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What Is Self Directed Learning


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What Is Self Directed Learning

  1. 1. What is Self-Directed Learning? <ul><li>The process of learning in which the learner assumes primary responsibility for planning, implementing, and evaluating a learning project. The learner chooses what to learn and how to learn, and also decides when to continue and when to end the learning project. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Why study SDL? <ul><li>By studying these individuals, the researcher can &quot;isolate the influence of the formal teaching environments on learning and thus permit the adult to be studied when he/she learns in a naturalistic and spontaneous fashion.&quot; (Danis & Tremblay) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals of SDL <ul><li>Enhance ability of adults to be more self-directed in learning (humanistic approach) </li></ul><ul><li>Foster transformational learning </li></ul><ul><li>Promote social action </li></ul>
  4. 4. Enhance ability to be more self-directed <ul><li>Adult learners need to develop both skills and attributes in SDL. (Knowles, Tough, Hiemstra, Brockett, Caffarella/O’Donnell) </li></ul><ul><li>Job of educators of adults is to help individuals be able to better plan, carry out, and evaluate their own learning. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Foster Transformational Learning… <ul><li>Mezirow: “…there is probably no such thing as a self-directed learner, except in the sense that there is a learner who can participate fully and freely in the dialogue through which we test our interests and perspectives against those of others and accordingly modify them and our learning goals.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Foster Transformational Learning… <ul><li>Brookfield: “…the most complete form of self-directed learning occurs when process and reflection are married in the adult’s pursuit of meaning.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Main Areas of Research into SDL <ul><li>Self-directed learning as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a learning process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a personality aspect </li></ul></ul>