Cloud Computing to                  transform              Local Government    TimWilloughby  LGCSB
Not all Clouds are good!
DriversThe World has to be   • SaaS, IaaS, PaaS, Web 2.0 / 3.0, Peer to Peer   on the Cloud       • Addressing and Adaptin...
Security is changing• Security has to be appropriate• Security has to be measured• Can have things so secure that they are...
Cloud / Open is forcing ChangeWith or Without the Owners / Shareholders
So far ICT has not fundamentally        changed government                                                • 1990s: lCT exp...
Goverment dont always Understand     What the people Want?
What governments often Deliver
why is crowd sourcing important?   Crowd Source –   Group Collaboration is   more powerful than   individual achievement  ...
Typical Individual effortmany hours, one map         2
OpenStreetMap, 2011200,000 contributors, one map   3
why is open source important?      "Given enough eyeballs, all      bugs are shallow."      - Eric S.      Raymond,       ...
why is open source important?         free speech
why is open source important?      “Think free as in free      speech, not free beer.”      - Richard Stallman, founder   ...
who uses open source?90% of supercomputers60% of internet servers30% of smart phones                          11
What is Cloud?          DON’T WORRY, TRUST US, WE HAVE IT ALL UNDER                          CONTROL
What has Cloud ever done for us?   Apart from Scale, Speed, Agility, Low Cost,   Enterprise Mapping, Open Data, Standards,...
Cloud Policy…• The only way is not  to play?
Mashup
Why this is so compelling:              It’s a disruptive technology                                                      ...
In how many years…
Cloud Computing Challenges                                  1) Scalability      2) Availability                        End...
Mind the Gap…TechnologyStuff Our Stuff
G Cloud – UK…        • Distributed Cloud        • Work like a Network        • Everyone           • Can See           • Ca...
Smart CitiesGartner: “networked sensors in everything we own will form anew Web (the Internet of Things). But it will only...
Smart Local Government?
The Data Underworld Massive network of services: water, sewage, drains … Need to know asset location for planning and ma...
Or WizardsGIS is nowMainstream
Still need Common Sense
Open Data• Smart City – Living Lab – Access to “all” the  data captured• Linked Open Data• Open Data Formats• Standards
The Currency of your data• Automating Change  Management• Information where and when it  is required• Flexible digital del...
Data Standards• Cannot Adopt Standards from software  Suppliers.• Have to move away from this position!• Need Open Standar...
Architecture Model for Open DataFive level saturation model by Tim Berners-Lee★ Available on the web (whatever format), bu...
LOD - Pages with Intelligence
open source / open datathe fix your street model
incorporating mobile apps
Apps, Apps, Apps
from: physical, the (qr code), online   source, & augmented reality
Social and Multi MediaResponding through innovation
Local Authorities Housing
What have we done so far…• Virtualisation savings  – Over 750 servers virtualised in sector  – Savings of over €7.50m over...
What do Clouds currently not do?• Anything subject to compliancy  – Includes PCI-compliant applications• Apps that call ba...
Cloud conclusions•   Government cannot ignore cloud•   Public Cloud and Big Data•   Public Cloud and Open Data•   SLA need...
Cloud Opportunities for Local Governmen
Cloud Opportunities for Local Governmen
Cloud Opportunities for Local Governmen
Cloud Opportunities for Local Governmen
Cloud Opportunities for Local Governmen
Cloud Opportunities for Local Governmen
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Cloud Opportunities for Local Governmen

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Presentation at iQuest Conference, Public Sector Finance & Efficiency Summit. Cloud Opportunities to transform Public Sector.

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  • http://loc.gov/pictures/resource/ggbain.12470/, US Library of Congress, Bain News Service,, publisher.
  • http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html
  • http://www.top500.org/stats/list/35/osfam, http://www.gartner.com/it/page.jsp?id=1466313, http://www.pcworld.com/businesscenter/article/151568/ballmer_still_searching_for_an_answer_to_google.html
  • Cloud Opportunities for Local Governmen

    1. 1. Cloud Computing to transform Local Government TimWilloughby LGCSB
    2. 2. Not all Clouds are good!
    3. 3. DriversThe World has to be • SaaS, IaaS, PaaS, Web 2.0 / 3.0, Peer to Peer on the Cloud • Addressing and Adapting change and to change • Instantaneous, Online Response from Inter-continental companies The World is Flat • Digital Supply Chain across Global companies / across the globe • Environmental ComplianceThe world is green • Reduce your own and your companies Carbon Footprint • Consumers and Workforce - always on - connected anywhereThe World is Mobile • Increased demand and expectation for services The World of Low • Energy and Cost Efficient Computing and Data Centres Cost ICT • Flatter Budgets require Efficiencies CAPX and OPEX
    4. 4. Security is changing• Security has to be appropriate• Security has to be measured• Can have things so secure that they are unusable.
    5. 5. Cloud / Open is forcing ChangeWith or Without the Owners / Shareholders
    6. 6. So far ICT has not fundamentally changed government • 1990s: lCT expected to make government more transparent, efficient and user oriented • 2005+: disillusion as bureaucracy still in existence • Can Cloud Help?Jane E. Fountain – Gov 1.0 – Just Replicating the Silos on the Internet
    7. 7. Goverment dont always Understand What the people Want?
    8. 8. What governments often Deliver
    9. 9. why is crowd sourcing important? Crowd Source – Group Collaboration is more powerful than individual achievement 1
    10. 10. Typical Individual effortmany hours, one map 2
    11. 11. OpenStreetMap, 2011200,000 contributors, one map 3
    12. 12. why is open source important? "Given enough eyeballs, all bugs are shallow." - Eric S. Raymond, co- founder of the Open Source Initiative 7
    13. 13. why is open source important? free speech
    14. 14. why is open source important? “Think free as in free speech, not free beer.” - Richard Stallman, founder of the Free Software Foundation 10
    15. 15. who uses open source?90% of supercomputers60% of internet servers30% of smart phones 11
    16. 16. What is Cloud? DON’T WORRY, TRUST US, WE HAVE IT ALL UNDER CONTROL
    17. 17. What has Cloud ever done for us? Apart from Scale, Speed, Agility, Low Cost, Enterprise Mapping, Open Data, Standards, Google, API’s, Open Street Maps, Map Servers,GIS - More than just Location, Spatial Analysis and wider adoption now possible 19
    18. 18. Cloud Policy…• The only way is not to play?
    19. 19. Mashup
    20. 20. Why this is so compelling: It’s a disruptive technology • Does it meet enterprise needs • Easy to control • SLA / Support • Good enough for startups and SME • “Cheap” compute • Pilot and trial…Source: upcoming research, Cloud Computing: Not Ready For The Enterprise...Yet.
    21. 21. In how many years…
    22. 22. Cloud Computing Challenges 1) Scalability 2) Availability End User3) Maintenance 4) Cost 5) Security
    23. 23. Mind the Gap…TechnologyStuff Our Stuff
    24. 24. G Cloud – UK… • Distributed Cloud • Work like a Network • Everyone • Can See • Can Play • Can Add Value (Within Limits) • Shared Data Centres • App Store • Issues – • Support • Code Base • Open Source Push • My View – 3 Models • Car Boot Sale • Charity Shop • Department Store
    25. 25. Smart CitiesGartner: “networked sensors in everything we own will form anew Web (the Internet of Things). But it will only be of value ifthe ‘terabyte torrent’ of data it generates could becollected, analysed and interpreted” … and .. just because we can….
    26. 26. Smart Local Government?
    27. 27. The Data Underworld Massive network of services: water, sewage, drains … Need to know asset location for planning and maintenance Many databases, varying accuracy and provenance Context  Ongoing street openings p.a.  Safety!
    28. 28. Or WizardsGIS is nowMainstream
    29. 29. Still need Common Sense
    30. 30. Open Data• Smart City – Living Lab – Access to “all” the data captured• Linked Open Data• Open Data Formats• Standards
    31. 31. The Currency of your data• Automating Change Management• Information where and when it is required• Flexible digital delivery• Data Accuracy Improvement• Do you trust your Data enough to share it?
    32. 32. Data Standards• Cannot Adopt Standards from software Suppliers.• Have to move away from this position!• Need Open Standards• Standards for Everything, even the Location of Public Toilets…
    33. 33. Architecture Model for Open DataFive level saturation model by Tim Berners-Lee★ Available on the web (whatever format), but with anopen licence★★ Available as machine-readable structured data (e.g.excel instead of image scan of a table)★★★ as (2) plus non-proprietary format (e.g. CSVinstead of excel)★★★★ All the above plus, Use open standards fromW3C (RDF and SPARQL) to identify things, so that peoplecan point at your stuff★★★★★ All the above, plus: Link your data to otherpeople’s data to provide context
    34. 34. LOD - Pages with Intelligence
    35. 35. open source / open datathe fix your street model
    36. 36. incorporating mobile apps
    37. 37. Apps, Apps, Apps
    38. 38. from: physical, the (qr code), online source, & augmented reality
    39. 39. Social and Multi MediaResponding through innovation
    40. 40. Local Authorities Housing
    41. 41. What have we done so far…• Virtualisation savings – Over 750 servers virtualised in sector – Savings of over €7.50m over five-year period – Further savings through licence consolidation may be possible• Government Networks – Shared data network for public sector – Huge Savings for LG sector
    42. 42. What do Clouds currently not do?• Anything subject to compliancy – Includes PCI-compliant applications• Apps that call back to performance sensitive services in your data centre• Apps that require tight coupling between instances• Sensitive Data• Large applications that don’t fit inside VMs
    43. 43. Cloud conclusions• Government cannot ignore cloud• Public Cloud and Big Data• Public Cloud and Open Data• SLA needs to be more Open• Future is Cloudy

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