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Illinois Department of NaturalIllinois Department of Natural
ResourcesResources
Division of FisheriesDivision of Fisheries...
• IL DNR fish sampling programsIL DNR fish sampling programs
• Using fish to determine stream qualityUsing fish to determi...
STREAM RESOURCES
Over 32,000 miles of perennial
rivers and streams
REGION 2
Fox
Des Plaines
Chicago
Kankakee
Mazon
Aux Sab...
IDNR
Fish Sampling Programs
Basin Survey sites
-large scale
-five-year rotation
-IEPA coop.
Sub-basin sites
-local scale
-...
2013 Basin Survey
Sampling Stations
2013 Basin Survey
•34 stations
•19,665 fish
•15 families
•70 species
•2 Listed species
•Iowa darter
•Banded killifish
•5 n...
2013 Des Plaines River mainstem – 15 most numerous species
Common name Total No.
Percent
of total
Spotfin shiner 1419 22.2...
METRIC SCORE
No. native fish species 0-6
No. sucker species 0-6
No. sunfish species 0-6
No. intolerant species* 0-6
No. mi...
IBI Results 2013 Des Plaines River Mainstem
Year 1983 1997 2003 2008 2013
No. Stations 11 7 15 11 17
*1983 Sample at G-25: Five seine hauls, total catch = 2 common carp
*
Des Plaines River IBI scores for common boat electro...
Common name
No.
collected
Percent of
total
Bluntnose minnow T 1129 27.38
Gizzard shad T 580 14.06
Bluegill 425 10.31
Carp ...
Electrofishing percent of catch for Des Plaines River:
IBI fish species tolerance rating for 6 stations common to all surv...
IBI Results 2013 Des Plaines River Mainstem
Factors affecting stream ecosystems
• Water Quality
• Habitat
• Stream Flow
• Food SourcesFood Sources
• ConnectivityConne...
Dam Removal:
Restoring Habitat and Connectivity
• Dams have severe negative impacts on aquatic ecosystems, and are
a prima...
Effects of Dams
Local Effects
 Degraded habitat
 Degraded water quality
 Degraded fish and macro-
invertebrate communit...
Des Plaines River Dams
Table 6. Number of samples and total electrofishing (EF) time for each segment within
the Des Plaines River 206 Project St...
Des Plaines River
Dam Removals
•2011 Ryerson
•2011 Armitage
•2012 Fairbanks
•2012 Hofmann
•2014 Dam #1
•2014 Dam #2
Hoffman Dam pre- and post- removal 2012Hoffman Dam pre- and post- removal 2012
Dam # 1 Removed 2014
Dam # 2 Removed 2014
Hoffman Dam Removal Evaluation
IBI and No. species Downstream (DS) v. Upstream (US)
IDNR Fisheries Studies:
Five NE IL Dam Projects
Change in Upstream Area
• Species 3X
• Abundance 6-fold
• IBI 40%
Species not previously collected in Hofmann Dam pool
Northern pike Hornyhead chub
Channel catfish* Orangespotted sunfish
R...
Silver redhorse
From Des Plaines River
Riverside, IL
Below former Hoffman Dam
Common name Scientific name 1983 1997 2003 2008 2013
Bowfin Amia calva X X X X X
Gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum X X X X ...
1983 1997 2003 2008 2013
Total Native Species 28 37 45 47 50
Cumulative Species 28 40 50 54 61
New species -- 12 22 26 33
...
Species sources:
•Instream refugia
•CAWS
•Lower Des Plaines
1983 1997 2003 2008 2013
Total Native Species 28 37 45 47 50
Cumulative Species 28 40 50 54 61
New species -- 12 22 26 33
...
Kankakee
Fox
Des Plaines
 Basin Survey 2013: 34 stations, 19,665 fish, 70 species, two listed species
 Mainstem 60 species, IBI low to moderate t...
Undamming the des plaines
Undamming the des plaines
Undamming the des plaines
Undamming the des plaines
Undamming the des plaines
Undamming the des plaines
Undamming the des plaines
Undamming the des plaines
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Undamming the des plaines

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Undamming the des plaines

  1. 1. Illinois Department of NaturalIllinois Department of Natural ResourcesResources Division of FisheriesDivision of Fisheries Region II Streams ProgramRegion II Streams Program Steve PescitelliSteve Pescitelli
  2. 2. • IL DNR fish sampling programsIL DNR fish sampling programs • Using fish to determine stream qualityUsing fish to determine stream quality • Results of the 2013 Basin SurveyResults of the 2013 Basin Survey • Review trends since 1983Review trends since 1983 • Results of Dam Removal studiesResults of Dam Removal studies • Hoffman DamHoffman Dam • Other regional dam removalsOther regional dam removals • Dam removals in 2014 and 2015Dam removals in 2014 and 2015 • Importance of Downstream ConnectionImportance of Downstream Connection
  3. 3. STREAM RESOURCES Over 32,000 miles of perennial rivers and streams REGION 2 Fox Des Plaines Chicago Kankakee Mazon Aux Sable Northeastern Illinois: Recent glaciation (13,000 y/a) Wide range of habitats >glacial lakes / wetland >low gradient / oxbow >high gradient / rock&cobble
  4. 4. IDNR Fish Sampling Programs Basin Survey sites -large scale -five-year rotation -IEPA coop. Sub-basin sites -local scale -priority watersheds -active watershed groups/projects # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # ## ## ### ### # # # # ## # # # # # # # #### ### # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # ### # ## # # # # ## # # # # ## # # # ## # ## ### # # # # # # ## # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # ### # # # ## # # ## ## # # # # # ##### # #### # # # ### # # ## # ## # # ## # # # # # # # ## ## # # # # # ## #### # # # # # # # ## # # # ### # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # ## # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # # ## # # # # # # # # # # # -Sportfish Management -Project evaluation
  5. 5. 2013 Basin Survey Sampling Stations
  6. 6. 2013 Basin Survey •34 stations •19,665 fish •15 families •70 species •2 Listed species •Iowa darter •Banded killifish •5 non-native •Round goby •Oriental weatherfish •Grass carp •Common carp •Goldfish (no bighead or silver carp)
  7. 7. 2013 Des Plaines River mainstem – 15 most numerous species Common name Total No. Percent of total Spotfin shiner 1419 22.2 Sand shiner 828 13.0 Blackstripe topminnow 818 12.8 Bluntnose minnow T 789 12.3 Bluegill 717 11.2 White sucker T 174 2.7 Rock bass 165 2.6 Carp T 156 2.4 Gizzard shad T 153 2.4 Green sunfish T 132 2.1 Largemouth bass 125 2.0 Hornyhead chub I 112 1.8 Channel catfish 103 1.6 Orangespotted sunfish 59 0.9 Spotted sucker I 57 0.9
  8. 8. METRIC SCORE No. native fish species 0-6 No. sucker species 0-6 No. sunfish species 0-6 No. intolerant species* 0-6 No. minnow species 0-6 No. benthic invertivore species 0-6 Prop. specialist benthic invertivores 0-6 Prop. generalist feeders 0-6 Prop. coarse mineral spawners 0-6 Prop. tolerant species* 0-6 total 0-60 Index of Biotic Integrity - IBI Difference of >10 = biologically meaningful change
  9. 9. IBI Results 2013 Des Plaines River Mainstem
  10. 10. Year 1983 1997 2003 2008 2013 No. Stations 11 7 15 11 17
  11. 11. *1983 Sample at G-25: Five seine hauls, total catch = 2 common carp * Des Plaines River IBI scores for common boat electrofishing stations
  12. 12. Common name No. collected Percent of total Bluntnose minnow T 1129 27.38 Gizzard shad T 580 14.06 Bluegill 425 10.31 Carp T 211 5.12 Spotfin shiner 207 5.02 Blackstripe topminnow 194 4.70 Channel catfish 190 4.61 Green sunfish T 145 3.52 Largemouth bass 139 3.37 White sucker T 104 2.52 Pumpkinseed 73 1.77 Sand shiner 55 1.33 Round goby 54 1.31 Spotted sucker I 46 1.12 Northern pike 45 1.09 Common name Total No. Percent of total Spotfin shiner 1419 22.2 Sand shiner 828 13.0 Blackstripe topminnow 818 12.8 Bluntnose minnow T 789 12.3 Bluegill 717 11.2 White sucker T 174 2.7 Rock bass 165 2.6 Carp T 156 2.4 Gizzard shad T 153 2.4 Green sunfish T 132 2.1 Largemouth bass 125 2.0 Hornyhead chub I 112 1.8 Channel catfish 103 1.6 Orangespotted sunfish 59 0.9 Spotted sucker I 57 0.9 Top 15 species Des Plaines Basin Survey 2008 2013
  13. 13. Electrofishing percent of catch for Des Plaines River: IBI fish species tolerance rating for 6 stations common to all surveys
  14. 14. IBI Results 2013 Des Plaines River Mainstem
  15. 15. Factors affecting stream ecosystems • Water Quality • Habitat • Stream Flow • Food SourcesFood Sources • ConnectivityConnectivity
  16. 16. Dam Removal: Restoring Habitat and Connectivity • Dams have severe negative impacts on aquatic ecosystems, and are a primary factor in the loss of fish and mussel species diversity in North America. • A total of 1,150 dam have been removed in the US improving habitat and water quality, and reconnecting isolated stream and river segments. . • While fish passage has been somewhat successful in reconnecting waterways, it does not improve the water quality and habitat degradation and is often more expensive. Dams in NE IL • In Northeastern Illinois, past water quality problems have caused loss of fish and mussel species in many rivers and streams. • Since the Clean Water Act, most streams have improved and could support “lost” species. • Lack of connectivity precludes full restoration in these streams.
  17. 17. Effects of Dams Local Effects  Degraded habitat  Degraded water quality  Degraded fish and macro- invertebrate communities System-wide Effects  Fragmented river  Barrier to fish migration  Prevent recolonization of impacted and restored reaches  Isolate important habitats
  18. 18. Des Plaines River Dams
  19. 19. Table 6. Number of samples and total electrofishing (EF) time for each segment within the Des Plaines River 206 Project Study Area, with mean catch per unit effort (CPUE), number of species, and Index of Biotic Integrity (IBI). Parameter Upstream Armitage Dam Armitage Dam to Hoffman Dam Downstream Hoffman Dam No. of samples 6 8 7 Total EF time 173.0 309.0 353.0 Mean CPUE 210.0 155.7 296.3 Mean No. Species 13.5 10.6 22.1 Mean IBI 25.2 17.3 29.8
  20. 20. Des Plaines River Dam Removals •2011 Ryerson •2011 Armitage •2012 Fairbanks •2012 Hofmann •2014 Dam #1 •2014 Dam #2
  21. 21. Hoffman Dam pre- and post- removal 2012Hoffman Dam pre- and post- removal 2012
  22. 22. Dam # 1 Removed 2014
  23. 23. Dam # 2 Removed 2014
  24. 24. Hoffman Dam Removal Evaluation IBI and No. species Downstream (DS) v. Upstream (US)
  25. 25. IDNR Fisheries Studies: Five NE IL Dam Projects Change in Upstream Area • Species 3X • Abundance 6-fold • IBI 40%
  26. 26. Species not previously collected in Hofmann Dam pool Northern pike Hornyhead chub Channel catfish* Orangespotted sunfish Rock bass Blackside darter Black crappie Black bullhead Creek chub Yellow bullhead Rosyface shiner* Muskellunge* Sauger*
  27. 27. Silver redhorse From Des Plaines River Riverside, IL Below former Hoffman Dam
  28. 28. Common name Scientific name 1983 1997 2003 2008 2013 Bowfin Amia calva X X X X X Gizzard shad Dorosoma cepedianum X X X X X Central mudminnow Umbra limi X X X Northern pike Esox lucius X X X X X Golden shiner Notemigonus crysoleucas X X X X X Creek chub Semotilus atromaculatus X X X X X Common shiner Luxilius cornutus X X X Spotfin shiner Cyprinella spiloptera X X X X X Red shiner* Cyprinella lutrensis X Fathead minnow Pimephales promelas X X X X X Bluntnose minnow Pimephales notatus X X X X X Emerald shiner Notropis atherinoides X X X X X Sand shiner Notropis ludibundus X X X X X White sucker Catostomus commersoni X X X X X Yellow bullhead Ameiurus natalis X X X X X Black bullhead Ameiurus melas X X X X X Blackstripe topminnow Fundulus notatus X X X X X Black crappie Pomoxis nigromaculatus X X X X X White crappie Pomoxis annularis X X X Rock bass Ambloplites rupestris X X X X X Largemouth bass Micropterus salmoides X X X X X Smallmouth bass Micropterus dolomieu X X X X X Green sunfish Lepomis cyanellus X X X X X Bluegill Lepomis macrochirus X X X X X Pumpkinseed Lepomis gibbosus X X X X X Yellow perch Perca flavescens X X X X Blackside darter Percina maculata X X X X X Johnny darter Etheostoma nigrum X X X X X Hornyhead chub Nocomis biguttatus X X X X Bigmouth shiner Notropis dorsalis X X X X Quillback* Carpiodes cyprinus X X X X Spotted sucker Minytrema melanops X X X X Silver redhorse* Moxostoma anisurum X Channel catfish Ictalurus punctatus X X X X Tadpole madtom Noturus gyrinus X X X X Brook silverside Labidesthes sicculus X X Yellow bass Morone mississippiensis X X X Orangespotted sunfish Lepomis humilis X X X X Walleye Stizostedion vitreum X X X X Freshwater drum* Aplodinotus grunniens X X X X Central stoneroller Campostoma anomalum X X Redfin shiner Lythrurus umbratilus X Blackchin shiner Notropis heterodon X Mimic shiner Notropis volucellus X Spottail shiner Notropis hudsonius X X X Smallmouth buffalo* Ictiobus bubalus X X X Stonecat Noturus flavus X X X Mosquitofish Gambusia affinis X X X Warmouth Lepomis gulosus X X X Sauger Stizostedion canadense X X X Striped shiner* Luxilus chrysocephalus X River carpsucker* Carpiodes carpio X X Flathead catfish* Pylodictis olivaris X Logperch Percina caprodes X X Longnose gar* Lepisosteus osseus X Grass pickerel* Esox americanus X Muskellunge Esox masquinongy X Suckermouth minnow* Phenacobius mirabilis X Rosyface shiner** Notropis rubellus X Banded killifish* Fundulus diaphanus X Redear sunfish Lepomis microlophus X Total Native Species 28 37 45 47 50 Cummulative Species Total 28 40 50 54 61 No. Stations 15 8 19 8 17 *collected only downstream of former Hofmann Dam Table 3. Native fish species collected at all locations for each IDNR Basin Survey on the mainstem of the Des Plaines River.
  29. 29. 1983 1997 2003 2008 2013 Total Native Species 28 37 45 47 50 Cumulative Species 28 40 50 54 61 New species -- 12 22 26 33 1997 2003 2008 2013 Hornyhead chub Stonecat Logperch Logperch Bigmouth shiner Central stoneroller Striped shiner* Rosyface shiner Tadpole madtom Redfin shiner River carpsucker* Banded killifish* Brook silverside Blackchin shiner Flathead catfish* Striped shiner* Orangespotted sunfish Mimic shiner River carpsucker* Spotted sucker Spottail shiner Redear sunfish Quillback* Mosquitofish Silver redhorse* Warmouth Freshwater drum* Smallmouth buffalo* Yellow bass Sauger Channel catfish Walleye
  30. 30. Species sources: •Instream refugia •CAWS •Lower Des Plaines
  31. 31. 1983 1997 2003 2008 2013 Total Native Species 28 37 45 47 50 Cumulative Species 28 40 50 54 61 New species -- 12 22 26 33 1997 2003 2008 2013 Hornyhead chub Stonecat Logperch Logperch Bigmouth shiner Central stoneroller Striped shiner* Rosyface shiner Tadpole madtom Redfin shiner River carpsucker* Banded killifish* Brook silverside Blackchin shiner Flathead catfish* Striped shiner* Orangespotted sunfish Mimic shiner River carpsucker* Spotted sucker Spottail shiner Redear sunfish Quillback* Mosquitofish Silver redhorse* Warmouth Freshwater drum* Smallmouth buffalo* Yellow bass Sauger Channel catfish Walleye 1997 2003 2008 2013 Hornyhead chub Stonecat Logperch Logperch Bigmouth shiner Central stoneroller Striped shiner* Rosyface shiner Tadpole madtom Redfin shiner River carpsucker* Banded killifish* Brook silverside Blackchin shiner Flathead catfish* Striped shiner* Orangespotted sunfish Mimic shiner River carpsucker* Spotted sucker Spottail shiner Redear sunfish Quillback* Mosquitofish Silver redhorse* Warmouth Freshwater drum* Smallmouth buffalo* Yellow bass Sauger Channel catfish Walleye
  32. 32. Kankakee Fox Des Plaines
  33. 33.  Basin Survey 2013: 34 stations, 19,665 fish, 70 species, two listed species  Mainstem 60 species, IBI low to moderate throughout, below IEPA full use criteria  IBI much improved since 1983, trending upward since 1997; species diversity improving, especially in lower river.  Sportfish abundant is some areas, Riverside, Lemont Road  Dams, Urbanization, past water quality problems primary factors  Five Dams removed since 2012; dam removals improve IBI and productivity; allow for recolonization; e.g. channel catfish, rosyface shiner  Remaining five dams on Des Plaines River scheduled for removal in 2015; free-flowing from WI to Brandon  Recruitment source for new fish species, Lower Des Plaines River through Brandon Lock – maybe cut off as Asian carp barrier.

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