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THE NEEL BAGH EXPERIMENTOne idea, many formsNeel Bagh – A school started byDavid Horsburgh in Madanapalledistrict, Andhra ...
AcknowledgementThis study on Neel Bagh and David Horsburgh would not have been possible withoutthe support of the followin...
AimThe study has three components –1. A biographical account of David Horsburgh (see timeline)2. Identify and analyze his ...
Methodology1. The study used semi structured interviews and discussion based method to piece togetherhistorical informatio...
“I am going to sit in my little village and try and produce what I think is very good education”David Horsburgh, 1983The N...
InterventionNeel Bagh sought to address the need ofgood quality education in rural India.The challenge David realized was ...
Relevance of Neel Bagh Ideas1. Neel Bagh begins with a point of divergence with the prevailing approach where curriculumde...
Key Findings1. Neel Bagh makes an interesting social intervention due to its unique and effective modeof addressing rural ...
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The Neel Bagh Experiment and David Horsburgh

Neel Bagh – A school started by David Horsburgh in Madanapalle district, Andhra Pradesh in 1972 which pioneered some of the most important ideas in education and teacher training in India.

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The Neel Bagh Experiment and David Horsburgh

  1. 1. THE NEEL BAGH EXPERIMENTOne idea, many formsNeel Bagh – A school started byDavid Horsburgh in Madanapalledistrict, Andhra Pradesh in 1972which pioneered some of the mostimportant ideas in education andteacher training in India.
  2. 2. AcknowledgementThis study on Neel Bagh and David Horsburgh would not have been possible withoutthe support of the following individuals. Their time and efforts are much appreciated.Information, images and insights presented here is owed to them -Vijay Padki, Malathi, Usha, Narsimhan, Rohit Dhankar, Amukta Mahapatra, PrakashIyer, Varadarajan, Amar Dixit and Nikhil Bangera.All the images used are shared with permission from Vijay Padki.The Neel Bagh Experiment 2
  3. 3. AimThe study has three components –1. A biographical account of David Horsburgh (see timeline)2. Identify and analyze his work in education which was a response to a socialsituation – of poor state of rural education in India in 1960s.3. Discussion on how social processes shaped his ideas, influence of his work atNeel Bagh on education in the present context. Identify various schools andinitiatives that his contemporaries founded later in their lives.The Neel Bagh Experiment 3
  4. 4. Methodology1. The study used semi structured interviews and discussion based method to piece togetherhistorical information and gain insights into the ideas of David Horsburgh2. Individuals related to David Horsburgh in any manner and those who have spent time with himwere identified and contacted.3. Four teacher trainees from the early batches were identified and approached to conduct interviews.Malathi and Amukta Mahapatra agreed to be interviewed over phone. Usha and Rohit Dhankarwere personally interviewed at Sumavanam, Madanapalle and Azim Premji University respectively4. Correspondence and personal interview with Vijay Padki , Trustee of Neel Bagh Trust informs theideas on theatre in education.5. Magazine articles, books and photographs were sourced from various people.The Neel Bagh Experiment4
  5. 5. “I am going to sit in my little village and try and produce what I think is very good education”David Horsburgh, 1983The Neel Bagh Experiment5
  6. 6. InterventionNeel Bagh sought to address the need ofgood quality education in rural India.The challenge David realized was a biggerone – of catering to the unmet demand ofgood education of across India. Neel Baghtackled the problem by creating betterteachers through a rigorous training programof two yearsThese trained teachers were all encouragedto start their own schoolsThe Neel Bagh Experiment 6“High quality education for the underprivileged without a high quantity budget”Neel Bagh, circa 1970
  7. 7. Relevance of Neel Bagh Ideas1. Neel Bagh begins with a point of divergence with the prevailing approach where curriculumdecided the future opportunities of children. (circa 1960, working at Rishi Valley School)2. Neel Bagh experiments with an education process which does not grade or test children. Thereis no concept of ‘grade’ or ‘class’. Groups of children are vertically aligned with age.3. Each child learns at his own pace. Approach is to teach how to read and write followed by howto learn. After this is achieved a child needs motivation to continue the process.4. Approach to children is with unqualified love and expressing confidence in every child5. Tools and techniques of teaching are a manifestation of values and authenticity of the teacherThe Neel Bagh Experiment 7
  8. 8. Key Findings1. Neel Bagh makes an interesting social intervention due to its unique and effective modeof addressing rural education – by being a pioneer child centered pedagogy, an eclecticmix of arts, languages and activities which makes use of children’s body and mind.2. A model of developing high quality, well trained teachers who then go back to theirrespective regions and start new schools. This is how issue of ‘scale’ is tackled.3. A teacher then can be seen as a social change agent who by the way of educationcontributes well educated individuals in the community.4. Teachers trained at Neel Bagh have gone on to contribute to education by setting upschools like Digantar, Sumavanam, Vikasana and more importantly in helping state andcentral governments in programs like Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan.5. Theatre as a method in education also finds its early beginnings in Neel Bagh’s methods.The Neel Bagh Experiment8

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  • MonaDoctor

    Aug. 5, 2019

Neel Bagh – A school started by David Horsburgh in Madanapalle district, Andhra Pradesh in 1972 which pioneered some of the most important ideas in education and teacher training in India.

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