DriversThe World has to be • SaaS, IaaS, PaaS, Web 2.0 / 3.0, Peer to Peer on the Cloud • Addressing and Adapting change and to change • Instantaneous, Online Response from Inter-continental companies The World is Flat • Digital Supply Chain across Global companies / across the globe • Environmental ComplianceThe world is green • Reduce your own and your companies Carbon Footprint • Consumers and Workforce - always on - connected anywhereThe World is Mobile • Increased demand and expectation for services The World of Low • Energy and Cost Efficient Computing and Data Centres Cost ICT • Flatter Budgets require Efficiencies CAPX and OPEX
Security is changing• Security has to be appropriate• Security has to be measured• Can have things so secure that they are unusable.
Cloud / Open is forcing ChangeWith or Without the Owners / Shareholders
So far ICT has not fundamentally changed government • 1990s: lCT expected to make government more transparent, efficient and user oriented • 2005+: disillusion as bureaucracy still in existence • Can Cloud Help?Jane E. Fountain – Gov 1.0 – Just Replicating the Silos on the Internet
Goverment dont always Understand What the people Want?
why is open source important? “Think free as in free speech, not free beer.” - Richard Stallman, founder of the Free Software Foundation 10
who uses open source?90% of supercomputers60% of internet servers30% of smart phones 11
What is Cloud? DON’T WORRY, TRUST US, WE HAVE IT ALL UNDER CONTROL
What has Cloud ever done for us? Apart from Scale, Speed, Agility, Low Cost, Enterprise Mapping, Open Data, Standards, Google, API’s, Open Street Maps, Map Servers,GIS - More than just Location, Spatial Analysis and wider adoption now possible 19
Why this is so compelling: It’s a disruptive technology • Does it meet enterprise needs • Easy to control • SLA / Support • Good enough for startups and SME • “Cheap” compute • Pilot and trial…Source: upcoming research, Cloud Computing: Not Ready For The Enterprise...Yet.
G Cloud – UK… • Distributed Cloud • Work like a Network • Everyone • Can See • Can Play • Can Add Value (Within Limits) • Shared Data Centres • App Store • Issues – • Support • Code Base • Open Source Push • My View – 3 Models • Car Boot Sale • Charity Shop • Department Store
Smart CitiesGartner: “networked sensors in everything we own will form anew Web (the Internet of Things). But it will only be of value ifthe ‘terabyte torrent’ of data it generates could becollected, analysed and interpreted” … and .. just because we can….
The Data Underworld Massive network of services: water, sewage, drains … Need to know asset location for planning and maintenance Many databases, varying accuracy and provenance Context Ongoing street openings p.a. Safety!
Open Data• Smart City – Living Lab – Access to “all” the data captured• Linked Open Data• Open Data Formats• Standards
The Currency of your data• Automating Change Management• Information where and when it is required• Flexible digital delivery• Data Accuracy Improvement• Do you trust your Data enough to share it?
Data Standards• Cannot Adopt Standards from software Suppliers.• Have to move away from this position!• Need Open Standards• Standards for Everything, even the Location of Public Toilets…
Architecture Model for Open DataFive level saturation model by Tim Berners-Lee★ Available on the web (whatever format), but with anopen licence★★ Available as machine-readable structured data (e.g.excel instead of image scan of a table)★★★ as (2) plus non-proprietary format (e.g. CSVinstead of excel)★★★★ All the above plus, Use open standards fromW3C (RDF and SPARQL) to identify things, so that peoplecan point at your stuff★★★★★ All the above, plus: Link your data to otherpeople’s data to provide context
What have we done so far…• Virtualisation savings – Over 750 servers virtualised in sector – Savings of over €7.50m over five-year period – Further savings through licence consolidation may be possible• Government Networks – Shared data network for public sector – Huge Savings for LG sector
What do Clouds currently not do?• Anything subject to compliancy – Includes PCI-compliant applications• Apps that call back to performance sensitive services in your data centre• Apps that require tight coupling between instances• Sensitive Data• Large applications that don’t fit inside VMs
Cloud conclusions• Government cannot ignore cloud• Public Cloud and Big Data• Public Cloud and Open Data• SLA needs to be more Open• Future is Cloudy