An Introduction to Groupsand TeamsBased on the works of Levi (2011) and Edgar Schein                      (2011)
Agenda for January 23                       Welcome and                            brief                       introductio...
Assignments                 Three reaction                              papers on                           Paradoxes - 5%...
Use of blogs, wikis, and Google+Blogs • Set up your own • Edublogs.org, Wordpress.com, Blogger.com, or the VCU blog • 5 in...
Issues Encountered When inEntering a New Group   Identity - Who am I to be?   Control & Influence - Will I be able to co...
Self-Oriented Coping Responses    “Tough” responses: fighting, controlling,     and resisting authority    “Tender” resp...
Group Development   First, a period of self-oriented behavior   As self-oriented concerns are    addressed, people pay m...
Questions Asked by New    Team Members   Am I in or out?   Do I have any power or control?   Can I use, develop, and be...
Tuckman’s Stages of GroupDevelopment    Forming    Storming    Norming    Performing    Adjourning
Task DimensionsThe relationship between groupmembers and the task they are toperform. Task refers to the job they haveto d...
Process dimensionsThe relationships of group members withone another -- how they feel toward oneanother and how they feel ...
Task and Process Dimensions   Highly interdependent in practice; without    both dimensions, group process does not    ex...
Relationship Between Cohesivenessand Productivity      Cohesiveness
Promoting Cohesiveness inGroups   Encourage interpersonal attraction through    attitudinal similarity   Increase contac...
Cohesiveness in Groups, con’t   Create history   Accomplish something   Develop relationships and shared    norms   Pr...
An Effective Team Possesses...   Adequate mechanisms for getting feedback   Optimal cohesion   Flexible organization an...
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Groups and teams intro for first adlt 612 class session jan 23, 2012

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Groups and teams intro for first adlt 612 class session jan 23, 2012

  1. 1. An Introduction to Groupsand TeamsBased on the works of Levi (2011) and Edgar Schein (2011)
  2. 2. Agenda for January 23 Welcome and brief introductions Checking Your Groups andBegin viewing Teams IQTwelve Angry Men Review of Syllabus and Assignments, i Shoebox ncluding Exercise blogs, the wiki, and Google+ Introduction to Groups and Teams assigned Teams
  3. 3. Assignments Three reaction papers on Paradoxes - 5% each Team learning activity /Included in presentation –participation 20%• Shoebox• Team Charter• Team member roles Team facilitation exercises – 20% Participation and Involvement – Final paper – 25% 20%
  4. 4. Use of blogs, wikis, and Google+Blogs • Set up your own • Edublogs.org, Wordpress.com, Blogger.com, or the VCU blog • 5 individual posts throughout the semester and 3 comments on blogs of your triad / quadThe Class Wiki • In lieu of Bb, except for grades • http://groupsandteams2012.pbworks.comGoogle+ (http://plus.google.com) • Advising • Need Gmail account • Set up Google+ account
  5. 5. Issues Encountered When inEntering a New Group Identity - Who am I to be? Control & Influence - Will I be able to control and influence others? Needs & Goals - Will the group goals include my own needs? Acceptance & Intimacy - Will I be liked and accepted by the group?
  6. 6. Self-Oriented Coping Responses  “Tough” responses: fighting, controlling, and resisting authority  “Tender” responses: supporting, helping, forming alliances, dependency  Withdrawal or denial responses: passivity, indifference, overuse of “logic and reason”
  7. 7. Group Development First, a period of self-oriented behavior As self-oriented concerns are addressed, people pay more attention to each other and the task at hand The work of “building” the group occurs simultaneously with task accomplishment
  8. 8. Questions Asked by New Team Members Am I in or out? Do I have any power or control? Can I use, develop, and be appreciated for my skills and resources?
  9. 9. Tuckman’s Stages of GroupDevelopment  Forming  Storming  Norming  Performing  Adjourning
  10. 10. Task DimensionsThe relationship between groupmembers and the task they are toperform. Task refers to the job they haveto do and how they go about doing it.
  11. 11. Process dimensionsThe relationships of group members withone another -- how they feel toward oneanother and how they feel about theirmembership in the group.
  12. 12. Task and Process Dimensions Highly interdependent in practice; without both dimensions, group process does not exist Task output is productivity Process output is cohesiveness
  13. 13. Relationship Between Cohesivenessand Productivity Cohesiveness
  14. 14. Promoting Cohesiveness inGroups Encourage interpersonal attraction through attitudinal similarity Increase contact time Build perceptions of others as likeable Create opportunities for self-disclosure Promote group identification
  15. 15. Cohesiveness in Groups, con’t Create history Accomplish something Develop relationships and shared norms Promote acceptance of all members Encourage external threats
  16. 16. An Effective Team Possesses... Adequate mechanisms for getting feedback Optimal cohesion Flexible organization and procedures Maximum use of member resources Clear communications Clear goals accepted by all members Feelings of interdependence Shared participation in leadership functions, including decision making Acceptance of minority views and persons

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