Elections Of 1848 1860

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Elections Of 1848 1860

  1. 1. 1848 - 1860
  2. 2. Election of 1848 <ul><li>Zachary Taylor – Whig </li></ul><ul><li>Lewis Cass – Democrat </li></ul><ul><li>Martin Van Buren – Free Soil Party </li></ul>
  3. 3. Electoral College Votes 1848
  4. 4. President Taylor takes office <ul><li>Oct 1849 – voters of CA ratify the state’s constitution banning slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Dec 1849 – Taylor encourages Congress to admit CA as a free state </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 1850 – Henry Clay submits Compromise of 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>Feb – Mar 1850 – Taylor meets with Southern leaders threatening to secede </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fillmore sworn in as President <ul><li>July 1850 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>President Taylor dies from gastroenteritis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aug 1850 – Fillmore affirms his support for the Compromise of 1850 </li></ul><ul><li>Sept 1850 – Congress passes Fugitive Slave Act </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fines and prison for those assisting escaped slaves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires slaves to be returned to owners w/o right to a jury </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Election of 1852 <ul><li>Fillmore did not receive the Whig nomination due to supporting Fugitive Slave Act – nominated Winfield Scott, general of the Mexican War </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats nominate Franklin Pierce </li></ul><ul><li>Free Soil Party nominates Senator John Hale of NH </li></ul>
  7. 7. Electoral College Vote 1852
  8. 8. President Franklin Pierce <ul><li>Northern politician with Southern pro-slavery views </li></ul><ul><li>Caved under the pressure of pro-slavery forces to sign the Kansas-Nebraska Act </li></ul><ul><li>Popular sovereignty creates anarchy in Kansas territory known as “Bleeding Kansas” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Election of 1856 <ul><li>Republican party holds it first national convention nominating John Fremont </li></ul><ul><li>Know-Nothings nominate former President Millard Fillmore </li></ul><ul><li>First time in history a major party refuses to nominate a sitting president. Democrats nominate James Buchanan </li></ul>
  10. 10. Electoral College Vote 1856
  11. 11. President James Buchanan <ul><li>Pro-slavery northerner from PA </li></ul><ul><li>Mar 1857 - Buchanan believed that the issue of slavery was settled with the decision of the Dred Scott Case </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 1857 – Kansas elects an anti-slavery legislature </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Dec 1857 – Lecompton Constitution is illegally drafted in Kansas by a pro-slavery legislature </li></ul><ul><li>Buchanan supported Kansas entering the Union as a slave state despite the people of Kansas voting against slavery in the territory </li></ul><ul><li>May 1858 – Minnesota is admitted as free state </li></ul><ul><li>Aug 1858 House of Representatives has Kansas vote again on the Lecompton Constitution. Kansas is admitted as a Free State the following year </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Oct 1858: Lincoln – Douglas debates </li></ul><ul><li>Feb 1859 – Oregon admitted as free state </li></ul><ul><li>Oct 1859 – Harper’s Ferry </li></ul>
  14. 14. Election of 1860 <ul><li>Lincoln – Republican </li></ul><ul><li>Douglas – Northern Democrat </li></ul><ul><li>Breckinridge – Southern Democrat </li></ul><ul><li>Bell – Constitutional Union Party </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Former Whigs and Know-Nothings </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Electoral College Vote 1860

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