Nursing performance appraisalsAll professions have as their cornerstone and creed a code of ethics and orprofessional performance standards. The nursing profession is no different. As thefield of nursing grows and changes in defining the role of a nurse, the central themewill always be that of caring. It can be said that, all other duties and responsibilities ofnurses have centered around, "caring". Caring has been described by many nursingtheorist as the innate nature of a human being to be able to give unconditional help inthe form of doing for, therapeutic communication, therapeutic touch, compassion, agentleness of spirit and humbleness of knowing ones self.Jean Watson, a Ph.D. in Educational Psychology and Counseling developed a theoryof caring first published in 1979. She believed that caring was central to theprofession of nursing as well as being the unifying principle of practice. The twomajor assumptions that she made are as follows:1. Care and love constitute the primal and universal psychic energy.2. Care and love are requisite for our survival and the nourishment of humanity.Madeleine Leininger, a nurse and anthropologist proposed a theory of caring based onculture. She was able to see that how one society defines caring is not always thesame as another society. For instance, in Asia, looking directly into anothers eyes isnot a sign of respect but a sign of disrespect. Therefore a western nurse unaware ofthe Asian culture of caring would be seen as an uncaring and disrespectful person.Leininger termed this knowledge of cultural caring as, "transcultural nursing"."Her beliefs are that culture is the broadest and the most holistic way to conceptualize,understand, and be effective with people." (1)With the emergence of the, "caring", theorists also came the emergence of "Standardsof Profession Performance". The two terms are entwined in their definitions. Therecannot be one without the other. The American Nursing Association set forth thefollowing requisites for standards of professional performance. It is within thesestandards that can be seen the unifying theme of caring.Standard 1. Quality of Care.The nurse systematically evaluates and effectiveness of nursing practice. The nursedoes this by participating in peer review committees and in consistently evaluatinghis/her own performance and how her performance has enhanced the clients healthand emotional wellness.Standard II. Performance AppraisalThe nurse evaluates his/her own nursing practice in relation to the national and statestatues set forth defining the role of nurse.
Standard III. EducationThe nurse acquires and maintains current knowledge in nursing practice. Many statesnow require continuing educational credits to be earned by a nurse. The number ofcredits vary from state to state. However, a nurse cannot renew their license withoutproof of these continuing educational credits. These credits help to keep the nursecurrent with new medica/nursingl advancements related to patient care.Standard IV. CollegialityThe nurse interacts with and contributes to the nursing profession by meeting withother professionals in the medical field, such as Physicians, Physical Therapist,Respiratory Therapists, and Home Care Coordinators, to exchange ideas and gain amutual respect while stimulating a leaning environment that all will benefit.Standard V. EthicsThe nurses decisions and actions in helping and caring for individuals are based onprinciples of ethics and institutional guidelines.Standard VI. CollaborationThe nurse collaborates with other medical professionals in creating an environmentfor the clients that facilitate an increasing continuum of mental and physical wellness.Standard VII. ResearchThe nurse will not cease to expand his/her educational horizons, and continue to seekout and explore new areas of research and statistics.Standard VIII. Resource UtilizationThe nurse will participate in committees within the organization to evaluate andincrease the effectiveness of safety, costs in planning and delivering patient care.It can be seen that within the guidelines of professional performance the center themeis the caring for the client from every aspect. It is within these guidelines that thenurse can better define his/her role as a the one individual who has the ability toenhance the clients mental and physical wellness by coordinating, educating, andworking with others to promote a caring and supportive environment.Learn more about nursing education at The NET Study Guide.http://performanceappraisalebooks.info/ : Over 200 ebooks, templates, forms forperformance appraisal.