Open Source in Local Government<br />Tim Willoughby<br />LGCSB<br />
Context<br />Local Authority Termination of Microsoft Enterprise Agreement<br />Potential for Open Source Across the Secto...
Currently See 5 Themes	<br />Desktop Application Replacement<br />Desktop Operating System Replacement<br />Server Applica...
Everyone else is using Open source…..<br />More than half of all web servers (>91 million) run Apache (Netcraft, September...
Understand the French Definition of Gratis v Libre<br />
The Dual Open Source Approach	<br />This approach offers the most potential to Local Government.<br />There are certain pr...
Why Consider Alternatives for Office Automation<br />Ease of access <br />Ability to collaborate <br />Open Platform (PC, ...
Open Source Research and Learning to date	<br />The Open Source Community is out there<br />There are Many, Many Open Sour...
License<br />There are upward of 71 open source licenses which fall into 3 families: <br />Give me credit <br />Give me fi...
<ul><li>Low cost and scalable infrastructure (Linux, MySQL, Apache)
Quality software available at no licenses cost
Key software components available for integration
Can make changes  to Open source code for extra value
Development and run time environments for fast and iterative deployments (PHP, Perl, Python, Ruby on Rails)
Communities for instant help and fast innovation cycles
Open Source as a Engine for Web 2.0 </li></ul>Open Source Lowering Barriers for Entrants<br />
<ul><li>Insist on Open Standards   -  Increases Agility  - flexibility and responsiveness Evaluate Open Source and Commerc...
Can use a mixture of open source and proprietary
Don’t need a separate Strategy— interoperability I migration considerations are important
Like all Software Solutions – have to Balance up-front costs against recurring costs </li></ul>How to Integrate Open Sourc...
What do we have to do?<br />Understand the Community and Maturity of Open Source  - Broad industry support are important<b...
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Open source presentation enterprise ireland 2010

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Presentation to Enterprise Ireland on the Potentials of Open Source for Local Government

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Open source presentation enterprise ireland 2010

  1. 1. Open Source in Local Government<br />Tim Willoughby<br />LGCSB<br />
  2. 2. Context<br />Local Authority Termination of Microsoft Enterprise Agreement<br />Potential for Open Source Across the Sector<br />Open Source Applications already in Use<br />
  3. 3. Currently See 5 Themes <br />Desktop Application Replacement<br />Desktop Operating System Replacement<br />Server Applications<br />Development Methodologies<br />Data Services<br />
  4. 4. Everyone else is using Open source…..<br />More than half of all web servers (>91 million) run Apache (Netcraft, September, 2008)‏<br />~2.0 million total Alfresco downloads (Alfresco, October, 2008)‏<br />1.4 million Drupal downloads last year (July 2007 – June 2008)‏<br />2.5 million articles (in English alone) on wikipedia, the world's 8th busiest web site according to Alexa (October, 2008)‏<br />4 million blogs hosted on wordpress.com which Alexa ranks as #28 (October, 2008)‏<br />Drupal and Joomla web sites handle more traffic than 17 of the Fortune 20 corporate sites (Burton Group, 2008)‏<br />Cloud/SAAS<br />Applications<br />Developer Tools<br />Web/App Server<br />Open Source<br />Database<br />OS<br />
  5. 5.
  6. 6. Understand the French Definition of Gratis v Libre<br />
  7. 7. The Dual Open Source Approach <br />This approach offers the most potential to Local Government.<br />There are certain products in the Open Source Arena that follow the Dual Approach<br />Alfresco - Web Site Development and Presentation<br />eGroupware - Mail / Calendar / Contacts / Helpdesk<br />SugarCRM – CRM application<br />MySQL<br />... And many more<br />Each of these solutions offer an Enterprise Application which costs similar or in the case of CRM more than the equivalent proprietary product<br />Each also offer a Community product which has no cost for the license, however, the costs for support, maintenance and bug fixes can be very high.<br />The only way to counteract this cost Risk is to become an active part of the community or share the risk across the whole Local Government Community<br />
  8. 8. Why Consider Alternatives for Office Automation<br />Ease of access <br />Ability to collaborate <br />Open Platform (PC, Mac & Linux Compatibility)<br />Open Standard - Open Document Format - <br />Cost! MS Office 2007 / 2010 is €149 - €550 per license. <br />
  9. 9. Open Source Research and Learning to date <br />The Open Source Community is out there<br />There are Many, Many Open Source solutions<br />Open Source Successful projects are based around communities.<br />The route to success for Local Authorities is to mimic the Open Source Community model<br />There is an Opportunity now to look to adopt Open Source<br />
  10. 10. License<br />There are upward of 71 open source licenses which fall into 3 families: <br />Give me credit <br />Give me fixes <br />Give me everything <br />We do have to understand the differences and the potentials.<br />
  11. 11. <ul><li>Low cost and scalable infrastructure (Linux, MySQL, Apache)
  12. 12. Quality software available at no licenses cost
  13. 13. Key software components available for integration
  14. 14. Can make changes to Open source code for extra value
  15. 15. Development and run time environments for fast and iterative deployments (PHP, Perl, Python, Ruby on Rails)
  16. 16. Communities for instant help and fast innovation cycles
  17. 17. Open Source as a Engine for Web 2.0 </li></ul>Open Source Lowering Barriers for Entrants<br />
  18. 18.
  19. 19. <ul><li>Insist on Open Standards - Increases Agility - flexibility and responsiveness Evaluate Open Source and Commercial software options
  20. 20. Can use a mixture of open source and proprietary
  21. 21. Don’t need a separate Strategy— interoperability I migration considerations are important
  22. 22. Like all Software Solutions – have to Balance up-front costs against recurring costs </li></ul>How to Integrate Open Source into our IT strategy <br />
  23. 23. What do we have to do?<br />Understand the Community and Maturity of Open Source - Broad industry support are important<br />Sustainable business models are critical<br />Healthy ecosystem of Solution Providers and Business Partners essential<br />Establish policies for working with Open Source software<br />Educate company teams about OSS before they work with it <br />Implement a management system to review, approve, and track the use of OSS inside the company, and contributions of company software assets to external OSS projects <br />Understand Open Source Licensing – need to establish a process to help us understand the terms of the licenses and the procedures required to comply with them <br />Make decisions based on both business and technical factors <br />
  24. 24. Open Source attitudes and expectations…<br />Technology<br />New Entrants<br />Pushing limits<br />Experimenting<br />Demanding <br />Exploring<br />Use any tool<br />Existing <br />Workforce<br />Technology<br />Capabilities<br />Trying to keep up<br />Trying to change<br />Struggling<br />Given up<br />Going to die<br />Time<br />
  25. 25. Open source in LGCSB<br /><ul><li>Pavement ManagementSystem / MapRoad
  26. 26. Open Layers
  27. 27. PostGres
  28. 28. Open Street Map</li></li></ul><li>Map Data<br /><ul><li> Aerial Photography
  29. 29. MapRoads Road Networks
  30. 30. OpenStreeMapping
  31. 31. Routes, WPIs, Road Programmes</li></li></ul><li>Integration of new OSi Web Services<br />Time slider control to view Work Programme Items and Routes for a limited range of years<br />Work Programme Items by Type and by Phase<br />
  32. 32.
  33. 33. The World is changing<br />
  34. 34.
  35. 35. What are Other Governments doing?<br />The UK Government has agreed to: <br />consider Open source solutions alongside proprietary ones in IT procurements. Contracts will be awarded on a value for money basis<br />only use products for interoperability that support open standards and specifications in all future IT developments<br />seek to avoid lock-in to proprietary IT products and services.<br />Reasons – <br />1. Cost Savings - Licensing Fees<br />2. Solutions vs Software<br />3. Speed to Deployment<br />4. Cost Savings - IT Investments<br />5. Open Source Standards & Security<br />
  36. 36. Conclusions<br /><ul><li>Can be fanatic or a zealot, but the show must go on
  37. 37. A growing number of OSS Government communities across Europe
  38. 38. Every migration to Open Source Software needs a change programme and TCO to justify it
  39. 39. OSS need not be an all or nothing scenario nor the universal answer to IT future
  40. 40. The higher the dependence on proprietary office productivity software the bigger the task to move to OSS
  41. 41. Need to overcome the support issue</li>

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