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Introduction to OER - Workshop

Introduction to OER given at the Northern Rocky Mountain Education Research Association Annual Meeting in Park City, UT. Oct. 5, 2012. The first part of the deck is a remix/revision of some of David’s earlier slides. For those who’ve already seen David’s excellent intro to OER, skip to slide 37 for information on OER policy, implementation, business models, initiatives, and research.

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Introduction to OER - Workshop

  1. 1. Open Educational Resources learning materials for all students TJ Bliss John Hilton David Wiley This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
  2. 2. Education Is Sharing the technical argument
  3. 3. Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
  4. 4. Students Share With Teachers questions assignments tests
  5. 5. If There Is No Sharing there is no education
  6. 6. Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
  7. 7. Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
  8. 8. Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
  9. 9. Expressions Are DifferentTo give a book you must give it away
  10. 10. When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
  11. 11. E.g., Online BookWe can all read simultaneously
  12. 12. An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
  13. 13. Both Knowledge and Expressions can be given without being given away
  14. 14. Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
  15. 15. Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
  16. 16. What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
  17. 17. Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.90• Copy by computer - $0.00084
  18. 18. Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by Internet - $0.00072
  19. 19. Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
  20. 20. Educational Sharingalso means adapting or editing
  21. 21. Sense-making, Meaning-making connecting to prior knowledge relating to past experience (in an appropriate language)
  22. 22. Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine is difficult and expensive
  23. 23. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can share as never before
  24. 24. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
  25. 25. Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
  26. 26. © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
  27. 27. Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids what to do?
  28. 28. use copyright to enforce sharing
  29. 29. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
  30. 30. Over 400 Million Itemsusing CC licenses at end of 2010
  31. 31. The “Open” in OERfree permission to do the 4Rs
  32. 32. Internet OEREnables Allows sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
  33. 33. OER Policiesstate, institution, district, school
  34. 34. Higher Ed. State Policies A.B. 577 (CA) – Open Education Resource Centers H.B. 1025 (WA) - Disclosure of course content information H.B. 1946 (WA) - Re: sharing of instructional and other resources H.B. 4058A (OR) – Call for study of ways to reduce textbook costs H.B. 5201 (FL) – Promote use and distribution of OER H.R. 1464 (US Congress) – Requires fed agencies collaborate on OER K12 State Policies Georgia Virtual Learning OER terms of use (GA) H.B. 2336 (WA) – Form advisory committee on state-led OCW H.B. 2337 (WA) – Creation of state-led OCW H.B. 6 (TX) – Instructional Materials Allotment L.D. 569 (ME) – Establishes clearinghouse for info on use of OER (K12)Rule R277-111 (UT) – Educators may use CC license on materials produced (K12) S.B. 6231 (WA) – Appropriation of textbook funds to OER development (K12) H.B. 1941 (VA) - Permission for state employees to use CC licenses H.B. 2488 (TX) – Relating to OER adoption in public schools S.B. 6460 (WA) – Requires model policy for open licensing of courseware
  35. 35. Utah R277-111-3. Educators Sharing Materials.A. Utah educators may share materials for noncommercial use thateducators have developed primarily for use in their own classes, courses or assignments.B. Utah educators may only share materials that they developedpersonally and may not unilaterally share materials that were purchased or developed by oron behalf of their public employer or the State.C. Utah educators may only share materials that are consistent with R277-515 Utah EducatorProfessional Standards. For example, educators may not share materials that advocate illegalactivities or that are inconsistent with their legal and role model responsibilities as publicemployees and licensed educators.D. Utah educators may share materials under a Creative CommonsLicense and shall be personally responsible for understanding and satisfying the requirementsof a Creative Commons License.E. The presumption of this rule is that materials may be shared. The presumption is that Utaheducators need not seek permission from their employers to sharepersonally-developed materials. However public school employers may providenotice to employees that materials developed with public school funds or during public schoolemployment must be reviewed by the employer prior to sharing or distribution.F. Public educators may not sell teacher curriculum materials developed in whole or in part withpublic education funds or developed within the employees scope of employment to Utaheducators.
  36. 36. Funding OER Development it’s not free
  37. 37. Institutional Leadership open courseware (OCW)
  38. 38. OER Initiativesstate, institution, district
  39. 39. OER Initiatives
  40. 40. OER Business Models the biggest challenge?
  41. 41. Lots of “Hype” About OER OER will save the world! OER save students money! Students learn more from OER!
  42. 42. From Rhetoric to ResultsWe have to answer these questions with high quality empirical research
  43. 43. Open Education Group
  44. 44. COUP FrameworkA comprehensive framework for askingquestions about the practical impacts of open educational resources
  45. 45. COUP Framework• Cost savings• Outcomes in student learning• Use by teachers and learners• Perceptions of OER among users
  46. 46. Cost and OutcomesThe Utah Open Textbook Project
  47. 47. Utah Open Textbook Project 6000 students, 25 teachers High school science classrooms Adapted textbooks > 95% printed books
  48. 48. $11.4 2 Annual Cost Per Textbook $4.99
  49. 49.
  50. 50. * Difference in CRT Scores From Year(s) Before to Year(s) After *% Proficiency Mean Change: +5.9% * * Teacher
  51. 51. UseFlat World Knowledge
  52. 52. Revise / Remix BehaviorFWK provides editing tools to help faculty build custom books
  53. 53. Flat World Knowledge
  54. 54. PerceptionsProject Kaleidoscope
  55. 55. Project Kaleidoscope8 community colleges and 4-year schools California to New York
  56. 56. Project Kaleidoscope Cross-institutional faculty teamsAggregate OER-based textbook replacements 11 courses, 9,000 students in 2011-2012
  57. 57. Teacher Perceptions of Kaleidoscope OER Quality
  58. 58. Student Perceptions of Kaleidoscope OER Quality
  59. 59. COUP Framework• Cost savings• Outcomes in student learning• Use by teachers and learners• Perceptions of OER among users
  60. 60. Future OER Researchwhat do we still need to know?
  61. 61. Locating and Identifying OER where, what, how?
  62. 62.