Present tenses


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Present tenses

  1. 1. Present Tenses<br />
  2. 2. Present Simple<br />
  3. 3. Robert plays football for a small team in Birmingham.<br />facts & permanent states<br />
  4. 4. It rarely rains in the desert.<br />general thruts & laws of nature<br />
  5. 5. He usually trains for 5 hours a day.<br />habits & routines (with always, usually, etc)<br />
  6. 6. The next match starts at 5:30 next Sunday.<br />timetables & programmes (in the future)<br />
  7. 7. Robert takes the ball, passes it to Ben and scores.<br />sporting commentaries, reviews & narrations<br />
  8. 8. The fans love him. He is a very good player.<br />feelings & emotions<br />
  9. 9. usually, often, always, every day / week / month / year, in the morning / afternoon / evening, at night / the weekend, on Fridays etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  10. 10. Present Continuous<br />
  11. 11. Arthur is learning how to ski this week.<br />actions taking place at or around the moment of speaking<br />
  12. 12. We are staying at an expensive hotel at the moment.<br />temporary situations<br />
  13. 13. Our friends are visiting us tomorrow.<br />fixed arrangements in the near future<br />
  14. 14. The team is playing better and better all the time.<br />currently changing & developing situations<br />
  15. 15. They are always talking in class.<br />with adverbs such always to express anger or irritation at a repeated action<br />
  16. 16. now, at the moment, at present, these days, nowadays, still, today, tonight etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  17. 17. Stative Verbs<br />
  18. 18. You look gorgeous today.<br />verbs of the senses (see, hear, smell, taste, feel, look, sound, seem, appear,etc)<br />
  19. 19. They know what to do.<br />verbs of perception (know, believe, understand, realise, remember, forget, etc)<br />
  20. 20. Susan prefers to go to the theatre than to the cinema.<br />verbs which express feelings & emotions (like, love, hate, enjoy, prefer, detest, desire, want, etc)<br />
  21. 21. The tour includes meals and transportation.<br />some other verbs (be, contain, include, belong, fit, need, matter, cost, own, want, owe, weigh, wish, have, keep, etc)<br />
  22. 22. BE<br />a permanent characteristic<br />a temporary condition<br />She’s usually quite honest.<br />She isn’t being very honest.<br />
  23. 23. THINK<br />= believe<br />= are considering<br />I think they will win the championship this year.<br />They are thinking of buying a laptop.<br />
  24. 24. HAVE<br />= own, possess<br />= 1) are experiencing<br /> 2) is taking<br /> 3) are eating<br />They have a good coach.<br />They are having a wonderful season.<br />He is having a bath.<br />They are having their breakfast now.<br />
  25. 25. SEE<br />= 1) it is visible<br /> 2) understand<br />= is meeting<br />I can see the tower from here.<br />I can see what you are trying to do.<br />Kelly is seeing her boss at one o’clock.<br />
  26. 26. TASTE<br />= it is, has the flavour of<br />= is testing<br />The cake tastes fruity.<br />Mum is tasting the food to check if it’s too salty.<br />
  27. 27. SMELL<br />= has the aroma<br />= is sniffing<br />The cake smells very good.<br />Aunt Vicky is smelling the roses.<br />
  28. 28. APPEAR<br />= seem to<br />= is performing<br />They appear to be tired.<br />My favourite actor is appearing in this play.<br />
  29. 29. FIT<br />= is the right size<br />= are installing<br />This dress fits me very well.<br />The technicians are fitting the new scoreboards at the stadium.<br />
  30. 30. EXPECT<br />= think<br />= anticipate<br />I don’ expect you like this, but I’m leaving the company.<br />I’ve been expecting you to arrive since 8 o’clock this morning.<br />
  31. 31. Present Perfect<br />
  32. 32. We have been to the stadium twice.<br />an action happened at unstated time in the past; the time is unimprotant or unknown<br />
  33. 33. They have known them for five years.<br />an action started in the past and continues up to the present, especially with stative verbs<br />
  34. 34. John has cleaned the house.<br />a recently sompleted action, when the event is still relevant or is still news<br />
  35. 35. She has lost five kilos.<br />personal experiences & changes<br />
  36. 36. We have typed five letters today.<br />an action happened within a specific time period which is not over at the moment of speaking (today, this morning / evening / week / month, etc)<br />
  37. 37. A new zoo for endangered species has opened in the Lake District. It took five years to build and runs entirely on solar energy.<br />general news or information, followed by more detail using the past simple<br />
  38. 38. She has gone to school.(= She’s on her way there or she’s there now. She hasn’t come back yet)<br />She has been to Chicago.( = She has visited Chicago but she isn’t there now. She has come back.)<br />She has been in Japan for two years. (= She lives in Japan now.)<br />HAVE BEEN or HAVE GONE<br />
  39. 39. for, since, already, always, just, ever, never, so far, today, this week / month, how long, lately, recently, still, yet, by now, etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  40. 40. Present Perfect Continuous<br />
  41. 41. They have been playing well the whole match.<br />to put emaphasis on the duration of an action which started in the past and continues up to the present<br />
  42. 42. He’s sweating because he has been running all day.<br />an action which started in the past and lasted for some time; it may still be continuing or have already finished with the result visible in the present<br />
  43. 43. Somebody has been using my computer.<br />to express anger, irritation or annoyance<br />
  44. 44. They are very likely to win the cup because they have been training a lot.<br />for repeated actions in the past continuing to the present<br />
  45. 45. for, since, how long, all day / morning / month, lately, recently, etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />