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building sustainability...
Passive House | Passivhaus

!

TM

!

“A rigorous, voluntary building energy standard
focusing on highest energy efficiency and quality of life
at low operating cost.”
!
!
!
The Passive House Standard is the most rigorous building energy standard in the world. Consultants, projects or building components that have
obtained the right to carry the logo have committed themselves to design excellence and the Passive House energy performance criteria.
It’s A Tool
Comparisons
Affordability Redefined

$

MORTAGE
First Day Cost

Baseline

Quality
Building

Yesterday

Today

Tomorrow

“Lighthouse”
10 to 20%

Early
Adopters
5 to 10%

Mainstream
0 - 5%
Life Cycle Cost
Baseline

Passive House

Construction

$$$$

$$$$$

Operation

$$$$

$$

Maintenance

$$$$

$$

Total Cost

$$$$

$$$
Passive House
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

Best certified and third party verified voluntary building standard in the industry
Caps for heating and source energy, and airtightness
Energy modeled, predictable performance
90% less heating demand than standard
up to 75% or more overall energy savings than standard, energy independence
Smallest carbon footprint in the industry
Incredible comfort and health
True value for owners and society
Smart use of our resources like building materials and utilities
Best insulation from an uncertain energy future
2 decades of proven performance
Thousands of built projects all over the world
Commercial and residential, new and retrofit
Short ROI, incredible lifecycle savings potential
Best starting point for net-zero energy and carbon-neutrality with smallest renewable
systems
Global solution
Life cycle approach for sustainable real estate
Global Adoption
24 St. Passive House Project
th
From greenhouse to green houses.
TM
Duty Book
Duty Book
Western Wisconsin
Technical College

24th Street
Passive House
Projects
La Crosse, WI

Wednesday, December 19, 2012
Project Program

High Performance Building Envelope
Proposed

Goal

Component

Proposed

Goal

Component
Square Feet

Kitchen!

R-Value*
Floor to unheated space!

130!
Dining & living room!
280 – 430!

≥ R-40!
Wall above ground!
Wall below ground!

Circulation and entry!

≥ R-55!
≥ R-40!

220!
1 1/2 – 2 bathrooms!
170!

Windows & doors including frames!
SHGC value!

2 – 4 bedrooms!

UWIN ≤ 0.14!

!

630 – 780!
Storage & mechanical!

≥ 0.5!
120!

Total Building
1600
Options

!

Roof – flat, attic, or vaulted!
≥ R-80!
* Actual R-values and performance specifications pending per
energy model calculation. The information is provided for
reference only and not meant for design and construction. !

Full basement!
800!
Garage; 1 or 2-car!
290-580!

Air Tightness

!
!

Energy Demands
Pressurization Test Results

!

Specific Annual Demand
kBtu/(sf yr)

ACH50

Heating and cooling!
≤ 4.750!

Required maximum!
≤ 0.6!
Recommended maximum!
≤ 0.4!

Source energy!
≤ 38.000!
DHW approx. 1kW
[3.4 kBTU/h]

WESTERN
PASSIVE
HOUSE

Solar thermal with electric
resistance backup

Heating approx. 3kW
[10.2 kBTU/h]

Ductless air-to-air heat pump with
electric resistance backup

Cooling approx. 2kW
[6.8 kBTU/h]

Ductless air-to-air heat pump

Ventilation 150 m^3/
h [88 CFM]

HRV with home-run ducts

!
Integrated Design and Eduction Process
DESIGN PROCESS
DESIGNER OF RECORD

INTERACTION OPPORTUNITIES

Predesign
Site design (passive solar requirements)
Schematic design
Building design alternates
Design development
Systems and component analysis and comparison
Construction Documents
Drafting
Project manual
Budget, timeline, assistance during bidding
Site Administration
Site observation and report
Performance testing and commissioning
Documentation
As-builts
Certification
Monitoring
Performance report
Post occupancy work
CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
CONSTRUCTION-RELATED OPPORTUNITIES

OBSERVATION-RELATED OPPORTUNITIES

Continuously insulated below-grade assemblies
Rough construction
Installation of high-performance windows
Protrusions and air-sealing
Rough-in blower door test
Air-sealing
Double-stud wall construction
Insulation
Infrared testing
Insulation
Installation of exterior shading devices
MEP system rough-in
MEP system commissioning
Finishes and fixtures
Final blower door test
Occupancy
Monitoring
Analysis and lessons learned
2012
2013
Fall Spr Sum Fall
House 1
Design
Construction Documents
Site Preperation/Foundation
Main Structure and Envelope
Finishes
Move-In
House 2
Design
Construction Documents
Site Preperation/Foundation
Main Structure and Envelope
Finishes
Move-In
House 3
Design
Construction Documents
Site Preperation/Foundation
Main Structure and Envelope
Finishes
Move-In
House 4
Design
Construction Documents
Site Preperation/Foundation
Main Structure and Envelope
Finishes
Move-In

2014
Spr Sum Fall

2015
Spr Sum Fall

2016
Spr Sum Fall

2017
Spr Sum Fall

X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X
X

!
Site
Location
N

ST
ST

00

ST

SN

ST

OH

ST

OH
SN

56

House
Ridge = 20'

670.99

669.88
669.55

ST

OH

ST

669.37

669.11

W

OH

= 5.5'

Shed

Shed

Grass

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

671.98

671.28

671.00

x

x

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

670.59

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

670.36

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

OH

670.65

669.60

N 89°21'52" E

Grass

Shed

670.34
670.63

58

W

ST

SN

50.00'

670.00

50.00'

ST

670.63
670.47

670.82

669.47

ST

670.04

ST

OH

ST

OH

50

669.76

670.49

669.54
669.27

669.25

OH

ST

W

SN

OH

ST

N 89°21'51" E

670.04

670.

(125')
124.97'

W

ST

SN

OH

59
Topography

Grass

OH

Deciduous
6" Dia.
20' Ht.
16' Can.

670.37
670.68

W

SN

OH

ST

Sidewalk access!

670.02

Wood Frame Planting Area

Deciduous
6" Dia.
20' Ht.
16' Can.

W

124.96'
(125')

670.97

ST
669.06

670.04

OH

S 01°35'48" E

ST

OH

OH

ST

Grass

W

SN

50.00'

50.00'

ST
ST

OH

W

ST

SN

OH

60

ST

OH

Grass
124.98'
(125')

W

ST

OH

200.00'

SN

200.00'

ST

OH

N 89°21'51" E

ST
W

ST

SN

OH

ST

OH

ST
ST

SN

OH
OH

ST

66

ST

S 89°21'51" W

ST

OH

668.97

ST

OH

669.41

669.44

670.00

Heights = 7'

OH

ST

670.28

W

Deciduous
8" Dia.
20' Ht.
15' Can.

Grass

669.96

Detail

669.29

668.91

669.95
669.94

Shed

ST

SN

OH

669.30

ST

OH

ST

Grass

OH

ST

Garage
Hgt = 13'

62

House
Ridge = 26'

W

ST

SN

OH

Deciduous
20" Dia.
30' Ht.
20' Can.

Deciduous
20" Dia.
30' Ht.
20' Can.

W

SN

OH
O

668.36

(125')
124.99'

Wood Fence

Shed

50

W

SN

668.82

9.

W

Existing conditions

ST

OH
668.54

W

50.00'

OH

ST

50.00'

SN

OH

61

669.00

OH

Deciduous
8" Dia.
20' Ht.
15' Can.

Grass

OH

669.00

W

ST

OH

Greenhouse

Deciduous
8" Dia.
20' Ht.
15' Can.

24th STREET

ST

SN

OH

Concrete Sidewalk

OH

ST

OH

Concrete Sidewalk

OH

669.38

670.13

W

OH

50

Asphalt Bituminous

OH

0.

Concrete Sidewalk

670.46

OH

67

W

670.00

W

x

SN

OH

50

Deciduous
6" Dia.
20' Ht.
16' Can.

x

ST

N 01°35'17" W

ST

OH

Garage
Hgt = 14'

OH

50.00'

ST

SN

OH

Deciduous
14" Dia.
30' Ht.
15' Can.

50

ST

OH

78

670.26

OH

OH

Garage
Hgt = 14'

Overhead line!

0.

ST

OH

9.

OH

Existing electrical lines

670.64

669.66

66

Hgt = 16'

Cedar
16" Dia.
30' Ht.
25' Can.

57

671.00

67

SN

OH

Garage

x

670.84

ST

OH

Garage
Hgt = 16'

669.49

669.08

x

671.11

50.00'

ST

OH

OH

669.58

671.06

670.41

ST

SN

OH
OH

x

671.49

671.50

ST

OH
Shed
Hgt = 8'

670.21

x

670.95

ST

OH

Hgt = 13'

x

x

x

671.23

SN

OH

Garage

124.96'
x

x

670.60

ST

OH

x

x

x

Deciduous
14" Dia.
40' Ht.
30' Can.
W

ST

OH

(125')

N 89°21'52" E
x

x

x

x

x

Deciduous
6" Dia.
30' Ht.
15' Can.
x
x

Grass

669.82

669.54
669.27

Cedar
12" Dia.
40' Ht.
20' Can.

Grass
Heights

ST

SN

OH

Access
Private/ public areas
Utilities
Obstructions to views and sun
Zoning requirements
Best practice management’
Natural features
Wild life
Stormwater
Erosion

OH

•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•

669.

OH

Site Analysis

Primary Building Setbacks:
Front = 21.5'
Side = 6.0'
Rear = 25.0'

Deciduous
20" Dia.
Design
Covers over 50% of the heat demand.
Solar Heat Gains

December 21: 10:00 AM

Modestly shaded

December 21: Noon

Modestly shaded

December 21: 2:30 PM

Modestly shaded
Land Use Plan
A: Drainage and grading
B: Rain gardens
C: Front yard
D: Entry
E: Shade trees
F: Side yard
G: Rear yard
H: Storage
I : Screening north
J: Screening south
K: Apron

K

G
D

Garage

E
H

B

A

I
B

A
House #1

D

C

A
B

F
E
J

Garage
House #2
Views And Solar Gain
Site Interaction/ Lot Independence
Initial Concept
Envelope
0 2'

Simple Envelope

4'

8'

N
Structure
0 2'

Simple Structure

4'

8'

N
Vertical Elements
0 2'

Simple Vertical Elements

4'

8'

N
Scheme D
Scheme DA
DRAIN AREA & ARBORVITAE SCREEN
36'-0"
5'-11"

6"

16'-1 1/2"

6'-7 1/2"

5'-10"

RAIN GARDEN

STAIR
A: 66 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

10

14

11
10
9

HALL
A: 61 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

LIV-DIN

CLO GUEST

A: 3 sq ft

4 1/2"

CLO

A: 9 sq ft

A: 375 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

6 1/2"

15

8 x 7" = 4'-8"

12

DN

13

14

CD

11
12
13

A: 59 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

28'-0"

MUD/ LAUNDRY

A: 53 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

15

10'-0"

9

8 x 7" = 4'-8"

A: 154 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

CW

3/4 BATH

DN

KITCHEN

5'-9 1/2"

DW

REF

10'-3"

QUEEN
GUEST/ DEN
A: 132 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

22'-2"

4 1/2"

12'-5"

DECK

First Floor: Living Suite - Vertical Space
HEDGE/ FRUIT SHRUBS
Scheme DB

First Floor: Open Plan
Scheme DA
36'-0"
6'-5 1/2"

16'-1"

6'-6 1/2"

5'-10 1/2"

DN
9

14

12
11

14

10

15

8 x 7" = 4'-8"

13

A: 74 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

9

DN

11
12
13

HALL

BATH

15

10

A: 56 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

13'-11 1/2"

M BATH

8 x 7" = 4'-8"

6'-9"

OPEN TO
BELOW

28'-0"

A: 126 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

4 1/2"

CLO 3
20'-3"

A: 3 sq ft

CLO 2
A: 10 sq ft

TWIN

12'-7 1/2"

TWIN

KING

M BEDROOM

BEDROOM 1

A: 168 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

A: 129 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

11'-6 1/2"

4 1/2"

12'-11 1/2"

BEDROOM 2
CLO 1
A: 10 sq ft

A: 128 sq ft
H: 8'-0"

10'-1"

Second Floor: 2 Bedrooms - 1 Bath - Master Suite - Balcony
Scheme DA

Second Floor: 2 Bedrooms - 1 Bath - Master Suite
“Hats” and Siding
Design
Siteplan
12" DIA., 40' HT, 20' CAN.
14" DIA., 40' HT., 30' CAN.

24'-3 1/2" TO FRONT OF FACADE

SIDE SETBACK
EXTENSION & SWALE

SIDE SETBACK

675 GSF

7

DN

COVERED STOOP

6

ORNAMENTAL TREE

-1" = 672.17

6" DIA., 20' HT., 16' CAN.

UP

GARAGE

BUILDING ORIGIN
RAINGARDEN
70 SF X 5"
EXTENSION & SWALE

8 x 7" = 4'-7 3/4" 7" = 4'-7 3/4"
8x
DN

RAINGARDEN
120 SF X 5"
-1" = 672.17
COMPOST
-8" = 671.58
CLOTHES
LINE

8 x 7" = 4'-7 3/4"

APRON

GRAVEL BED
& EDGING

6'-0"

6" DIA., 30' HT., 15' CAN.
BUILDING ORIGIN

FINISHED FLOOR = 0" = 672.25'

COVERED STOOP

WINDOW WELL

HOME

GARDEN
EXTENSION & SWALE

-8" = 671.58

1,185 GSF

PROVIDE STONE
SLAB BRIDGE AT SWALE

FRUIT TREE

PROVIDE STONE
SLAB BRIDGE AT SWALE
FRUIT TREE
EXTENSION & SWALE

PROVIDE STONE
SLAB BRIDGE AT
EN
RD
SWALE
GA X 5"
IN
RA 0 SF
7

DECK
320 SF

SHADE TREE
FRUIT TREE

FRUIT TREE

SIDE SETBACK
HEDGE

6'-0"

STORAGE
GRASS PAVER

RAINGARDEN
120 SF X 5"

FRONT SETBACK

CHIMNEY SWIFT

EXTENSION & SWALE

SHADE TREE

6" DIA., 20' HT., 16' CAN.
First Floor
STR 1
A: 67.68 sq ft

6

MUDROOM

8

QUEEN

8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8"

3

4

5

6

5

7

3/4 BATH
A: 69.54 sq ft
H: 7'-4"

4

3

2

1

REF

DN

7

6

8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8"

5

7

8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8"

2

UP

W

1

CD

I-2.1

I-2.1

DN

A: 79.70 sq ft
H: 8'-0 3/4"
4

CLO
A: 8.92 sq ft

KI-DIN-LIV

I-2.1

1

3

I-2.1

DW

2

RANGE

A: 533.28 sq ft
H: 8'-0 3/4"

DECK

GUEST/TV
A: 129.08 sq ft
H: 8'-0 3/4"
Second Floor

9
I-2.1

10
DN

12

M CLO
A: 121.72 sq ft
H: 8'-1 5/8"

1

7

2

FULL BATH
8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8"

A: 78.53 sq ft
H: 8'-1 5/8"

I-2.1

6

3

5

4

8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8"

11

4

5

3

6

M BATH

2

7

A: 83.12 sq ft
H: 7'-4"

CLO 3
A: 4.94 sq ft

DN

1

13

HALL

I-2.1

A: 85.22 sq ft
H: 7'-4"

TWIN
TWIN
CLO 1
A: 7.94 sq ft

CLO 2
A: 7.94 sq ft

KING

BR 1
A: 120.81 sq ft
H: 8'-1 5/8"

BR 2
A: 119.71 sq ft
H: 8'-1 5/8"

M BR
A: 167.09 sq ft
H: 8'-1 5/8"
Basement

7

6

5

3

FUTURE
STORAGE
CLOSET

2

FUTURE
ME ROOM

FUTURE
STORAGE ROOM

1

UP

FUTURE BATH
(LAYOUT SHOWN FOR
ROUGH-IN ONLY)

8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8"

4

FUTURE
GUEST ROOM

FUTURE
MULTI-PURPOSE ROOM

BSMT
A: 865.07 sq ft
H: 8'-0"
Assemblies
24"

24"

24"

Assemblies

19 5/8"

Double-Stud Wall

!

19 5/8"

i-Joist Wall

!

19 3/8"

Studwall with i-Joists
Energy Model Feedback
2%
24%

44%
11%

9%
10%

Walls a/g
Walls b/g
Roof
Slab
Windows
Doors
Performance-Based Design

14"

12"
2%
24%
24"

24"

44%
11%
10%
19 3/8"

9%
21 3/8"
Preliminary Pricing
Budget Framework
Western'Wisconsin'Technical'College
Project:)24th)Street)Passive)House)Projects
Issue:)Preliminary)Draft
Date:)3/20/2013
Budget'Comparison:'Structural'Systems'
CATEGORY
Excavation
Slab
BelowGGrade)Walls
AboveGGrade)Walls
Fenestration
Floors:)Main
Floors:)Basement
Stairs
Roof
Interior)Walls
Interior)Doors
Millwork
Drywall
Paint
HVAC
Plumbing
Electrical
Subtotal'Building

FHI'TOTAL
INTEP'TOTAL
9,500
9,500
13,395
12,000
35,020
16,300
49,635
45,000
66,200
66,200
13,525
17,000
15,675
)G)
8,000
8,000
21,250
20,000
3,375
3,375
4,500
4,500
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
12,000
12,000
30,800
30,800
28,000
28,000
44,500
44,500
375,375
337,175

DIFFERENCE
0
1,395
18,720
4,635
0
12,200
)G)
0
1,250
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
38,200

***'BOLDED'NUMBERS'IN'FHI'TOTAL'COLUM'ARE'INTEPS'BUDET'NUMBERS.
Value Engineering

Space

SF

Kitchen

130

Dining and Living

280-430

Circulation and Entry

220

1.5 - 2 Baths

170

2 - 4 Bedrooms
Storage and Mechanical
Total Building

120
1600-1800

$

SF

Kitchen

130

Dining and Living

280-430

Circulation and Entry

220

1.5 - 2 Baths

170

2 - 4 Bedrooms

630-780

Storage and Mechanical

120

Total Building

1600-1800

14"

24"

24"

12"

630-780

Space

19 3/8"

21 3/8"
The Performance-Based Design Process
This is where we are building!
CAD Model & PHPP Energy Model

Take-offs > Entries > Results > Design Adjustments
Building Envelope (Cold Climate)

Conventional Building

Passive House Building

Prescriptive: R-19
Cavity, only

Energy Model: Meet heat load requirement
Continuous R-value
U-Values (R-values)
Passive House verification
U-VALUES

OF

BUILDING

ELEMENTS
Wedge shaped building element layers and
still air spaces -> Secondary calculation to the right

Building: 24th Street Passive House #1

Assembly No. Building assembly description

1

Interior insulation?

I Joist Wall A
Heat transfer resistance [m²K/W]

interior Rsi :
exterior Rse :

Area section 1

λ [W/(mK)]

1. 5/8" Drywall
2. 5 1/2" cellulose

0.039

Area section 3 (optional)

λ [W/(mK)]

Thickness [mm]

0.130

5. 3" dp cellulose
6. 1/2" Fiberboard

λ [W/(mK)]

0.158

3. 3/4" OSB (A.T & V.R)
4. 11" dp cellulose

Area section 2 (optional)

0.13
0.13

0.039

16
2x6 @ 24" o.c.

0.113

140
19

0.039

Web
2X4 @ 24" O.C.

0.260

279

0.113

76

0.055

19

7.
8.
Percentage of Sec. 2

Percentage of Sec. 3

15.0%

2.5%
U-Value:

0.082

W/(m²K)

Total

54.9

cm
Insulation Levels (Cold Climate)

Conventional Building
Prescriptive: R-19
Cavity, only

Passive House Building
Energy Model: R-55 to 65
Continuous R-value
Hygrothermal Analysis

"Glaser&Diagram"&Winter&

"Glaser&Diagram"&Summer&

2500.000#

6000"
5000"

1500.000#
p_s(T)#
1000.000#

p_(x)#

water&vapor&pressure&in&pa&

water&vapor&pressure&in&pa&

2000.000#

500.000#

3000"

p_s(T)"
p_(x)"

2000"
1000"

0.000#
'1#

4000"

0"
0#

1#

2#
sd&in&m&

3#

4#

)1"

0"

1"

2"

3"

4"

sd&in&m&

Clean bill of hygrothermal health for extreme conditions.
Typical Assemblies
TRUSS PER MANF.

CONTINUOUS SNOW
RETENTION, SIZE AND
PLACE PER MANF.

LOAD-BEARING LINE

VENT & VENT CHUTE

BLOCKING
CAULK SHEATHING TO
TOP PLATE
VENTED SOFFIT
2X6 RAFTER TAIL

Passive House verification

2X6 SUB-FASCIA
FASCIA

AREAS

DROPPED CEILING,
SERVICE CAVITY
TAPE SHEATHING TO TOP PLATE

Building: 24th Street Passive House #1

5/4X4 TRIM

Heating demand

14

DETERMINATION
kWh/(m²a)

Summary
Group Nr.

Area group

Temp.
zone

Unit

Comments

m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²
m²

Living area or useful area within the thermal envelope

X

241.28
3.62
4.46
26.03
7.57
0.00
2.50
231.77
118.41
108.70
105.20
0.00
0.00
0.00

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

Treated Floor Area
North Windows
East Windows
South Windows
West Windows
Horizontal Windows
Exterior Door
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ground
Roof/Ceiling - Ambient
Floor slab / basement ceiling

15
16
17

Thermal Bridges Ambient
Perimeter Thermal Bridges
Thermal Bridges Floor Slab

A
P
B

88.03
0.00
55.06

m
m
m

Units in m
Units in m; temperature zone "P" is perimeter (see Ground worksheet).
Units in m

Thermal Bridges Ambient
Perimeter Thermal Bridges
Thermal Bridges Floor Slab

18

Partition Wall to Neighbour

I

0.00

m²

No heat losses, only considered for the heating load calculation.

Partition Wall to Neighbour

608.25

m²

A
A
A
A
A
A
A
B
A
B

BALLOON-FRAME I-JOIST
FROM BOTTOM TO TOP OF WALL

Total thermal envelope

Area Nr.

CAPILLARY BREAK

1 1/4" X 11 7/8" LSL RIM
RECESS INTO CONCRETE
W/ 2-ROWS 1/2"X4" SIMPSON TITEN
SCREWS @ 32"O.C. TO CONCRETE
WALL

CAULK SHEATHING TO BOTTOM PLATE
SET I-JOIST O.T.O. FOUNDATION WALL

PEEL AND STICK WRB BETWEEN
LSL AND CONCRETE

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

BUG SCREEN

ANGLE CUT STUCCO AT PLYWOOD
3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD
CAULK BOTTOM PLATE TO CONCRETE
MIN. 1'-0" WIDE GRAVEL BED

SLOPED GRADE

TRUSS-HANGER PER TRUSS MANUFACTURER

1 1/2" CLEAR

1 1/2" COVER

VERTICAL WALL REBAR
HOOKED TO BOTTOM OF SLAB
FTG., SEE PLAN S.1.01

5"

10"

5"

#4 REBAR @ 16" O.C. HOOKED
TO BOTTOM OF SLAB FTG. &
EXTEND 10'-0" INTO ROOM.
THEN 32" O.C. (ALL 4-WALLS)

PASSIVE RADON
PERIMETER VENT &
DRAIN, ROUTE TO SUMP
AND STACK IN BASEMENT

SAND FILL

24"

UNDISTURBED SOIL

6" WELL COMPACTED SAND BASE

Building element description

Treated Floor Area
North Windows
East Windows
South Windows
West Windows
Horizontal Windows
Exterior Door
N. Foundtation wall b
N. Foundation wall a
N. Main wall a
E: Foundation b
E: Foundation a
E. Main a
S. Foundation b
S. Foundation a
S. Main a
W. Foundation b
W. Foundation a
W. Main a
ceiling
basement slab

Group Nr.

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
9
8
8
9
8
8
9
8
8
9
8
8
10
11

Assigned to group

Treated Floor Area
North Windows
East Windows
South Windows
West Windows
Horizontal Windows
Exterior Door
Exterior Wall - Ground
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ground
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ground
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ground
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Roof/Ceiling - Ambient
Floor slab / basement ceiling

Please subtract area of door from respective building element
Window areas are subtracted from the individual areas specified in the "Windows" worksheet.
Temperature Zone "A" is ambient air.
Temperature zone "B" is the ground.
Temperature zones "A", "B","P" and "X" may be used. NOT "I"
Temperature zones "A", "B","P" and "X" may be used. NOT "I"
Temperature zone "X": Please provide user-defined reduction factor ( 0 < f < 1):

0.800
0.087
0.148
0.068
0.146

Factor for X

75%

t

Ψ [W/(mK)]

Thermal Bridge Overview

-0.001
-0.050

Average Therm. Envelope

0.157

Area input

Quantity

x(

1

x(

a

[m]

x

x

b

[m]

+

User-Determined [m²]

+

-

User Subtraction
[m²]

-

Subtraction
window areas
[m²]

-

)=

)=

Please complete in Windows worksheet only!
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.861
0.848
0.876
0.835

North Windows
East Windows
South Windows
West Windows
Horizontal Windows
Exterior Door
Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ground
Roof/Ceiling - Ambient
Floor slab / basement ceiling

Results are from the Windows worksheet.

R-36 average

1 1/4" X 11 7/8 LSL RIM

Average UValue
[W/(m²K)]

Building element overview

Area

x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(
x(

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

2.50
37.43
2.02
75.80
24.60
3.15
53.50
33.94
5.90
75.75
23.33
4.48
54.54
108.70
105.20

-

2.59

))))))))))))))))-

0.0
0.0
3.6
0.0
0.0
4.5
0.0
0.0
25.1
0.9
0.0
7.6
0.0
0.0
0.0

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Area
[m²]

0.0
3.6
4.5
26.0
7.6
0.0
2.5
37.4
2.0
72.2
24.6
3.2
46.5
33.9
5.9
50.6
22.4
4.5
47.0
108.7
105.2

Selection of the
corresponding building
element assembly

From Windows sheet
From Windows sheet
From Windows sheet
From Windows sheet
From Windows sheet
U-Value Exterior Door
Concrete Foundation
Concrete Foundation
I Joist Wall A
Concrete Foundation
Concrete Foundation
I Joist Wall A
Concrete Foundation
Concrete Foundation
I Joist Wall A
Concrete Foundation
Concrete Foundation
I Joist Wall A
Trussed Roof (cold)
Slab

Nr.

U-Value
[W/(m²K)]

0.861
0.848
0.876
0.835
0.000
0.80
Wall B 2
Wall B 2
1
Wall B 2
Wall B 2
1
Wall B 2
Wall B 2
1
Wall B 2
Wall B 2
1
3
4
0

0.148
0.148
0.082
0.148
0.148
0.082
0.148
0.148
0.082
0.148
0.148
0.082
0.068
0.146
Slab and Stemwall R-39
1 1/2" CLEAR

1 1/2" COVER

VERTICAL WALL REBAR
HOOKED TO BOTTOM OF SLAB
FTG., SEE PLAN S.1.01

5"

10"

5"

#4 REBAR @ 16" O.C. HOOKED
TO BOTTOM OF SLAB FTG. &
EXTEND 10'-0" INTO ROOM.
THEN 32" O.C. (ALL 4-WALLS)

PASSIVE RADON
PERIMETER VENT &
DRAIN, ROUTE TO SUMP
AND STACK IN BASEMENT

SAND FILL

24"

UNDISTURBED SOIL

6" WELL COMPACTED SAND BASE
Exterior Wall R-58

CAPILLARY BREAK

1 1/4" X 11 7/8" LSL RIM
RECESS INTO CONCRETE
W/ 2-ROWS 1/2"X4" SIMPSON TITEN
SCREWS @ 32"O.C. TO CONCRETE
WALL

CAULK SHEATHING TO BOTTOM PLATE
SET I-JOIST O.T.O. FOUNDATION WALL

PEEL AND STICK WRB BETWEEN
LSL AND CONCRETE

BUG SCREEN

ANGLE CUT STUCCO AT PLYWOOD
3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD
CAULK BOTTOM PLATE TO CONCRETE
MIN. 1'-0" WIDE GRAVEL BED

SLOPED GRADE

TRUSS-HANGER PER TRUSS MANUFACTURER

1 1/2" CLEAR
Roof R-83
CONTINUOUS SNOW
RETENTION, SIZE AND
PLACE PER MANF.

TRUSS PER MANF.
LOAD-BEARING LINE

VENT & VENT CHUTE

BLOCKING
CAULK SHEATHING TO
TOP PLATE
VENTED SOFFIT
2X6 RAFTER TAIL
2X6 SUB-FASCIA
FASCIA

DROPPED CEILING,
SERVICE CAVITY
TAPE SHEATHING TO TOP PLATE
5/4X4 TRIM
Airtightness

Conventional Building

Passive House Building

!
New: 1.5 - 5 ACH50
Used: 5 -15 ACH50

!
New: max. 0.6 ACH50
Target: max. 0.4 ACH50
Ah, Sun!
Windows

Conventional

Passive House

U-Value: 0.32 (typ.)
SHGC: 33% (typ.)
Airtightness: low to high

U-Value: min. 0.14
SHGC: min. 50%
Airtightness: very high
101.7

Windows = Heaters

Reduction factor for
solar radiation

-Value

Window
area

Window
U-Value

0.36
0.32
0.31
0.25
0.00

Building: 24th Street Passive House #1
Climate:

Shading

Dirt

Nonperpendicular incident
radiation

kWh/(m²a)

0.75

137
352
692
355
544

0.74
0.64
0.57
0.49
1.00

0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95

0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85

0.95

0.85

Window area
orientation

Global radiation
(cardinal points)

maximum:

North
East
South
West
Horizontal

0.59

0.30

RE
3.62D U C T I O N
4.46
26.03
7.57
0.00

Glazing
fraction

g-Value

Reduction factor for
solar radiation

0.609
0.617
0.680
0.628
0.000

0.52
0.52
0.64
0.52
0.00

0.36
0.32
0.31
0.25
0.00

0.59

0.30

41.68

Total or Average Value for All Windows.

Window rough
openings

Installed
1
1
1

Area in the
s worksheet

Description

N 1.1
N 2.1
N 2.2

1
1
1
1

Select:
ain wall a
ain wall a
ain wall a

ain
ain
ain
ain

Glazing

Degrees

Quantity

a
a
a
a

ain a
ain a

ain a
ain a

ain a
ain a

E
E
E
E

1
1

S 1.1 A
S 1.1 B

1
1

S 1.2 A
S 1.2 B

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1.1 A
1.1 B
2.1
2.2

Nr.

3
S 1.3 A
S 1.3 3
B
S 2.1 3
A
S 2.1 B
S 2.1 C
0
S 2.2 A
S 2.2 B
6
S 2.2 C
S 2.3 6
A
S 2.3 B
S 2.3 C
6
W 0.1
W 1.1
W 1.2 6
W 2.1
W 2.2
0
9
9
0
9
9
0
9
9

Angle of
inclination
from the
horizontal
Degrees

0
0
0

90
90
90

Deviation from
north

Orientation

Width
m

m

North
North
North

0.914
0.914
0.914

1.219
1.219
1.524

Select glazing
90
90
the East
90 from90
East
90
90
East
90 WinType
90
East
worksheet South
180
90
180
90
South
Select:
180
90
South
180
South
Troesch 90
0.5/50
180
90
South
Troesch 90
0.5/50
180
South
180
90
South
Troesch 90
0.5/50
180
South

F A C T0.86 S O L A R
OR

Annual heating demand:

WI, La Crosse

0.914
0.914
0.914
0.914

Nr.

Height

Installed

Select:
N. Main wall a
N. Main wall a
N. Main wall a

Nr.

3
3
3
0
6
6
6
6
0
9
9
0
9
9
0
9
9
0
9
9
9
0
9
9
9
0
9
9
10
12
12
12
12
12

a
a
a
a

14

kWh/(m²a)

Window
U-Value

R A2.2 T I O N ,
DIA

Heat gains solar
radiation

kWh/a

Glazing
area

kWh/a

317
384
2318
643
0

94
262
3551
346
0

3662

4252

Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch

0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50

Nr.

m2

2.2
2.8
17.7
4.7
0.0

Heat gains solar
radiation

kWh/a

kWh/a

317
384
2318
643
0

137
352
692
355
544

0.86

Transmission
losses

kWh/(m2a)

0.86
0.85
0.88
0.84
0.00

41.68

94
262
3551
346
0
4252

27.4

Frame

1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
2
2
0
2
2
0
2
2
0
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

101.7

3662

W/(m2K)

0.86

Nr.

352
692
355
544

g-Value

g-Value

Select window
from the
WinType
worksheet
Select:
OPTIWIN - Einbau
OPTIWIN - Einbau
OPTIWIN - Einbau

Nr.

Perpendicular
Radiation

-

U-Value

W/(m2K)
2
0.50
Alu2Holz 0.52
2
0.50
Alu2Holz 0.52
2
0.50
Alu2Holz 0.52
0
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
0.52
0.50
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
6Alu2Holz FIX)
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
4
0.52
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz BREITER FLÜGEL
0.52
0.50
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
2
0.52
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52

Perpendicular
Radiation

OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN

27.4

Glazing

U-VALUE

Heating degree hours:

Average
global
radiation

3.62
4.46
26.03
7.57
0.00

Select glazing
from the
WinType
worksheet
Select:
Troesch 0.5/50
Troesch 0.5/50
Troesch 0.5/50

WINDOW
137

2.8
17.7
4.7
0.0

m2

Select window
1.219
from the
1.219
1.219
WinType
1.219
worksheet
2.248
2.248
Select:
2.248
2.248
OPTIWIN - Einbau
2.248
OPTIWIN - Einbau
2.248
1.321
OPTIWIN - Einbau
2.248
Main
Main
Main
Main

0.85
0.88
0.84
0.00
Window
area

Glazing

Frame

in Area in the
Areas worksheet

E.
E.
E.
E.

Transmission
losses

2
W/(mPassive House verification kWh/(m2a)
K)
m2

m2

0.52
0.52
0.64
0.52
0.00

Average
global
radiation

Glazing
area

U-Value

Frames
(centre)

W/(m2K)

Ψspacer
(centre)

0.035
0.035
0.035

0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035

Glazing

Ψ-Spacer

Left
1/0

Right
1/0

Bottom
1/0

Top
1/0

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
0
Frames
0
1
1
0
(centre)
1
1

1
1
1
1

Ψinstallation
left

Ψinstallation
right

Ψinstallation
bottom

Ψinstallation
top

W/(mK)

W/(mK)

0.95
0.95
0.95

Results
(unhide cells to make U- & Ψ-values from
WinType worksheet visible)

Installation

Ψ-Spacer

W/(mK)

W/(mK)

W/(mK)

1
Ψspacer
1
1
1
(centre)

Ψinstallation
Average value
W/(mK)

0.022
0.022
0.022

Left
1/0

0.023
Right
0.023
0.023
1/0
0.022

more gains than losses

180

90

South

180

90

South

180
South
Troesch 90
0.5/50
180
90
South
180
90
South
Troesch 90
0.5/50
180
South
180
90
South
Troesch 90
0.5/50
270
West
270
90
West
270
West
Troesch 90
0.5/50
270
90
West
270

90

West

Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60

0.965
0.965
0.965

0.965
1
0.965
1
0.965
0.965
1
0.965
0.965
0
0.965
0.965
1
0.965
0.965
1
0.965
0.965
1
0.914
1.219
1.829
1
0.914
0.914
0
2
2
0
2
2
0
2
2

S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a

0.927
1.321

S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a

2.248
OPTIWIN
0.927
1.321
OPTIWIN
2.248
0.927
OPTIWIN
1.219
2.096
0.914
OPTIWIN
1.219
1.219

-

OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN -

Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60

OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN -

-

2
Alu2Holz 0.52
2
Alu2Holz 0.52
2
Alu2Holz 0.52
0
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
0.52
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
0
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64

S. Main a
S. Main a
W. Foundation b
W. Main a
W. Main a
W. Main a
W. Main a
W. Main a

OPTIWIN OPTIWIN -

Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60

Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch

0.6/60
0.6/60
0.6/60
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50

OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN

-

2

W/(m K)
0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035

0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035

0.95
0.95
0.96

0.035
0.035
0.035

0.95
0.95
0.96

0.035
0.035
0.035

0.95
0.95
0.96
0.95
0.95
0.97
0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50

1
0

2

0
1

W/(m K)
1
0

1
1

0

1

1
1

1
0

0
1

1
1

1
0
1

0
1
0

0
1
1

1
0
1

0
1
0

0
1
1

1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1

0
1
0
1
1
1
1
1

0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95

1
1

m2

1.1
1.1
1.4

2.2
2.2

1
1
1

0.022
0.022

2.2
2.2

0.022
0.022

2.2
2.2

0.020
0.022
0.025

1.3
2.2
0.9

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

1
0
1
1

0
1
0
1

0.020
0.022
0.025

1.3
2.2
0.9

0.020
0.022
0.025
0.022
0.022
0.023
0.022
0.022

1.3
2.2
0.9
1.1
2.6
1.7
1.1
1.1

1
1
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
1

U-Value
Window

m2

W/(m2K)

0.67
0.67
0.87

0.67
Bottom
0.75
0.67
1/0
0.67

1
1
1

0.035
0.035
0.035

Glazing
Area

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1

0.022
0.022

W/(mK)
1
1

Window
Area

0.87
0.87
0.84
0.85
0.82
0.85
0.87

Glazed
Fraction
per
Window
%

60%
60%
63%
60%
Top
67%
60%
1/0
60%

1.46
1.46

0.87
0.87

68%
68%

1.46
1.46

0.87
0.87

68%
68%

1.46
1.46

0.87
0.87

68%
68%

0.79
1.61
0.58

0.89
0.85
0.92

62%
74%
65%

0.79
1.61
0.58

0.89
0.85
0.92

62%
74%
65%

0.79
1.61
0.58
0.67
1.55
1.20
0.67
0.67

0.89
0.85
0.92
0.87
0.81
0.81
0.87
0.87

62%
74%
65%
60%
61%
72%
60%
60%

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1
1
1
1

0.64
0.64

0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035

1
0

0
1

1
1

1
1

0.64
0.64

0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035

1
0

0
1

1
1

1
1

0.64
0.64

0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035

1
0

0
1

1
1

1
1

Frame-
t

High R-Value

Nonperpendicular incident
radiation

5
5
5
5
5

0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
North

Glazing
fraction

REDUCTION

maximum:

kWh/(m²a)

0.85

137
352
692
355
544

st
st
st
st

Shading

Dirt

Nonperpendicular incident
radiation

0.75

0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95

0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85
0.85

0.95

0.85

0.74
0.64
0.57
0.49
1.00

0.52
0.52
0.64
0.52
0.00
Glazing
fraction

g-Value

Reduction factor for
solar radiation

0.609
0.617
0.680
0.628
0.000

0.52
0.52
0.64
0.52
0.00

0.36
0.32
0.31
0.25
0.00

0.59

0.30

Installed

Degrees

m

m

0
0
0

90
90
90

North
North
North

0.914
0.914
0.914

1.219
1.219
1.524

Select:
N. Main wall a
N. Main wall a
N. Main wall a

90
90
90
90

90
90
90
90

East
East
East
East

0.914
0.914
0.914
0.914

1.219
1.219
1.219
1.219

E.
E.
E.
E.

S 1.1 A
S 1.1 B

180
180

90
90

South
South

0.965
0.965

2.248
2.248

S. Main a
S. Main a

S 1.2 B

180
180

S 1.3 A
S 1.3 B

Window rough
openings

1
1
1

N 1.1
N 2.1
N 2.2

1
1
1
1

E
E
E
E

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

Deviation from
north

1.1 A
1.1 B
2.1
2.2

Orientation

Width

Height

14

Glazing
area

Average
global
radiation

m2

kWh/(m2a)

0.86
0.85
0.88
0.84
0.00

2.2
2.8
17.7
4.7
0.0

137
352
692
355
544

0.86

27.4

Window
U-Value

Glazing
area

Average
global
radiation

W/(m2K)

m2

kWh/(m2a)

0.86
0.85
0.88
0.84
0.00

2.2
2.8
17.7
4.7
0.0

137
352
692
355
544

0.86

27.4

in Area in the
Areas worksheet

Installed
Main
Main
Main
Main

a
a
a
a

Nr.

3
3
3
0
6
6
6
6
0
9
9
0
9
9
0
9
9
0
9
9
9
0
9
9
9
0
9
9
10
12
12
12
12
12

3.62
4.46
26.03
7.57
0.00
41.68

Select glazing
from the
WinType
worksheet
Select:
Troesch 0.5/50
Troesch 0.5/50
Troesch 0.5/50
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch

Window
U-Value

0.30

0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50

Frame

Nr.

1
1
1
0
1
1
1
1
0
2
2
0
2
2
0
2
2
0
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
0
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
1

g-Value

Select window
from the
WinType
worksheet
Select:
OPTIWIN - Einbau
OPTIWIN - Einbau
OPTIWIN - Einbau

Nr.

3.62
4.46
26.03
7.57
0.00

Perpendicular
Radiation

W/(m2K)
2
0.50
Alu2Holz 0.52
2
0.50
Alu2Holz 0.52
2
0.50
Alu2Holz 0.52
0
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
0.52
0.50
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
6Alu2Holz FIX)
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN
0
2
0.64
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
0.64
0.64
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
4
0.52
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz BREITER FLÜGEL
0.52
0.50
(OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX)
2
0.52
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz
2
0.50
Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52

Heat gains solar
radiation

kWh/a

kWh/a

317
384
2318
643
0

94
262
3551
346
0

3662

4252

41.68

U-Value

Glazing

101.7

Transmission
losses

Frames
(centre)
W/(m2K)

Ψspacer
(centre)

Left
1/0

Right
1/0

Bottom
1/0

Top
1/0

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

1
1
1

0.035
0.035
0.035

-

0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95

0.035
0.035
0.035
0.035

1
0
1
1

0
1
0
1

1
1
1
1

1
1
1
1

Frame

Ψinstallation
left

Ψinstallation
right

Ψinstallation
bottom

Ψinstallation
top

W/(mK)

W/(mK)

0.95
0.95
0.95

Results
(unhide cells to make U- & Ψ-values from
WinType worksheet visible)

Installation

Ψ-Spacer

Glazing

OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN

U - V A LW/(m2K)
UE

Heating degree hours:

Window
area

Glazing

R A D I A T I O N ,2 W I N D O W
m

kWh/(m²a)

m2

Angle of
inclination
from the
horizontal
Degrees

Description

SOLAR

0.36
0.32
0.31
0.25
0.00

Annual heating demand:

Window rough
openings
Quantity

FACTOR

0.59

Total or Average Value for All Windows.

All Windows.

th
th
th

0.609
0.617
0.680
0.628
0.000

WI, La Crosse
Global radiation
(cardinal points)

East
South
West
Horizontal

Window
area

Passive House verification

Window area
orientation

5

ation

g-Value

Building: 24th Street Passive House #1

Climate:

Reduction factor for
solar radiation

W/(mK)

W/(mK)

W/(mK)

g-Value

Ψinstallation
Average value

Window
Area

W/(mK)

m2

0.022
0.022
0.022

Glazing
Area

U-Value
Window

m2

W/(m2K)

1.1
1.1
1.4

0.67
0.67
0.87

0.023
0.023
0.023
0.022

1.1
1.1
1.1
1.1

Height South
90
90

South

180
180

90
90

South
South

S 2.1 A
S 2.1 B
S 2.1 C

180
180
180

90
90
90

South
South
South

S 2.2 A
S 2.2 B
S 2.2 C

180
180
180

90
90
90

South
South
South

S
S
S
W
W
W
W
W

180
180
180
270
270
270
270
270

90
90
90
90
90
90
90
90

South
South
South
West
West
West
West
West

m

0.914
0.914
0.914
2.3 A
2.3 B
2.3 C
0.1
1.1
1.2
2.1
2.2

0.914
0.914
0.914
0.914

m

1.219
1.219
1.524

S. Main a
S. Main a

0.965
0.965

2.248
2.248

S. Main a
S. Main a

Select:
1.321
2.248
N. Main wall a
0.927
0.965
1.321
N. Main wall a
0.965
2.248
0.965
0.927
N. Main wall a
0.965
1.321
0.965
0.965
0.965

S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a
S. Main a

0.965
0.965
0.914
1.219
1.829
0.914
0.914

1.219
1.219
1.219
1.219

E.
E.
E.
E.

2.248
0.927
1.219
2.096
0.914
1.219
1.219

Main
Main
Main
Main

a
a
a
a

th
th

0.965
0.965

2.248
2.248

S. Main a
S. Main a

th
th

0.965
0.965

2.248
2.248

S. Main a
S. Main a

S. Main a
S. Main a
W. Foundation b
W. Main a
W. Main a
W. Main a
W. Main a
W. Main a

Nr.

Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60

3
3
3
0
6
6
6
6
0
9
9
0
9
9

Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch

0.6/60
0.6/60
0.6/60
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50

Select glazing
from the
WinType
worksheet
Select:
Troesch 0.5/50
Troesch 0.5/50
Troesch 0.5/50
OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN
OPTIWIN

-

Troesch
Troesch
Troesch
Troesch

0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50
0.5/50

Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60

Select window 1
0.035
1
0
1
Perpen0.035
1
1
from 0the 1
Nr. 0.95 0.035 1
Nr.
dicular
1
1
WinType 0
0.95
0.035
0
1
1
1
Radiation
worksheet
0.95
0.035
1
0
1
1
0.95
0.035
0
1
1
1
Select:
0.95
0.035
1
0
0
1
0.95
0.035
0
1
1
1
1 0.96 0.035 1 - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
2
OPTIWIN
0
1
0
0
0
1
1 0.95 0.035 1 - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
2
OPTIWIN0
0.95
0.035
1
1
1
0
1
0
1 0.96 0.035 1 - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
2
OPTIWIN1
0.95
0.035
0
0
1
1
1
1
0 0.95 0.035 0
0
0.96
0.035
1
0
1
0
0.95
0.035
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1 0.95 0.035 1 - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
2
OPTIWIN1
0.97
0.035
1
1
1
0.95
0.035
1
1
1
1
0.95
0.035
1 - (OPTIWIN1 Alu2Holz FIX)
1
1
1
6
0.52
OPTIWIN
1
2
OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
1
2
OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52
0
0
2
2
OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
2
OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0
0
2
2
OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
2
2
OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64
0.95
0.95

0.022
0.022

2.2
2.2

0.022

Glazed
Fraction
per
Window
%

0.87
0.87
0.84

60%
60%
63%

0.67
0.75
0.67
0.67

0.85
0.82
0.85
0.87

60%
67%
60%
60%

1.46
1.46

0.87

68%

2.2

0.87
68%
Frames
1.46
0.87
68%
(centre)
1.46
0.87
68%

2.2
2.2

1.46
1.46

0.87
0.87

0.022
0.025

2.2
0.9

0.79
1.61
0.58

0.020
0.022
0.025

1.3
2.2
0.9

0.79
1.61
0.58

0.020
0.022
0.025
0.022
0.022
0.023
0.022
0.022

1.3
2.2
0.9
1.1
2.6
1.7
1.1
1.1

0.79
1.61
0.58
0.67
1.55
1.20
0.67
0.67

U-Value

0.15 Btu/(h sf F) = 3 x better
Width
S 1.2 A

in Area in the
0.965
2.248
Areas worksheet
0.965
2.248

Troesch 0.6/60
Troesch 0.6/60

Frame-

Glazing2.2
0.022
0.022
0.022

2

W/(m K)1.3
0.020

0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50
0.50

2

68%
68%

W/(m K)
0.89
62%

0.95
0.95
0.95
0.85
0.92

74%
65%

0.89
0.85
0.92

62%
74%
65%

0.89
0.85
0.92
0.87
0.81
0.81
0.87
0.87

62%
74%
65%
60%
61%
72%
60%
60%

0.95
0.95
0.95
0.95

Ψ-S

Ψ
(ce

W

0.
0.
0.

0.
0.
0.
0.

0.64
0.64

0.95
0.95

0.
0.

0.64
0.64

0.95
0.95

0.
0.
The Mechanical Response
(a.k.a. the HVAC System)
PG 1

PG 2

Heat Load
W
=

PS + P I

Passive House verification

SPECIFIC

SPACE

HEATING

Building: 24th Street Passive House #1

East

South

West

°C

20

45

130

60

65

°C

20

35

80

30

45

6.2

°C

Building Element

2.
3.
4.

Temperature Zone

Exterior Wall - Ambient
Exterior Wall - Ground
Roof/Ceiling - Ambient
Floor slab / basement ceiling

5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.

or

3167

3446

W

14.3

W/m²

°C

W/m²

Ground Design Temp.

20

W/m²

-18.5

Interior
Temperature:

m²

866

Horizontal

-24.6

Weather Condition 2:

PL - P G

North

Weather Condition 1:

1.

241.3

Treated Floor Area ATFA:

Radiation:

or

LOAD

Building Type/Use: Single Family - Residencial

Climate (HL): WI, La Crosse

Design Temperature

1159

W

Windows
Exterior Door
Exterior TB (length/m)
Perimeter TB (length/m)
Ground TB (length/m)
House/DU Partition Wall

A
B
A
B
A
A
X
A
A
A
P
B
I

Transmission Heat Losses PT

Area

U-Value

m²

W/(m²K)

=

231.8
118.4
108.7
105.2

0.087
0.148
0.068
0.146

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

55.1

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

K

0.864
0.800
-0.001
-0.050

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
0.75
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

TempDiff 2

PT 1

K

TempDiff 1

W

44.6
13.8
44.6
13.8
44.6
44.6
44.6
44.6
44.6
44.6
13.8
13.8
3.0

3446
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or

38.5
13.8
38.5
13.8
38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
38.5
13.8
13.8
3.0

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

Total

41.7
2.5
88.0

=

Factor
Always 1
(except "X")

=

PT 2
W

897
242
328
212

1606
89
-4
-38

or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or
or

–––––––––––––-

ATFA
m²

Clear Room Height
m

3332

774
242
283
212

1386
77
-4
-38

–––––––––––-

or

2933

6.42 kBtu/h = 90% less

Ventilation System:

241.3

Effective Air Volume, VV

*

2.50

m³

=

603

ηSHX

Efficiency of Heat Recovery

ηHR

87%

0%

Heat Recovery Efficiency SHX

1

0%

Efficiency SHX

ηSHX

2

or

0%

or

0.143

of the Heat Exchanger

nV,Res (Heating Load)
1/h

0.105

Energetically Effective Air Exchange nV

nV,system
1/h

+

0.300

ΦHR

ΦHR

1/h

*(1-

0.87

or

0.87

0.143

)=

1/h

Ventilation Heating Load PV

VL
m³

nL
1/h

603.2

*

0.143

nL
1/h

or

0.143

cAir
Wh/(m³K)

*

0.33

TempDiff 1
K

*

44.6

PV 1

TempDiff 2
K

or

PV 2

W

38.5

=

1273

W

or

PL 1

Total Heating Load PL

PL 2

W

=

PT + P V

=

Orientation
the Area

Area
m²

North
East
South
West
5. Horizontal

g-Value

Reduction Factor

(perp. radiation)

3.6
4.5
26.0
7.6
0.0

Radiation 1
W/m²

(see Windows worksheet)

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

0.4
0.3
0.3
0.2
0.4

*
*
*
*
*

20
45
130
60
65

W

or

PS 1

Radiation 2
W/m²

4032

or
or
or
or

PS 2

W

W

or

Solar heating power PS

20
35
80
30
45

=
=
=
=
=

14
33
667
58
0

or
or
or
or
or

14
26
411
29
0

Total

1.
2.
3.
4.

0.5
0.5
0.6
0.5
0.0

4605

1099

=

773

or

480

Spec. Power

ATFA

PI 1

W/m²

Internal heating power PI

m²

W

1.6

*

241

=

°C

Heating power (gains) PG

386

PI 2
W

or

PG 1

386
PG 2

W

ϑSupply,Min

1159

or

866

=

3446

or

3167

=

3446

W

=

14.3

W/m²

14.3

Specific Heating Load PH / ATFA
Input Max. Supply Air Temperature
Max. Supply Air Temperature ϑSupply,Max

=

PL - P G

Heating Load PH

52

°C
°C

°C
Supply Air Temperature Without Heating

For Comparison: Heating Load Transportable by Supply Air. PSupply Air,Max

°C

W

PS + P I

14.3

ϑSupply,Min
=

2254

W

specific:

15.1

°C

15.1
9.3

W/m²

(Yes/No)

Supply Air Heating Sufficient?

=

2254

W

specific:

No

9.3

W/m²
Active Heating Throughout The Year

Sum Spec. Gains Solar + Internal

Spec. Heating Demand

Sum Spec. Losses

Specific losses, gains,
heating demand [kWh/(m² month)]

10

8

6

4

2

0

-2

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec
Heating Energy Balance
Data for heating balance diagram

50

Losses
Heating -energy balanceGains
Exterior Wall Ambient
8.477661182
Exterior Wall - Ground
Roof/Ceiling - Ambient
Floor slab / basement ceiling

3.890973895
3.100597073
3.412083414

45

1.5

40

Heat flows [kWh/(m²a)]

35
30
25

Windows
Exterior Door
Thermal Bridge Heat Loss
not useful heat gains

15.17926345
0.843067521

0.8
Ventilation

6.748846381

Annual Heating Demand
internal gains
passive solar gains
Thermal bridge credit
Cross check sum

14.30903653
10.58466313
17.62495234
0.651737751
43.17038975 43.17038975

6.7

15.2

1.517896835

17.6

passive solar gains
internal gains
Annual Heating Demand
Thermal bridge credit
not useful heat gains
Ventilation
Exterior Door

20

0.0

10.6

Windows

3.4
15

3.1
Floor slab / basement ceiling

10

3.9

Roof/Ceiling - Ambient

14.3
5
0

Exterior Wall - Ground
Exterior Wall - Ambient

8.5

Thermal Bridge Heat Loss

0.0

0.7

Losses

Gains

Biggest losers: Windows and exterior walls.
Biggest winners: Passive solar and internal heat gains.
The Cooling System

6.5 kBtu/h = 0.54 tons
Specific losses, loads,
useful cooling demand [kWh/(m²
month)]

Active Cooling Throughout The Year

Sum Spec. Heat Losses

18

Spec. Cooling Demand

Sum Spec. Loads Solar + Internal

16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec
Heating, Cooling and Dehumidification

Slim Duct heat pump and electric resistance backup
The Ventilation System
Ventilation System

Heat-recovery ventilator with home-run distribution system
The Hot Water System
Energy Balance
Energy Balance (5 occupants)
Energy

kWh/yr

Heating, solar heat gains

5,010

Heating, internal heat gains

2,372

WI home (average) = 30,500 kWh
MN home (average) = 33,500 kWh
Heating with heat pump

1,010

Heating with electric resistance

841

Domestic Hot Water (electric)

608

Domestic Hot Water (solar)

2863

Plugloads

7,250

Auxiliary energy

1,203

Cooling
Total Energy Demand

338
11,250
(2 occupants: 7,500)
24th St Passive House # 1
La Crosse, WI

Renewable Energy Worksheet

House roof area available for PV

980.0 SF

Garage roof area available for PV

400 SF

Total roof area available for PV

Consumer

1,380 SF

Demand

Total

[kWh/a]

House (PHPP)
Occupant 1 estimate
Occupant 2 estimate
Occupant 3 estimate
Occupant 4 estimate
Occupant 5 estimate

Vehicle

[kWh/a]

4,000
2,000
1,500
1,250
1,250
1,250

1

4,000
6,000
7,500
8,750
10,000
11,250

Intensity

CO2

[W/capita]

[t/a]

685
428
333
285
257

3.108
4.662
5.828
6.799
7.770
8.741

Intensity

Net-zero with PV2
(kWp)

(SF)

(kWp)

(SF)

(kWp)

(SF)

4.662
2.914
2.266
1.943
1.748

3.2
4.8
6.0
7.0
8.0
9.0

217
325
407
475
542
610

6.4
8.0
9.2
10.2
11.2
12.2

434
542
624
692
759
827

8.0
9.6
10.8
11.8
12.8
13.8

542
651
732
800
868
936

Net-zero with PV

Photovoltaic yield

[t/a]

(kWp)

(SF)

4,000

3.108

3.2

217

6,000

2,000

1.554

1.6

108

3.0 miles/kWh

4

Photovoltaic array

[kWh/a]

12,000

Vehicle efficiency 3

CO2

[miles/a]
Second

+ 2 vehicles

[t/capita]

Distance Energy Use

Main

+ 1 vehicle

1,250 kWh/a/kWp

4

14.75 Wp/SF
5

CO2 (Wisconsin electricity)

0.7770 kg/ kWh

1

Energy demand estimate without household electricity

2

Site energy

3

Based on typical electric vehicles available in 2013

4

Typical monocrystalline photovoltaic cells with a nominal efficiency of 19%

5

US EPA April 2007 - Average Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rate (pounds per kWh produced)

t = metric tons

© 2013 Intep - Integrated Planning LLC

10/15/13

1 of 1
Net-Zero Performance
A 10kWp roof-mounted system is modeled to
provide net zero performance for:
Household of 3 plus 1 electric vehicle
or
Household of 6
or
Household of 2 plus 2 electric vehicles
Passive House Verification
Verification Page
Photo or Drawing

Building: 24th Street Passive House #1
Street: 749 24th St. North
Postcode/City: La Crosse, WI 54601
Country: USA
Building Type: Single Family - Residencial
Climate: WI, La Crosse
Home Owner(s) / Client(s): Western Technical Collage
Street: 400 7th St. North
Postcode/City: La Crosse, WI 54602
Architect: Integrated Planning LLC
Street: 212 2nd St. SE, Suite 222
Postcode/City: Minneapolis, MN 55414
Mechanical System: Integrated Planning LLC
Street: 212 2nd St. SE, Suite 222
Postcode/City: Minneapolis, MN 55414
Year of Construction:
Number of Dwelling Units:
Enclosed Volume Ve:
Number of Occupants:

2013
1
1010.6

20.0
2.1

Interior Temperature:
Internal Heat Gains:

use: Monthly method

Treated floor area
Space heating

Annual heating demand
Heating load
Overall specific space cooling demand
Cooling load

241.3

DHW, space heating and auxiliary electricity
Specific primary energy reduction through solar electricity
Airtightness

Pressurization test result n50

Requirements

²

m

14
14

kWh/(m a)

4
8

kWh/(m2a)

Frequency of overheating (> 25 °C)
Space heating and
cooling,
dehumidification, DHW,
household electricity.
Auxiliary Electricity and

Primary Energy

W/m2

5.0

Specific building demands with reference to the treated floor area

Space cooling

°C

76
36
3

0.6

2

W/m

W/m
%

15 kWh/(m²a)
10 W/m²

2

18 kWh/(m²a)

Fulfilled?*

yes
yes

-

kWh/(m2a)

-

-

2

-

120 kWh/(m²a)

yes

2

-

-

2

-

-

kWh/(m a)
kWh/(m a)
1/h

0.6 1/h

yes

EnerPHit (retrofit): according to component quality

0.08
0.15

W/(m²K)

-

-

W/(m²K)

-

-

Interior insulation to ambient air

W/(m²K)

-

-

Interior insulation underground

W/(m²K)

-

-

W/(m²K)

-

-

W/(m²K)

-

-

W/(m²K)

-

-

%

* empty field: data missing; '-': no requirement

Building envelope

Exterior insulation to ambient air

average U-Values

Exterior insulation underground

Thermal bridges ΔU
Windows
External doors
Ventilation System

Passive House?

Effective heat recovery efficiency

0.00
0.86
0.80
87

yes
Construction
Excavation and Site Preparation
Perimeter Drain and Passive Radon Vent
Below-Grade Systems
Wastelines
Sump Basket
Below-Grade Insulation
Airsealing the Slab
Slab Preparation
Slab Pour
Basement Walls
Resources
passipedia.org
!

passivehouse-international.org
!

passivehouse.us
!

passiv.de
!

phaus.org
!

phamsp.org
!

westerntc.edu/swipht
Credits
Construction Images
Jon Danielson, Fowler and Hammer
Joshua VandeBerg, Western TC

!
BioHaus
Cal Rice

!
Passive House In The Woods
Chad Holder

!
Kranichstein
Nvirohaus

!
Misc. Passive Houses
Misc. (Google Search)
Manfred Brausem

!
Other
Intep - Integrated Planning and TE Studio

!
This presentation © Intep - Integrated Planning LLC 2013
Thank You!

intep.us | intep.com

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24th Street Passive House Projects

  • 2. Passive House | Passivhaus ! TM ! “A rigorous, voluntary building energy standard focusing on highest energy efficiency and quality of life at low operating cost.” ! ! ! The Passive House Standard is the most rigorous building energy standard in the world. Consultants, projects or building components that have obtained the right to carry the logo have committed themselves to design excellence and the Passive House energy performance criteria.
  • 7. Life Cycle Cost Baseline Passive House Construction $$$$ $$$$$ Operation $$$$ $$ Maintenance $$$$ $$ Total Cost $$$$ $$$
  • 8. Passive House • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Best certified and third party verified voluntary building standard in the industry Caps for heating and source energy, and airtightness Energy modeled, predictable performance 90% less heating demand than standard up to 75% or more overall energy savings than standard, energy independence Smallest carbon footprint in the industry Incredible comfort and health True value for owners and society Smart use of our resources like building materials and utilities Best insulation from an uncertain energy future 2 decades of proven performance Thousands of built projects all over the world Commercial and residential, new and retrofit Short ROI, incredible lifecycle savings potential Best starting point for net-zero energy and carbon-neutrality with smallest renewable systems Global solution Life cycle approach for sustainable real estate
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12.
  • 14. 24 St. Passive House Project th
  • 15. From greenhouse to green houses.
  • 16.
  • 17. TM
  • 19. Duty Book Western Wisconsin Technical College 24th Street Passive House Projects La Crosse, WI Wednesday, December 19, 2012
  • 20. Project Program High Performance Building Envelope Proposed Goal Component Proposed Goal Component Square Feet Kitchen! R-Value* Floor to unheated space! 130! Dining & living room! 280 – 430! ≥ R-40! Wall above ground! Wall below ground! Circulation and entry! ≥ R-55! ≥ R-40! 220! 1 1/2 – 2 bathrooms! 170! Windows & doors including frames! SHGC value! 2 – 4 bedrooms! UWIN ≤ 0.14! ! 630 – 780! Storage & mechanical! ≥ 0.5! 120! Total Building 1600 Options ! Roof – flat, attic, or vaulted! ≥ R-80! * Actual R-values and performance specifications pending per energy model calculation. The information is provided for reference only and not meant for design and construction. ! Full basement! 800! Garage; 1 or 2-car! 290-580! Air Tightness ! ! Energy Demands Pressurization Test Results ! Specific Annual Demand kBtu/(sf yr) ACH50 Heating and cooling! ≤ 4.750! Required maximum! ≤ 0.6! Recommended maximum! ≤ 0.4! Source energy! ≤ 38.000!
  • 21. DHW approx. 1kW [3.4 kBTU/h] WESTERN PASSIVE HOUSE Solar thermal with electric resistance backup Heating approx. 3kW [10.2 kBTU/h] Ductless air-to-air heat pump with electric resistance backup Cooling approx. 2kW [6.8 kBTU/h] Ductless air-to-air heat pump Ventilation 150 m^3/ h [88 CFM] HRV with home-run ducts !
  • 22. Integrated Design and Eduction Process
  • 23. DESIGN PROCESS DESIGNER OF RECORD INTERACTION OPPORTUNITIES Predesign Site design (passive solar requirements) Schematic design Building design alternates Design development Systems and component analysis and comparison Construction Documents Drafting Project manual Budget, timeline, assistance during bidding Site Administration Site observation and report Performance testing and commissioning Documentation As-builts Certification Monitoring Performance report Post occupancy work
  • 24. CONSTRUCTION PROCESS CONSTRUCTION-RELATED OPPORTUNITIES OBSERVATION-RELATED OPPORTUNITIES Continuously insulated below-grade assemblies Rough construction Installation of high-performance windows Protrusions and air-sealing Rough-in blower door test Air-sealing Double-stud wall construction Insulation Infrared testing Insulation Installation of exterior shading devices MEP system rough-in MEP system commissioning Finishes and fixtures Final blower door test Occupancy Monitoring Analysis and lessons learned
  • 25. 2012 2013 Fall Spr Sum Fall House 1 Design Construction Documents Site Preperation/Foundation Main Structure and Envelope Finishes Move-In House 2 Design Construction Documents Site Preperation/Foundation Main Structure and Envelope Finishes Move-In House 3 Design Construction Documents Site Preperation/Foundation Main Structure and Envelope Finishes Move-In House 4 Design Construction Documents Site Preperation/Foundation Main Structure and Envelope Finishes Move-In 2014 Spr Sum Fall 2015 Spr Sum Fall 2016 Spr Sum Fall 2017 Spr Sum Fall X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X !
  • 26. Site
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32.
  • 33.
  • 34. N ST ST 00 ST SN ST OH ST OH SN 56 House Ridge = 20' 670.99 669.88 669.55 ST OH ST 669.37 669.11 W OH = 5.5' Shed Shed Grass x x x x x x x x x 671.98 671.28 671.00 x x OH OH OH OH OH 670.59 OH OH OH OH OH OH OH OH OH OH OH 670.36 OH OH OH OH OH OH OH 670.65 669.60 N 89°21'52" E Grass Shed 670.34 670.63 58 W ST SN 50.00' 670.00 50.00' ST 670.63 670.47 670.82 669.47 ST 670.04 ST OH ST OH 50 669.76 670.49 669.54 669.27 669.25 OH ST W SN OH ST N 89°21'51" E 670.04 670. (125') 124.97' W ST SN OH 59 Topography Grass OH Deciduous 6" Dia. 20' Ht. 16' Can. 670.37 670.68 W SN OH ST Sidewalk access! 670.02 Wood Frame Planting Area Deciduous 6" Dia. 20' Ht. 16' Can. W 124.96' (125') 670.97 ST 669.06 670.04 OH S 01°35'48" E ST OH OH ST Grass W SN 50.00' 50.00' ST ST OH W ST SN OH 60 ST OH Grass 124.98' (125') W ST OH 200.00' SN 200.00' ST OH N 89°21'51" E ST W ST SN OH ST OH ST ST SN OH OH ST 66 ST S 89°21'51" W ST OH 668.97 ST OH 669.41 669.44 670.00 Heights = 7' OH ST 670.28 W Deciduous 8" Dia. 20' Ht. 15' Can. Grass 669.96 Detail 669.29 668.91 669.95 669.94 Shed ST SN OH 669.30 ST OH ST Grass OH ST Garage Hgt = 13' 62 House Ridge = 26' W ST SN OH Deciduous 20" Dia. 30' Ht. 20' Can. Deciduous 20" Dia. 30' Ht. 20' Can. W SN OH O 668.36 (125') 124.99' Wood Fence Shed 50 W SN 668.82 9. W Existing conditions ST OH 668.54 W 50.00' OH ST 50.00' SN OH 61 669.00 OH Deciduous 8" Dia. 20' Ht. 15' Can. Grass OH 669.00 W ST OH Greenhouse Deciduous 8" Dia. 20' Ht. 15' Can. 24th STREET ST SN OH Concrete Sidewalk OH ST OH Concrete Sidewalk OH 669.38 670.13 W OH 50 Asphalt Bituminous OH 0. Concrete Sidewalk 670.46 OH 67 W 670.00 W x SN OH 50 Deciduous 6" Dia. 20' Ht. 16' Can. x ST N 01°35'17" W ST OH Garage Hgt = 14' OH 50.00' ST SN OH Deciduous 14" Dia. 30' Ht. 15' Can. 50 ST OH 78 670.26 OH OH Garage Hgt = 14' Overhead line! 0. ST OH 9. OH Existing electrical lines 670.64 669.66 66 Hgt = 16' Cedar 16" Dia. 30' Ht. 25' Can. 57 671.00 67 SN OH Garage x 670.84 ST OH Garage Hgt = 16' 669.49 669.08 x 671.11 50.00' ST OH OH 669.58 671.06 670.41 ST SN OH OH x 671.49 671.50 ST OH Shed Hgt = 8' 670.21 x 670.95 ST OH Hgt = 13' x x x 671.23 SN OH Garage 124.96' x x 670.60 ST OH x x x Deciduous 14" Dia. 40' Ht. 30' Can. W ST OH (125') N 89°21'52" E x x x x x Deciduous 6" Dia. 30' Ht. 15' Can. x x Grass 669.82 669.54 669.27 Cedar 12" Dia. 40' Ht. 20' Can. Grass Heights ST SN OH Access Private/ public areas Utilities Obstructions to views and sun Zoning requirements Best practice management’ Natural features Wild life Stormwater Erosion OH • • • • • • • • • • 669. OH Site Analysis Primary Building Setbacks: Front = 21.5' Side = 6.0' Rear = 25.0' Deciduous 20" Dia.
  • 36. Covers over 50% of the heat demand.
  • 37. Solar Heat Gains December 21: 10:00 AM Modestly shaded December 21: Noon Modestly shaded December 21: 2:30 PM Modestly shaded
  • 38. Land Use Plan A: Drainage and grading B: Rain gardens C: Front yard D: Entry E: Shade trees F: Side yard G: Rear yard H: Storage I : Screening north J: Screening south K: Apron K G D Garage E H B A I B A House #1 D C A B F E J Garage House #2
  • 40. Site Interaction/ Lot Independence
  • 44. Vertical Elements 0 2' Simple Vertical Elements 4' 8' N
  • 46. Scheme DA DRAIN AREA & ARBORVITAE SCREEN 36'-0" 5'-11" 6" 16'-1 1/2" 6'-7 1/2" 5'-10" RAIN GARDEN STAIR A: 66 sq ft H: 8'-0" 10 14 11 10 9 HALL A: 61 sq ft H: 8'-0" LIV-DIN CLO GUEST A: 3 sq ft 4 1/2" CLO A: 9 sq ft A: 375 sq ft H: 8'-0" 6 1/2" 15 8 x 7" = 4'-8" 12 DN 13 14 CD 11 12 13 A: 59 sq ft H: 8'-0" 28'-0" MUD/ LAUNDRY A: 53 sq ft H: 8'-0" 15 10'-0" 9 8 x 7" = 4'-8" A: 154 sq ft H: 8'-0" CW 3/4 BATH DN KITCHEN 5'-9 1/2" DW REF 10'-3" QUEEN GUEST/ DEN A: 132 sq ft H: 8'-0" 22'-2" 4 1/2" 12'-5" DECK First Floor: Living Suite - Vertical Space HEDGE/ FRUIT SHRUBS
  • 48. Scheme DA 36'-0" 6'-5 1/2" 16'-1" 6'-6 1/2" 5'-10 1/2" DN 9 14 12 11 14 10 15 8 x 7" = 4'-8" 13 A: 74 sq ft H: 8'-0" 9 DN 11 12 13 HALL BATH 15 10 A: 56 sq ft H: 8'-0" 13'-11 1/2" M BATH 8 x 7" = 4'-8" 6'-9" OPEN TO BELOW 28'-0" A: 126 sq ft H: 8'-0" 4 1/2" CLO 3 20'-3" A: 3 sq ft CLO 2 A: 10 sq ft TWIN 12'-7 1/2" TWIN KING M BEDROOM BEDROOM 1 A: 168 sq ft H: 8'-0" A: 129 sq ft H: 8'-0" 11'-6 1/2" 4 1/2" 12'-11 1/2" BEDROOM 2 CLO 1 A: 10 sq ft A: 128 sq ft H: 8'-0" 10'-1" Second Floor: 2 Bedrooms - 1 Bath - Master Suite - Balcony
  • 49. Scheme DA Second Floor: 2 Bedrooms - 1 Bath - Master Suite
  • 52. Siteplan 12" DIA., 40' HT, 20' CAN. 14" DIA., 40' HT., 30' CAN. 24'-3 1/2" TO FRONT OF FACADE SIDE SETBACK EXTENSION & SWALE SIDE SETBACK 675 GSF 7 DN COVERED STOOP 6 ORNAMENTAL TREE -1" = 672.17 6" DIA., 20' HT., 16' CAN. UP GARAGE BUILDING ORIGIN RAINGARDEN 70 SF X 5" EXTENSION & SWALE 8 x 7" = 4'-7 3/4" 7" = 4'-7 3/4" 8x DN RAINGARDEN 120 SF X 5" -1" = 672.17 COMPOST -8" = 671.58 CLOTHES LINE 8 x 7" = 4'-7 3/4" APRON GRAVEL BED & EDGING 6'-0" 6" DIA., 30' HT., 15' CAN. BUILDING ORIGIN FINISHED FLOOR = 0" = 672.25' COVERED STOOP WINDOW WELL HOME GARDEN EXTENSION & SWALE -8" = 671.58 1,185 GSF PROVIDE STONE SLAB BRIDGE AT SWALE FRUIT TREE PROVIDE STONE SLAB BRIDGE AT SWALE FRUIT TREE EXTENSION & SWALE PROVIDE STONE SLAB BRIDGE AT EN RD SWALE GA X 5" IN RA 0 SF 7 DECK 320 SF SHADE TREE FRUIT TREE FRUIT TREE SIDE SETBACK HEDGE 6'-0" STORAGE GRASS PAVER RAINGARDEN 120 SF X 5" FRONT SETBACK CHIMNEY SWIFT EXTENSION & SWALE SHADE TREE 6" DIA., 20' HT., 16' CAN.
  • 53. First Floor STR 1 A: 67.68 sq ft 6 MUDROOM 8 QUEEN 8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8" 3 4 5 6 5 7 3/4 BATH A: 69.54 sq ft H: 7'-4" 4 3 2 1 REF DN 7 6 8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8" 5 7 8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8" 2 UP W 1 CD I-2.1 I-2.1 DN A: 79.70 sq ft H: 8'-0 3/4" 4 CLO A: 8.92 sq ft KI-DIN-LIV I-2.1 1 3 I-2.1 DW 2 RANGE A: 533.28 sq ft H: 8'-0 3/4" DECK GUEST/TV A: 129.08 sq ft H: 8'-0 3/4"
  • 54. Second Floor 9 I-2.1 10 DN 12 M CLO A: 121.72 sq ft H: 8'-1 5/8" 1 7 2 FULL BATH 8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8" A: 78.53 sq ft H: 8'-1 5/8" I-2.1 6 3 5 4 8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8" 11 4 5 3 6 M BATH 2 7 A: 83.12 sq ft H: 7'-4" CLO 3 A: 4.94 sq ft DN 1 13 HALL I-2.1 A: 85.22 sq ft H: 7'-4" TWIN TWIN CLO 1 A: 7.94 sq ft CLO 2 A: 7.94 sq ft KING BR 1 A: 120.81 sq ft H: 8'-1 5/8" BR 2 A: 119.71 sq ft H: 8'-1 5/8" M BR A: 167.09 sq ft H: 8'-1 5/8"
  • 55. Basement 7 6 5 3 FUTURE STORAGE CLOSET 2 FUTURE ME ROOM FUTURE STORAGE ROOM 1 UP FUTURE BATH (LAYOUT SHOWN FOR ROUGH-IN ONLY) 8 x 7" = 4'-7 7/8" 4 FUTURE GUEST ROOM FUTURE MULTI-PURPOSE ROOM BSMT A: 865.07 sq ft H: 8'-0"
  • 57. 24" 24" 24" Assemblies 19 5/8" Double-Stud Wall ! 19 5/8" i-Joist Wall ! 19 3/8" Studwall with i-Joists
  • 58. Energy Model Feedback 2% 24% 44% 11% 9% 10% Walls a/g Walls b/g Roof Slab Windows Doors
  • 62. Value Engineering Space SF Kitchen 130 Dining and Living 280-430 Circulation and Entry 220 1.5 - 2 Baths 170 2 - 4 Bedrooms Storage and Mechanical Total Building 120 1600-1800 $ SF Kitchen 130 Dining and Living 280-430 Circulation and Entry 220 1.5 - 2 Baths 170 2 - 4 Bedrooms 630-780 Storage and Mechanical 120 Total Building 1600-1800 14" 24" 24" 12" 630-780 Space 19 3/8" 21 3/8"
  • 64. This is where we are building!
  • 65. CAD Model & PHPP Energy Model Take-offs > Entries > Results > Design Adjustments
  • 66. Building Envelope (Cold Climate) Conventional Building Passive House Building Prescriptive: R-19 Cavity, only Energy Model: Meet heat load requirement Continuous R-value
  • 67. U-Values (R-values) Passive House verification U-VALUES OF BUILDING ELEMENTS Wedge shaped building element layers and still air spaces -> Secondary calculation to the right Building: 24th Street Passive House #1 Assembly No. Building assembly description 1 Interior insulation? I Joist Wall A Heat transfer resistance [m²K/W] interior Rsi : exterior Rse : Area section 1 λ [W/(mK)] 1. 5/8" Drywall 2. 5 1/2" cellulose 0.039 Area section 3 (optional) λ [W/(mK)] Thickness [mm] 0.130 5. 3" dp cellulose 6. 1/2" Fiberboard λ [W/(mK)] 0.158 3. 3/4" OSB (A.T & V.R) 4. 11" dp cellulose Area section 2 (optional) 0.13 0.13 0.039 16 2x6 @ 24" o.c. 0.113 140 19 0.039 Web 2X4 @ 24" O.C. 0.260 279 0.113 76 0.055 19 7. 8. Percentage of Sec. 2 Percentage of Sec. 3 15.0% 2.5% U-Value: 0.082 W/(m²K) Total 54.9 cm
  • 68. Insulation Levels (Cold Climate) Conventional Building Prescriptive: R-19 Cavity, only Passive House Building Energy Model: R-55 to 65 Continuous R-value
  • 70. Typical Assemblies TRUSS PER MANF. CONTINUOUS SNOW RETENTION, SIZE AND PLACE PER MANF. LOAD-BEARING LINE VENT & VENT CHUTE BLOCKING CAULK SHEATHING TO TOP PLATE VENTED SOFFIT 2X6 RAFTER TAIL Passive House verification 2X6 SUB-FASCIA FASCIA AREAS DROPPED CEILING, SERVICE CAVITY TAPE SHEATHING TO TOP PLATE Building: 24th Street Passive House #1 5/4X4 TRIM Heating demand 14 DETERMINATION kWh/(m²a) Summary Group Nr. Area group Temp. zone Unit Comments m² m² m² m² m² m² m² m² m² m² m² m² m² m² Living area or useful area within the thermal envelope X 241.28 3.62 4.46 26.03 7.57 0.00 2.50 231.77 118.41 108.70 105.20 0.00 0.00 0.00 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Treated Floor Area North Windows East Windows South Windows West Windows Horizontal Windows Exterior Door Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ground Roof/Ceiling - Ambient Floor slab / basement ceiling 15 16 17 Thermal Bridges Ambient Perimeter Thermal Bridges Thermal Bridges Floor Slab A P B 88.03 0.00 55.06 m m m Units in m Units in m; temperature zone "P" is perimeter (see Ground worksheet). Units in m Thermal Bridges Ambient Perimeter Thermal Bridges Thermal Bridges Floor Slab 18 Partition Wall to Neighbour I 0.00 m² No heat losses, only considered for the heating load calculation. Partition Wall to Neighbour 608.25 m² A A A A A A A B A B BALLOON-FRAME I-JOIST FROM BOTTOM TO TOP OF WALL Total thermal envelope Area Nr. CAPILLARY BREAK 1 1/4" X 11 7/8" LSL RIM RECESS INTO CONCRETE W/ 2-ROWS 1/2"X4" SIMPSON TITEN SCREWS @ 32"O.C. TO CONCRETE WALL CAULK SHEATHING TO BOTTOM PLATE SET I-JOIST O.T.O. FOUNDATION WALL PEEL AND STICK WRB BETWEEN LSL AND CONCRETE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 BUG SCREEN ANGLE CUT STUCCO AT PLYWOOD 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD CAULK BOTTOM PLATE TO CONCRETE MIN. 1'-0" WIDE GRAVEL BED SLOPED GRADE TRUSS-HANGER PER TRUSS MANUFACTURER 1 1/2" CLEAR 1 1/2" COVER VERTICAL WALL REBAR HOOKED TO BOTTOM OF SLAB FTG., SEE PLAN S.1.01 5" 10" 5" #4 REBAR @ 16" O.C. HOOKED TO BOTTOM OF SLAB FTG. & EXTEND 10'-0" INTO ROOM. THEN 32" O.C. (ALL 4-WALLS) PASSIVE RADON PERIMETER VENT & DRAIN, ROUTE TO SUMP AND STACK IN BASEMENT SAND FILL 24" UNDISTURBED SOIL 6" WELL COMPACTED SAND BASE Building element description Treated Floor Area North Windows East Windows South Windows West Windows Horizontal Windows Exterior Door N. Foundtation wall b N. Foundation wall a N. Main wall a E: Foundation b E: Foundation a E. Main a S. Foundation b S. Foundation a S. Main a W. Foundation b W. Foundation a W. Main a ceiling basement slab Group Nr. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 9 8 8 9 8 8 9 8 8 9 8 8 10 11 Assigned to group Treated Floor Area North Windows East Windows South Windows West Windows Horizontal Windows Exterior Door Exterior Wall - Ground Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ground Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ground Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ground Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ambient Roof/Ceiling - Ambient Floor slab / basement ceiling Please subtract area of door from respective building element Window areas are subtracted from the individual areas specified in the "Windows" worksheet. Temperature Zone "A" is ambient air. Temperature zone "B" is the ground. Temperature zones "A", "B","P" and "X" may be used. NOT "I" Temperature zones "A", "B","P" and "X" may be used. NOT "I" Temperature zone "X": Please provide user-defined reduction factor ( 0 < f < 1): 0.800 0.087 0.148 0.068 0.146 Factor for X 75% t Ψ [W/(mK)] Thermal Bridge Overview -0.001 -0.050 Average Therm. Envelope 0.157 Area input Quantity x( 1 x( a [m] x x b [m] + User-Determined [m²] + - User Subtraction [m²] - Subtraction window areas [m²] - )= )= Please complete in Windows worksheet only! 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.861 0.848 0.876 0.835 North Windows East Windows South Windows West Windows Horizontal Windows Exterior Door Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ground Roof/Ceiling - Ambient Floor slab / basement ceiling Results are from the Windows worksheet. R-36 average 1 1/4" X 11 7/8 LSL RIM Average UValue [W/(m²K)] Building element overview Area x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x( x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + + 2.50 37.43 2.02 75.80 24.60 3.15 53.50 33.94 5.90 75.75 23.33 4.48 54.54 108.70 105.20 - 2.59 ))))))))))))))))- 0.0 0.0 3.6 0.0 0.0 4.5 0.0 0.0 25.1 0.9 0.0 7.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = Area [m²] 0.0 3.6 4.5 26.0 7.6 0.0 2.5 37.4 2.0 72.2 24.6 3.2 46.5 33.9 5.9 50.6 22.4 4.5 47.0 108.7 105.2 Selection of the corresponding building element assembly From Windows sheet From Windows sheet From Windows sheet From Windows sheet From Windows sheet U-Value Exterior Door Concrete Foundation Concrete Foundation I Joist Wall A Concrete Foundation Concrete Foundation I Joist Wall A Concrete Foundation Concrete Foundation I Joist Wall A Concrete Foundation Concrete Foundation I Joist Wall A Trussed Roof (cold) Slab Nr. U-Value [W/(m²K)] 0.861 0.848 0.876 0.835 0.000 0.80 Wall B 2 Wall B 2 1 Wall B 2 Wall B 2 1 Wall B 2 Wall B 2 1 Wall B 2 Wall B 2 1 3 4 0 0.148 0.148 0.082 0.148 0.148 0.082 0.148 0.148 0.082 0.148 0.148 0.082 0.068 0.146
  • 71. Slab and Stemwall R-39 1 1/2" CLEAR 1 1/2" COVER VERTICAL WALL REBAR HOOKED TO BOTTOM OF SLAB FTG., SEE PLAN S.1.01 5" 10" 5" #4 REBAR @ 16" O.C. HOOKED TO BOTTOM OF SLAB FTG. & EXTEND 10'-0" INTO ROOM. THEN 32" O.C. (ALL 4-WALLS) PASSIVE RADON PERIMETER VENT & DRAIN, ROUTE TO SUMP AND STACK IN BASEMENT SAND FILL 24" UNDISTURBED SOIL 6" WELL COMPACTED SAND BASE
  • 72. Exterior Wall R-58 CAPILLARY BREAK 1 1/4" X 11 7/8" LSL RIM RECESS INTO CONCRETE W/ 2-ROWS 1/2"X4" SIMPSON TITEN SCREWS @ 32"O.C. TO CONCRETE WALL CAULK SHEATHING TO BOTTOM PLATE SET I-JOIST O.T.O. FOUNDATION WALL PEEL AND STICK WRB BETWEEN LSL AND CONCRETE BUG SCREEN ANGLE CUT STUCCO AT PLYWOOD 3/4" EXTERIOR GRADE PLYWOOD CAULK BOTTOM PLATE TO CONCRETE MIN. 1'-0" WIDE GRAVEL BED SLOPED GRADE TRUSS-HANGER PER TRUSS MANUFACTURER 1 1/2" CLEAR
  • 73. Roof R-83 CONTINUOUS SNOW RETENTION, SIZE AND PLACE PER MANF. TRUSS PER MANF. LOAD-BEARING LINE VENT & VENT CHUTE BLOCKING CAULK SHEATHING TO TOP PLATE VENTED SOFFIT 2X6 RAFTER TAIL 2X6 SUB-FASCIA FASCIA DROPPED CEILING, SERVICE CAVITY TAPE SHEATHING TO TOP PLATE 5/4X4 TRIM
  • 74. Airtightness Conventional Building Passive House Building ! New: 1.5 - 5 ACH50 Used: 5 -15 ACH50 ! New: max. 0.6 ACH50 Target: max. 0.4 ACH50
  • 76. Windows Conventional Passive House U-Value: 0.32 (typ.) SHGC: 33% (typ.) Airtightness: low to high U-Value: min. 0.14 SHGC: min. 50% Airtightness: very high
  • 77. 101.7 Windows = Heaters Reduction factor for solar radiation -Value Window area Window U-Value 0.36 0.32 0.31 0.25 0.00 Building: 24th Street Passive House #1 Climate: Shading Dirt Nonperpendicular incident radiation kWh/(m²a) 0.75 137 352 692 355 544 0.74 0.64 0.57 0.49 1.00 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.95 0.85 Window area orientation Global radiation (cardinal points) maximum: North East South West Horizontal 0.59 0.30 RE 3.62D U C T I O N 4.46 26.03 7.57 0.00 Glazing fraction g-Value Reduction factor for solar radiation 0.609 0.617 0.680 0.628 0.000 0.52 0.52 0.64 0.52 0.00 0.36 0.32 0.31 0.25 0.00 0.59 0.30 41.68 Total or Average Value for All Windows. Window rough openings Installed 1 1 1 Area in the s worksheet Description N 1.1 N 2.1 N 2.2 1 1 1 1 Select: ain wall a ain wall a ain wall a ain ain ain ain Glazing Degrees Quantity a a a a ain a ain a ain a ain a ain a ain a E E E E 1 1 S 1.1 A S 1.1 B 1 1 S 1.2 A S 1.2 B 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.1 A 1.1 B 2.1 2.2 Nr. 3 S 1.3 A S 1.3 3 B S 2.1 3 A S 2.1 B S 2.1 C 0 S 2.2 A S 2.2 B 6 S 2.2 C S 2.3 6 A S 2.3 B S 2.3 C 6 W 0.1 W 1.1 W 1.2 6 W 2.1 W 2.2 0 9 9 0 9 9 0 9 9 Angle of inclination from the horizontal Degrees 0 0 0 90 90 90 Deviation from north Orientation Width m m North North North 0.914 0.914 0.914 1.219 1.219 1.524 Select glazing 90 90 the East 90 from90 East 90 90 East 90 WinType 90 East worksheet South 180 90 180 90 South Select: 180 90 South 180 South Troesch 90 0.5/50 180 90 South Troesch 90 0.5/50 180 South 180 90 South Troesch 90 0.5/50 180 South F A C T0.86 S O L A R OR Annual heating demand: WI, La Crosse 0.914 0.914 0.914 0.914 Nr. Height Installed Select: N. Main wall a N. Main wall a N. Main wall a Nr. 3 3 3 0 6 6 6 6 0 9 9 0 9 9 0 9 9 0 9 9 9 0 9 9 9 0 9 9 10 12 12 12 12 12 a a a a 14 kWh/(m²a) Window U-Value R A2.2 T I O N , DIA Heat gains solar radiation kWh/a Glazing area kWh/a 317 384 2318 643 0 94 262 3551 346 0 3662 4252 Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 Nr. m2 2.2 2.8 17.7 4.7 0.0 Heat gains solar radiation kWh/a kWh/a 317 384 2318 643 0 137 352 692 355 544 0.86 Transmission losses kWh/(m2a) 0.86 0.85 0.88 0.84 0.00 41.68 94 262 3551 346 0 4252 27.4 Frame 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 2 0 2 2 2 0 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 101.7 3662 W/(m2K) 0.86 Nr. 352 692 355 544 g-Value g-Value Select window from the WinType worksheet Select: OPTIWIN - Einbau OPTIWIN - Einbau OPTIWIN - Einbau Nr. Perpendicular Radiation - U-Value W/(m2K) 2 0.50 Alu2Holz 0.52 2 0.50 Alu2Holz 0.52 2 0.50 Alu2Holz 0.52 0 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 0.52 0.50 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 6Alu2Holz FIX) 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 4 0.52 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz BREITER FLÜGEL 0.52 0.50 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 2 0.52 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 Perpendicular Radiation OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN 27.4 Glazing U-VALUE Heating degree hours: Average global radiation 3.62 4.46 26.03 7.57 0.00 Select glazing from the WinType worksheet Select: Troesch 0.5/50 Troesch 0.5/50 Troesch 0.5/50 WINDOW 137 2.8 17.7 4.7 0.0 m2 Select window 1.219 from the 1.219 1.219 WinType 1.219 worksheet 2.248 2.248 Select: 2.248 2.248 OPTIWIN - Einbau 2.248 OPTIWIN - Einbau 2.248 1.321 OPTIWIN - Einbau 2.248 Main Main Main Main 0.85 0.88 0.84 0.00 Window area Glazing Frame in Area in the Areas worksheet E. E. E. E. Transmission losses 2 W/(mPassive House verification kWh/(m2a) K) m2 m2 0.52 0.52 0.64 0.52 0.00 Average global radiation Glazing area U-Value Frames (centre) W/(m2K) Ψspacer (centre) 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 Glazing Ψ-Spacer Left 1/0 Right 1/0 Bottom 1/0 Top 1/0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 Frames 0 1 1 0 (centre) 1 1 1 1 1 1 Ψinstallation left Ψinstallation right Ψinstallation bottom Ψinstallation top W/(mK) W/(mK) 0.95 0.95 0.95 Results (unhide cells to make U- & Ψ-values from WinType worksheet visible) Installation Ψ-Spacer W/(mK) W/(mK) W/(mK) 1 Ψspacer 1 1 1 (centre) Ψinstallation Average value W/(mK) 0.022 0.022 0.022 Left 1/0 0.023 Right 0.023 0.023 1/0 0.022 more gains than losses 180 90 South 180 90 South 180 South Troesch 90 0.5/50 180 90 South 180 90 South Troesch 90 0.5/50 180 South 180 90 South Troesch 90 0.5/50 270 West 270 90 West 270 West Troesch 90 0.5/50 270 90 West 270 90 West Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 0.965 0.965 0.965 0.965 1 0.965 1 0.965 0.965 1 0.965 0.965 0 0.965 0.965 1 0.965 0.965 1 0.965 0.965 1 0.914 1.219 1.829 1 0.914 0.914 0 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a 0.927 1.321 S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a 2.248 OPTIWIN 0.927 1.321 OPTIWIN 2.248 0.927 OPTIWIN 1.219 2.096 0.914 OPTIWIN 1.219 1.219 - OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN - Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN - - 2 Alu2Holz 0.52 2 Alu2Holz 0.52 2 Alu2Holz 0.52 0 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 0.52 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 0 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 S. Main a S. Main a W. Foundation b W. Main a W. Main a W. Main a W. Main a W. Main a OPTIWIN OPTIWIN - Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch 0.6/60 0.6/60 0.6/60 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN - 2 W/(m K) 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.95 0.95 0.96 0.95 0.95 0.97 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 1 0 2 0 1 W/(m K) 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 1 1 m2 1.1 1.1 1.4 2.2 2.2 1 1 1 0.022 0.022 2.2 2.2 0.022 0.022 2.2 2.2 0.020 0.022 0.025 1.3 2.2 0.9 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 0.020 0.022 0.025 1.3 2.2 0.9 0.020 0.022 0.025 0.022 0.022 0.023 0.022 0.022 1.3 2.2 0.9 1.1 2.6 1.7 1.1 1.1 1 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 U-Value Window m2 W/(m2K) 0.67 0.67 0.87 0.67 Bottom 0.75 0.67 1/0 0.67 1 1 1 0.035 0.035 0.035 Glazing Area 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.022 0.022 W/(mK) 1 1 Window Area 0.87 0.87 0.84 0.85 0.82 0.85 0.87 Glazed Fraction per Window % 60% 60% 63% 60% Top 67% 60% 1/0 60% 1.46 1.46 0.87 0.87 68% 68% 1.46 1.46 0.87 0.87 68% 68% 1.46 1.46 0.87 0.87 68% 68% 0.79 1.61 0.58 0.89 0.85 0.92 62% 74% 65% 0.79 1.61 0.58 0.89 0.85 0.92 62% 74% 65% 0.79 1.61 0.58 0.67 1.55 1.20 0.67 0.67 0.89 0.85 0.92 0.87 0.81 0.81 0.87 0.87 62% 74% 65% 60% 61% 72% 60% 60% 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.64 0.64 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0.64 0.64 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0.64 0.64 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 Frame-
  • 78. t High R-Value Nonperpendicular incident radiation 5 5 5 5 5 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 North Glazing fraction REDUCTION maximum: kWh/(m²a) 0.85 137 352 692 355 544 st st st st Shading Dirt Nonperpendicular incident radiation 0.75 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.85 0.95 0.85 0.74 0.64 0.57 0.49 1.00 0.52 0.52 0.64 0.52 0.00 Glazing fraction g-Value Reduction factor for solar radiation 0.609 0.617 0.680 0.628 0.000 0.52 0.52 0.64 0.52 0.00 0.36 0.32 0.31 0.25 0.00 0.59 0.30 Installed Degrees m m 0 0 0 90 90 90 North North North 0.914 0.914 0.914 1.219 1.219 1.524 Select: N. Main wall a N. Main wall a N. Main wall a 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 East East East East 0.914 0.914 0.914 0.914 1.219 1.219 1.219 1.219 E. E. E. E. S 1.1 A S 1.1 B 180 180 90 90 South South 0.965 0.965 2.248 2.248 S. Main a S. Main a S 1.2 B 180 180 S 1.3 A S 1.3 B Window rough openings 1 1 1 N 1.1 N 2.1 N 2.2 1 1 1 1 E E E E 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Deviation from north 1.1 A 1.1 B 2.1 2.2 Orientation Width Height 14 Glazing area Average global radiation m2 kWh/(m2a) 0.86 0.85 0.88 0.84 0.00 2.2 2.8 17.7 4.7 0.0 137 352 692 355 544 0.86 27.4 Window U-Value Glazing area Average global radiation W/(m2K) m2 kWh/(m2a) 0.86 0.85 0.88 0.84 0.00 2.2 2.8 17.7 4.7 0.0 137 352 692 355 544 0.86 27.4 in Area in the Areas worksheet Installed Main Main Main Main a a a a Nr. 3 3 3 0 6 6 6 6 0 9 9 0 9 9 0 9 9 0 9 9 9 0 9 9 9 0 9 9 10 12 12 12 12 12 3.62 4.46 26.03 7.57 0.00 41.68 Select glazing from the WinType worksheet Select: Troesch 0.5/50 Troesch 0.5/50 Troesch 0.5/50 Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Window U-Value 0.30 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 Frame Nr. 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 0 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 0 2 2 2 0 2 2 2 0 2 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 g-Value Select window from the WinType worksheet Select: OPTIWIN - Einbau OPTIWIN - Einbau OPTIWIN - Einbau Nr. 3.62 4.46 26.03 7.57 0.00 Perpendicular Radiation W/(m2K) 2 0.50 Alu2Holz 0.52 2 0.50 Alu2Holz 0.52 2 0.50 Alu2Holz 0.52 0 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 0.52 0.50 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 6Alu2Holz FIX) 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN 0 2 0.64 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 0.64 0.64 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 4 0.52 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz BREITER FLÜGEL 0.52 0.50 (OPTIWIN6Alu2Holz FIX) 2 0.52 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 2 0.50 Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 Heat gains solar radiation kWh/a kWh/a 317 384 2318 643 0 94 262 3551 346 0 3662 4252 41.68 U-Value Glazing 101.7 Transmission losses Frames (centre) W/(m2K) Ψspacer (centre) Left 1/0 Right 1/0 Bottom 1/0 Top 1/0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.035 0.035 0.035 - 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.035 0.035 0.035 0.035 1 0 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Frame Ψinstallation left Ψinstallation right Ψinstallation bottom Ψinstallation top W/(mK) W/(mK) 0.95 0.95 0.95 Results (unhide cells to make U- & Ψ-values from WinType worksheet visible) Installation Ψ-Spacer Glazing OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN U - V A LW/(m2K) UE Heating degree hours: Window area Glazing R A D I A T I O N ,2 W I N D O W m kWh/(m²a) m2 Angle of inclination from the horizontal Degrees Description SOLAR 0.36 0.32 0.31 0.25 0.00 Annual heating demand: Window rough openings Quantity FACTOR 0.59 Total or Average Value for All Windows. All Windows. th th th 0.609 0.617 0.680 0.628 0.000 WI, La Crosse Global radiation (cardinal points) East South West Horizontal Window area Passive House verification Window area orientation 5 ation g-Value Building: 24th Street Passive House #1 Climate: Reduction factor for solar radiation W/(mK) W/(mK) W/(mK) g-Value Ψinstallation Average value Window Area W/(mK) m2 0.022 0.022 0.022 Glazing Area U-Value Window m2 W/(m2K) 1.1 1.1 1.4 0.67 0.67 0.87 0.023 0.023 0.023 0.022 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 Height South 90 90 South 180 180 90 90 South South S 2.1 A S 2.1 B S 2.1 C 180 180 180 90 90 90 South South South S 2.2 A S 2.2 B S 2.2 C 180 180 180 90 90 90 South South South S S S W W W W W 180 180 180 270 270 270 270 270 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 90 South South South West West West West West m 0.914 0.914 0.914 2.3 A 2.3 B 2.3 C 0.1 1.1 1.2 2.1 2.2 0.914 0.914 0.914 0.914 m 1.219 1.219 1.524 S. Main a S. Main a 0.965 0.965 2.248 2.248 S. Main a S. Main a Select: 1.321 2.248 N. Main wall a 0.927 0.965 1.321 N. Main wall a 0.965 2.248 0.965 0.927 N. Main wall a 0.965 1.321 0.965 0.965 0.965 S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a 0.965 0.965 0.914 1.219 1.829 0.914 0.914 1.219 1.219 1.219 1.219 E. E. E. E. 2.248 0.927 1.219 2.096 0.914 1.219 1.219 Main Main Main Main a a a a th th 0.965 0.965 2.248 2.248 S. Main a S. Main a th th 0.965 0.965 2.248 2.248 S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a S. Main a W. Foundation b W. Main a W. Main a W. Main a W. Main a W. Main a Nr. Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 3 3 3 0 6 6 6 6 0 9 9 0 9 9 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch 0.6/60 0.6/60 0.6/60 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 Select glazing from the WinType worksheet Select: Troesch 0.5/50 Troesch 0.5/50 Troesch 0.5/50 OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN OPTIWIN - Troesch Troesch Troesch Troesch 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 0.5/50 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Select window 1 0.035 1 0 1 Perpen0.035 1 1 from 0the 1 Nr. 0.95 0.035 1 Nr. dicular 1 1 WinType 0 0.95 0.035 0 1 1 1 Radiation worksheet 0.95 0.035 1 0 1 1 0.95 0.035 0 1 1 1 Select: 0.95 0.035 1 0 0 1 0.95 0.035 0 1 1 1 1 0.96 0.035 1 - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 2 OPTIWIN 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0.95 0.035 1 - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 2 OPTIWIN0 0.95 0.035 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 0.96 0.035 1 - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 2 OPTIWIN1 0.95 0.035 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0.95 0.035 0 0 0.96 0.035 1 0 1 0 0.95 0.035 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.95 0.035 1 - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 2 OPTIWIN1 0.97 0.035 1 1 1 0.95 0.035 1 1 1 1 0.95 0.035 1 - (OPTIWIN1 Alu2Holz FIX) 1 1 1 6 0.52 OPTIWIN 1 2 OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 1 2 OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.52 0 0 2 2 OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 2 OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0 0 2 2 OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 2 2 OPTIWIN - Einbau Alu2Holz 0.64 0.95 0.95 0.022 0.022 2.2 2.2 0.022 Glazed Fraction per Window % 0.87 0.87 0.84 60% 60% 63% 0.67 0.75 0.67 0.67 0.85 0.82 0.85 0.87 60% 67% 60% 60% 1.46 1.46 0.87 68% 2.2 0.87 68% Frames 1.46 0.87 68% (centre) 1.46 0.87 68% 2.2 2.2 1.46 1.46 0.87 0.87 0.022 0.025 2.2 0.9 0.79 1.61 0.58 0.020 0.022 0.025 1.3 2.2 0.9 0.79 1.61 0.58 0.020 0.022 0.025 0.022 0.022 0.023 0.022 0.022 1.3 2.2 0.9 1.1 2.6 1.7 1.1 1.1 0.79 1.61 0.58 0.67 1.55 1.20 0.67 0.67 U-Value 0.15 Btu/(h sf F) = 3 x better Width S 1.2 A in Area in the 0.965 2.248 Areas worksheet 0.965 2.248 Troesch 0.6/60 Troesch 0.6/60 Frame- Glazing2.2 0.022 0.022 0.022 2 W/(m K)1.3 0.020 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 2 68% 68% W/(m K) 0.89 62% 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.85 0.92 74% 65% 0.89 0.85 0.92 62% 74% 65% 0.89 0.85 0.92 0.87 0.81 0.81 0.87 0.87 62% 74% 65% 60% 61% 72% 60% 60% 0.95 0.95 0.95 0.95 Ψ-S Ψ (ce W 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0. 0.64 0.64 0.95 0.95 0. 0. 0.64 0.64 0.95 0.95 0. 0.
  • 80. PG 1 PG 2 Heat Load W = PS + P I Passive House verification SPECIFIC SPACE HEATING Building: 24th Street Passive House #1 East South West °C 20 45 130 60 65 °C 20 35 80 30 45 6.2 °C Building Element 2. 3. 4. Temperature Zone Exterior Wall - Ambient Exterior Wall - Ground Roof/Ceiling - Ambient Floor slab / basement ceiling 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. or 3167 3446 W 14.3 W/m² °C W/m² Ground Design Temp. 20 W/m² -18.5 Interior Temperature: m² 866 Horizontal -24.6 Weather Condition 2: PL - P G North Weather Condition 1: 1. 241.3 Treated Floor Area ATFA: Radiation: or LOAD Building Type/Use: Single Family - Residencial Climate (HL): WI, La Crosse Design Temperature 1159 W Windows Exterior Door Exterior TB (length/m) Perimeter TB (length/m) Ground TB (length/m) House/DU Partition Wall A B A B A A X A A A P B I Transmission Heat Losses PT Area U-Value m² W/(m²K) = 231.8 118.4 108.7 105.2 0.087 0.148 0.068 0.146 * * * * * * * * * * * * * 55.1 * * * * * * * * * * * * * K 0.864 0.800 -0.001 -0.050 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 0.75 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 * * * * * * * * * * * * * TempDiff 2 PT 1 K TempDiff 1 W 44.6 13.8 44.6 13.8 44.6 44.6 44.6 44.6 44.6 44.6 13.8 13.8 3.0 3446 or or or or or or or or or or or or or 38.5 13.8 38.5 13.8 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 38.5 13.8 13.8 3.0 = = = = = = = = = = = = = Total 41.7 2.5 88.0 = Factor Always 1 (except "X") = PT 2 W 897 242 328 212 1606 89 -4 -38 or or or or or or or or or or or or or –––––––––––––- ATFA m² Clear Room Height m 3332 774 242 283 212 1386 77 -4 -38 –––––––––––- or 2933 6.42 kBtu/h = 90% less Ventilation System: 241.3 Effective Air Volume, VV * 2.50 m³ = 603 ηSHX Efficiency of Heat Recovery ηHR 87% 0% Heat Recovery Efficiency SHX 1 0% Efficiency SHX ηSHX 2 or 0% or 0.143 of the Heat Exchanger nV,Res (Heating Load) 1/h 0.105 Energetically Effective Air Exchange nV nV,system 1/h + 0.300 ΦHR ΦHR 1/h *(1- 0.87 or 0.87 0.143 )= 1/h Ventilation Heating Load PV VL m³ nL 1/h 603.2 * 0.143 nL 1/h or 0.143 cAir Wh/(m³K) * 0.33 TempDiff 1 K * 44.6 PV 1 TempDiff 2 K or PV 2 W 38.5 = 1273 W or PL 1 Total Heating Load PL PL 2 W = PT + P V = Orientation the Area Area m² North East South West 5. Horizontal g-Value Reduction Factor (perp. radiation) 3.6 4.5 26.0 7.6 0.0 Radiation 1 W/m² (see Windows worksheet) * * * * * * * * * * 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 * * * * * 20 45 130 60 65 W or PS 1 Radiation 2 W/m² 4032 or or or or PS 2 W W or Solar heating power PS 20 35 80 30 45 = = = = = 14 33 667 58 0 or or or or or 14 26 411 29 0 Total 1. 2. 3. 4. 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.0 4605 1099 = 773 or 480 Spec. Power ATFA PI 1 W/m² Internal heating power PI m² W 1.6 * 241 = °C Heating power (gains) PG 386 PI 2 W or PG 1 386 PG 2 W ϑSupply,Min 1159 or 866 = 3446 or 3167 = 3446 W = 14.3 W/m² 14.3 Specific Heating Load PH / ATFA Input Max. Supply Air Temperature Max. Supply Air Temperature ϑSupply,Max = PL - P G Heating Load PH 52 °C °C °C Supply Air Temperature Without Heating For Comparison: Heating Load Transportable by Supply Air. PSupply Air,Max °C W PS + P I 14.3 ϑSupply,Min = 2254 W specific: 15.1 °C 15.1 9.3 W/m² (Yes/No) Supply Air Heating Sufficient? = 2254 W specific: No 9.3 W/m²
  • 81. Active Heating Throughout The Year Sum Spec. Gains Solar + Internal Spec. Heating Demand Sum Spec. Losses Specific losses, gains, heating demand [kWh/(m² month)] 10 8 6 4 2 0 -2 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  • 82. Heating Energy Balance Data for heating balance diagram 50 Losses Heating -energy balanceGains Exterior Wall Ambient 8.477661182 Exterior Wall - Ground Roof/Ceiling - Ambient Floor slab / basement ceiling 3.890973895 3.100597073 3.412083414 45 1.5 40 Heat flows [kWh/(m²a)] 35 30 25 Windows Exterior Door Thermal Bridge Heat Loss not useful heat gains 15.17926345 0.843067521 0.8 Ventilation 6.748846381 Annual Heating Demand internal gains passive solar gains Thermal bridge credit Cross check sum 14.30903653 10.58466313 17.62495234 0.651737751 43.17038975 43.17038975 6.7 15.2 1.517896835 17.6 passive solar gains internal gains Annual Heating Demand Thermal bridge credit not useful heat gains Ventilation Exterior Door 20 0.0 10.6 Windows 3.4 15 3.1 Floor slab / basement ceiling 10 3.9 Roof/Ceiling - Ambient 14.3 5 0 Exterior Wall - Ground Exterior Wall - Ambient 8.5 Thermal Bridge Heat Loss 0.0 0.7 Losses Gains Biggest losers: Windows and exterior walls. Biggest winners: Passive solar and internal heat gains.
  • 83. The Cooling System 6.5 kBtu/h = 0.54 tons
  • 84. Specific losses, loads, useful cooling demand [kWh/(m² month)] Active Cooling Throughout The Year Sum Spec. Heat Losses 18 Spec. Cooling Demand Sum Spec. Loads Solar + Internal 16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  • 85. Heating, Cooling and Dehumidification Slim Duct heat pump and electric resistance backup
  • 87. Ventilation System Heat-recovery ventilator with home-run distribution system
  • 88.
  • 89. The Hot Water System
  • 91. Energy Balance (5 occupants) Energy kWh/yr Heating, solar heat gains 5,010 Heating, internal heat gains 2,372 WI home (average) = 30,500 kWh MN home (average) = 33,500 kWh Heating with heat pump 1,010 Heating with electric resistance 841 Domestic Hot Water (electric) 608 Domestic Hot Water (solar) 2863 Plugloads 7,250 Auxiliary energy 1,203 Cooling Total Energy Demand 338 11,250 (2 occupants: 7,500)
  • 92. 24th St Passive House # 1 La Crosse, WI Renewable Energy Worksheet House roof area available for PV 980.0 SF Garage roof area available for PV 400 SF Total roof area available for PV Consumer 1,380 SF Demand Total [kWh/a] House (PHPP) Occupant 1 estimate Occupant 2 estimate Occupant 3 estimate Occupant 4 estimate Occupant 5 estimate Vehicle [kWh/a] 4,000 2,000 1,500 1,250 1,250 1,250 1 4,000 6,000 7,500 8,750 10,000 11,250 Intensity CO2 [W/capita] [t/a] 685 428 333 285 257 3.108 4.662 5.828 6.799 7.770 8.741 Intensity Net-zero with PV2 (kWp) (SF) (kWp) (SF) (kWp) (SF) 4.662 2.914 2.266 1.943 1.748 3.2 4.8 6.0 7.0 8.0 9.0 217 325 407 475 542 610 6.4 8.0 9.2 10.2 11.2 12.2 434 542 624 692 759 827 8.0 9.6 10.8 11.8 12.8 13.8 542 651 732 800 868 936 Net-zero with PV Photovoltaic yield [t/a] (kWp) (SF) 4,000 3.108 3.2 217 6,000 2,000 1.554 1.6 108 3.0 miles/kWh 4 Photovoltaic array [kWh/a] 12,000 Vehicle efficiency 3 CO2 [miles/a] Second + 2 vehicles [t/capita] Distance Energy Use Main + 1 vehicle 1,250 kWh/a/kWp 4 14.75 Wp/SF 5 CO2 (Wisconsin electricity) 0.7770 kg/ kWh 1 Energy demand estimate without household electricity 2 Site energy 3 Based on typical electric vehicles available in 2013 4 Typical monocrystalline photovoltaic cells with a nominal efficiency of 19% 5 US EPA April 2007 - Average Carbon Dioxide Emissions Rate (pounds per kWh produced) t = metric tons © 2013 Intep - Integrated Planning LLC 10/15/13 1 of 1
  • 93. Net-Zero Performance A 10kWp roof-mounted system is modeled to provide net zero performance for: Household of 3 plus 1 electric vehicle or Household of 6 or Household of 2 plus 2 electric vehicles
  • 95. Verification Page Photo or Drawing Building: 24th Street Passive House #1 Street: 749 24th St. North Postcode/City: La Crosse, WI 54601 Country: USA Building Type: Single Family - Residencial Climate: WI, La Crosse Home Owner(s) / Client(s): Western Technical Collage Street: 400 7th St. North Postcode/City: La Crosse, WI 54602 Architect: Integrated Planning LLC Street: 212 2nd St. SE, Suite 222 Postcode/City: Minneapolis, MN 55414 Mechanical System: Integrated Planning LLC Street: 212 2nd St. SE, Suite 222 Postcode/City: Minneapolis, MN 55414 Year of Construction: Number of Dwelling Units: Enclosed Volume Ve: Number of Occupants: 2013 1 1010.6 20.0 2.1 Interior Temperature: Internal Heat Gains: use: Monthly method Treated floor area Space heating Annual heating demand Heating load Overall specific space cooling demand Cooling load 241.3 DHW, space heating and auxiliary electricity Specific primary energy reduction through solar electricity Airtightness Pressurization test result n50 Requirements ² m 14 14 kWh/(m a) 4 8 kWh/(m2a) Frequency of overheating (> 25 °C) Space heating and cooling, dehumidification, DHW, household electricity. Auxiliary Electricity and Primary Energy W/m2 5.0 Specific building demands with reference to the treated floor area Space cooling °C 76 36 3 0.6 2 W/m W/m % 15 kWh/(m²a) 10 W/m² 2 18 kWh/(m²a) Fulfilled?* yes yes - kWh/(m2a) - - 2 - 120 kWh/(m²a) yes 2 - - 2 - - kWh/(m a) kWh/(m a) 1/h 0.6 1/h yes EnerPHit (retrofit): according to component quality 0.08 0.15 W/(m²K) - - W/(m²K) - - Interior insulation to ambient air W/(m²K) - - Interior insulation underground W/(m²K) - - W/(m²K) - - W/(m²K) - - W/(m²K) - - % * empty field: data missing; '-': no requirement Building envelope Exterior insulation to ambient air average U-Values Exterior insulation underground Thermal bridges ΔU Windows External doors Ventilation System Passive House? Effective heat recovery efficiency 0.00 0.86 0.80 87 yes
  • 97. Excavation and Site Preparation
  • 98.
  • 99. Perimeter Drain and Passive Radon Vent
  • 100.
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  • 139. Credits Construction Images Jon Danielson, Fowler and Hammer Joshua VandeBerg, Western TC ! BioHaus Cal Rice ! Passive House In The Woods Chad Holder ! Kranichstein Nvirohaus ! Misc. Passive Houses Misc. (Google Search) Manfred Brausem ! Other Intep - Integrated Planning and TE Studio ! This presentation © Intep - Integrated Planning LLC 2013
  • 140. Thank You! intep.us | intep.com