Gems of bhagavad gita chapter. 16

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This chapter elaborates on the division of beings into 2 category-divine & demonic. Their characteristics are described. It is stated by the Lord that persons with the divine nature are able to pursue & attain liberation, while the demonic people are forced to take birth after birth.

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Gems of bhagavad gita chapter. 16

  1. 1. Gems of Bhagavad Gita T. K. G. NAMBOODHIRI THIRUVALLA, KERALA INDIA
  2. 2. BHAGAVAD GITA – THE DIVINE SONG-An Introduction  Bhagavad Gita-Part of the Sanskrit Epic Mahabhaaratha.(200 BC to 200 AD)  700 verses in 18 chapters.  A conversation between Lord Krishna and his close friend Arjuna in the middle of the battlefield just before the start of the Kurukshetra battle.  Arjuna loses his heart and refuses to fight his teachers and relatives, and Krishna revives him by his wise words of wisdom. TKG Namboodhiri
  3. 3. Gems of Bhagavad Gita CHAPTER 16 DAIVAASURASAMPADWIBHAAGA YOGA THE YOGA OF DIVISION OF ATTRIBUTES, DIVINE & DEMONIAC TKG Namboodhiri
  4. 4. Gems of Bhagavad Gita In Chapter 9 the Lord mentions the division of living beings into divine & demonic. Here these two classes are described. Initially Sri Krishna talks about the attributes of the divine beings, in the first three verses. The rest of the chapter describes the nature of demonic persons.TKG Namboodhiri
  5. 5. Gems of Bhagavad Gita ABHAYAM SATHWA SAMSUDHIR JNAANA YOGA VYAVASTHITHIH, DAANAM DAMASCHA YAJNASCHA SWAADHYAAYASTHAPA AARJAVAM (16.1) Fearlessness, mental purity, persistence in the practice of knowledge, charity, sense-control, sacrifice, study of scriptures, penance & uprightness are some of the attributes of divine beings. TKG Namboodhiri
  6. 6. Gems of Bhagavad Gita AHIMSAA SATHYAMAKRODHASTHYAAGAH SAANTHIRAPAISUNAM, DAYAA BHOOTHESHWALOLUPTHAM AARDAVAM HREERACHAAPALAM. (16.2) Non-violence, truthfulness, freedom from wrath, renunciation, tranquillity absence of envy, kindness to living beings, un-covetousness, gentleness, modesty, & dignity are also seen in divine persons. TKG Namboodhiri
  7. 7. Gems of Bhagavad Gita THEJAH KSHAMA DHRITHIH SAUCHAM ADROHO NAATHIMAANITHA, BHAVANTHI SAMPADAM DAIVEEM ABHIJAATHASYA BHAARATHA. (16.3) Splendour, patience, vigour, cleanliness, benevolence, & non-haughtiness are also the attributes of divine persons. TKG Namboodhiri
  8. 8. Gems of Bhagavad Gita DWOW BHOOTHASARGGOW LOKE’ ASMIN DAIVA AASURA E’VA CHA. (16.6) DAIVEE SAMPADWIMOKSHAAYA NIBANDAAYAASUREE MATHAA. (16.5) Two orders of beings have been created in this world-the divine & the demonic. The divine attributes lead to liberation, & the demonic to bondage. TKG Namboodhiri
  9. 9. Gems of Bhagavad Gita DAMBHO DARPPO ABHIMAANASCHA KRODHDHAH PAARUSHYAME’VA CHA, AJNAANAM CHAABHIJAATHASYA PAARTHA SAMPADAMAASUREEM. (16.4) Now the Lord starts talking about attributes of demonic persons: Hypocrisy, arrogance, excessive vanity, anger, harshness & ignorance, Arjuna, are some of the attributes of demonic beings. TKG Namboodhiri
  10. 10. Gems of Bhagavad Gita PRAVRITHIM CHA NIVRITHIM CHA JANAA NA VIDURAASURAAH, NA SOUCHAM NAAPI CHAACHAARO NA SATHYAM THE’SHU VIDYATHE’. (16.7) Demonic persons do not distinguish between action & inaction. They are unclean mentally & physically, & ignorant of good behaviour. They are also not truthful. TKG Namboodhiri
  11. 11. Gems of Bhagavad Gita KAAMAMAASRITHYA DUSHPOORAM DAMBHAMAANAMADAANWITHAAH, MOHAAD GRIHEETHWAA ASADGRAAHAAN PRAVRITHANTHE’ ASUCHIVRITHAAH. (16.10) Resorting to insatiable lust, with hypocrisy, vanity & euphoria, deluded by clinging to dogmas, they work with dirty resolve. TKG Namboodhiri
  12. 12. Gems of Bhagavad Gita AASAAPAASASATHAIRBBADHDHAAH KAAMAKRODHA PARAAYANAAH, IEHANTHE’ KAAMABHOGAATHAM ANYAAYE’NAARTHASANCHAYAAN. (16.12) Bound by a hundred chains of hope, given up to lust & wrath, they amass unjustly heaps of wealth to satisfy their lust TKG Namboodhiri
  13. 13. Gems of Bhagavad Gita ANE’KA CHITHAVIBRAANTHAA MOHAJAALA SAMAAVRITHAAH, PRASAKTHAAH KAAMABHOGE’SHU PATHANTHI NARAKE’ ASUCHOW. (16.16) Distracted by myriad fancies, caught in a net of delusion, chasing lustful enjoyments, they (demoniacs) fall into dirty hell. TKG Namboodhiri
  14. 14. Gems of Bhagavad Gita AHAMKAARAM BALAM DARPPAM KAAMAM KRODHAM CHA SAMSRITHAAH, MAAMAATHMA PARADE’HE’SHU PRADWISHANTHO ABHYASOOYAKAAH. (16.18) Relying on egoism, power, pride, lust and wrath, spurning Me dwelling in themselves & in others, they remain malicious. TKG Namboodhiri
  15. 15. Gems of Bhagavad Gita THAANAHAM DWISHATHAH KROONAAN SAMSAARE’SHU NARAADHAMAAN, KSHIPAAMYAJASRAMASUBHAANAASUREESHWE’VA YONISHU. (16.19) These hateful & angry demons are the vilest among men in this trans- migratory life. I fling these impious lot into demonic wombs. TKG Namboodhiri
  16. 16. Gems of Bhagavad Gita AASUREEM YONIMAAPANNAA MOODDHAA JANMANI JANMANI, MAAMAPRAAPYAIVA KAUNTHE’YA THATHO YAANTHYADHAMAAM GATHIM. (16.20) Born in demonic wombs repeatedly, they remain deluded, & never reach Me. Arjuna, such people, therefore proceed to an ignoble state. The Lord, here, completes the demonic attributes. TKG Namboodhiri
  17. 17. Gems of Bhagavad Gita THRIVIDHAM NARAKASYE’DAM DWAARAM NAASANAMAATHMANAH, KAAMAH KRODDHASTHATHAA LOBHASTHASMAADE’THATHRAYAM THYAJE’TH. (16.21) Threefold are the gates of hell, destructive of the self-LUST, WRATH & GREED. Therefore one should reject them. TKG Namboodhiri
  18. 18. Gems of Bhagavad Gita E’THYRVIMUKTHAH KAUNTHE’YA THAMODWAARAISTHRIBHIRNNARAH, AACHARATHYAATHMANAH SRE’YASTHATHO YAATHI PARAAM GATHIM. (16.22) Released from these three doors of darkness, Arjuna, man attends to what promotes his goodness. Thus he proceeds to the supreme goal. TKG Namboodhiri

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