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Nuremberg trials


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Nuremberg trials

  1. 1. Nuremberg, Germany Damage caused by war
  2. 2. <ul><li>Scene: It is the end of World War II and the Allies are faced with the question of what to do with the Nazi’s who had perpetrated a war of aggression, persecution of its own citizens, and the Holocaust. </li></ul><ul><li>What charges should be brought against them? </li></ul><ul><li>Read the following options. Which is the best method for finding justice? </li></ul><ul><li>Rank the remaining options for best to worst. </li></ul><ul><li>Write a brief explanation for your choices. </li></ul><ul><li>POSSIBLE SCENARIOS: </li></ul><ul><li>Show trials, then executions of top Nazi officials </li></ul><ul><li>Jury trail of Nazi Officials. Jury comprised of Germans, British, American, and Jewish civilians. </li></ul><ul><li>Summary execution without trial of top Nazi Officials </li></ul><ul><li>Life imprisonment without trial for top Nazi officials </li></ul><ul><li>Tribunal of top Nazi officials. Judges from the Allies determine guilt. </li></ul><ul><li>Trials of all Nazi leadership involved: Gestapo, SS, Nazi youth, Wehrmacht </li></ul><ul><li>Investigation and trial of Nazi and Allied generals for war crimes and crimes against humanity, such as intentional bombing of civilians. </li></ul>
  3. 3. - Robert Jackson, Supreme Court Justice and Chief Prosecutor during the Nuremberg Trials “ You must put no man on trial if you are not willing to see him freed if not proved guilty.”
  4. 4. Holocaust and the Nazis Nazi Hunting
  5. 5. <ul><li>The Nuremberg judges came from the same four countries as the prosecutors: the United States, United Kingdom, Soviet Union, and France, which together had formed the International Military Tribunal. The defense attorneys, in contrast, were all Germans. </li></ul><ul><li>The Allied countries had committed some of the very acts that the defendants were accused of committing, such as bombing civilians. </li></ul><ul><li>The defendants were accused of committing crimes that were not legally defined as crimes at the time they were committed, such as waging aggressive war. </li></ul><ul><li>Under the rules of the court, defendants were responsible for the acts they committed even if they were just following orders. </li></ul>Victor's justice? Take the poll on whether you think the Nuremberg Trials were fair. Some of the potential criticisms of the trial are: Working in groups, consider each of these points. Then, for each item, write an explanation whether you think it is a legitimate criticism or not, and why. If you do think it is a legitimate criticism, suggest what could have been done to address it.