British Imperialism in India


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British Imperialism in India

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  • British East India Company in Bombay Madras Calcutta Mughal Empire still in control
  • The Battle of Plassey first stage in their conquest of India. defeated a vastly superior Bengali army the following June at Plassey East India Company becomes the leading power in India Little interference from UK govt. Own army Sepoys
  • The Black Hole of Calcutta subsequently some British prisoners died in a dungeon known as the Black Hole of Calcutta. Robert Clive, British governor of Fort Saint David (now Cuddalore), recaptured the fort in January 1757 All a lie. Survivors painted a flase portrait but the truth did not matter
  • The expanded East India House , Leadenhall Street, London, as rebuilt 1799-1800, Richard Jupp , architect (as seen c. 1817; demolished in 1929) Prior to the rag- India was essentially from this building in London India is seen as the most important of all colonies for it’s… Untapped potential Exporting natural resources Tea Indigo Cotton Coffee jute Importing Manufactured goods
  • Pros Third largest railroad in the world Telephones Telegraphs Dams Bridges Unity education End to local warfare Literacy increased Cons Restricted Indian-owned industries and agricultural (no male heir and the land went back to the East India Trading Company) Threatened traditions (sold Royal Family jewels in a public auction) emphasis on cash crops reduced food production Led to famine
  • Sepoys Endfield Rifles Cartridges sealed with beef pork fat 90 Sepoys refuse and are jailed by the Brits for ten years hard labor Sepoy rebel and march to Delhi But Muslim and Hindus cannot work together against their mutual enemy In one year, the East Indian Company eventually regains control Sikhs who are enemies of the Mughal Empire become the trusted military of the British
  • Peace Treaty signed Direct command of India 1757-1947 Queen Victoria would call herself the Empress of India 11 provinces 250 districts Cabinet minister in London directed Indian policy
  • Indians demand more modernization Ram Mohun Roy His Early Life in British ruled Bengal family Brahmin caste “ Father of Modern India” challenged traditional culture by organizing religious dissenters and championing educational, social and political reforms. Worked toward ending the caste system Studied the American Revolution In 1929 journeyed to England, objectives for the visit were to lobby for reforms in Indian government and to support the abolition of sati (widow suicide) He was received with adulation, especially by English Unitarians and by King William IV. During the summer of 1833 he traveled to Paris, where he was received by King Louis-Philippe. But his health had declined in Europe, and on September 27, 1833, he died in the care of Unitarian friends at Bristol, England. Indian Civil Service System Indian were paid less Nationalism The Indian National Congress 1885 Muslim League 1906 Both call for self-government The partition of Bengal Province was too large to administer so the British broke it up in two Muslim and Hindus commits acts of terror    
  • British Imperialism in India

    1. 1. British Imperialism in India
    2. 2. Setting the stage
    3. 3. British seize the opportunity <ul><li>The Battle of Plassey </li></ul>
    4. 4. The Black Hole of Calcutta
    5. 5. The Jewel in the Crown Colonial Calcutta
    6. 6. The Effects of Colonialism
    7. 7. The Sepoy Rebellion <ul><li>Sepoy </li></ul><ul><li>Endfield Rifles </li></ul><ul><li>The Sikhs </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Raj
    9. 9. Indian Nationalist Movement <ul><li>Ram Mohun Roy </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian National Congress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1885 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Muslim League </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1906 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bengal </li></ul>