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Socrates

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Socrates

  1. 1. SOCRATES “ THE UNEXAMINED LIFE IS NOT WORTH LIVING.” FROM THE APOLOGY
  2. 2. SOCRATES <ul><li>469-399 BC </li></ul><ul><li>FROM ATHENS </li></ul><ul><li>FOUGHT IN THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR </li></ul><ul><li>TEACHER </li></ul><ul><li>SOCRATIC METHOD- QUESTIONING AND SELF-CRITICISM </li></ul><ul><li>PLATO WAS HIS PUPIL AND RECORDED SOCRATES’ PHILOSOPHICAL IDEAS </li></ul>
  3. 4. PHILOSOPHICAL IDEAS “THE UNEXAMINED LIFE IS NOT WORTH LIVING.” <ul><li>BELIEVED IN A UNIVERSAL TRUTH </li></ul><ul><li>BELIEVED THAT LIFE WAS TO BE LIVED IN THE PURSUIT OF KNOWLEDGE AND WISDOM </li></ul><ul><li>MORAL EXCELLENCE AND VIRTUE WERE TO BE THE MAIN GOALS OF ONE’S LIFE </li></ul><ul><li>REASON WOULD BE THE GUIDE </li></ul>
  4. 5. HISTORICAL CONTEXT <ul><li>THE LOSS OF ATHENS TO SPARTA DURING THE PELOPONNESIAN WAR WAS A BLOW TO THE CONFIDENCE OF ATHENIAN POWER </li></ul><ul><li>ATHENS WAS LOOKING FOR SOME EXPLANIATION FOR THIS DEFEAT </li></ul><ul><li>SOCRATES BECAME THE SCAPEGOAT </li></ul>
  5. 6. ATHENIAN COURTS <ul><li>CHAOTIC </li></ul><ul><li>ACCUSED PERSON HAD TO ACT AS HIS OWN ATTORNEY </li></ul><ul><li>JURIES WERE EXTREMELY LARGE (SOCRATES’ JURY WAS OVER 500) </li></ul><ul><li>JURY DECIDED THE PENALTY </li></ul><ul><li>JUDGMENT WAS IMMEDIATE </li></ul>
  6. 7. SOCRATES’ TRIAL WAS HELD IN THE AGORA OF ATHENS
  7. 8. AGORA
  8. 9. AGORA
  9. 10. CHARGES BROUGHT AGAINST SOCRATES <ul><li>CORRUPTING THE YOUNG MEN OF ATHENS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CONSTANT QUESTIONING </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHALLENGING ATHENIAN VALUES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FAILING TO BELIEVE IN THE “GODS” OF ATHENS AND BELIEVING IN NEW “GODS AND SPIRITS” </li></ul>
  10. 11. MAJOR ISSUES THAT SOCRATES ADDRESSED DURING HIS TRIAL <ul><li>WHAT IS WISDOM? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS JUSTICE? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO LIVE A GOOD LIFE? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO CARE FOR ONE’S SOUL? </li></ul><ul><li>WHAT IS TRUTH? </li></ul>
  11. 12. SOCRATES WAS FOUND GUILTY AND SENTENCED TO DEATH
  12. 13. HEMLOCK <ul><li>SEEDS VIALS </li></ul>
  13. 14. THE DEATH OF SOCRATES
  14. 15. SOCRATES AS THE NEW HUMAN BEING <ul><li>SOCRATES REDEFINED WHAT IT WAS TO BE A HUMAN BEING </li></ul><ul><li>HUMAN BEINGS WERE TO BE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>VIRTUOUS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MORAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SELF-CRITICAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RATIONAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EXCELLENT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WISE </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. MORAL VIRTUE REPLACED THE HEROIC WARRIOR OF HOMER EMPIRES OF THOUGHT WOULD BE THE LEGACY OF ATHENS (GREEKS)

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