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Mac OS X Manual

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A gentle introduction to Mac OS X.

A manual for beginners with some todo tasks at the end.

I've done it for a school presentation while in Erasmus at Poland (Technical University of Lodz), and I hope you find it useful :)

Published in: Technology

Mac OS X Manual

  1. 1. Mac OS X Manual A gentle introducton to the Mac OS X Operatve System By Tiago Carvalho tago.carvalho@gmail.com X Welcome to Mac OS Technical University of Lodz 2008  Made on a Mac
  2. 2. Contents Mac OS X :03 A frst Look :04 Finder :05 Spotlight :07 Dashboard :08 Exposé :09 Spaces :10 Built-In Applicatons :11 Installing/Removing Applicatons :12 PDF Exportaton :13 Easy Burning :14 System Preferences :15 Powerful Networking :16 Network Utlity :17 Sharing :18 Keyboard Shortcuts :19 Tasks :20
  3. 3. Mac OS X is a Unix-based operatng system, built on technology developed at NeXT between the second half of the 1980s and Apple's purchase of the company in early 1996. It received UNIX 03 certfcaton following its 10.5 version on Intel processors – Mac OS X “Leopard”. It is the most technologically advanced operatng system Apple has ever released. While there's a lot of powerful stuf going on under the hood, Leopard makes it easy for you to work, play, and get entertainment on your Mac. 3
  4. 4. A First Look From the menu to the Dock, Leopard introduces a great new look and Stacks — a brand-new way to stay organized. 4
  5. 5. A First Look Menu extras On the top lef corner of the Cover Flow screen you can see a few Menus Cover Flow lets you see your symbols, these litle icons are movies, presentatons, PDF fles, At the top of the screen you will see used to quickly edit your Mac's and more in large-size previews as some menus. These menus change setngs (Networking you fip through them. depending on what applicaton you connectons, Bluetooth devices, are using at the moment. It holds Volume control, etc), and most applicaton commands and access some applicatons. also keyboard shortcuts can be found here. The Apple icon, is Media devices common in all menubars, so its easy to check Computer Informaton and Mac OS X makes it easy to System Propertes at any tme. access the media devices connected to your computer by conveniently putng their icons in the Desktop. Mountng an external drive Sidebar is automatc, and to The Finder sidebar makes it unmount a drive simply right easy to get to folders on your click and then click eject computer, shared computers on your network, and your saved searches. The folders, Stacks applicatons or fles you access most, can be added to the Stacks provide a convenient quot;Placesquot; tab and they will be way to get to your documents. visible on every Finder window. Folders already in the Dock become stacks automatcally. To create a stack, drag a folder of documents to the Dock. The Dock The dock is a convenient way to keep shortcuts to your favorite applicatons. The symbols in the dock are simply shortcuts to the real applicatons. Adding or removing items from the dock will not delete the actual fle, only the shortcut to the fle. To add an applicaton to the dock, just drag its symbol into the dock. To remove an item, just drag and drop it onto the desktop or trash bin. 5
  6. 6. Finder Finder is the GUI (Graphical User Interface) applicaton program responsible for the overall user-management of fles, disks, network volumes and the launching of other applicatons. Viewing Optons Quick Look Integrated Spotlight Window Butons Provides 4 diferent view types Show previews of movies, PDF Searching the current folder for These “trafc-lights” butons of fles and folders: Icon View, fles, presentatons, a fle, or searching the entre are for closing, minimizing and List View, Column View and spreadsheets, and more hard drive is as simple as resizing the window to the best Cover Flow. without opening an applicaton. writng here. ft on the screen. Info Window Eject Buton Displays a full set of Allows to eject an inserted disk informaton about the selected or unmount an external hard fle or folder. drive. Network Places Easily access all network places in this updated network list. Color labels Quick Browsing You can set diferent color These are clickable butons that labels for each fle/folder provide a quick navigaton according to their relevance to through the entre directory you. path. To move a fle, you can simply drag and drop it to a parent directory. Finder uses the desktop metaphor - that is, the fles and folders are represented as appropriate icons, volumes are displayed on the desktop, and there is a trash can to which fles can be dragged to mark them for deleton. 6
  7. 7. Spotlight Spotlight is a great built-in search functon. It creates a virtual index of all items and fles on the system, it is a selecton-based search system designed to allow the user to quickly locate a wide variety of items on the computer, including documents, pictures, music, applicatons, System Preferences, as well as specifc words in documents and in web pages in a web browser's history or bookmarks. With Leopard, Spotlight is able to search networked Macs running Leopard (both client and server versions) that have fle sharing enabled. How do I use it? Click on the upper right magnifying glass or simply press: ⌘ + <space> 7
  8. 8. Dashboard What is the dashboard? Dashboard is an applicaton used for hostng mini- applicatons known as widgets. When Dashboard is actvated, the user's desktop is dimmed and widgets appear in the foreground. What are Widgets? Widgets are small applicatons used to perform smaller tasks or show data. They are programmed the same way as websites (with HTML, CSS and JS). What type of Widgets exist? All kinds of it. Imaginaton is the limit actually! Find them for free at the Apple website. How do I use it? Simply click the dashboard icon on the Dock, or press the dashboard buton on the keyboard: 8
  9. 9. Exposé What is Exposé? Exposé allows a user to quickly locate an open window, or to hide all windows and show the desktop without the need to click through many windows to fnd a specifc target. How do I use it? With the Apple Mighty Mouse you just need to squeeze the mouse in order to run Exposé: Other way of launching it is by pressing the Exposé buton on the keyboard: 9
  10. 10. Spaces What are Spaces? Spaces enables users to set up virtual desktops suited to partcular needs of the user. One could for example create a quot;spacequot; primarily assigned to ofce work and then switch to a diferent one focused on web surfng. Up to 16 spaces can be created, and applicatons can be bound to specifc spaces. How do I use it? You can confgure diferent ways to access Spaces. For example, you can set up your Mac to show spaces when you point your mouse to a certain screen corner. Other way of accessing the Spaces feature is by enabling the “Show spaces in menubar” at the System Preferences: 10
  11. 11. Built-in Applicatons Together with every new Mac is a whole set of programs that aim to work, and to have fun. Here are just some of the applicatons built-in on every Mac: 11
  12. 12. Applicatons Installing and Removing Applicatons Most downloaded sofware come as a .dmg image (1) that self-mounts on Desktop (2). Applicaton List Then all you need to do is drag and drop the The installed applicatons can be found on applicaton to the applicatons folder (3): the Applicatons folder. To open it hit “Go”, followed by “Applicatons” on the Finder’s Menubar, or press ⌘++A on the 2 1 keyboard: 3 To remove an Applicaton, drag and drop it to the Trash can: 12
  13. 13. PDF exportaton made easy In Mac OS X, every printable document (Photos, Texts, Web Pages, etc) can be easily exported to PDF by selectng clicking “Print…” (1) and selectng “Save as PDF” on the printng window (2): 1 2 13
  14. 14. Easy Burning Burning a CD or DVD couldn’t be easier. Just insert a blank media, create a Burn Folder (1), drag into it the fles you want to burn (2) and then click Burn (3). 1 2 3 14
  15. 15. System Preferences Quick Find Thanks to the Finder’s integrated spotlight it is easy to This is the place where you can set up the Mac OS X. fnd where are the confguratons we want to access. Launching System Preferences Either click the icon on the Dock or click the “” menu on the upper lef corner and choose “System Preferences…” Extra Confguratons When you install certain applicatons that have special confguratons, they are included here. 15
  16. 16. Powerful Networking Mac OS X ofers a rich set of networking APIs that provides advanced features while maintaining compatbility with open standards. It supports the dominant media types, protocols, and services in the industry as well as new and innovatve services from Apple. So basically, Mac OS X can connect to any type of network (Ethernet, Wireless, Bluetooth, VPN, etc), share internet and fles with just a few clicks. Connect to a Wireless Network Confgure Network Setngs Just click on the wireless icon on the and Interfaces menubar and select the Network to On the System Preferences, click on connect to: Network: 16
  17. 17. Network Utlity Network Utlity is an applicaton included with Mac OS X that provides a variety of computer network informaton, such as: Network interfaces, Netstat, AppleTalk, Ping, Lookup, Traceroute, Whois, Finger and Port Scan. Launching Network Utlity It’s located on the System Preferences. But of course you can call it through Spotlight: 17
  18. 18. Sharing Sharing optons are also located on the System Preferences, and the GUI is very intuitve. With this tool you can set up sharing for internet, folders, printers and other resources. Here you can also set up Remote Management. 18
  19. 19. Keyboard Shortcuts The fastest way to work on Mac OS X is by using keyboard shortcuts. They are very intuitve and most of them are common in all applicatons. Modifer Keys and Keyboard Icons ⌘ This is the Apple or Command key icon. ⌥ This is the Alt or Opton key icon. Most keyboard shortcuts reference it as Opton instead of Alt though. ⌃ This is the Control key icon. This key is used widely on PC and Mac, so most people should know the key.  Shif key icon. ⌫ This symbol represents backspace. ↵ This symbol represents Return Key (Enter). 19
  20. 20. Tasks Afer you explore Mac OS X for a litle bit try to accomplish the following tasks. All solutons are provided on the following page. Some tps were already provided. Good luck! General Task #1 Check the Mac OS X version you are running in “About this Mac” and export a list of all the informaton about your OS, Installed Sofware and Hardware Devices. Applicatons Task #2 Open iCal, add an event to a future date on the “Home” calendar. Also set up that event so that iCal send’s you an email message 3 days before. Task #3 Download and image from the web and using Preview rotate it 90º clockwise and save it. System Preferences Task #4 Set up your botom screen corners to react when you mouse hover. Lef corner should show the Desktop, and right corner should bring up Spaces. Task #5 Turn on the File Sharing service and add a folder with Read-Only permission for everybody on the Network. Network Related Task #6 Check all Hardware Addresses (MAC Addresses) from your Network Interfaces. Task #7 Do a full Port Scan on your local address to check which ports you have open (Your local address is always localhost or 127.0.0.1). 20
  21. 21. Task Solutons Task #1 Check the Mac OS X version you are running in “About this Mac” and export a list of all the informaton about your OS, Installed Sofware and Hardware Devices. Go to the upper lef corner Apple menu item and click “About This Mac” (1). It will open the About window (2). Press “More Info” to bring up the System Profler. In order to export the full list of your computer Hardware/Sofware specifcatons go to “File” and hit “Save As…” (3). 1 2 3 21
  22. 22. Task Solutons Task #2 Open iCal, add an event to a future date on the “Home” calendar. Also set up that event so that iCal send’s you an email message 3 days before. Choose a date and Right-Click on it. Press “New Event” (1), write the Event Title, Right-Click on the new event and select “Get Info” (2) . Now choose the “Send email to <…> 3 days before” alarm opton (3). 2 1 3 22
  23. 23. Task Solutons Task #3 Download and image from the web and using Preview rotate it 90º clockwise and save it. Double click on the image to open it with Preview. Go to “Tools” and click on “Rotate Right” (1). Now go to “File”/”Save” to save the rotated image (2). 1 2 23
  24. 24. Task Solutons Task #4 Set up your botom screen corners to react when you mouse hover. Lef corner should show the Desktop, and right corner should bring up Spaces. Open the System Preferences, click on “Exposé & Spaces” on the “Personal” secton. And confgure the “Actve Screen Corners” as follows: 24
  25. 25. Task Solutons Task #5 Turn on the File Sharing service and add a folder with Read-Only permission for everybody on the Network. Click “Sharing” icon on System Preferences, check “File Sharing” (1) and click on the plus icon (“+”) under the “Sharing Folders” list (2) to add another Sharing Folder. By default, network users will have Read-Only access on the “Users” List (3). 1 3 2 25
  26. 26. Task Solutons Task #6 Check all Hardware Addresses (MAC Addresses) from your Network Interfaces. Launch the Network Utlity (with Spotlight for example). In the “Info” Tab you can see Network Informaton. The MAC Address is the frst “Interface Informaton” (1). To switch the Interface just select the one you want in the list (2). 1 2 26
  27. 27. Task Solutons Task #7 Do a full Port Scan on your local address to check which ports you have open (Your local address is always localhost or 127.0.0.1). In “Network Utlity”, select the “Port Scan” tab (1) and write ‘localhost’ or ‘127.0.0.1’ on the IP address input (2). Now click “Scan” (3) and wait for the results to see which ports you have currently open (4). 1 2 3 4 27
  28. 28. Once a Mac You’ll Never Go Back A Mac OS X Manual By Tiago Carvalho tago.carvalho@gmail.com Technical University of Lodz 2008  Made on a Mac

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