Consumption is…one.- The act or process of consumingtwo.- Use by or exposure to a particulargroup or audiencethree.- The utilization of economic goods in thesatisfaction of wants or in the process ofproduction resulting chiefly in theirdestruction, deterioration, or transformation
Statistics“… The real issue is not consumption itself but its patterns and effects”.
Carbon Footprint Analysis What is your Carbon Footprint? What are your thoughts on your number? What could you alter in your life?
Statistics …Inequalities in consumption are stark. Globally, the 20% of the world’s people in thehighest-income countries account for 86% of total private consumption expenditures - the poorest 20% a minuscule 1.3%. More specifically, the richest fifth: -Consume 45% of all meat and fish, the poorest fifth 5% -Consume 58% of total energy, the poorest fifth less than 4% -Have 74% of all telephone lines, the poorest fifth 1.5% -Consume 84% of all paper, the poorest fifth 1.1% -Own 87% of the world’s vehicle fleet, the poorest fifth less than 1%
ConsumerismIncreasing issue around consumerism:-How are products and resources we consume actually produced?-What are the impacts of that process of production on the environment, society, on individuals?-What are the impacts of certain forms of consumption on the environment, on society, onindividuals?-What is a necessity and what is a luxury?-How do consumption habits change as societies change?-How do material values influence our relationships with other people?-What impact does that have on our personal values? "IF YOU HAVE TO ASK HOW MUCH IT COSTS, YOU CANT AFFORD IT" - anonymous
Conspicuous Theory “A Behavioral explanation for conspicuous consumption was provided by Thorstein Veblen (1899) in his famous theory of “the leisure class”.In his words, “In order to gain and hold the esteem of men, it is not sufficient merely topossess wealth or power. The wealth or power must be put in evidence, for esteem is only rewarded on evidence.” “Keeping up with the Jones’”
Informative Movie The Story of Stuff - Consumption (2007)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EUeMVt3stAo
Trends of ConsumptionTrends in Consumption of Raw Materials:one.- 1900-1995 within the USAtwo.- 1970-1995 within the Worldthree.- 1995-Present - Addressing our future
Material Flow Chart Materials extracted from the Earth are necessary to produce our mostfundamental needs – food, clothing, and shelter. Materials are needed to maintain and improve our standard of living. Understanding the whole system of materials flow, from source to ultimate disposition,can help us better manage the use of natural resources and protect the environment.
Design and Planning - FoodUrban planning and socioeconomic factors affect food consumption: • Planning more fast-food restaurants in inner-city areas. • Less access to supermarkets for healthier food alternatives: • Low average income and/or high population of renters 2 to 2.5x more likely to have high access to fast-food.Community zoning determining available food outlets: • Restaurants • Grocery stores • Specialty food (bakery, fishmonger, butcher, fresh produce)Kitchen design affects eating habits: • Large, less-enclosed kitchen give visibility and easier access to food. • Storage of large quantities of food give access to more consumption. • Platescapes influence portions, which influence intake.
Design and Planning - FoodDesigned environment’s affect on obesity and healthy living: •Urban planning and landscape regard neighborhood streetscapes, outdoor paths and lighting, and other natural effects to promote exercise and healthy lifestyle. •Clothing designers and use of technology with fibers to create comfortable clothing to promote physical activity. •Industrial designers’ creation of products to promote healthy living •Interior designers’ and architects’ design plans to encourage physical activity: •Use of staircases for more physical activity when moving from one area to another •Placement of windows for visual access to the outdoors •Placement and convenience of doors to access the outdoors. •Creating aesthetically pleasing elements in these and other areas.
Material Flow - Manufactured Goods founder Ray C. Anderson has started a revolution - their vision is “To be the first company that, by its deeds, shows the entire industrial world what sustainability in all its dimensions: People, process, product, place and profits - By 202 - and in doing so we will become restorative through the power of influence.”
InteriorsThink about impact on environment through smart decisions of materials and finishes in homes, offices, schools, hotels, restaurants, and all built environments. - Flooring - Appliances - Fabrics - Plumbing fixtures - Wall treatment - Landscape - Window Coverings - Waste centers
Interiors- SustainabilitySustainability Gap: the gap between current theory and the application of sustainable practices in design. 5 Phases of for development of a sustainable design practice: -Connection -Knowledge -Process -Practice -Commitment
MORE EFFORTS PROMPTING PRO-EVIRONMENTAL BEHAVIORSDesign to make it easier:•Placement of signage: reminders to turn off lights; signs directing to recycling bins.•More bike lanes and bike racks to encourage alternative transportation.•Education and hands-on learning for children to understand effects of consumptionthrough better school design: outdoor learning environments for biology, ecology; use ofrain barrels for catching runoff; use of greywater to irrigate outdoor learning space… MOTTAINAI: concept that promotes respect for resources. “A spirit of mottainai may contribute to a sense of shame in wasting resources, in turn, creating a more positive attitude towards frugality.
Question to the Classone.In terms of Consumption, what is something that you do that you feel guilty of?Do you do this on a regular basis? Could you change your habit?two.What is something that you are proud of doing?Is it an easy or hard task for you to undertake?
Real Success StoriesIn 2000, San Francisco became the first major U.S. City to offer curbside recycling for food waste. The city will then turn the composted waste into animal feed, mulch and fertilizer.
Real Success Stories Falls Church, Virginia was able to reduce its residential waste by 65% (25% through recycling and 40% through composting) in 1997.The effort also proved to be cost-effective, as the city was able to reduce its solid waste management budget from $1.05 Million in 1990 to $630,000 in 1997. The city’s high percentage of waste diversion is primarily the result of community involvement in education programs.
Moving Forwardone.Any success stories that come to your mind?two.What can be done to move forward?three.Are there tasks that you will change in your everydaylifestyle? Why or why not?
Referenceshttp://www.nature.org/initiatives/climatechange/calculator/http://css.snre.umich.edu/css_doc/CSS05-18.pdfhttp://pubs.usgs.gov/fs/fs-0068-98/fs-0068-98.pdfhttp://www.globalissues.org/issue/235/consumption-and-consumerismwww.mba.vanderbilt.edu/vanderbilt/data/research/1020full.pdfwww.ers.usda.gov/AmberWaves/Nov5/FindingsStieg, Cathy, 2006; The Sustainability Gap. Journal of Interior Design (vol. 32, issue 1, p vii-xxi).Interface, Ray C. Anderson: www.interfaceglobal.com/sustainability/sustainability-in-action/biomimicry.aspxBech-Danielsen, Claus, and Gram-Hanssen, Kirsten 2004; The Features of Home Express Identity.InformeDesign (vol 21, issue 1, p. 17-26).Ashdown, Susan. P., Cowett, F.D., Davies, Elizabeth H.S., Wells, Nancy M., and Yang, Yizhao, 2007;Obesity and the Designed Environment. InformeDesign (vol. 39, issue 1, p. 6-33).
ReferencesSobal, Jeffrey, and Wansink, Brian, 2007; The Impact of the Environment on Eating Habits. InformeDesign(vol 39, issue 1, p. 124-142).Hemphill, Eric; Raine, Kim; Spence, John C.; and Smoyer-Tomic, Karen E., 2008; Socioeconomic Factorsand Fast Food Access. InformeDesign (vol 22, issue 6, p 436-432).Fujii, Satoshi, 2006; Understanding What Prompts Pro-Environmental Behaviors. InformeDesign (vol 26,issue 4, p. 262-268).Sungbum, K., Oah, S., and Dickenson, A.M., 2005; Signage Improves Recycling in Public Places.InformeDesign (vol 37, issue 2, p. 258-274).Brauchle, G., Evans, G.W., Haq, A., Shapiro, E., Stecker, R., Wong, K., 2007; Childrens EnvironmentalValues. InformeDesign (vol 39, issue 5, p. 635-659).Over the Hedge clip, "Humans Live to Eat": www.spike.com/video/over-the-hedge-humans/2728004.Definition consumption: www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/consumption.
Evocative Interiors of Consumption Presentation on Monday, Nov. 9 by Yvonne Noack & Tamara Van Tuyl one. In terms of Consumption, what is something that you do that you feel guilty of? Do you do this on a regular basis? Could you change your habit? two. What is something that you are proud of doing? Is it an easy or hard task for you to undertake?