MAJOR THEMES:   JUSTICE
JUSTICE        A HABIT   WHEREBY A PERSON    WITH A LASTING  AND PERPETUAL WILLRENDERS TO EACH HIS DUE.
THREE PROPERTIES OF JUSTICEOTHERNESS     INDEBTEDNESS          EQUALITY
OTHERNESS       JUSTICE IS ALWAYS DIRECTEDTO ANOTHER PERSON.      JUSTICE   PUTS IN ORDER    THE PERSON’S   RELATIONSHIP  ...
INDEBTEDNESS           DEMAND OF JUSTICE:TO GIVE WHAT BACK WHAT BELONGS TO OTHERS
EQUALITYTO GIVE PROPOTIONATELY WHAT IS DUE,        NEITHER MORE OR LESS
KINDS OF JUSTICE            BASED ON THREE POSSIBLE KINDS OF RELATIONSHIPS   INDIVIDUAL - SOCIETY                         ...
LEGAL JUSTICE  INDIVIDUAL PERSON      TO SOCIETYOBJECT: COMMON GOOD   COMMON GOOD       IS ABOVE   PERSONAL GOOD.CARRIED O...
LEGAL JUSTICE IS ESTABLISHED BY LAWS  THROUGH WHICH LEADERS DIRECT CITIZENSTOWARDS THE ACHIEVEMENT OF COMMON GOOD
COMMUTATIVE JUSTICE  DIRECTS RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INDIVIDUAL PERSONSALSO KNOWN AS COMPENSATORY/CONTRACTUAL JUSTICE.       ...
DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICEDIRECTS RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL WHOLE/       SOCIETY TO THE INDIVIDUAL    ACCORDING TO   PROPORTIONATE ...
SOCIETY      DISTRIBUTIVE                 LEGAL/CONTRIBUTIVE         JUSTICE                         JUSTICE              ...
RIGHTS OF THE POOR   AND PROPERTY
RIGHTS OF THE POORAND PROPERTYWHEN IS ONE UNJUST TOTHE POOR?
WHEN ONEHAS MORE GOODSTHAN HE OUGHT TOHAVE
WHEN ONE HAS MORE BURDENSTHAN HE OUGHT TO BEAR
DEMAND OF JUSTICETO RETURN TO OTHERSWHAT BELONGS TO THEMSO THAT THEY WILL HAVETHEIR JUST SHAREOF THE GOODS OF THE EARTH
PRIMACY OF THE UNIVERSAL DESTINYOF THE GOODS OF THE EARTH.
THREE INTER-RELATEDQUESTIONSCAN MEN POSSESSEXTERNAL GOODS?IS IT LAWFUL FOR MAN TOPOSSESS GOODS AS HISOWN?IS IT JUSTIFIABLE...
CAN MEN POSSESS EXTERNAL GOODS?               A. WITH REGARD TO THEIR                  NATURE:                  NO        ...
B. WITH REGARD TO USE   AND MANAGEMENT:  YES
IS IT LAWFUL FOR MAN TOPOSSESS GOODS AS HIS OWN?IT IS NECESSARY FOR MANTO POSSESS EXTERNALGOODS
MAN TAKES CARE OF THINGSWHICH ARE HIS SOLERESPONSIBILITY.HUMAN AFFAIRSARE MORE EFFICIENT,IF EACH PERSON HAS HISOWN RESPONS...
IS IT JUSTIFIABLE FOR A MAN IN NEED TO STEAL?           AS A LAST RESORT, YES!
BECAUSE IN CASE OFNECESSITY,EVERYTHING IS HELD INCOMMON.TO TAKE WHAT IS NEEDED ISNOT A THEFT BUT A RIGHT.THE RIGHT TO LIFE...
THE POOR IN NEED MAY,AND SHOULD TAKEFROM THESQUANDERINGAND SELFISH RICHTHE RICH ARE OBLIGEDTO GIVE TO THE NEEDYWHAT THEY D...
HUMAN DIGNITY AND RIGHTS
HUMAN DIGNITY AND RIGHTSTHE HUMAN PERSON POSSESSESS DIGNITY    THAT HAS NO PRICE BUT VALUE         (IMMANUEL KANT)
HUMAN DIGNITYRELATED TO GOODNESS, EXCELLENCE AND, PERFECTION                          CHRISTIAN POINT OF VIEW             ...
FUNDAMENTAL EQUALITY OF ALL MEN:WE ARE ALL EQUAL IN ESSENTIAL DIGNITY
HUMAN DIGNITY MEANS:POSSESSION OF HUMAN RIGHTS                  ESSENTIAL                  CHARACTERISTICS:               ...
HUMAN RIGHTSIN RELATION TOTHINGS, POWERS ORPRIVILEGESTO WHICH INDIVIDUALHAVE A JUST CLAIM ORARE ENTITLED TOUNDER NATURAL L...
TWO KINDS OF RIGHTS        1. NATURAL RIGHTS        RIGHTS THAT COME FROM        HUMAN NATURE ITSEF        EXIST PRIOR TO ...
2. LEGAL RIGHTSGRANTED TO CITIZENSBY THE GOVERNMENTSPECIFIC TOPARTICULAR CULTURESSUBJECT TO SOCIALCONSIDERATIONS
DUTIESTHE DEBT THAT WE HAVE TO PAY FOR THE RIGHT WE ALL POSSESS
RIGHTS AND DUTIES ARE CORELATIVE:            TO ONE MAN’S RIGHTSTHERE CORRESPONDS A DUTY IN ALL OTHER PERSONS
TWO STAGES THAT MANIFESTTHE FUNDAMENTALCORRELATIONBETWEEN RIGHTS AND DUTIESFIRST STAGE:WHEN THE POSSESORIS CONSCIOUS OF HI...
SECOND STAGE:COMES ABOUT INTHE RELATIONSHIPTHAT EXISTSBETWEEN THE RIGHTOF THE PERSONAND THEOBLIGATION OFOTHERSTO RECOGNIZE...
PREFERENTIAL OPTION    FOR THE POOR
PREFERENTIALOPTION FOR THE POORNATURE OF THE OPTIONDECISION ANDCOMMITMENTIN FAVOR OF THE POORTHE CHOICEOF THE POORAS A PRI...
DEMANDS:1. SOLIDARITY    WITH THE POORREQUIRES GENUINEUNDERSTANDING OF THEWORLD OF THE POORDEMANDS A LIFE STYLETHAT IS SIM...
2. DENUNCIATION AND   STRUGGLE   AGAINST INJUSTICE AND   OPPRESSIONTO OPT AGAINST THE UNJUSTSITUATION OF THE POORTO HAVE A...
3. CONSCIENTIZATION   OF THE POORTHE POORMUST BE TAUGHTTO RECOGNIZE ANDTHEIR PROBLEMSAND THEIR CAUSES
4. ORGANIZATION   OF THE POORREAL TRANSFORMATIONTAKES PLACE ONLYWHEN THE POOR ARE ABLETO ACHIEVE THEIRDEVELOPMENTBASED ON ...
THE POOR HAVE THE MOST URGENT MORAL CLAIM      ON THE CONSCIENCE OF THE NATION
WE ARE CALLED TO LOOK AT PUBLIC POLICY DECISIONS    IN TERMS OF HOW THEY AFFECT THE POOR.
HUMAN WORK
DIGNITY OF HUMAN        WORKHUMAN WORK IS A KEY,PROBABLY THE ESSENTIAL         KEY   TO THE SOLUTIONOF THE SOCIAL PROBLEM ...
CHRISTIAN MEANING OF WORK        ANY ACTIVITY OF MANMANUAL OR INTELLECTUAL THROUGH WHICH    HE PRODUCES SOMETHING NEW
WORK IS A SOCIAL ACTIVITYTHROUGH WHICH MAN    DEVELOPS HIS   CO-HUMANITY.
TWO SENSES OF WORK   OBJECTIVE SENSE                    SUBJECTIVE SENSEPRODUCTS THAT RESULT              THE HUMAN PERSON...
THE CHURCH GIVESEMPHASIS TO THESUBJECTIVE SENSE OFWORKMAN IS MOREIMPORTANTTHAN THE OBJECTPRODUCEDDUE TO HIS INTELLIGENCEAN...
2 ETHICAL PRINCIPLES1. WORK IS FOR MAN, NOTMAN FOR WORKMAN IS ALWAYS THE END OFWORKTECHNLOGY IS AN ALLY OFMAN:AT THE SERVI...
2. PRIORITY OF LABOR OVERCAPITALTHE PRINCIPLE OFPRIORITY OF LABOROVER CAPITALIS A POSTULATE ORDER OFSOCIAL MORALITYPOPE JO...
CHRISTIAN OBLIGATIONTO WORKWORKIS A FORMAL WAYOF SELF-PRESERVATIONMAN SATISFIES HISMATERIAL NEEDSAND THE NEEDS OFTHOSE ENT...
WORK IS NOT ONLY AHUMAN RIGHT BUT ALSOAN OBLIGATIONEVERYONE HAS A MORALOBLIGATIONTO WORKTO MAINTAIN ANDDEVELOP HIS HUMANIT...
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  1. 1. MAJOR THEMES: JUSTICE
  2. 2. JUSTICE A HABIT WHEREBY A PERSON WITH A LASTING AND PERPETUAL WILLRENDERS TO EACH HIS DUE.
  3. 3. THREE PROPERTIES OF JUSTICEOTHERNESS INDEBTEDNESS EQUALITY
  4. 4. OTHERNESS JUSTICE IS ALWAYS DIRECTEDTO ANOTHER PERSON. JUSTICE PUTS IN ORDER THE PERSON’S RELATIONSHIP WITH OTHER.
  5. 5. INDEBTEDNESS DEMAND OF JUSTICE:TO GIVE WHAT BACK WHAT BELONGS TO OTHERS
  6. 6. EQUALITYTO GIVE PROPOTIONATELY WHAT IS DUE, NEITHER MORE OR LESS
  7. 7. KINDS OF JUSTICE BASED ON THREE POSSIBLE KINDS OF RELATIONSHIPS INDIVIDUAL - SOCIETY SOCIETY - INDIVIDUAL INDIVIDUAL - INDIVIDUAL 1. LEGAL 2. COMMUTATIVE 3. DISTRIBUTIVEA. GENERAL JUSTICE B. PARTICULAR JUSTICE
  8. 8. LEGAL JUSTICE INDIVIDUAL PERSON TO SOCIETYOBJECT: COMMON GOOD COMMON GOOD IS ABOVE PERSONAL GOOD.CARRIED OUT BY CITIZENS IN OBEDIENCE TO JUST LAWS ENFORCED BY CIVIL AUTHORITIES.
  9. 9. LEGAL JUSTICE IS ESTABLISHED BY LAWS THROUGH WHICH LEADERS DIRECT CITIZENSTOWARDS THE ACHIEVEMENT OF COMMON GOOD
  10. 10. COMMUTATIVE JUSTICE DIRECTS RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN INDIVIDUAL PERSONSALSO KNOWN AS COMPENSATORY/CONTRACTUAL JUSTICE. REGULATED BY: PRIVATE RIGHTS OF CONTRACTS AND DEMANDS.EXCHANGES BETWEEN PERSONS MUST BE OF EQUAL VALUE
  11. 11. DISTRIBUTIVE JUSTICEDIRECTS RELATIONSHIP OF SOCIAL WHOLE/ SOCIETY TO THE INDIVIDUAL ACCORDING TO PROPORTIONATE EQUALITY.
  12. 12. SOCIETY DISTRIBUTIVE LEGAL/CONTRIBUTIVE JUSTICE JUSTICE SOCIAL JUSTICEINDIVIDUALS INDIVIDUALS COMMUTATIVE JUSTICE
  13. 13. RIGHTS OF THE POOR AND PROPERTY
  14. 14. RIGHTS OF THE POORAND PROPERTYWHEN IS ONE UNJUST TOTHE POOR?
  15. 15. WHEN ONEHAS MORE GOODSTHAN HE OUGHT TOHAVE
  16. 16. WHEN ONE HAS MORE BURDENSTHAN HE OUGHT TO BEAR
  17. 17. DEMAND OF JUSTICETO RETURN TO OTHERSWHAT BELONGS TO THEMSO THAT THEY WILL HAVETHEIR JUST SHAREOF THE GOODS OF THE EARTH
  18. 18. PRIMACY OF THE UNIVERSAL DESTINYOF THE GOODS OF THE EARTH.
  19. 19. THREE INTER-RELATEDQUESTIONSCAN MEN POSSESSEXTERNAL GOODS?IS IT LAWFUL FOR MAN TOPOSSESS GOODS AS HISOWN?IS IT JUSTIFIABLE FOR AMAN IN NEED TO STEAL?
  20. 20. CAN MEN POSSESS EXTERNAL GOODS? A. WITH REGARD TO THEIR NATURE: NO ONLY GOD HAS THE SOVEREIGN POWER OR DOMINION OVER ALL THINGS
  21. 21. B. WITH REGARD TO USE AND MANAGEMENT: YES
  22. 22. IS IT LAWFUL FOR MAN TOPOSSESS GOODS AS HIS OWN?IT IS NECESSARY FOR MANTO POSSESS EXTERNALGOODS
  23. 23. MAN TAKES CARE OF THINGSWHICH ARE HIS SOLERESPONSIBILITY.HUMAN AFFAIRSARE MORE EFFICIENT,IF EACH PERSON HAS HISOWN RESPONSIBILITY.MAN LIVE TOGETHER INGREATER PEACE,WHEN EVERYONE IS CONTENTWITH WHAT IS HIS.
  24. 24. IS IT JUSTIFIABLE FOR A MAN IN NEED TO STEAL? AS A LAST RESORT, YES!
  25. 25. BECAUSE IN CASE OFNECESSITY,EVERYTHING IS HELD INCOMMON.TO TAKE WHAT IS NEEDED ISNOT A THEFT BUT A RIGHT.THE RIGHT TO LIFE IS ABOVETHE RIGHT TO PROPERTY.
  26. 26. THE POOR IN NEED MAY,AND SHOULD TAKEFROM THESQUANDERINGAND SELFISH RICHTHE RICH ARE OBLIGEDTO GIVE TO THE NEEDYWHAT THEY DO NOTNEED
  27. 27. HUMAN DIGNITY AND RIGHTS
  28. 28. HUMAN DIGNITY AND RIGHTSTHE HUMAN PERSON POSSESSESS DIGNITY THAT HAS NO PRICE BUT VALUE (IMMANUEL KANT)
  29. 29. HUMAN DIGNITYRELATED TO GOODNESS, EXCELLENCE AND, PERFECTION CHRISTIAN POINT OF VIEW THREE PERSPECTIVES: IMAGE OF GOD CHILD OF GOD DESTINED FOR ETERNAL LIFE
  30. 30. FUNDAMENTAL EQUALITY OF ALL MEN:WE ARE ALL EQUAL IN ESSENTIAL DIGNITY
  31. 31. HUMAN DIGNITY MEANS:POSSESSION OF HUMAN RIGHTS ESSENTIAL CHARACTERISTICS: UNIVERSALITY NEITHER ACQUIRED NOT LOST DO NOT ADMIT DEGREES
  32. 32. HUMAN RIGHTSIN RELATION TOTHINGS, POWERS ORPRIVILEGESTO WHICH INDIVIDUALHAVE A JUST CLAIM ORARE ENTITLED TOUNDER NATURAL LAWAS A CONSEQUENCEOF BEING HUMAN
  33. 33. TWO KINDS OF RIGHTS 1. NATURAL RIGHTS RIGHTS THAT COME FROM HUMAN NATURE ITSEF EXIST PRIOR TO ANY FORM OF HUMAN ORGANIZATION OR INSTITUTION
  34. 34. 2. LEGAL RIGHTSGRANTED TO CITIZENSBY THE GOVERNMENTSPECIFIC TOPARTICULAR CULTURESSUBJECT TO SOCIALCONSIDERATIONS
  35. 35. DUTIESTHE DEBT THAT WE HAVE TO PAY FOR THE RIGHT WE ALL POSSESS
  36. 36. RIGHTS AND DUTIES ARE CORELATIVE: TO ONE MAN’S RIGHTSTHERE CORRESPONDS A DUTY IN ALL OTHER PERSONS
  37. 37. TWO STAGES THAT MANIFESTTHE FUNDAMENTALCORRELATIONBETWEEN RIGHTS AND DUTIESFIRST STAGE:WHEN THE POSSESORIS CONSCIOUS OF HIS RIGHTSAND IS EQUALLY AWAREOF HIS DUTIES ANDOBLIGATIONTO DISCHARGE THESE DUTIES
  38. 38. SECOND STAGE:COMES ABOUT INTHE RELATIONSHIPTHAT EXISTSBETWEEN THE RIGHTOF THE PERSONAND THEOBLIGATION OFOTHERSTO RECOGNIZE ANDRESPECT IT.
  39. 39. PREFERENTIAL OPTION FOR THE POOR
  40. 40. PREFERENTIALOPTION FOR THE POORNATURE OF THE OPTIONDECISION ANDCOMMITMENTIN FAVOR OF THE POORTHE CHOICEOF THE POORAS A PRIORITY OFCHRISTIAN WITNESSINGTO JUSTICE
  41. 41. DEMANDS:1. SOLIDARITY WITH THE POORREQUIRES GENUINEUNDERSTANDING OF THEWORLD OF THE POORDEMANDS A LIFE STYLETHAT IS SIMPLE, SOBERAND, AUSTEREWE MUST LIVE SIMPLYSO THAT OTHERSMAY SIMPLY LIVE
  42. 42. 2. DENUNCIATION AND STRUGGLE AGAINST INJUSTICE AND OPPRESSIONTO OPT AGAINST THE UNJUSTSITUATION OF THE POORTO HAVE A COMMITIMENTAGAINST INJUSTICE
  43. 43. 3. CONSCIENTIZATION OF THE POORTHE POORMUST BE TAUGHTTO RECOGNIZE ANDTHEIR PROBLEMSAND THEIR CAUSES
  44. 44. 4. ORGANIZATION OF THE POORREAL TRANSFORMATIONTAKES PLACE ONLYWHEN THE POOR ARE ABLETO ACHIEVE THEIRDEVELOPMENTBASED ON THEIR INHERENTDIGNITY AND RESOURCES.
  45. 45. THE POOR HAVE THE MOST URGENT MORAL CLAIM ON THE CONSCIENCE OF THE NATION
  46. 46. WE ARE CALLED TO LOOK AT PUBLIC POLICY DECISIONS IN TERMS OF HOW THEY AFFECT THE POOR.
  47. 47. HUMAN WORK
  48. 48. DIGNITY OF HUMAN WORKHUMAN WORK IS A KEY,PROBABLY THE ESSENTIAL KEY TO THE SOLUTIONOF THE SOCIAL PROBLEM POPE JOHN PAUL II
  49. 49. CHRISTIAN MEANING OF WORK ANY ACTIVITY OF MANMANUAL OR INTELLECTUAL THROUGH WHICH HE PRODUCES SOMETHING NEW
  50. 50. WORK IS A SOCIAL ACTIVITYTHROUGH WHICH MAN DEVELOPS HIS CO-HUMANITY.
  51. 51. TWO SENSES OF WORK OBJECTIVE SENSE SUBJECTIVE SENSEPRODUCTS THAT RESULT THE HUMAN PERSONFROM HUMAN ACTIVITY WHO WORKS
  52. 52. THE CHURCH GIVESEMPHASIS TO THESUBJECTIVE SENSE OFWORKMAN IS MOREIMPORTANTTHAN THE OBJECTPRODUCEDDUE TO HIS INTELLIGENCEAND FREE WILL
  53. 53. 2 ETHICAL PRINCIPLES1. WORK IS FOR MAN, NOTMAN FOR WORKMAN IS ALWAYS THE END OFWORKTECHNLOGY IS AN ALLY OFMAN:AT THE SERVICE OF WORKERS
  54. 54. 2. PRIORITY OF LABOR OVERCAPITALTHE PRINCIPLE OFPRIORITY OF LABOROVER CAPITALIS A POSTULATE ORDER OFSOCIAL MORALITYPOPE JOHN PAUL II
  55. 55. CHRISTIAN OBLIGATIONTO WORKWORKIS A FORMAL WAYOF SELF-PRESERVATIONMAN SATISFIES HISMATERIAL NEEDSAND THE NEEDS OFTHOSE ENTRUSTEDTO HIM
  56. 56. WORK IS NOT ONLY AHUMAN RIGHT BUT ALSOAN OBLIGATIONEVERYONE HAS A MORALOBLIGATIONTO WORKTO MAINTAIN ANDDEVELOP HIS HUMANITYFOR HIS FAMILY, COUNTRYAND THE WHOLE HUMANCOMMUNITY

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