What is Pastry?
Pastry is a dough made from flour, fat and water. Eggs, cheese or sugar
can be added for a richer dough. A variety of dishes can be made with
the different kinds of pastry.
Characteristics of good pastry
Light golden brown colour
Lightness- not heavy, doughy or soggy
Flakiness (in puff, rough and flaky)- layers of dough should have thin flakes; crust
should be flaky with lots of very tiny blisters on the surface.
Tenderness- beaks easily when bitten or cuts readily with a fork without crumble.
Shortness- shortcrust pastry should crumble easily without breaking up
Shortcrust pastry is a type of pastry often used for
the base of a tart, quiche or pie. It does not puff up
during baking because it usually contains no
leavening agent. It is possible to make shortcrust
pastry with self-raising flour.
This is the richest type of pastry since it contain
equal weights of fat and flour. The method of
incorporating the fat with the flour is different from
shortcrust and Flaky.
The following video is a demonstration of
how to make the shortcrust and puff pastries
This is somewhat similar to the flaky pastry, but the
fat is incorporated in a different way.
This pastry include eggs as an important ingredient. There is
a high proportion of liquid and the flour is also beaten into
the melted fat. The mixture is then piped onto a baking
sheet and becomes nicely puffed- up, with a cavity that can
be filled with sweet or savoury fillings.
It is used for making puffs and eclairs
This type of pastry is not very well-known in the Caribbean,
but is used for puddings and meat pies, particularly pork.
The fat is usually lard and the flour beaten into a hot liquid.
This type of pastry is mainly used for steak and kidney
puddings. The fat used is beef suet, unlike the other types of
This is the only type of pastry in which a chemical raising
agent is added and the only type that can be boiled or
This video is demonstrating different items
that can be made with the Puff pastry
Items made with Puff Pastry
Copy and name the different types of
Pastries or place the correct definition
This type of pastry is used for making
pie shells and patties. It is the most
This type of pastry is used most to
make pork pie. It is not very popular
here in the Caribbean
This type is similar to the Puff pastry.
1. Collect 5 recipes that is made with
Short crust pastry
2. Create a recipe Scrap book using the various dishes made