Who Is An Engineer

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An introductory lecture on the engineer

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Who Is An Engineer

  1. 1. WHO IS AN ENGINEER? DR. T. K. G. NAMBOODHIRI PROFESSOR (Retired) BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY
  2. 2. WHAT IS ENGINEERING? <ul><li>The art and science concerned with the practical application of scientific knowledge, as in the design, construction, and operation of roads, bridges, buildings, machines etc. </li></ul><ul><li>The combination of art and science by which the materials and power of nature are made useful to mankind. </li></ul><ul><li>Application and advancement of skills based on mathematics, science and technology, integrated with business and management. </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHO IS AN ENGINEER? <ul><li>An engineer is one who effectively adapts the findings of science to the use of man </li></ul><ul><li>A person specifically trained and experienced in planning and developing the structures and devices, and in supervising the processes for the benefit of mankind </li></ul><ul><li>Engineers are involved in the implementation, application, design, development and management of projects and processes </li></ul>
  4. 4. DEFINITION OF AN ENGINEER <ul><li>AN ENGINEER EFFECTIVELY ADAPTS FINDINGS OF SCIENCE TO THE USE OF MAN </li></ul><ul><li>HE IS THE VITAL LINK BETWEEN SCIENCE AND SOCIETY </li></ul>
  5. 5. MAKING OF A MODERN ENGINEER <ul><li>The dynamic & fast changing world demands a more complex role for an engineer. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides technical skills, they must be good in non-technical skills like </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Problem solving </li></ul><ul><li>Management </li></ul>
  6. 6. MAKING OF AN ENGINEER
  7. 7. ENGINEERING BRANCHES <ul><li>Basic </li></ul><ul><li>Civil, Mechanical & Electrical </li></ul><ul><li>Sectoral </li></ul><ul><li>Electronics </li></ul><ul><li>Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Computer </li></ul><ul><li>Mining </li></ul><ul><li>Modern </li></ul><ul><li>Marine/Naval </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-Chemical </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-Medical </li></ul><ul><li>Latest </li></ul><ul><li>Information Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Bio Tech </li></ul><ul><li>Medical / Pharmaceutical </li></ul>
  8. 8. ENGINEER’S HERITAGE <ul><li>Engineering was an art for long centuries before it became a science </li></ul><ul><li>Engineer is heir to a great tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Tubal Cain, 7 th generation of Adam is the legendary father of technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptians channeled water to irrigate land </li></ul><ul><li>Romans built great roads, bridges and aqueducts </li></ul><ul><li>People of Mohenjodaro and Harappa built the first planned cities </li></ul>
  9. 9. SOME GREAT ENGINEERS <ul><li>Leonardo da Vinci: Many- sided genius </li></ul><ul><li>Galileo : The father of mechanics </li></ul><ul><li>Bessemer: Converter to make cheap steel </li></ul><ul><li>Edison: The electric bulb </li></ul><ul><li>Thomson: A. C. transformer </li></ul><ul><li>Goodyear: Vulcanized rubber </li></ul><ul><li>Diesel: Automobile engine </li></ul><ul><li>Bell: Telephone </li></ul><ul><li>Ford and Benz: Automobiles </li></ul><ul><li>Langley and Wrights brothers: Flying </li></ul>
  10. 10. SOME GREAT INDIAN ENGINEERS <ul><li>Mokshagundam Visweswaraya – Father of Indian Engineering </li></ul><ul><li>A. P. J. Abdul Kalam – Father of Indian Rocketry </li></ul><ul><li>Narayana Murthy – Founder of Infosys </li></ul><ul><li>Sam Pitroda – Force behind the IT revolution in India </li></ul><ul><li>M. N. Dastur – Designer of steel plants </li></ul><ul><li>Brahm Prakash – Atomic energy metallurgist </li></ul>
  11. 11. QUALITIES OF ENGINEERS <ul><li>Courage and integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Thirst for knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Imagination </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity for sound judgment </li></ul><ul><li>Accuracy of thought and action </li></ul><ul><li>Instinct for economy </li></ul><ul><li>Aptitude for leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Ingeniousness </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity for hard work </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to think and speak lucidly </li></ul>
  12. 12. ABET Engineering Criteria 2000 <ul><li>An ability to apply knowledge of mathematics, science, and engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>An ability to design and conduct experiments as well as to analyze and interpret data. </li></ul><ul><li>An ability to design a system, component, or process to meet desired needs. </li></ul><ul><li>An ability to function on multidisciplinary teams. </li></ul><ul><li>An ability to identify, formulate, and solve engineering problems. </li></ul><ul><li>An understanding of professional and ethical responsibility. </li></ul><ul><li>An ability to communicate effectively. </li></ul><ul><li>The broad education necessary to understand the impact of engineering solutions in a global/societal context. </li></ul><ul><li>A recognition of the need for and an ability to engage in lifelong learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of contemporary issues. </li></ul><ul><li>An ability to use the techniques, skills, and modern engineering tools necessary for engineering practice. </li></ul>
  13. 13. ESSENTIAL SKILLS OF AN ENGINEER <ul><li>Technical knowledge and skills </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual skills </li></ul><ul><li>Attitudes </li></ul><ul><li>Standards of Engineering practice </li></ul><ul><li>Business practices </li></ul><ul><li>International & national history & culture </li></ul><ul><li>Proficiency in languages </li></ul>
  14. 14. TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE & SKILLS <ul><li>Science fundamentals </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering fundamentals & application </li></ul><ul><li>Probability & Statistics </li></ul><ul><li>Computer science & technology </li></ul><ul><li>Engineering practice </li></ul>
  15. 15. INTELLECTUAL SKILLS <ul><li>Logical thinking </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-solving skills </li></ul><ul><li>Communication skills </li></ul><ul><li>Design skills </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational, management and administrative skills </li></ul>
  16. 16. ATTITUDES <ul><li>Competence </li></ul><ul><li>Integrity </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility </li></ul><ul><li>Life-long learning </li></ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Conscientious </li></ul><ul><li>ness </li></ul><ul><li>Punctuality </li></ul><ul><li>Approachability </li></ul>
  17. 17. STANDARDS OF ENGINEERING PRACTICE <ul><li>Measurement systems </li></ul><ul><li>Technical standards </li></ul><ul><li>Specifications & inspection standards </li></ul><ul><li>Testing practices </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental constraints </li></ul><ul><li>Code of ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Proficiency standards </li></ul>
  18. 18. BUSINESS PRACTICES <ul><li>Free market economy </li></ul><ul><li>International marketplace </li></ul><ul><li>MNCs </li></ul><ul><li>International competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>Quality assurance </li></ul><ul><li>Insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Warranties </li></ul><ul><li>Bidding procedures </li></ul>
  19. 19. INTERNATIONAL/NATIONAL HISTORY & CULTURE <ul><li>Common history </li></ul><ul><li>National history & development </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences </li></ul><ul><li>Economic & political issues </li></ul><ul><li>Social life & customs </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Religion </li></ul><ul><li>Multiculturalism </li></ul>
  20. 20. PROFICIENCY IN LANGUAGES <ul><li>Spoken foreign language </li></ul><ul><li>Written foreign language </li></ul><ul><li>Regional dialects </li></ul><ul><li>Technical terminology </li></ul><ul><li>Professional jargon </li></ul>
  21. 21. The Desired Skills and Attributes for an ideal Engineer
  22. 22. REFERENCES <ul><li>William E. Wickenden, A Professional Guide for Young Engineers, G. R. Henninger (Ed. ), Engineers’ Council for Professional Development, New York, 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>T. K. G. Namboodhiri, Engineering Education in India, J. Inst. Engg. (India), Vol. 66, IDP, 3, 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Duyen Q. Nguen, The essential Skills and Attributes of an Engineer, Global J. of Engg. Educ. Vol. 2, No. 1, 1998 </li></ul>

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