Middle East History

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Middle East History

  1. 1. Key Events in the Formation of the Middle East
  2. 2. <ul><li>A. The Decline of the Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>The sultan (ruler) governed the empire through the Millet (religious group) system </li></ul><ul><li>WWI = end of the Ottoman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Using the metaphor of a house, describe the Middle East under the Ottoman Empire. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>B. The World War I Peace Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><li>Sykes – Picot Agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Mandate ≠ Millet </li></ul><ul><li>Middle East spilt between France and Britain </li></ul>
  4. 6. <ul><li>C. Rise of Arab Nationalism </li></ul><ul><li>In 1924 the caliph (leader of Islam) was removed </li></ul><ul><li>Arab nationalism grew </li></ul>
  5. 8. <ul><li>The Partition of Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Zionism – the movement to create a Jewish country in Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Balfour Declaration </li></ul><ul><li>Israel created in 1947 by the United Nations </li></ul>
  6. 10. <ul><li>The Partition of Syria and Lebanon </li></ul><ul><li>The French Syria split into 4 provinces. Lebanon was created. </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1947_UN_Partition_Plan
  7. 12. <ul><li>F. The Formation of Iraq and Kuwait </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq gained independence from Britain in 1930 </li></ul><ul><li>Kuwait, for trade reasons, remained under British control until 1961 </li></ul>

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