European design standards Senior Expert Toni KekkiKarelia University of applied sciences (1.1.2013 ) email@example.com
Design codes in Europe• Most of structural design in Finland is done according to Eurocodes• Eurocodes are only maintained and updated system in EU-countries from 1.7.2013• Eurocodes are also used in some Asian countries, in North-African countries and in Russia (Eurocodes is approved by authorities separately in every project)
Eurocodes in general• 10 different standard-series• Eurocodes are made only for structural designing, but they have references to material standards like CE-marking• In Eurocodes, every country can rule its own values to some factors (like snowload etc).
Eurocodes in general• basis of structural design (EN 1990);• actions on structures (EN 1991);• the design of concrete (EN 1992), steel (EN 1993), composite steel and concrete (EN1994), timber (EN 1995), masonry (EN 1996) and aluminium (EN 1999) structures, together with;• geotechnical design (EN 1997); and• the design, assessment and retrofitting of structures for earthquake resistance (EN 1998).
Picture: Vitali Timashkov, National Association of Builders
Why standardisation?• A need to harmonize something• Agreement of rules how this is done• Removes obstacles in marketing!• Along Eurocodes comes also CE-marking• Russian participation in WTO is a good start• National Association of Builders is working to implement Eurocodes to Russia
CE-marking• In EU-countries, after 1.7.2013, all building materials, which have harmonized product standard (hEN), must have CE-marking!• In Finland, there are now ~420 different hEN:s translated and more is coming.• Good opportunity to go to the international markets!
Conclusion• Implementing structural design code in a country is an issue of safety.• National Association of Builders is doing great job in Russia• Eurocodes and CE-marking is a good opportunity.