31. You are BORN in the U.S.2. You are born to a U.S.citizen parent or your parentbecame a citizen before youturned 183. You are adopted by a U.S.citizen (Child Citizenship Actof 2000)4. You are naturalized (moreabout this process later)
Financially Secured FutureHigh Standard of LivingStart of a SeriesEducationPolitical ReasonsRejoining family5
ILLEGAL• For unskilled jobs U.S. workerswon’t take them and Illegalimmigrants will work more cheaply• May come over to give birth totheir children so that they areconsidered US citizens and gainthe benefits• Desire to escape civil war orrepression in the country of origin.• Some people forced into sexualslavery• Come over illegally in the drugtrade• Can’t pass the citizenship testLEGAL• Come here legally because they arealready skilled in their field of workand can earn more money• Come to gain their children as wellas their own American citezenship• Come here to escape poorconditions in their own country• Ensure safety and a better socio-economical status• Have no problems to study for thecitizenship test6
9• Antebellum 1840-1860• Largely northern European, especially England, Irelandand Germany—approx. 4.5 million•1900-1920• Largely Southern and Eastern European, includingPolish and Russian Jews, Italian, Greek—approx. 14.5million• Late 19th – 20th CenturyAsian immigrants in the in much fewer numbers (forexample, Chinese immigrants built US railroads)
11For many Italian immigrants, migrationto the United States could not beinterpreted as a rejection of Italy.In reality, it was a defense of the Italianway of life, for the money sent homehelped to preserve the traditionalorder.Rather than seeking permanenthomes, they desired an opportunity towork for a living, hoping to saveenough money to return to a better lifein the country of their birth.
Hammonton was settled by William Coffin in 1812. The influx ofItalian immigrants, many from one town of Gesso, Sicily,supported the agrarian base with hard work and a familyatmosphere.As a matter of fact, according to the latest U.S. census,Hammonton is the U.S. municipality with the largestconcentration of Italians.More than 54 percent of Hammonton’s 12,604 residents callthemselves Italian.That’s the largest concentration of any place in the nation withmore than 1,000 people, just ahead of Johnston, Rhode Island;East Haven, Connecticut; Rosetto, Pennsylvania; and Frankfort,New York. 12
Side #1 Side #2“Close the Borders” 1 “Welcome to America”Deport all of those inthe country illegally 2Help grant illegal aliens inAmerica full citizenshipDecree the amount ofimmigrants allowed per year 3Increase the amount ofimmigrants allowed per yearStrengthen bordersecurity 4Modestly increaseborder securityLimit temporary visasinto the United States 5Allow foreigners to gain a temporarywork/education visa
* Write articles for your school or community newspaper about theimmigration issue.* Advocate by sending letters to legislators about current immigrationissues.* Reach out to refugees and immigrants in your local area.* Befriend a newcomer at your school.* Increase awareness of refugee and immigrant issues.* Form a club in your school with others interested in these issues.* Raise money, or do a food/clothing drive for a local or nationalorganization that serves immigrants and refugees.15