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15english Improvement


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15english Improvement

  2. 2. STATISTICS FOR BUSINESS MANAGEMENT Dr. T.K. Jain. AFTERSCHO☺OL Centre for social entrepreneurship Bikaner M: 9414430763 [email_address] ,
  3. 3. Mayank speaks truth in 30% cases and Goti speaks truth in 25% cases, what is the probability that they will contradict? <ul><li>One of them should speak truth and the other should lie. So : </li></ul><ul><li>(Mayank is true*Goti is wrong)+(Mayank is false*Goti is true) = </li></ul><ul><li>.3*.75 + .7*.25 = .225+.175 = .4 answer. </li></ul>
  4. 4. There are 3 persons of the age 60,65 and 70. the survival probabilities for these for next 5 years (till 2013) is .7, .4 and 2. What is the probability that at least 2 of them will survive till 2013? <ul><li>Let us assume that all 3 die: </li></ul><ul><li>3*.6*.8 = .144 </li></ul><ul><li>Let us assume that one of them die: </li></ul><ul><li>.7*.4*.8 +.7*.6*.2 + .3*.4*.2 = .332 </li></ul><ul><li>Let us take the case when all survive: </li></ul><ul><li>.7*.4*.2 = .056 thus answer is .332+.056 =.388 answer </li></ul>
  5. 5. X and Y stand in a line with 6 other persons. What is the probability that there are 3 persons between them? <ul><li>Let us write down all the possibilities: </li></ul><ul><li>In all there are 8 persons. </li></ul><ul><li>Let us put X at top position and Y at 5 th position. Similarly, take X to 2,3,4 positions. We can reverse these positions also. Thus there are 8 possibilities. In all X and Y have 8*7 possibilities, so 8 /56 is the answer. </li></ul>
  6. 6. P(A) =1/2, P(B) =1/3 P(A ∩B) =1/4, what is P(A’/B’)? <ul><li>A’ = 1-1/2 = ½ </li></ul><ul><li>B’ = 1-1/3 = 2/3 </li></ul><ul><li>P(A’ ∩B’) =1 – { ½ + 1/3 – ¼} = 1-7/12 =5/12 </li></ul><ul><li>5/12 divided by 2/3 = 5/8 answer. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Nidhi, Jayati and Prateek prepare 60, 70 and 90 statements. The probability that the statement will contain an error is .2, .3 and .1 respectively. What is the probable number of correct statements? <ul><li>Total number of statements = 220 </li></ul><ul><li>(60*.8) +(70*.7)+(90*.9) = 48+49+81=178 </li></ul><ul><li>Answer. </li></ul>
  8. 8. A bag contains 6 white and 4 red balls. If a person draws 2 balls and receives Rs. 10 and Rs. 20 for white and red balls respectively, his expected income is ? <ul><li>Both white: 6c2 / 10C2 = 15/45 </li></ul><ul><li>Both red : 4c2 / 10c2 = 6/45 </li></ul><ul><li>One white & one red = (6c1*4c1)/10c2 =24/45 </li></ul><ul><li>15/45 *20 + 6/45 *40 + 24/45*30 = 28 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Fit a binomial distribution or mean and standard deviations are 6 and 2 respectively? <ul><li>Mean = NP = 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Standard Deviation = sqrt (NPQ) = 2 </li></ul><ul><li>NPQ = 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Thus Q = 2/3 </li></ul><ul><li>P = 1-Q = 1-2/3 = 1/3 </li></ul><ul><li>N=6 *3/1 = 18 </li></ul><ul><li>Now prepare Bionomial distribution using formulae : Ncr *P^r*q^(n-r) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Solution – binomial distribution .069 18c3*(1/3)^3*(2/3)^15 .025 18c2*(1/3)^2*(2/3)^16 .006 18c1*(1/3)^1*(2/3)^17 =.0006 18c0*(1/3)^0*(2/3)^18
  11. 11. From 5 to 9 pm there are 4 telephone calls on an average per minute. What is the probability that during one particular minute, there is no phone call? <ul><li>We have to use Poisson distribution to solve it. </li></ul><ul><li>M (average calls) = 4, X =0 (no phone calls) </li></ul><ul><li>=e^-m * m ^x / x! =( 2.71828^-4*4^0)/0! </li></ul><ul><li>=.018316 answer. </li></ul>
  12. 12. ABOUT AFTERSCHO☺OL <ul><li>Afterschoool conducts three year integrated PGPSE (after class 12 th along with IAS / CA / CS ) and 18 month PGPSE (Post Graduate Programme in Social Entrepreneurship) along with preparation for CS / CFP / CFA /CMA / FRM . This course is also available online also. It also conducts workshops on social entrepreneurship in schools and colleges all over India – start social entrepreneurship club in your institution today with the help from afterschoool and help us in developing society. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why such a programme? <ul><li>To promote people to take up entrepreneurship and help develop the society </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to take up franchising and other such options to start a business / social development project </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to take up social development as their mission </li></ul><ul><li>To enable people to promote spirituality and positive thinking in the world </li></ul>
  14. 14. Who are our supporters? <ul><li>Afterschoolians, our past beneficiaries, entrepreneurs and social entrepreneurs are supporting us. </li></ul><ul><li>You can also support us – not necessarily by money – but by being promotor of our concept and our ideas. </li></ul>
  15. 15. About AFTERSCHO☺OL PGPSE – the best programme for developing great entrepreneurs <ul><li>Most flexible, adaptive but rigorous programme </li></ul><ul><li>Available in distance learning mode </li></ul><ul><li>Case study focused- latest cases </li></ul><ul><li>Industry oriented practical curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Designed to make you entrepreneurs – not just an employee </li></ul><ul><li>Option to take up part time job – so earn while you learn </li></ul><ul><li>The only absolutely free course on internet </li></ul>
  16. 16. Workshops from AFTERSCHO☺OL <ul><li>IIF, Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>CIPS, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>ICSI Hyderabad Branch </li></ul><ul><li>Gyan Vihar, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Apex Institute of Management, Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Aravali Institute of Management, Jodhpur </li></ul><ul><li>Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneshwar </li></ul><ul><li>Pacific Institute, Udaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering College, Hyderabad </li></ul>
  17. 17. Flexible Specialisations: <ul><li>Spiritualising business and society </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development and transformation </li></ul><ul><li>HRD and Education, Social Development </li></ul><ul><li>NGO and voluntary work </li></ul><ul><li>Investment analysis,microfinance and inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Retail sector, BPO, KPO </li></ul><ul><li>Accounting & Information system (with CA / CS /CMA) </li></ul><ul><li>Hospital management and Health care </li></ul><ul><li>Hospitality sector and culture and heritage </li></ul><ul><li>Other sectors of high growth, high technology and social relevance </li></ul>
  18. 18. Salient features: <ul><li>The only programme of its kind (in the whole world) </li></ul><ul><li>No publicity and low profile course </li></ul><ul><li>For those who want to achieve success in life – not just a degree </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible – you may stay for a month and continue the rest of the education by distance mode. / you may attend weekend classes </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarships for those from poor economic background </li></ul><ul><li>Latest and constantly changing curriculum – keeping pace with the time </li></ul><ul><li>Placement for those who are interested </li></ul><ul><li>Admissions open throughout the year </li></ul><ul><li>Latest and most advanced technologies, books and study material </li></ul>
  19. 19. Components <ul><li>Pedagogy curriculum and approach based on IIM Ahmedabad and ISB Hyderabad (the founder is alumnus from IIMA & ISB Hyderabad) </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation, spiritualisation, and self development </li></ul><ul><li>Essential softwares for business </li></ul><ul><li>Business plan, Research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in conferences / seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops on leadership, team building etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Written submissions of research projects/articles / papers </li></ul><ul><li>Interview of entrepreneurs, writing biographies of entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><li>Editing of journals / newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Consultancy / research projects </li></ul><ul><li>Assignments, communication skill workshops </li></ul><ul><li>Participation in conferences and seminars </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussions, mock interviews, self development diaryng </li></ul><ul><li>Mind Power Training & writing workshop (by Dr. T.K.Jain) </li></ul>
  20. 20. Pedagogy <ul><li>Case analysis, </li></ul><ul><li>Articles from Harvard Business Review </li></ul><ul><li>Quiz, seminars, workshops, games, </li></ul><ul><li>Visits to entrepreneurs and industrial visits </li></ul><ul><li>Presentations, Latest audio-visuals </li></ul><ul><li>Group discussions and group projects </li></ul><ul><li>Periodic self assessment </li></ul><ul><li>Mentoring and counselling </li></ul><ul><li>Study exchange programme (with institutions out of India) </li></ul><ul><li>Rural development / Social welfare projects </li></ul>
  21. 21. Branches <ul><li>AFTERSCHO☺OL will shortly open its branches in important cities in India including Delhi, Kota, Mumbai, Gurgaon and other important cities. Afterschooolians will be responsible for managing and developing these branches – and for promoting social entrepreneurs. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Case Studies <ul><li>We want to write case studies on social entrepreneurs, first generation entrepreneurs, ethical entrepreneurs. Please help us in this process. Help us to be in touch with entrepreneurs, so that we may develop entrepreneurs. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Basic values at AFTERSCHO☺OL <ul><li>Share to learn more </li></ul><ul><li>Interact to develop yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Fear is your worst enemy </li></ul><ul><li>Make mistakes to learn </li></ul><ul><li>Study & discuss in a group </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism is the healthy route to mutual support and help </li></ul><ul><li>Ask fundamental questions : why, when, how & where? </li></ul><ul><li>Embrace change – and compete with yourself only </li></ul>
  24. 24. social entrepreneurship for better society