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UEF // University of Eastern Finland
TITA seminar 16.9.2016, Turku
Maria Ohisalo, Tuomo Laihiala, Antti Kouvo, Nina Kahma ...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Introduction
•A great deal of information about the covariates of
subjective well-bei...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
SWB and the welfare state
•SWB lower in poor nations (eg. Diener & al. 1995)
•W&P (20...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Three worlds of food aid?
•Finland - Nordic welfare state
– population 5 472 000, Hel...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Research Questions
1. What is the level of the self reported well-being
among the rec...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Data
•Finnish, Greek and Lithuanian food aid surveys
•Survey from charity food aid di...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Dependent variables
Respondent’s satisfaction with
1. life in general
2. standard of ...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Independent variables
•Age (4 cat.)
•Education (3 cat.)
•Gender (female-male)
•Living...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Methods
•Descriptives
•Logit models
•Predicted probabilities (average marginal effect...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Results
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Satisfied with life (%)
12.6
30.7
48.9
29.5
38.7
18.2
39.1
19.3
17.4
18.8
11.3
15.4
0...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
European Social Survey 2010, three countries
(population aged 16-) Satisfaction with ...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Satisfied with standard of living (%)
38.6
55.5
42.2
32.8
30.1
22.4
19.5
9.8
17.8
9.1...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Satisfied with physical health (%)
20.1
30.0
27.9
25.8
29.8
19.0
35.6
26.7
16.2
18.5
...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Satisfied with mental health (%)
11.4
19.9
13.6
22.7
23.4
19.4
40.4
26.3
15.4
25.5
30...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland 20.10.2016SWB 3 capitals breadlines / Antti Kouvo 16
UEF // University of Eastern Finland 20.10.2016SWB 3 capitals breadlines / Antti Kouvo 17
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Life satisfaction and age
20.10.2016 18
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Life satisfaction and housing
20.10.2016 19
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Standard of living and education
20.10.2016 20
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Standard of living and employment
20.10.2016 21
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Physical health and age
20.10.2016 22
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Physical health and gender
20.10.2016 23
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Mental health and age
20.10.2016 24
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Mental health and education
20.10.2016 25
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Conclusions
•Well-being perceived by the recipients of food aid
is associated with bo...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Conclusions
•Levels of SWB highest in Helsinki and lowest in Vilnius
– Athens best in...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Discussion
•Generosity of the welfare state
•However standard of living interesting i...
UEF // University of Eastern Finland
Discussion
•The results follow mainly the international level
comparisons on employme...
maria.ohisalo@uef.fi, antti.kouvo@uef.fi, tuomo.laihiala@uef.fi
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Subjective well-being of food aid recipients in the capitals of Finland, Greece and Lithuania

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Ohisalo, Laihiala, Kouvo, Kahma & Saari.
Subjective well-being of food aid recipients in the capitals of Finland, Greece and Lithuania. Presentation at TITA Annual Research Meeting, Turku 15.-16.9.2016.

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Subjective well-being of food aid recipients in the capitals of Finland, Greece and Lithuania

  1. 1. UEF // University of Eastern Finland TITA seminar 16.9.2016, Turku Maria Ohisalo, Tuomo Laihiala, Antti Kouvo, Nina Kahma & Juho Saari Subjective well-being of food aid recipients in the capitals of Finland, Greece and Lithuania
  2. 2. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Introduction •A great deal of information about the covariates of subjective well-being (SWB) •However, surveys on SWB often based on representative data on general public •Usually only a limited number of observations from the top and the bottom of the social strata (exceptions: Biswas-Diener & Diener 2001; Oswald 1997) • Hard-to-survey (H2S) -populations (e.g. Tourangeau)
  3. 3. UEF // University of Eastern Finland SWB and the welfare state •SWB lower in poor nations (eg. Diener & al. 1995) •W&P (2009): Happiness higher in generous welfare states (see also Pacek & Radcliffe 2008) •Veenhoven (2000): happiness not higher or more equally distributed because welfare state generosity (also Berg & Veenhoven 2010) – But how about the bottom of the welfare state? – Nation level studies tend to exaggerate well-being
  4. 4. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Three worlds of food aid? •Finland - Nordic welfare state – population 5 472 000, Helsinki 621 000 (+Vantaa 211 000) •Greece - Mediterranean welfare state – population 11 126 000, Athens 665 000 •Lithuania - post communist welfare state – population 2 958 000, Vilnius 532 000
  5. 5. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Research Questions 1. What is the level of the self reported well-being among the recipients of food aid in three European capitals? 2. What kind of explanatory factors are associated with SWB among recipients of food aid? 3. What are the main differences between the different countries when explaining SWB recipients of food aid?
  6. 6. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Data •Finnish, Greek and Lithuanian food aid surveys •Survey from charity food aid distributions – Helsinki district (N=600) – Athens (N=500) – Vilnius (N=558)
  7. 7. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Dependent variables Respondent’s satisfaction with 1. life in general 2. standard of living 3. mental health 4. physical health • 0 = very rarely, sometimes; 1 = quite often, constantly
  8. 8. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Independent variables •Age (4 cat.) •Education (3 cat.) •Gender (female-male) •Living alone (no-yes) •Unemployment (no-yes) •Homelessness or supported housing
  9. 9. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Methods •Descriptives •Logit models •Predicted probabilities (average marginal effects)
  10. 10. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Results
  11. 11. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Satisfied with life (%) 12.6 30.7 48.9 29.5 38.7 18.2 39.1 19.3 17.4 18.8 11.3 15.4 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Helsinki district Vilnius Athens Very rarely Sometimes Quite often Constantly
  12. 12. UEF // University of Eastern Finland European Social Survey 2010, three countries (population aged 16-) Satisfaction with life 0-10 Helsinki 7.9 Athens 5.6 Vilnius 5.3 20.10.2016SWB 3 capitals breadlines / Antti Kouvo 12
  13. 13. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Satisfied with standard of living (%) 38.6 55.5 42.2 32.8 30.1 22.4 19.5 9.8 17.8 9.1 4.6 17.6 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Helsinki district Vilnius Athens Very rarely Sometimes Quite often Constantly 13
  14. 14. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Satisfied with physical health (%) 20.1 30.0 27.9 25.8 29.8 19.0 35.6 26.7 16.2 18.5 13.4 36.9 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Helsinki district Vilnius Athens Very rarely Sometimes Quite often Constantly
  15. 15. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Satisfied with mental health (%) 11.4 19.9 13.6 22.7 23.4 19.4 40.4 26.3 15.4 25.5 30.4 51.5 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Helsinki district Vilnius Athens Very rarely Sometimes Quite often Constantly
  16. 16. UEF // University of Eastern Finland 20.10.2016SWB 3 capitals breadlines / Antti Kouvo 16
  17. 17. UEF // University of Eastern Finland 20.10.2016SWB 3 capitals breadlines / Antti Kouvo 17
  18. 18. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Life satisfaction and age 20.10.2016 18
  19. 19. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Life satisfaction and housing 20.10.2016 19
  20. 20. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Standard of living and education 20.10.2016 20
  21. 21. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Standard of living and employment 20.10.2016 21
  22. 22. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Physical health and age 20.10.2016 22
  23. 23. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Physical health and gender 20.10.2016 23
  24. 24. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Mental health and age 20.10.2016 24
  25. 25. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Mental health and education 20.10.2016 25
  26. 26. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Conclusions •Well-being perceived by the recipients of food aid is associated with both demographic and socio- economic factors •Different determinants explain SWB among the recipients of food aid in the three cities •The institutional and economical context heavily influences SWB among the recipients of food aid
  27. 27. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Conclusions •Levels of SWB highest in Helsinki and lowest in Vilnius – Athens best in satisfaction with standard of living •Age: 46 year-olds and older report lower levels of SWB on all aspects •Higher education: higher levels of standard of living & physical health •Gender difference: women report lower levels of SWB on all aspects •Unemployment affecting SWB on all aspects but physical health
  28. 28. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Discussion •Generosity of the welfare state •However standard of living interesting in Greece – food aid easing the situation? – whole society in a severe economic situation? •Differences between generations •Gender difference – old females in food aid reporting low levels of SWB – role of labour, family and pension politics
  29. 29. UEF // University of Eastern Finland Discussion •The results follow mainly the international level comparisons on employment, poverty and SWB between the countries – but also reveal the demographic and socio- economic differences in SWB that these comparisons often lack – need for including hard-to-survey -populations
  30. 30. maria.ohisalo@uef.fi, antti.kouvo@uef.fi, tuomo.laihiala@uef.fi

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