Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Mountain, the People, and the Cement Factory

784 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
  • Be the first to comment

The Mountain, the People, and the Cement Factory

  1. 1. The mountain, the people andthe cement factory: Conflicts inSukolilo, IndonesiaSiti Rachma Mary Herwati and Tjahjono Rahardjo
  2. 2. IntroductionIn early 2008 it was announced that a newcement factory with a capacity of 2.5million tons per year was going to be builtin Sukolilo district, Pati regency, Central .Java, Indonesia.This plan was met with opposing reactions
  3. 3. Introduction• Those who support it say that this project will improve the welfare of the people by creating 1000 new jobs, which will stimulate more economic activities, bringing in more money and creating more job opportunities.• The new factory will also contribute significantly to the government’s revenues.
  4. 4. Introduction• Those who oppose it point out that the mining of limestone at the Kendeng Mountains will dry up half of the 87 springs which are vital for the people’s livelihood.• The job opportunities open for the local people will only be menial, low-paying and low-security ones.• There is no guarantee that increases in government revenues will benefit the people
  5. 5. Introduction This has triggered conflicts amongst the various interest groups, which has continued even after the plan was shelved
  6. 6. Where is Sukolilo? Pati Regency
  7. 7. Where is Sukolilo? Sukolilo District
  8. 8. The mountain
  9. 9. The mountainThe Kendeng limestone mountain range extends fromGrobogan, Central Java, to Bojonegoro in East Java. Partof the mountain range within Kabupaten Pati stretchesapproximately 35 kilometres. Many springs, caves,underground rivers, and a rich variety of plants andanimals, are found here
  10. 10. The mountainIn Sukolilo alone there are 79 perennial springs and24 caves which also have underground riversystems. These springs are the sources of potablewater for more than 8000 households.
  11. 11. The mountainKendeng is home to many kinds of vegetationsThe vegetation diversity of North Kendeng makesit a perfect habitat for many bird species and batsproducing phosphate fertiliser
  12. 12. The people One of the strongest opponents of the cement factory is the Sedulur Sikep community, also known as the Samin community.
  13. 13. The people • The Sedulur Sikep are followers of Ki Samin Suronsentiko (1859-1914) who led a non-violent resistance against the Dutch colonial government. • The Samin movement was a reaction against colonial government intervention in the lives of people living around Java’s teak forests.
  14. 14. The peopleThe Sedulur Sikep continue to be critical towards the Indonesian government, and refuse to:• use Bahasa Indonesia, and keep using Ngoko, the egalitarian low-Javanese language.• adhere to one of the five officially recognised religions• send their children to government sanctioned schools and instead maintain their own education system.• adopt ‘modern’ farming methods and carry on their traditional organic farming methods.
  15. 15. The people• The Sedulur Sikep believe amongst other things, that the only way to make a living is by cultivating the land; therefore, they should not enter into other trades.• For the Sedulur Sikep community saving the lime stone mountains and its springs constitute no less than saving their way of life.
  16. 16. The people A Sedulur Sikep Wedding
  17. 17. The people Some young Sedulur Sikeps
  18. 18. The peopleThe Sedulur Sikep are not the only people who oppose the factory. Besides the Sedulur Sikep, many farmers, activists, intellectuals, academics, politicians andgovernment officials are united in a front called the Jaringan Masyarakat Peduli Pegunungan Kendeng (JMPPK, Community Network for the Care of the Kendeng Mountains).
  19. 19. The peopleIn this front, however, theSedulur Sikep have come into the forefront.Gunritno, a youngergeneration Sedulur Sikep, isthe chairperson of JMPPK
  20. 20. The peopleJMPPK built up support to in aneffort to stop the construction of thecement factory.They organised peaceful protests,made statements in the media,visited locations around the PTSemen Gresik’s plant in Tuban,East Java and extended theirnetwork into Grobogan, Blora, andKudus.
  21. 21. The peopleAnd this is what they saw and heardin Tuban:
  22. 22. The conflict• Following the announcement of the planned factory, it was found out that no environmental impact assessment had yet been made.• Meanwhile, a visit to its plant in Tuban was organised by PT Semen Gresik for 14 village chiefs, plus some media reporters, to see how the factory has “improved the welfare” of the people. After their visit they were expected to campaign for the proposed factory.
  23. 23. The conflict • Many new groups and organizations supporting the cement factory appeared. • Banners and posters put up by JMPPK were taken down. • Stakes were stuck in plots where the cement factory was going to be built. • Land speculators started to buy land.
  24. 24. The 22 January 2009 incidentOn January 22, 2009, a PT Semen Gresik survey team came to the village of Kedumulyo, though the Governor of Central Java had promised that there would be no activity before a joint investigation team was formed.The village at that time was already in a heated situation. There were suspicions that the village head was involved in shady land deals with PT Semen Gresik.
  25. 25. The 22 January 2009 incident • The villagers held four cars of PT Semen Gresik along with their 13 passengers for about eight hours, and made speeches expressing their rejection of the cement factory . • At 18:30 the police forcibly broke the human barricade. • In the chaos, an unknown person threw stones at the cars, which damaged two cars. Eventually, the police arrested nine residents.
  26. 26. The 22 January 2009 incident • The villagers held four cars of PT Semen Gresik along with their 13 passengers for about eight hours, and made speeches expressing their rejection of the cement factory . • At 18:30 the police forcibly broke the human barricade. • In the chaos, an unknown person threw stones at the cars, which damaged two cars. Eventually, the police arrested nine residents.
  27. 27. Conclusion Sustainable Ecology Development Economy Society

×