Intro. To Ancient Greek Civ.

2,554 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Spiritual
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,554
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
23
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
112
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Intro. To Ancient Greek Civ.

  1. 1. ANCIENT GREEK CIVILIZATION FOUNDATIONS OF WESTERN CIVILIZATION
  2. 2. MAJOR CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE ANCIENT GREEKS <ul><li>DEMOCRACY </li></ul><ul><li>PHILOSOPHY </li></ul><ul><li>DRAMA </li></ul><ul><li>MATHEMATICS </li></ul><ul><li>LITERATURE-MYTHOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>WRITTEN HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>MEDICINE </li></ul><ul><li>SCIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>SPORTS-OLYMPICS </li></ul>
  3. 3. HELLAS WHAT THE GREEKS CALLED THEIR LAND
  4. 4. GEOGRAPHY OF GREECE <ul><li>MOUNTAINOUS </li></ul><ul><li>SMALLER RIVERS </li></ul><ul><li>LARGE COASTLINE </li></ul><ul><li>MANY SMALL ISLANDS </li></ul><ul><li>MILD CLIMATE </li></ul>
  5. 8. IMPACT OF GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>GREEK CITY-STATES DEVELOP INDEPENDENTLY OF ONE ANOTHER </li></ul><ul><li>POLITICAL FRAGMENTATION </li></ul><ul><li>TRADE AND COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY ALONG THE COASTAL REGIONS </li></ul>
  6. 9. TWO MAJOR DIVISIONS OF ANCIENT GREEK HISTORY
  7. 10. HELLENIC PERIOD @2000-323BC <ul><li>EARLY AEGEAN CIVILIZATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>HOMER </li></ul><ul><li>EMERGENCE OF THE CITY-STATE(POLIS ) </li></ul><ul><li>PERSIAN WARS </li></ul><ul><li>GOLDEN AGE -CLASSICAL PERIOD </li></ul><ul><li>PELOPONNESIAN WAR-SPARTA VS. ATHENS </li></ul><ul><li>ALEXANDER THE GREAT </li></ul>
  8. 11. HELLENISTIC PERIOD @323 BC-30BC <ul><li>SPREAD OF GREEK CULTURE </li></ul><ul><li>DIVISION OF ALEXANDER’S EMPIRE </li></ul><ul><li>EXPANSION OF LEARNING </li></ul><ul><li>GREECE COMES UNDER THE CONTROL OF ROME </li></ul>
  9. 12. EARLY AEGEAN CIVILIZAITONS <ul><li>MINOANS-LIVED ON THE ISLAND OF CRETE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NON-GREEK SPEAKING </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MYCENAENS-LIVED ON THE GREEK MAINLAND </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GREEK SPEAKING </li></ul></ul>
  10. 13. GREEK RELIGION <ul><li>POLYTHEISTIC </li></ul><ul><li>GREEK GODS OFTEN RELATED TO ASPECTS OF NATURE </li></ul><ul><li>GODS WERE LIKE HUMAN BEINGS-ANTHROPORMORPHIC </li></ul><ul><li>GREEKS PRACTICED RITUALS AND SACRIFICES TO APPEASE THE GODS </li></ul><ul><li>CONSULTED ORACLES TO DISCOVER THE FUTURE </li></ul><ul><li>GREEK RELGION DID NOT PROVIDE A STRONG MORAL AUTHORITY OR STANDARD </li></ul>
  11. 14. THE GREEK CITY-STATE POLIS <ul><li>ACROPOLIS-HILL-TOP FORTRESS </li></ul><ul><li>AGORA-MARKETPLACE </li></ul><ul><li>AMPHITHEATER-DRAMAS AND ORATORY </li></ul><ul><li>GYMNASIUM-PHYSICAL TRAINING </li></ul>
  12. 15. ACROPOLIS
  13. 17. AGORA
  14. 18. AMPITHEATER
  15. 20. GYMNASIUM
  16. 22. TWO MAJOR CITY-STATES <ul><li>SPARTA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MILITARY STATE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOCUSED OF CREATING WARRIORS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LOCATED ON THE PELOPONNESUS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LARGE SLAVE POPULATION (HELOTS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FOCUSED MORE ON PROTECTING ITS INTERESTS AND TERRITORY </li></ul></ul>
  17. 23. <ul><li>ATHENS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>COASTAL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAJOR COMMERCIAL CENTER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MAJOR NAVAL POWER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CULTURAL AND INTELLECTUAL CENTER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EVOLVED INTO A DEMOCRATIC STATE </li></ul></ul>
  18. 24. KEY TERMS <ul><li>HELLAS </li></ul><ul><li>POLIS </li></ul><ul><li>HIERARCHY </li></ul><ul><li>POLYTHEISTIC </li></ul><ul><li>ORACLE </li></ul><ul><li>HOMER </li></ul><ul><li>ANTHROPOMORPHIC </li></ul><ul><li>MONARCHY </li></ul><ul><li>OLIGARCHY </li></ul><ul><li>DEMOCRACY </li></ul>

×