Past tenses


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Past tenses

  1. 1. Past Tenses<br />
  2. 2. Past Simple<br />
  3. 3. My friends and I went to a concert yesterday.<br />an action occured at a definite time (stated or implied) in the past<br />
  4. 4. I drove to the theatre, parked the car and went to the main entrance.<br />for actions that happened immediately one after the other in the past<br />
  5. 5. They played in small clubs when they were not very famous.<br />habits or states which are now finished (used to can can also be used for habits / repeated actions in the past<br />
  6. 6. yesterday, then, when, How long ago...?, last night / week / month / year / Friday / October etc, three days / weeks etc ago, in 1999, etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  7. 7. Past Continuous<br />
  8. 8. We were driving to the concert when the car broke down.<br />an action which was in progress (past continuous) when another action interrupted it (past simple)<br />
  9. 9. Susan was working while her friends were watching TV.<br />two or more simultaneous actions in the past<br />
  10. 10. At 9 o’clock yesterday she was having breakfast.<br />an action which was in progress at a stated time in the past; it is not mentioned when the action started or finished<br />
  11. 11. It was raining and the wind was howling as we were walking towards the station<br />the atmosphere, setting, etc & to give background information in a story<br />
  12. 12. while, as, all morning / evening / day / week, etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  13. 13. Past Perfect<br />
  14. 14. I had completed my work by five o’clock.<br />an action happened before another past action or before a stated time in the past<br />
  15. 15. Ed had learnt to drive but still couldn’t park properly.<br />an action which finished in the past, and whose result was visible at a later point in the past<br />
  16. 16. before, after, already, just, for, since, till/until, when, by the time, never, etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />
  17. 17. Past Perfect Continuous<br />
  18. 18. They had been training for about three hours before they went home.<br />to put emaphasis on the duration of an action which started and finished in the past, before another action and or stated time in the past, usually with for or since<br />
  19. 19. Lucy had a sore throat because she has been talking for hours.<br />an action which lasted for some time in the past and whose result was visible in the past<br />
  20. 20. for, since, how long, before, until, etc.<br />TIME EXPRESSIONS<br />