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The United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child


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The United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child

  1. 1. Human Rights and the Rights of Children <ul><li>In your logbook: </li></ul><ul><li>What rights should all people have? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The right to …….. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All people should …….. </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Human Rights The  Universal Declaration of Human Rights   ( UDHR ) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations in 1948. The Declaration arose directly from the experience of the Second World War and represents the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled.
  3. 3. Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  4. 4. The United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child <ul><li>The Convention is an international document negotiated by Member States at the United Nations. Every Member State of the United Nations has ratified (or adopted) the treaty except the United States and Somalia, who have only signed it. </li></ul><ul><li>The Convention offers a vision of the child as an individual and as a member of a family and community, with rights and responsibilities appropriate to his or her age and stage of development. By recognizing children's rights in this way, the Convention firmly sets the focus on the whole child. </li></ul><ul><li>Madeline Albright, the United States ambassador to the United Nations, signed the Convention in 1995. However, the United States Constitution requires that such documents receive a two-thirds approval by the Senate to be adopted. There are some articles in the Convention that the US Senate has yet to come to an agreement on. </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between ratifying and signing a treaty?  </li></ul><ul><li>Why do you think the United States has not adopted the Convention? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Children in Danger <ul><li>40 million children live on the streets of the world's cities </li></ul><ul><li>The average age of the homeless in the US is 9 years </li></ul><ul><li>A gun takes the life of a child every 2 hours in the US </li></ul><ul><li>In Liberia, children made up a quarter of all civil war combatant </li></ul><ul><li>Children are tortured by authorities in 11 countries </li></ul><ul><li>More than a million children work in the Asian sex trade </li></ul><ul><li>4,000 children in the USA were murdered by their parents in 1998 </li></ul><ul><li>                                                    Source:  Children's rights across the world (BOES) </li></ul><ul><li>Read through the United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child. Identify and highlight which Articles of the Convention are being violated when children are used in armed conflict. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Children are used as soldiers because they are easily manipulated and are too young to understand their actions.  </li></ul><ul><li>Child soldiers use AK-47s, M-16s and grenades because they are easy to use. </li></ul><ul><li>Orphans and refugees sometimes see their only hope for survival is by joining a militia. </li></ul><ul><li>Child soldiers are used to clear landmines and as human shields. </li></ul><ul><li>Child soldiers are often given drugs to help them cope with their emotions making it easier for them to kill. </li></ul><ul><li>Girl soldiers are often used as domestic sex slaves. </li></ul><ul><li>Child soldiers are sometimes forced to commit atrocities against their own families and villages. </li></ul><ul><li>Children are the victims of conflict after witnessing or participating in murder and rape, becoming disabled, homeless or psychologically traumatized </li></ul>
  7. 7. Emmanuel Jal – “War Child” I believe I’ve survived for a reason to tell my story to touch lives I believe I’ve survived for a reason to tell my story to touch lives All the people struggling down there storms only come for a while Then after a while they'll be gone blessed, blessed My father was working for the government as a police man Few years later a hardy joined a rebel movement that was formed to fight for freedom I didn't understand the politics behind all this 'cause i was only a child After a while i saw the tension rising high between the Christian and the Muslim regime we lost our possessions My mothers, my mother’s mother suffered depression and because of this...i was forced to be a war child I’m a war child I’m a war child I believe I’ve survived for a reason to tell my story to touch lives (touch lives, touch lives, touch lives, touch lives, touch lives, touch lives, touch lives) i lost my father in this battle my brothers all my life I’ve been hiding in the jungle the pain I’ve cutting is too much to handle who’s there please till candle who’s there anyone to hear my cry? here i am pale and dry no one to lead us, i wonder why? Emmanuel Jal Interview
  8. 8. UNCRC Mural <ul><li>ASSIGNMENT: Your poster will have two sides. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a poster for one of the articles. </li></ul><ul><li>Use color, collage, and creativity. </li></ul><ul><li>You must include the some of the text of the article. </li></ul><ul><li>Use symbols and words from class assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a rough draft in your logbook. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>