REL 101REL 101
Introduction to ReligionIntroduction to Religion
New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements
OrOr
Cults ...
Sacred Community ReviewSacred Community Review
 Religion informs processes of socialReligion informs processes of social
...
Sacred Community ReviewSacred Community Review
 If a particular community stands apartIf a particular community stands ap...
Sects - ReviewSects - Review
 A sect:A sect:
 demands greater conformity of its membersdemands greater conformity of its...
Cults ReviewCults Review
 A cult:A cult:
 is founded by a charismatic leader whois founded by a charismatic leader who
r...
 What is the problem with thoseWhat is the problem with those
definitions?definitions?
New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements
 NewNew
 Understood as a recent development relativeUnderstood as a recen...
New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements
 ReligiousReligious
 It must involve myths, rituals, beliefs,It must invo...
New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements
 Movement (can be understood in twoMovement (can be understood in two
ways...
Examples of New ReligiousExamples of New Religious
Movements - MormonismMovements - Mormonism
 Church of Jesus Christ ofC...
Jehovah WitnessesJehovah Witnesses
 Founded by CharlesFounded by Charles
Taze Russell in theTaze Russell in the
late19lat...
Christian ScientistChristian Scientist
 Founded by Mary BakerFounded by Mary Baker
Eddy in 1875.Eddy in 1875.
 Rejected ...
The Unification Church (Moonies)The Unification Church (Moonies)
 Founded by Sung MyungFounded by Sung Myung
Moon in 1954...
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Rel 101 new religious movements

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Rel 101 new religious movements

  1. 1. REL 101REL 101 Introduction to ReligionIntroduction to Religion New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements OrOr Cults and SectsCults and Sects
  2. 2. Sacred Community ReviewSacred Community Review  Religion informs processes of socialReligion informs processes of social identification and community.identification and community.  It acts as an identity marker.It acts as an identity marker.  It facilities the construction of community.It facilities the construction of community.  It can legitimize oppositional socialIt can legitimize oppositional social identifications – that is it can legitimizeidentifications – that is it can legitimize prejudices.prejudices.
  3. 3. Sacred Community ReviewSacred Community Review  If a particular community stands apartIf a particular community stands apart from the commonly held values of thefrom the commonly held values of the surrounding culture, the community maysurrounding culture, the community may become an object of discrimination orbecome an object of discrimination or persecution.persecution.
  4. 4. Sects - ReviewSects - Review  A sect:A sect:  demands greater conformity of its membersdemands greater conformity of its members than a churchthan a church  is exclusive in membershipis exclusive in membership  distances itself from the concerns of largerdistances itself from the concerns of larger societysociety  claims to be the bearer of religious truthclaims to be the bearer of religious truth
  5. 5. Cults ReviewCults Review  A cult:A cult:  is founded by a charismatic leader whois founded by a charismatic leader who remains the focus of the followersremains the focus of the followers  normally claims a new revelation from Godnormally claims a new revelation from God  demands a high level of conformity by itsdemands a high level of conformity by its membersmembers  is viewed with extreme suspicion byis viewed with extreme suspicion by established religious communitiesestablished religious communities
  6. 6.  What is the problem with thoseWhat is the problem with those definitions?definitions?
  7. 7. New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements  NewNew  Understood as a recent development relativeUnderstood as a recent development relative to older established religionsto older established religions
  8. 8. New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements  ReligiousReligious  It must involve myths, rituals, beliefs,It must involve myths, rituals, beliefs, symbols, sacred texts, etc.symbols, sacred texts, etc.  Its overall aim must be religious in nature, thatIts overall aim must be religious in nature, that is, offering a form of salvation either in this lifeis, offering a form of salvation either in this life or the next.or the next.
  9. 9. New Religious MovementsNew Religious Movements  Movement (can be understood in twoMovement (can be understood in two ways)ways)  It generally grows out of a current that movesIt generally grows out of a current that moves within a wider organization, or within societywithin a wider organization, or within society as a whole.as a whole.  It is in motion. It is in the process of changingIt is in motion. It is in the process of changing or evolving.or evolving.  Mormonism’s position on polygamyMormonism’s position on polygamy  Jehovah Witness rejection of ChristianJehovah Witness rejection of Christian celebrations in the 1930’scelebrations in the 1930’s
  10. 10. Examples of New ReligiousExamples of New Religious Movements - MormonismMovements - Mormonism  Church of Jesus Christ ofChurch of Jesus Christ of the Latter Day Saintsthe Latter Day Saints (Mormons)(Mormons)  Founded by JosephFounded by Joseph Smith in Palmyra, NewSmith in Palmyra, New YorkYork  In 1827 he received aIn 1827 he received a revelation from therevelation from the prophet Mormon. Theprophet Mormon. The prophet showed the textprophet showed the text of the book of Mormonof the book of Mormon inscribed on two goldeninscribed on two golden tablets.tablets.
  11. 11. Jehovah WitnessesJehovah Witnesses  Founded by CharlesFounded by Charles Taze Russell in theTaze Russell in the late19late19thth centurycentury  Predicted return ofPredicted return of Christ in 1879Christ in 1879  Rejected fundamentalRejected fundamental Christian beliefs suchChristian beliefs such as the doctrine of theas the doctrine of the Trinity and the divinityTrinity and the divinity of Christof Christ
  12. 12. Christian ScientistChristian Scientist  Founded by Mary BakerFounded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1875.Eddy in 1875.  Rejected the Trinity andRejected the Trinity and all sacramentalismall sacramentalism  Reality exists onlyReality exists only through the spiritual.through the spiritual. Other aspects of matterOther aspects of matter and mankind are unrealand mankind are unreal and illusory.and illusory.  Evil is an illusionEvil is an illusion
  13. 13. The Unification Church (Moonies)The Unification Church (Moonies)  Founded by Sung MyungFounded by Sung Myung Moon in 1954 in Seoul, KoreaMoon in 1954 in Seoul, Korea  Claimed a direct revelationClaimed a direct revelation from God directing him tofrom God directing him to continue the work that Jesuscontinue the work that Jesus failed to completefailed to complete  Believes communication withBelieves communication with the spirits of deadthe spirits of dead  Well known for its massWell known for its mass marriage ceremoniesmarriage ceremonies  Openly uses its operations forOpenly uses its operations for the acquisition of wealththe acquisition of wealth

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