Accounting And Bookkeeping For Business And Management 13 October

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Accounting And Bookkeeping For Business And Management 13 October

  1. 1. Data Interpretation & Problem Solving AFTERSCHOOOL – DEVELOPING CHANGE MAKERS CENTRE FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP PGPSE PROGRAMME – World’ Most Comprehensive programme in social entrepreneurship & spiritual entrepreneurship OPEN FOR ALL FREE FOR ALL
  2. 2. Data Interpretation & Problem Solving Dr. T.K. Jain. AFTERSCHOOOL Centre for social entrepreneurship Bikaner M: 9414430763 [email_address] www.afterschool.tk www.afterschoool.tk
  3. 3. which inference can be drawn? <ul><li>All cables are tables.  All tables are sturdy.  So     1. Some sturdy things are cables.     2. Some cables are sturdy.     A only 1    b only 2    c both     d neither </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: C (both inferences can be drawn). </li></ul>
  4. 4. which inference can be drawn? <ul><li>All coins are rupees.  Some rupees are paper currency. So     1. All coins are paper currency.     2. Some coins are paper currency. </li></ul><ul><li>A only 1    b only 2    c both     d neither </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: D : no conclusion can be drawn. </li></ul>
  5. 5. which inference can be drawn? <ul><li>Leopard is an animal.  Leopard are fast runners.  So      1. All animals are fast runners.      2. Some fast runners are animals. </li></ul><ul><li>A only 1    b only 2    c both     d neither </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: B : only 2 nd conclusion can be drawn. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Which inference can be drawn? <ul><li>If you are an officer you can attest this paper.  You are an officer. So      1. You can attest this paper.      2. You cannot  attest this paper. A only 1    b only 2    c both     d neither </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: A: only first inference can be drawn. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Which conclusion can be drawn? <ul><li>All hands are feet.  All feet are shoes.  All shoes are socks. All socks are sockets.  Therefore      1. All hands are sockets.      2. All sockets are hands. A only 1    b only 2    c both     d neither </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: A; only first conclusion can be drawn. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Which conclusion can be drawn? <ul><li>All lovers are dogs.  Some dogs are hogs.  Some hogs are logs.  All logs are wood.  Therefore      1. All lovers are wood.      2. Some woods are lovers. A only 1    b only 2    c both     d neither </li></ul><ul><li>Solution : D neither : no conclusion can be drawn. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Which conclusion can be drawn? <ul><li>Some tigers are foxes.  All foxes are ants.  All ants are insects.   No insect is a human being.      Therefore      1. Some tigers are not human beings.      2. No human being is a tiger. A only 1    b only 2    c both     d neither </li></ul><ul><li>Solution : A : only 1 st conclusion can be drawn. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Which conclusion can be drawn? <ul><li>All rivers are waterfalls. All waterfalls are seas.  All seas are navigable.   Therefore       1. All rivers are navigable.       2. All navigable places are rivers. A only 1    b only 2    c both     d neither </li></ul><ul><li>Solution : A : 1 st conclusion can only be drawn. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Find out similar relationship? <ul><li>BANANA : FRUIT      1. milk : water 2. wood : tree  3. letter : alphabet  4. iron : gold </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: </li></ul><ul><li>Banana is a part of fruit, similar wood is a part of tree. Answer is 2 nd . </li></ul>
  12. 12. Which is the nearest relationship? <ul><li>SWEATER : GLOVES      1. ladder : stool  2. far : distance  3. jump : hop  4. mawkish : awkward </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: both are performing similar functions, however, their range is different – sweater protects entire chest, but gloves protects only hands. Simiar relationship is also there in ladder and stool. Ans : 1. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Find the nearest relationship? <ul><li>FOOD : MAN      1. trigger : gun   2. fuel : truck  3. fuse : explosion  4. light : match : </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: 2 nd option – fuel – truck gives you nearest relation as food to man. Answer. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Which is the nearest relationship? <ul><li>ORIGINAL : ERSATZ      1. euphoria : humour  2 cogitation : levity  3. detract : extract  4 oracular : prophetic SOLUTION: Ersatz is similar to original but not original – much lower to that. Levity means to take something lightly – means not seriously, which is opposite to cognition. Thus 2 nd is the best relationship. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Which is the most similar relationship? <ul><li>BED : SLEEP     1.   scientist : chemical 2. man : food  3. calculator : arithmetic  4. scooter : vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: Bed is used for sleep, similar calculator is used for arithmetic, thus option 3 gives best answer. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Which conclusion can be drawn? <ul><li>Statements: Due to contamination of water a large number of people were admitted to the hospital. The symptoms denoted       Malaria. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: </li></ul><ul><li>(I) Contamination of water may lead to Malaria </li></ul><ul><li>(II)Malaria is a disease </li></ul><ul><li>Solution : A : 1 st conclusion can only be drawn. </li></ul><ul><li>ANSWER: Contaimination has led people to malaria, but, it is also clear that Malaria is a disease </li></ul><ul><li>Thus both conclusion can be drawn </li></ul>
  17. 17. Which conclusion can be drawn? <ul><li>Statements: To own a personal imported motor bike one requires an import license </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: </li></ul><ul><li>(I) Motor bikes are manufactured in India </li></ul><ul><li>(II) They can be imported easily 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: no conclusion can be drawn </li></ul>
  18. 18. Which conclusion can be drawn? <ul><li>The average number of students in cities is 40 per teacher, whereas in the villages it is 50. The combined             average is 45. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions: </li></ul><ul><li>(I) The student-teacher ratio in the cities is not satisfactory </li></ul><ul><li>(II) Student-teacher ratio in cities is higher than that in the villages </li></ul><ul><li>SOLUTION: ONLY 2 ND CONSUSION </li></ul>
  19. 19. What is consumer surplus? <ul><li>Difference of total utility from the goods and total utility from the money spent. </li></ul><ul><li>It is the difference in the utility from goods and the utility of price paid. </li></ul><ul><li>It is upto the point where Marginal utility is equal to price paid. </li></ul>
  20. 20. ABOUT AFTERSCHOOOL <ul><li>Afterschoool conducts three year integrated PGPSE (after class 12 th along with IAS / CA / CS ) and 18 month PGPSE (Post Graduate Programme in Social Entrepreneurship) along with preparation for CS / CFP / CFA /CMA / FRM . This course is also available online also. It also conducts workshops on social entrepreneurship in schools and colleges all over India – start social entrepreneurship club in your institution today with the help from afterschoool and help us in developing society. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Why such a programme? <ul><li>To promote people to take up entrepreneurship and help develop the society </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to take up franchising and other such options to start a business / social development project </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to take up social development as their mission </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to promote spirituality and positive thinking in the world </li></ul>
  22. 22. Who are our supporters? <ul><li>Afterschoolians, our past beneficiaries, entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs are supporting us. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also support us – not necessarily by money – but by being promotor of our concept and our ideas. </li></ul>
  23. 23. About AFTERSCHOOOL PGPSE – the best programme for developing great entrepreneurs <ul><li>Most flexible, adaptive but rigorous programme </li></ul><ul><li>Available in distance learning mode </li></ul><ul><li>Case study focused- latest cases </li></ul><ul><li>Industry oriented practical curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to make you entrepreneurs – not just an employee </li></ul><ul><li>Option to take up part time job – so earn while you learn </li></ul><ul><li>The only absolutely free course on internet </li></ul>
  24. 24. Workshops from AFTERSCHOOOL <ul><li>IIF, Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>CIPS, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>ICSI Hyderabad Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Gyan Vihar, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Apex Institute of Management, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Aravali Institute of Management, Jodhpur </li></ul><ul><li>Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneshwar </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Institute, Udaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering College, Hyderabad </li></ul>
  25. 25. Flexible Specialisations: <ul><li>Spiritualising business and society </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development and transformation </li></ul><ul><li>HRD and Education, Social Development </li></ul><ul><li>NGO and voluntary work </li></ul><ul><li>Investment analysis,microfinance and inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Retail sector, BPO, KPO </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting & Information system (with CA / CS /CMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital management and Health care </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitality sector and culture and heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Other sectors of high growth, high technology and social relevance </li></ul>
  26. 26. Salient features: <ul><li>The only programme of its kind (in the whole world) </li></ul><ul><li>No publicity and low profile course </li></ul><ul><li>For those who want to achieve success in life – not just a degree </li></ul><ul><li>Indepth knowledge and expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Professional approac: World class approach </li></ul><ul><li>Strong intellectual and business capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible – you may stay for a month and continue the rest of the education by distance mode. / you may attend weekend classes </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships for those from poor economic background </li></ul><ul><li>Latest and constantly changing curriculum – keeping pace with the time </li></ul><ul><li>Placement for those who are interested </li></ul><ul><li>Admissions open throughout the year </li></ul><ul><li>Latest and most advanced technologies, books and study material </li></ul>
  27. 27. Components <ul><li>Pedagogy curriculum and approach based on IIM Ahmedabad and ISB Hyderabad (the founder is alumnus from IIMA & ISB Hyderabad) </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation, spiritualisation, and self development </li></ul><ul><li>Essential softwares for business </li></ul><ul><li>Business plan, Research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in conferences / seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops on leadership, team building etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Written submissions of research projects/articles / papers </li></ul><ul><li>Interview of entrepreneurs, writing biographies of entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Editing of journals / newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy / research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments, communication skill workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in conferences and seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussions, mock interviews, self development diaryng </li></ul><ul><li>Mind Power Training & writing workshop (by Dr. T.K.Jain) </li></ul>
  28. 28. Pedagogy <ul><li>Case analysis, </li></ul><ul><li>Articles from Harvard Business Review </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz, seminars, workshops, games, </li></ul><ul><li>Visits to entrepreneurs and industrial visits </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations, Latest audio-visuals </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussions and group projects </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic self assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring and counselling </li></ul><ul><li>Study exchange programme (with institutions out of India) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development / Social welfare projects </li></ul>
  29. 29. Branches <ul><li>AFTERSCHOOOL will shortly open its branches in important cities in India including Delhi, Kota, Mumbai, Gurgaon and other important cities. Afterschooolians will be responsible for managing and developing these branches – and for promoting social entrepreneurs. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Case Studies <ul><li>We want to write case studies on social entrepreneurs, first generation entrepreneurs, ethical entrepreneurs. Please help us in this process. Help us to be in touch with entrepreneurs, so that we may develop entrepreneurs. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Basic values at afterschoool <ul><li>Share to learn more </li></ul><ul><li>Interact to develop yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Fear is your worst enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Make mistakes to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Study & discuss in a group </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism is the healthy route to mutual support and help </li></ul><ul><li>Ask fundamental questions : why, when, how & where? </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace change – and compete with yourself only </li></ul>
  32. 32. www.afterschoool.tk social entrepreneurship for better society

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