Introduction to OER - Workshop


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Introduction to OER given at the Northern Rocky Mountain Education Research Association Annual Meeting in Park City, UT. Oct. 5, 2012. The first part of the deck is a remix/revision of some of David’s earlier slides. For those who’ve already seen David’s excellent intro to OER, skip to slide 37 for information on OER policy, implementation, business models, initiatives, and research.

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  • CC By Photo by David Wiley
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  • The following states have passed some policies or regulations related to OER.
  • Slimmed down books to 200-300 pages. Focused, aligned, streamlined, but sufficient coverage.
  • Printed and shipped about 3000 books this year.
  • Introduction to OER - Workshop

    1. 1. Open Educational Resources learning materials for all students TJ Bliss John Hilton David Wiley This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
    2. 2. Education Is Sharing the technical argument
    3. 3. Teachers Share With Students knowledge and skills feedback and criticism encouragement
    4. 4. Students Share With Teachers questions assignments tests
    5. 5. If There Is No Sharing there is no education
    6. 6. Successful Educators share most completely with the most students
    7. 7. Knowledge is Magicalcan be given without being given away
    8. 8. Physical Expressions Are Not to give a book you must give it away
    9. 9. Expressions Are DifferentTo give a book you must give it away
    10. 10. When Expressions Are Digital they also become magical
    11. 11. E.g., Online BookWe can all read simultaneously
    12. 12. An Indescribable Advance the first time in human history
    13. 13. Both Knowledge and Expressions can be given without being given away
    14. 14. Unprecedented Capacity we can share as never before
    15. 15. Unprecedented Capacitywe can educate as never before
    16. 16. What Does “Share” Mean?online it means copy and distribute
    17. 17. Cost of “Copy”For one 250 page book:• Copy by hand - $1,000• Copy by print on demand - $4.90• Copy by computer - $0.00084
    18. 18. Cost of “Distribute”For one 250 page book:• Distribute by mail - $5.20• Distribute by Internet - $0.00072
    19. 19. Copy and Distribute are “Free” this changes everything
    20. 20. Educational Sharingalso means adapting or editing
    21. 21. Sense-making, Meaning-making connecting to prior knowledge relating to past experience (in an appropriate language)
    22. 22. Digital Makes Editing “Free” editing a printed book or magazine is difficult and expensive
    23. 23. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can share as never before
    24. 24. Free Copy, Distribute, Edit we can educate as never before
    25. 25. Except We Can’t© forbids copying, distributing, and editing
    26. 26. © Cancels the Possibilities of digital media and the internet
    27. 27. Internet CopyrightEnables Forbids what to do?
    28. 28. use copyright to enforce sharing
    29. 29. The 4Rs Reuse – copy verbatimRedistribute – share with others Revise – adapt and edit Remix – combine with others
    30. 30. Over 400 Million Itemsusing CC licenses at end of 2010
    31. 31. The “Open” in OERfree permission to do the 4Rs
    32. 32. Internet OEREnables Allows sharing and educating at unprecedented scale
    33. 33. OER Policiesstate, institution, district, school
    34. 34. Higher Ed. State Policies A.B. 577 (CA) – Open Education Resource Centers H.B. 1025 (WA) - Disclosure of course content information H.B. 1946 (WA) - Re: sharing of instructional and other resources H.B. 4058A (OR) – Call for study of ways to reduce textbook costs H.B. 5201 (FL) – Promote use and distribution of OER H.R. 1464 (US Congress) – Requires fed agencies collaborate on OER K12 State Policies Georgia Virtual Learning OER terms of use (GA) H.B. 2336 (WA) – Form advisory committee on state-led OCW H.B. 2337 (WA) – Creation of state-led OCW H.B. 6 (TX) – Instructional Materials Allotment L.D. 569 (ME) – Establishes clearinghouse for info on use of OER (K12)Rule R277-111 (UT) – Educators may use CC license on materials produced (K12) S.B. 6231 (WA) – Appropriation of textbook funds to OER development (K12) H.B. 1941 (VA) - Permission for state employees to use CC licenses H.B. 2488 (TX) – Relating to OER adoption in public schools S.B. 6460 (WA) – Requires model policy for open licensing of courseware
    35. 35. Utah R277-111-3. Educators Sharing Materials.A. Utah educators may share materials for noncommercial use thateducators have developed primarily for use in their own classes, courses or assignments.B. Utah educators may only share materials that they developedpersonally and may not unilaterally share materials that were purchased or developed by oron behalf of their public employer or the State.C. Utah educators may only share materials that are consistent with R277-515 Utah EducatorProfessional Standards. For example, educators may not share materials that advocate illegalactivities or that are inconsistent with their legal and role model responsibilities as publicemployees and licensed educators.D. Utah educators may share materials under a Creative CommonsLicense and shall be personally responsible for understanding and satisfying the requirementsof a Creative Commons License.E. The presumption of this rule is that materials may be shared. The presumption is that Utaheducators need not seek permission from their employers to sharepersonally-developed materials. However public school employers may providenotice to employees that materials developed with public school funds or during public schoolemployment must be reviewed by the employer prior to sharing or distribution.F. Public educators may not sell teacher curriculum materials developed in whole or in part withpublic education funds or developed within the employees scope of employment to Utaheducators.
    36. 36. Funding OER Development it’s not free
    37. 37. Institutional Leadership open courseware (OCW)
    38. 38. OER Initiativesstate, institution, district
    39. 39. OER Initiatives
    40. 40. OER Business Models the biggest challenge?
    41. 41. Lots of “Hype” About OER OER will save the world! OER save students money! Students learn more from OER!
    42. 42. From Rhetoric to ResultsWe have to answer these questions with high quality empirical research
    43. 43. Open Education Group
    44. 44. COUP FrameworkA comprehensive framework for askingquestions about the practical impacts of open educational resources
    45. 45. COUP Framework• Cost savings• Outcomes in student learning• Use by teachers and learners• Perceptions of OER among users
    46. 46. Cost and OutcomesThe Utah Open Textbook Project
    47. 47. Utah Open Textbook Project 6000 students, 25 teachers High school science classrooms Adapted textbooks > 95% printed books
    48. 48. $11.4 2 Annual Cost Per Textbook $4.99
    49. 49.
    50. 50. * Difference in CRT Scores From Year(s) Before to Year(s) After *% Proficiency Mean Change: +5.9% * * Teacher
    51. 51. UseFlat World Knowledge
    52. 52. Revise / Remix BehaviorFWK provides editing tools to help faculty build custom books
    53. 53. Flat World Knowledge
    54. 54. PerceptionsProject Kaleidoscope
    55. 55. Project Kaleidoscope8 community colleges and 4-year schools California to New York
    56. 56. Project Kaleidoscope Cross-institutional faculty teamsAggregate OER-based textbook replacements 11 courses, 9,000 students in 2011-2012
    57. 57. Teacher Perceptions of Kaleidoscope OER Quality
    58. 58. Student Perceptions of Kaleidoscope OER Quality
    59. 59. COUP Framework• Cost savings• Outcomes in student learning• Use by teachers and learners• Perceptions of OER among users
    60. 60. Future OER Researchwhat do we still need to know?
    61. 61. Locating and Identifying OER where, what, how?
    62. 62.