In this chapter, Lord Krishna reveals his cosmic form to Arjuna. Arjuna describes the all encompassing form of God & upon questioning was told that the present form is that of the destroyer of the world.
T. K. G. NAMBOODHIRI
BHAGAVAD GITA – THE DIVINE
Bhagavad Gita-Part of the
Mahabhaaratha.(200 BC to 200
700 verses in 18 chapters.
A conversation between Lord
Krishna and his close friend
Arjuna in the middle of the
battlefield just before the start
of the Kurukshetra battle.
Arjuna loses his heart and
refuses to fight his teachers
and relatives, and Krishna
revives him by his wise words
THE YOGA OF THE VISION OF THE COSMIC
BHAVAAPYAYOW HI BHOOTHAANAAM SRUTHOW
VISTHARASO MAYAA, THWATHTHAH KAMALA
PATHRAAKSHA MAAHAATHMYAMAPI CHAAVYAYAM.
Arjuna said: I have heard from You at
length about the birth & dissolution of
beings, as also your immutable grandeur.
PARAME’SWARA, DRISHTWWAAMICHAAMI THE’
ROOPAMAISWARAM PURUSHOTHAMA. (11.3)
Supreme Lord, I would like to see your
divine & lordly form, as you have
MANYASE’ YADI THACHCHAKYAM MAYAA
DRISHTUMITHI PRABHO, YOGE’SWARA THATHO ME’
THWAM DARSAYAATHMAANAMAVYAYAM. (11.4)
If you think, Lord, that I may see
it, then, Master of Yoga, reveal to me that
immutable self of yours.
PASYA ME’ PAARTHA ROOPAANI SATHASO ATHA
SAHASRASAH, NAANAAVIDHAANI DIVYAANI
NAANAAVARNAAKRITHEENI CHA. (11.5)
Behold then, Arjuna, hundreds of My
forms, nay, thousands, varied, divine,
variously coloured & shaped.
NA THU MAAM SAKYASE’ DRISHTUMANE’NAIVA SWA
CHAKSHUSHAA, DIVYAM DADAAMI THE’ CHAKSHUH
PASYA ME’ YOGAMAISWARAM. (11.8)
You, however, cannot see Me with this
eyes of yours. I shall give you a divine eye.
Behold My sovereign Yoga.
E’VAMUKTHWAA THATHO RAAJAN MAHAYOGE’SWARO
HARIH, DARSAYAAMAASA PAARTHAAYA PARAMAM
Sanjaya (the courtesan) said (to King
Dritharaashtra): Then, thus speaking, O King, Hari,
the great master of Yoga, revealed to Arjuna a
transcendent & sovereign form
DIVI SURYASAHASRASYA BHAVE’DYUGAPADUTHITHAA
YADI BHAH SADRISEE SA SYAAD BHAASASTHASYA
If in the firmament, i.e. in the sky, the
simultaneous splendour of a thousand suns
were to explode, it will have a semblance to
that of that mighty cosmic form.
THATHAH SA VISMAYAAVISHTO HRISHTAROMO
DHANANJAYAH, PRANAMYA SIRASAA DE’VAM
Then, filled with amazement & with hairs
standing on end, Arjuna spoke to the
Lord, his head bent & hands folded
PASYAAMI DE’VAAMSTHAVA DE’VA DE’HE’ SARVAAM
BRAHMAANAMEESAM KAMALAASANASTHAM HRISHEEMSCHA
SARVAANURAGAAMSCHA DIVYAAN. (11.15).
Lord! In Your body I see all gods, as also groups of
contingent beings, the mighty Brahma seated in
the lotus, all the seers, & all the celestial serpents.
THWAM SARVATHO ANANTHAROOPAM, NAANTHAM
NA MADHYAM NA PUNASTHAVAADEEM PASYANTHI
VISWE’SWARA VISWAROOPA. (11.16)
I behold You with many hands, bellies, faces, &
eyes, with a form infinite in all directions. I see
no end, middle or beginning for You, the Lord
of the Universe
ANATHABAAHUM SASISURYANETHRAM, PASYAAMI
THWAAM DEEPTHAHUTHAASA VAKTHRAM SWATHE’JASA
VISWAMIDAM THAPANTHAM. (11.19)
I see You without any beginning, middle or end,
endowed with inexhaustible energy, &
numberless arms, with the sun & moon for
your eyes, blazing fire for your face, & burning
the universe with your radiance.
ROOPAM MAHATHTHE’ BAHUVAKTHANE’THRAM
Seeing your immense form with its many mouths
& eyes, Mighty-armed! Your many arms, thighs &
feet, & bellies, & many terrifying tusks, the many
worlds are frightened, & so am I
DAMSHTRAAKARAALAANI CHA THE’ MUKHAANI
DRISHTWAIVA KAALAANALASANNIBHAANI, DISO NA
JAANE’ NA LABHE’ CHA SARMMA PRASEEDA DE’VE’SA
On seeing Your terrifying mouths with tusks,
glowing like the all-consuming fire of Time, I
can’t find my bearings: I can’t find peace. Be
gracious, God of gods! Abode of worlds!
YATHAA NADEENAAM BAHAVO AMBUVE’GAAH
SAMUDRAME’VAABHIMUKHA DRAVANTHI, THATHAA
THAVAAMEE NARALOKAVEERAA VISANTHI
As the multitude of streams of rivers rush
towards the sea, so these heroes among men
standing on the battlefield enter your blazing
AAKHYAAHI ME’ KO BHAVAANUGRAROOPO
NAMOSTHUTHE’ DE’VAVARA PRASEEDA, VIJNAATHUM
ICHCHAAMI BHAVANTHAMAADYAM NA HEE
PRAJAANAAMI THAVA PRAVRITHIM. (11.31)
Tell me who You are with the awesome form.
Salutations to You, Chief of the gods! Be gracious. I
wish to know you, the primordial Being, for I
understand not the nature of Your activity
SREE BHAGAVAAN UVAACHA:
KAALO ASMI LOKAKSHAYAKRITH PRAVRIDHO LOKAAN
SAMAAHARTHUMIHA PRAVRITHTHAH, RITHE’ API THWAAM
NA BHAVISHYANTHI SARVE’ YE AVASTHITHAAH
PRATHYANIKE’SHU YODHAAH. (11.32)
The Blessed Lord said: I am the Dominant Time, wreaking
the dissolution of the world. Here I am active, gathering
the worlds unto Me. Even without you, these warriors
marshalled in these opposing forces will cease to be.
SUDURDDARSAMIDAM ROOPAM DRISHTAVAANASI
YANMAMA, DE’VAA APYASYA ROOPASYA NITHYAM
This form of Mine, extremely hard to
behold, which you have seen, even
the gods perpetually crave to see.
NAAHAM VE’DAIRNNA THAPASAA NA DAANE’NA NA
CHE’JYAYAA, SAKYA EVAM VIDHO DRISHTUM
DRISHTAVAANASI MAAM YATHAA. (11.53)
Not by the Vedas, nor by penance, nor by
gifts, nor by sacrifice, may I be seen thus,
as you have.
BHAKTHYAA THWANANYAYAA SAKYA
AHAME’VAMVIDHO ARJUNA, JNAATHUM DRISHTUM
CHA THATHWE’NA PRAVE’SHTUM CHA
Valiant Arjuna, only through single-minded
devotion My Universal Form can be
seen, known in essence, and even merge with
SANGAVARJITHAH, NIRVAIRAH SARVABHOOTHE’SHU
YAH SA MAAME’THI PANDAVA. (11.55)
Arjuna, he who performs all his duties for My
sake, depends on Me, is devoted to Me, & who
is free from attachment & malice towards all
beings, surely merges with Me.