Primitive CuresTreatment for diseases and infectionswas given by a shaman or medicineman who was believed to havecommunications with the gods, whooften administered herbal treatments.
Neolithic PeriodPeople often used their teeth as tools during theNeolithic Period causing infections to the mouthand when left untreated could often be terminal.
6500’s BCEScientists have discovered human remains with large holes in theskulls caused by a practice called trepanation which requiresboring a hole into the skull to relieve pressure.
2300’s BCEAncient Egypt:Seneb, a high ofﬁcial during therule of King Pepi II. Seneb wasa dwarf and was depicted asbeing small in all statues of him.Therefore, dwarfs were notdiscriminated against or unableto function in Egyptiansocieties.
1700’s BCEMesopotamia:Diseases and illnesses were thought to be curses from the gods forthose who have sinned. People believed that demons brought Negialfever, consumption, and headaches. They resorted to offering to thegods to heal the sick.
1700’s BCEMesopotamia:The very ﬁrst written laws, Hammurabi’s Code,makes mention of the liability of doctors whoperform surgical errors when treating diseases.Failure to cure someone of high status resulting inthings sometimes as extreme as chopping thedoctor’s hand off.
1500’s BCEOlmec:Children with Down’s Syndrome inOlmec civilizations were thought tohave been half-divinities from thejaguar which was recognized as adeity. Statues were built of thesechildren very frequently.
1300’s BCE Ancient Egypt: Achondroplasiacs, or people with dwarﬁsm, were regarded with an almost god-like status. Because of many people’s fascination with their short stature,they were thought to have been the protectors of pregnant women.
1200’s BCEAncient Egypt:Mummies from around 1200’s BCE were given modern day CT scansand it was discovered that 9 out of 16 mummies died because of abuild up of fat, cholesterol, and calcium in the arteries leading to heartdisease.
760 BCEAncient Egypt:An infant’s remains were found andoriginally thought to have been theremains of a monkey due to severedeformations. It was later identiﬁedthat the infant suffered fromOsteogenesis Imperfecta or “thebrittle bone disease”. It was not anuncommon disease of the time.