Challenges And Opportunities With Bio And Nanotech

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Nano/Bio Tech - Where we are now, where we are going and most importantly, why?

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Challenges And Opportunities With Bio And Nanotech

  1. 1. Challenges And Opportunities With Bio- & Nanotech Tim Harper Cientifica Ltd Monday, 10 January 2011
  2. 2. Challenges And Opportunities With Bio- & Nanotech Tim Harper Cientifica Ltd Monday, 10 January 2011
  3. 3. Tim Harper • Engineer at European Space Agency • Serial Entrepreneur • Co Founder NanoSight • Chair / Chief Advisor of Several National Funding Bodies • World Economic Forum Emerging Technologies Council / Tech Pioneers 2 Monday, 10 January 2011
  4. 4. Challenge 1 Communicating Technology Monday, 10 January 2011
  5. 5. The Challenge of Communication A constant battle for the first ten years of nanotech Monday, 10 January 2011
  6. 6. The Challenge of Regulation Monday, 10 January 2011
  7. 7. • After 10 years we have no sensible regulation of nanotechnologies • Most technologies develop faster than regulators can catch up Monday, 10 January 2011
  8. 8. Challenge II Making Technology Relevant Monday, 10 January 2011
  9. 9. “Anyone talking about trillion dollar markets, thousands of start-ups and billions of dollars of VC money is missing the point of nanotechnology. ...most of the effects will not be called nano, and they will be off the radar of most nano pundits & gurus" - Tim Harper 2003 Monday, 10 January 2011
  10. 10. • Banking crisis • International tensions • Failed States • Facebook • • • • • Emerging Technologies Monday, 10 January 2011
  11. 11. • Banking crisis • International tensions • Failed States Technology ranks low on the global agenda • Facebook • Need to relate it to the issues that • governments & • business understand • • Emerging Technologies Monday, 10 January 2011
  12. 12. Challenge III Provide Solutions to Global Risks Monday, 10 January 2011
  13. 13. Medium High Low Monday, 10 January 2011
  14. 14. Global Population Growth 11,000,000 10,250,000 9,500,000 8,750,000 8,000,000 7,250,000 6,500,000 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 2040 2045 2050 Medium High Low Monday, 10 January 2011
  15. 15. Population Pressure World Average Income Per Capita 2007 2022 2007 Population 2007 Expenditure Distribution Per Capita 30% 1 0.9 25% 0.8 0.7 20% 0.6 15% 0.5 0.4 10% 0.3 0.2 5% 0.1 0% 0 0 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 0 00 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 ,0 5, 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 GDP per capita (in 2000 USD) Monday, 10 January 2011
  16. 16. ! Global  trends  in  population,  energy  demand  and  water  use.    Population:    United  Nations  (http://esa.un.org/unpd/wpp2008/,  accessed  7/27/10).    Energy:    International  Energy   Agency  (http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/2009.asp,  accessed  7/27/10).    Water:    Organization  for  Economic  Cooperation  and  Development  (http://www.oecd.org/document/ 20/0,3343,en_21571361_43893445_44353044_1_1_1_1,00.html,  accessed  7/27/10). Monday, 10 January 2011
  17. 17. Monday, 10 January 2011
  18. 18. Monday, 10 January 2011
  19. 19. Leading To Events Like This 15 Monday, 10 January 2011
  20. 20. The Impact of Technology • The average lifetime of a company on the Fortune 500 is less than 30 years • Google is ten years old • Facebook is valued at $50 billion after five years! Monday, 10 January 2011
  21. 21. Opportunity 1 Catch The Wave of Emerging Technologies Monday, 10 January 2011
  22. 22. 5000 Years of Science 18 Monday, 10 January 2011
  23. 23. 5000 Years of Science • We have been observing the world for 5000 years 18 Monday, 10 January 2011
  24. 24. 5000 Years of Science • We have been observing the world for 5000 years • Significantly changing it for 100 years 18 Monday, 10 January 2011
  25. 25. 5000 Years of Science • We have been observing the world for 5000 years • Significantly changing it for 100 years • Understanding our actions for 20 years 18 Monday, 10 January 2011
  26. 26. Control Over Materials Materials Have Always Been Vital to Humanity • Clothing, • Heating, hunting tools • Coal, iron, oil, copper • Semiconductors • Satellites 19 Monday, 10 January 2011
  27. 27. Materials Have Shaped Our Culture 10,000 BC 1000 BC 0 1800 1900’s 2000 2010 Stone & Wood Iron Cement Steel Polymers Synthetic Biology Composites Nanotechnology Adapted from Herrmann, W. Chem. Eng. Technol. 21(7), 549 (1998) 20 Monday, 10 January 2011
  28. 28. Science Enables New Technologies Complexity 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  29. 29. Science Enables New Technologies Complexity 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  30. 30. Science Enables New Technologies Complexity 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  31. 31. Science Enables New Technologies Complexity 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  32. 32. Science Enables New Technologies Complexity 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  33. 33. Science Enables New Technologies Complexity 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  34. 34. Science Enables New Technologies Complexity Semiconductors 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  35. 35. Science Enables New Technologies Complexity Biotechnology Semiconductors 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  36. 36. Science Enables New Technologies Nanotechnologies Complexity Biotechnology Semiconductors 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  37. 37. Science Enables New Technologies Synthetic Biology Nanotechnologies Complexity Biotechnology Semiconductors 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  38. 38. Science Enables New Technologies Geoengineering? Synthetic Biology Nanotechnologies Complexity Biotechnology Semiconductors 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  39. 39. Science Enables New Technologies Geoengineering? Synthetic Biology Nanotechnologies Complexity Biotechnology Control Semiconductors 1650 1950 2050 21 Monday, 10 January 2011
  40. 40. Moving From Control Of Materials to Control of Things 22 Monday, 10 January 2011
  41. 41. Moving From Control Of Materials to Control of Things Materials • Metals • Semiconductors • Food Processing Passive 22 Monday, 10 January 2011
  42. 42. Moving From Control Of Materials to Control of Things Materials Things • Metals • Crops • Semiconductors • Cells • Food Processing • The Planet? Passive Active 22 Monday, 10 January 2011
  43. 43. 10 Years of Nanotech 23 Monday, 10 January 2011
  44. 44. 10 Years of Nanotech Household Cleaners Sporting Equipment Food Displays Drug Delivery Insulation Sunscreen Paints Water Treatment Construction Cosmetics Lighting Filtration Anti Corrosion Data Storage Textiles Computer Memory Coatings Catalysis Tissue Engineering 23 Monday, 10 January 2011
  45. 45. 10 Years of Nanotech 23 Monday, 10 January 2011
  46. 46. The Challenge for the Next 10 Years • Make technology relevant to global issues • Communicate that technology is (in general) something that improves our lives Monday, 10 January 2011
  47. 47. Operating Theatre 1910 Monday, 10 January 2011
  48. 48. Monday, 10 January 2011
  49. 49. Opportunity II Learn From Nature Monday, 10 January 2011
  50. 50. How To Use Them? 28 Monday, 10 January 2011
  51. 51. Understanding Nature 29 Monday, 10 January 2011
  52. 52. A Top Down Approach 30 Monday, 10 January 2011
  53. 53. A Bottom Up Approach 31 Monday, 10 January 2011
  54. 54. By Copying This Trick Reducing friction between container ships hull & water could • Save 1% of global oil consumption or • 850,000 barrels per day 32 Monday, 10 January 2011
  55. 55. An Old Trick For Textiles 33 Monday, 10 January 2011
  56. 56. Nanocomposite Materials • Polymer + nanoparticle, nanofibre or clay • Increases strength & rigidity • Lowers weight • Much of value is in the formulation rather than the filler 34 Monday, 10 January 2011
  57. 57. Nanocomposite Materials • Polymer + nanoparticle, nanofibre or clay • Increases strength & rigidity • Lowers weight • Much of value is in the formulation rather than the filler Abalone Shell - Nanoscale Engineering 34 Monday, 10 January 2011
  58. 58. Opportunity III Combining Technologies Monday, 10 January 2011
  59. 59. Longest Published DNA Sequence Synthetic Biology Source: Rob Carlson synthesis.cc 36 Monday, 10 January 2011
  60. 60. A Lot Like Moore’s Law 37 Monday, 10 January 2011
  61. 61. • Most technologies are becoming like Facebook • What used to be done at Bell Labs or IBM can be done by far smaller teams • Access to information and simulation are key drivers Monday, 10 January 2011
  62. 62. Addressing the Challenge Monday, 10 January 2011
  63. 63. Addressing the Challenge Sustained technology innovation is the only way that the world has supported six billion people and will continue to sustain 9 billion people by 2050. ‣ WEF Global Agenda Council on Emerging Technologies Monday, 10 January 2011
  64. 64. The Challenge of Sustained Innovation Monday, 10 January 2011
  65. 65. The Challenge of Sustained Innovation We cannot take emerging technologies for granted; great societies that failed to innovate have collapsed in the past. Monday, 10 January 2011
  66. 66. The Challenge of Proactive Risk Management Risk management is not a passive process. The 21st century presents challenges in terms of population, energy, food, water, climate and health – a proactive technology-based approach is essential to be able to monitor, manage and mitigate these risks. Monday, 10 January 2011
  67. 67. The Challenge of Cooperation Governments, chemical companies, farmers, technology players, consumer product companies, NGOs, and consumers need to work together to realize the potential of a bio-based sustainable society. Monday, 10 January 2011
  68. 68. In The End... 43 Monday, 10 January 2011
  69. 69. In The End... • Technology has lead every economic and social advance for the last 10,000 years 43 Monday, 10 January 2011
  70. 70. In The End... • Technology has lead every economic and social advance for the last 10,000 years • It can create and clear up problems (e.g Ozone layer depletion) 43 Monday, 10 January 2011
  71. 71. In The End... • Technology has lead every economic and social advance for the last 10,000 years • It can create and clear up problems (e.g Ozone layer depletion) • It is human nature to innovate 43 Monday, 10 January 2011
  72. 72. Conclusions 44 Monday, 10 January 2011
  73. 73. Conclusions Nanotechnologies and biosciences will be as important to the 21st Century as oil, polymers and semiconductors were to the 20th Century 44 Monday, 10 January 2011
  74. 74. Conclusions Nanotechnologies and biosciences will be as important to the 21st Century as oil, polymers and semiconductors were to the 20th Century We have the tools, lets use them wisely 44 Monday, 10 January 2011
  75. 75. tim.harper@cientifica.com Twitter: @tim_harper Monday, 10 January 2011

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