Renaissance Art


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This slide show compares Greek, Roman, Medieval, Italian Renaissance, and Northern Renaissance art.

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Renaissance Art

  1. 1. Rebirth of Shape and Form
  2. 3. <ul><li>More simplified design </li></ul><ul><li>Proportional relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Use of natural space </li></ul>
  3. 4. Renaissance architects used classical design such as domes, pillars, and arches
  4. 6. <ul><li>Individual and humanistic </li></ul><ul><li>Conscious of self, freedom, and dignity </li></ul><ul><li>Exterior of buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Appeal to common man </li></ul><ul><li>Relies on classical form and style </li></ul><ul><li>Realistic and natural </li></ul>
  5. 10. <ul><li>Focus on the religious </li></ul><ul><li>Stylized figures and objects </li></ul><ul><li>Divine nature as opposed to realism </li></ul>
  6. 12. <ul><li>Realism: use of natural lighting, perspective, space, and scale </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration on human form and lines </li></ul><ul><li>Nudes: Purity of the soul </li></ul><ul><li>Human experience, emotion, life </li></ul>Masaccio (1401-28?), Tribute Money
  7. 15. This painting illustrates secularized art and the subjects , the Duke and Duchess of Urbino were themselves supporters of the arts
  8. 16. <ul><li>Teacher of Leonardo Da Vinci </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Strength of individual </li></ul>
  9. 17. <ul><li>Master of the use of line and shape </li></ul><ul><li>Depth of feeling and style, though unrealistic </li></ul><ul><li>Classical subjects, influence of Rome </li></ul>
  10. 18. <ul><li>Dutch painter </li></ul><ul><li>Superb attention to detail </li></ul><ul><li>Extreme control of space and arrangement (furniture is in exact organization for a lay sacrament) </li></ul>
  11. 19. <ul><li>Focus on the betrayal of Christ instead of the Eucharist </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in the ideal world instead of the real world </li></ul>
  12. 20. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519): Renaissance Man <ul><li>The term Renaissance Man refers to a jack of all trades </li></ul><ul><li>Leonardo was an architect, inventor, engineer, painter, sculptor scientist, biologist, and musician, though few of his inventions were created in his lifetime </li></ul><ul><li>After Leonardo, to be an artist, one must be a master of all things in order to truly understand art </li></ul>
  13. 21. <ul><li>Interested in perfect forms and nature through drawing and painting </li></ul><ul><li>Not a firm believer in either science or God </li></ul><ul><li>One can only believe what one can see </li></ul>
  14. 22. Mona Lisa (1503-06)
  15. 23. Michelangelo (1475-1564) <ul><li>Michelangelo was a devout Catholic as opposed to da Vinci’s skepticism </li></ul><ul><li>Only concerned with the human form and the divine intention God placed in the human form </li></ul><ul><li>His only other real interest was poetry, which da Vinci scorned </li></ul><ul><li>Believed sculpture was the purest form of art </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The process of taking away instead of putting on </li></ul></ul>
  16. 24. Michelangelo: David (1498) <ul><li>Illustrates Michelangelo’s heroic style </li></ul><ul><li>Well muscled instead of boy like </li></ul><ul><li>He stands forever at the alert to dangers that may be presented </li></ul><ul><li>Used as symbol of Florentine readiness to protect their republic </li></ul>
  17. 25. Pieta (1499)
  18. 26. Moses (1515)
  19. 27. Sistine Chapel Ceiling (1508) <ul><li>The chapel is used for important papal ceremonies and gatherings of the cardinals </li></ul><ul><li>Michelangelo commissioned to do the work, but unwillingly </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplifies Michelangelo’s vision of a new and grander humanity </li></ul>
  20. 28. Sistine Ceiling
  21. 29. Fall of Man (1509)
  22. 30. Creation of Adam (1511)
  23. 31. Raphael (1483-1520, Raffaello Sanzio) <ul><li>Raphael gained immediate success partially because Leonardo and Michelangelo were in such demand and rarely produced finished works </li></ul><ul><li>Raphael was not interested in anatomy or perfect forms </li></ul><ul><li>Harmony was most important to Raphael </li></ul>
  24. 32. Disputa (1509): Christian Element
  25. 33. School of Athens (1510): Classical elements on opposite wall
  26. 34. <ul><li>Dutch Painting </li></ul><ul><li>Interior lighting </li></ul><ul><li>Mixture of secular and religious (marriage) </li></ul><ul><li>Naturalistic </li></ul>Renaissance Outside Italy
  27. 35. Pieter Bruegel, Dance of the Peasants (1568) <ul><li>He also had a strong concentration on secular peasant life </li></ul>