in keeping West Virginia coal competitive in the global marketplace. </li></ul><ul><li>Production from surface mine operations constitutes approximately 40 percent of the total production of West Virginia’s coal mines (68 million tons of a total of 161 million tons). </li></ul>
  9. 9. Mountaintop Mining <ul><li>Surface mining methods are essentially the same as highway construction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Valley fills are areas where the rock and dirt from mining excavation is placed according to a plan designed by engineers and approved by government agencies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The fills usually occur in dry stream beds of what are known as ephemeral or intermittent streams – streams that flow only when it rains. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Mountaintop Mining <ul><ul><li>MOUNTAINTOP MINING is simply coal mining that occurs at or near the topmost portion of a mountain. </li></ul></ul>A Diagrammatic Overview of the Process: Courtesy of the Environmental Protection Agency. www.epa.gov/region3/mtntop/process.html. Step 1. Layers of rock and dirt above the coal (called overburden) are removed Step 2. The upper seams of coal are removed with spoils placed in an adjacent valley Step 3. Draglines excavate lower layers of coal with spoils placed in spoil piles Step 4. Regrading begins as coal excavation continues Step 5. Once coal removal is complete, final regrading takes place and the area is revegetated
  11. 11. Mountaintop Mining Critical to the future of communities <ul><li>Surface Mining Production </li></ul><ul><li>Selected Counties </li></ul><ul><li>County % Surface Mine Production Total Production </li></ul><ul><li>Boone 62 percent 34 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Clay 95 percent 4 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Fayette 43 percent 4 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Kanawha 42 percent 12 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Logan 69 percent 15 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Mingo 53 percent 12 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>McDowell 50 percent 6 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Nicholas 72 percent 4 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Raleigh 46 percent 9 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Wayne 55 percent 5 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Webster 88 percent 5 million tons </li></ul><ul><li>Wyoming 46 percent 5 million tons </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mountaintop Mining REGULATION <ul><li>Mining operations are regulated under the Clean Water Act (CWA), including discharges of pollutants to streams from valley fills ( CWA Section 402 ) and the valley fill itself where the rock and dirt is placed in streams and wetlands ( CWA Section 404 ). </li></ul><ul><li>Coal mining operations are also regulated under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) . </li></ul><ul><li>SMCRA addresses the necessary approvals for surface mining operations, as well as inspection and enforcement of mine sites until reclamation responsibilities are completed and all performance bonds are released. Only if it has been shown that the proposed mining activities will satisfy general performance standards applicable to all surface coal mining operations. </li></ul>
  13. 13. RESTORATION The Facts in Photos
  14. 14. Surface Mining The Facts in Photos What you always see. Active MTR and Contour Mining
  15. 15. Surface Mining The Facts in Photos The second phase is “revegetation”
  16. 16. Surface Mining The Facts in Photos Early Phase 3 reclamation – “reforestation”
  17. 17. Surface Mining The Facts in Photos Mid- to late- Phase 3 Restoration
  18. 18. Surface Mining The Facts in Photos Constructed water features enhance post-mining wildlife
  19. 19. Surface Mining The Facts in Photos Another shot of the naturalization of the land
  20. 20. Surface Mining The Facts in Photos Pre- and post-mining appearance of the land
  21. 21. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use … and now, the rest of the story
  22. 22. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use <ul><li>SMCRA permits surface mined lands to be left in various non-original contour configurations if an alternative use is part of the planning (ie, recreation, industrial development, education, etc.) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use <ul><ul><li>MINING creates level land, land that has the potential for many other uses. Properly planned, mountaintop mining can truly be said to be “building a new West Virginia.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DEVELOPED SITES </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>West Virginia: </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pete Dye golf course </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mount View High School built in 1980 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New Hope Village - homes for 70 families </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Knights of Columbus Community Park built in the 1980’s by Buffalo Coal Co </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Davis Cemetery </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Robert Byrd High School built in the 1970’s </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Logan County Airport </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weirton housing development and hospital </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Anker Sports Complex </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Twisted Gun Golf course </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hilltop hunting preserve </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hatfield-McCoy Trail </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use The Rest of the Story Former surface mines can provide the flat land so essential to industrial and community development
  25. 25. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use The Rest of the Story Logan Airport is built on former surface mine lands and provides access to the area.
  26. 26. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use The Rest of the Story Post-mined land can also be used for commercial agriculture, such as this vineyard and commercial nursery
  27. 27. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use The Rest of the Story The FBI Center in Fairmont is built on a former surface mine site. It provides jobs for hundreds and served as a development springboard for the area
  28. 28. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use The Rest of the Story The Twisted Gun Golf Course near Logan is an 18-hole gem that provide British-style play. It is on a former mountaintop removal site.
  29. 29. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use The Rest of the Story A shopping mall in Bridgeport shows the wide range of development made possible across the state by the cooperation of mining and local planners.
  30. 30. Alternate Post-Mining Land Use The Rest of the Story Former mine lands provide sites for everything from hospitals to industrial plants, golf courses to schools and anything in between.