Group Process

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Group Process

  1. 1. Understanding Group Process
  2. 2. Task dimensions T he relationship between group members and the task they are to perform. Task refers to the job they have to do and how they go about doing it.
  3. 3. Social (often called “process” dimensions) dimensions The relationships of group members with one another -- how they feel toward one another and how they feel about their membership in the group.
  4. 4. Task and Social Dimensions <ul><li>Highly interdependent in practice; without both dimensions, group process does not exist </li></ul><ul><li>Task output is productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Social output is cohesiveness </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Relationship Between Cohesiveness and Productivity Cohesiveness Productivity
  6. 6. Cohesiveness in Groups
  7. 7. Cohesiveness in Groups
  8. 8. Social Roles - Maintain or build group-centered attitudes and behaviors
  9. 9. Group Task Roles - Select, Define, and Solve Problems
  10. 10. Individual Roles- Attempts by Group Members to Satisfy Individual Needs
  11. 11. Patterns of Social Communication that Develop in Groups
  12. 12. Decision-Making in the Task Dimension
  13. 13. Decision-Making, con’t
  14. 14. Stages of Group Development (Tuckman, 1965) <ul><li>Forming </li></ul><ul><li>Storming </li></ul><ul><li>Norming </li></ul><ul><li>Performing </li></ul><ul><li>Adjourning (added later) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Unintended Consequences of Experiences in Groups Groupthink (Janis, 1972) The Abilene Paradox (Harvey, 1988) Affective Contagion (LeBon, 1986 )

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