On the Day of Judgment“and when the infant girl, buried alive, is askedfor what crime she was slain”Sura Al Takweer-Ayat 8-9
Female infanticide due to:1 Poverty2 sons seen as pride anddaughters seen as shame(Is female infanticide still in practice in the other form?)http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/05/trash-bin-babies-indias-female-infanticide-crisis/257672/
Social Humiliation1 Women as object of illegal desiresen.wikipedia.org/wiki/2 means of having as many sons as possible
No limit of keepingwomen as “wives”.www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/468574/polygamy -
Treated as transferable property1 step-mother would become the wife ofone of the sons after the death of thefather.2 They could be bought or sold3 They could be kept as an object ofmortgage.4 given to creditors as repayment of loan
Denial of personaldecision in the maledominated society
Female infanticide“and you should not kill your children forfear of poverty, for We providesustenance for you and will providesustenance for them also”(part of Ayat 151, Sura Al Anaam)
SOCIAL HUMILIATIONNor come nigh to adultery:for it is a shameful (deed)and an evil, opening theroad (to other evils).(17:32)
LIMITATION ON WIVESIf ye fear that ye shall not be able to dealjustly with the orphans, Marry women of yourchoice, Two or three or four; but if ye fearthat ye shall not be able to deal justly (withthem), then only one, or (a captive) that yourright hands possess, that will be moresuitable, to prevent you from doing injustice.(4:3)
NO EDUCATIONTo acquire knowledge is theduty of every Muslim maleand Muslim female.(Hadith)
NO INHERITANCEFrom what is left by parents andthose nearest related there is a sharefor men and a share for women,whether the property be small orlarge,-a determinate share.(AL QURAN 4:7)
Treated as transferable propertyAnd marry not women whom yourfathers married,- except what ispast: It was shameful and odious,- an abominable custom indeed.(4:22)
Denial of personal decision in the maledominated societyOnce Omar (ra) (as 2ndCaliph) said, “I want tofix dowry (Mehr) of women at the time oftheir marriage”. A woman stood up andrecited an Ayat from Sura al Nisa and said:“Omar, who gave you right to fix the dowryamount when Allah has not fixed it”. Omar(ra) felt his mistake and said sorry about thestatement and appreciated the woman to saytruth.
LEGAL RIGHTS OF A WIFE1. Choice of husband or her consent to marriage2. Mehr or dowry must be fixed at the time or beforeNikah3. It is preferable to pay off total Mahr before thestart of relationship as husband and wife.4. To die without paying Mehr may be a cause ofmajor sin5. The responsibility of the house-expenditure lieswith the husband, not with wife
LEGAL RIGHTS OF A WIFE6 If the wife wants to help the family or shewants to earn income, she is allowed but thegrowth of a good family is the firstpreference7 In the earning of the wife (inheritance,business, job), husband has no legal right todemand or compel her to give any amount8 The dowry (Jahez) is the right of the wife.Husband’s family has no right on any item oramount.
LEGAL RIGHTS OF A WIFE9 The wife has the right to take divorce (Khula)10 In case of an allegation of adultery by thewife or the husband, there is a certainprocedure of divorce11 Many other rights mentioned in the Quranand Sunnah
FROM THE LAST SERMON OF THE PROPHET (SW)O People, it is true that you have certain rightswith regard to your women, but they alsohave rights over you. If they abide by yourright then to them belongs the right to be fedand clothed in kindness. Do treat your womenwell and be kind to them for they are yourpartner and committed helpers. And it is yourright that they do not make friends withanyone of whom you do not approve, as wellas never to commit adultery.
USEFUL WEBSITES FOR QUICK REFERENCE1 http://www.islamicity.com/mosque/TOPICI.HTM2 Translation of Sahih Bukhari by Mohsin Khan3 Youtube videos on almost every topic of this presentation4 Ahsan-naqvi.blogspot.com
SECTION 3 MODERN AGEAN OPEN DISCUSSIONQuestion 1:Is woman in the west satisfied with the libertyshe has achieved after a long struggle?Question 2:Are the Muslim societies all over the worldfollowing the teachings of Islam presented insection 2?
THANK YOU AND ALLAH HAFIZMAY ALLAH GIVEYOU PEACE ANDPROSPERITY