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OER Policy and Development

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Talk given at the Virtual Schools Symposium on October 23, 2012 in New Orleans, LA

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OER Policy and Development

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources Policy and Development TJ Bliss Rep. Scott Hochberg This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License. Slides 2-38 attributed to David Wiley
  2. 2. Education Is Sharing the technical argument
  3. 3. Education Is Sharing the technical argument
  4. 4. Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
  5. 5. Students Share With Teachers questions assignments tests
  6. 6. If There Is No Sharing there is no education
  7. 7. Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
  8. 8. Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
  9. 9. Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
  10. 10. Expressions Are DifferentTo give a book you must give it away
  11. 11. When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
  12. 12. E.g., Online BookWe can all read simultaneously
  13. 13. An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
  14. 14. Both Knowledge and Expressions can be given without being given away
  15. 15. Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
  16. 16. Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
  17. 17. What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
  18. 18. Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.90• Copy by computer - $0.00084
  19. 19. Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by Internet - $0.00072
  20. 20. Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
  21. 21. Educational Sharingalso means adapting or editing
  22. 22. Sense-making, Meaning-making connecting to prior knowledge relating to past experience (in an appropriate language)
  23. 23. Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine is difficult and expensive
  24. 24. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can share as never before
  25. 25. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
  26. 26. Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
  27. 27. © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
  28. 28. Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids what to do?
  29. 29. use copyright to enforce sharing
  30. 30. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
  31. 31. Over 400 Million Itemsusing CC licenses at end of 2010
  32. 32. Image Credit:
  33. 33. Image Credits: ck12.org; yale.edu;
  34. 34. The “Open” in OERfree permission to do the 4Rs
  35. 35. Internet OEREnables Allows sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
  36. 36. OER Policy What is it?Why is it needed?
  37. 37. OER Policy • Allows copyright retention • Funds development • Materials definition • Grants adoption authority• Encourages/supports adoption
  38. 38. K-12 State Policies Georgia Virtual Learning OER terms of use (GA) H.B. 2336 (WA) – Form advisory committee on state-led OCW H.B. 2337 (WA) – Creation of state-led OCW H.B. 6 (TX) – Instructional Materials Allotment L.D. 569 (ME) – Establishes clearinghouse for info on use of OER (K12)Rule R277-111 (UT) – Educators may use CC license on materials produced (K12) S.B. 6231 (WA) – Appropriation of textbook funds to OER development (K12) H.B. 1941 (VA) – Permission for state employees to use CC licenses H.B. 2488 (TX) – Relating to OER adoption in public schools S.B. 6460 (WA) – Requires model policy for open licensing of courseware
  39. 39. Three Unique Cases Washington Utah Texas
  40. 40. Washington Legislative SupportState Board of Education Support Statewide Initiatives
  41. 41. Washington H.B. 2337• Requires CCSSO to take lead in developing openly licensed courseware• Allocates 1.5% of state instructional materials budget to content development
  42. 42. Washington OSPI• Full-time staff dedicated to implementation• Project development• Advisory committee• Ongoing communication with legislators
  43. 43. Potential in Washington• 294 districts• 1 million K-12 students• $130 million textbook budget• $6 million per book per grade• A few adoptions in a few districts = $$$ saved• 1-million student-owned books – Take home – Annotate – Highlight
  44. 44. UtahState Board of Education Support OER ExpertiseDistrict and Statewide Initiatives
  45. 45. Utah R277-111-3• Educators may share materials for noncommercial use under CC license• Educators do need permission to share personally developed materials• Educators may not sell materials developed with public funds (i.e. developed within scope of employment)
  46. 46. OER Drivers in Utah• Individuals – State Board personnel – Education researchers (Open Education Group)• Schools – Open High School of Utah• Districts – Nebo
  47. 47. Utah Open Textbook Project• 3,000 students using open science texts in 2012• $5 per book• Realized cost savings = $15,000• Science expanding to 75,000 students in 2013• Potential 7-year savings: – Science only = $3 million – Science plus other core subjects = $10 million• The student benefit
  48. 48. TexasLegislative Policy
  49. 49. Rep. Scott Hochberg Texas H.B. 2488
  50. 50. iNACOL OER Policy Fellowship• Research and Authoring Two Reports 1. OER Policy Models, Strategies and Recommendations • Practical guide for policymakers related to policies supporting adoption, use, and development of OER
  51. 51. Are you aware of any policies related toOER at the school, district, or state levels?
  52. 52. iNACOL OER Policy Fellowship• Research and Authoring Two Reports 1. OER Policy Models, Strategies and Recommendations • Practical guide for policymakers related to policies supporting adoption, use, and development of OER 2. OER Collaborative Development Guide • Practical guide for states, districts, and schools for content development in the context of the common core.
  53. 53. Collaborative Content Development Guide – Why it’s important to use/develop OER – How and why on getting started – Lessons learned from past/current initiatives – Steps to take – Recommendations – Resources
  54. 54. Are you aware of any past or currentcontent development initiatives that areusing open educational resources (OER)?
  55. 55. iNACOL OER Policy Fellow TJ Bliss tjbliss@inacol.org

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