4.1 Observation Intro

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  • 4.1 Observation Intro

    1. 1. Museum Research Methods MUSM7034 Semester 1 2009 Session 4.1 Week 4 www.arts.usyd.edu.au/departs/museum http://musm7034.ning.com/
    2. 2. <ul><li>Review some concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Introduction to observation methods </li></ul><ul><li>Practical exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Focus reading: Bitgood </li></ul><ul><li>Research and evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Literature review </li></ul>Week 4
    3. 3. <ul><li>When two different things (variables) have something in common or overlap strongly, then they are easily mixed up, confused or confounded. </li></ul><ul><li>Older people and people without children. </li></ul><ul><li>Older people and lower income groups. </li></ul><ul><li>Older people and lower education levels. </li></ul>Confounding variables
    4. 4. <ul><li>Two things go together, but it doesn’t mean that one causes the other. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“Where there is smoke there is fire”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoke  Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smoke  Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Something  smoke and fire </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Correlation is not equal to causation; it is only a requirement for it. </li></ul>Correlation and causation
    5. 5. <ul><li>Selection + size = representative </li></ul><ul><li>How will you select to ensure you get a good cross-section? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The pie-slice has all the bits that are in the whole that you want to talk about. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What sample size will you need? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How big will your slice be? </li></ul></ul>Sample
    6. 6. <ul><li>‘ Social research’ </li></ul><ul><li>Quality information is – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Broad – broad reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detailed – give examples, show you know more than the name </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Some of you are ‘Discerning and purposeful’ and others are ‘Go with the Flow’. </li></ul><ul><li>Survey Monkey? </li></ul>Assignments

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