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Presentation of self in digital life

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An invited research seminar for staff at the University of Reading, presented on 30 April, 2013.

Presentation of self in digital life

  1. The Presentation of Self in Digital Life: identities, literacies and pedagogies Steve Wheeler Plymouth University Photo by Rick Doble: https://commons.wikimedia.org
  2. Instruments, mediating tools Subject Object SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 CommunityRules Division of Labour Engeström, Y., Miettinen, R. and Punamäki, R. (1999) Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
  3. Instruments, mediating tools Subject Object SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 CommunityRules Division of Labour Technology Identity Community Learning Engeström, Y., Miettinen, R. and Punamäki, R. (1999) Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
  4. Instruments, mediating tools Subject Object SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 CommunityRules Division of Labour Technology Identity Community “We shape our tools, and then our tools shape us.” - Marshall McLuhan “New tools of thinking give rise to new mental structures.” - Lev Vygotsky “We see ourselves reflected in the eyes of others.” - Charles Cooley Learning Engeström, Y., Miettinen, R. and Punamäki, R. (1999) Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
  5. Who am I? Photo by Brecht Soenen: http://www.flickr.com/photos/bresc/38964903/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 I am who I think you think that I am I am not who you think I am I am not who I think I am Who do you think you are?
  6. Symbolic Interactionism Image source Demeter Gray: http://shadeofashes.blogspot.co.uk SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  7. “We see ourselves reflected in the eyes of others” – Charles Cooley (1902) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  8. “People are able to build a ‘self’ by cycling through many selves” - Sherry Turkle SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  9. “Identity … experienced as a set of roles that can be mixed and matched, whose diverse demands need to be negotiated” – Sherry Turkle (1995) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Photo by Master Philip: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-4442912215
  10. ‘The Saturated Self’ – Kenneth Gergen http://kols.deviantart.com/art/The-Ghost-of-Saturday-Night-177201886
  11. People are “compelled to present themselves more accurately to people who know them better.” Leary, M & Allen, A. (2011) Self-Presentational Persona: Simultaneous Management of Multiple Impressions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101 (5), 1033–1049 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Photo by Steve Wheeler
  12. Anonymity SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 “…feelings of anonymity may encourage greater participation, and create more equal opportunities for contributions, with no interruptions from the more vocal members of the group.” Pearson, J. (2000) Lurking, Anonymity and Participation in Computer Conferencing. In D. M. Watson and T. Downes (Eds.) Communications and Networking in Education: Learning in a Networked Society. London: Kluwer Academic Publishers. http://christophersmark.wordpress.com/
  13. Passive Observer Transactional Participant Peripheral Participant Adapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative learning: exploring the potential of critical reflection to enhance organizational knowledge, Development and Learning in Organizations, Vol. 24 (1), 17 - 20 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Lurking = legitimate peripheral participation? Core
  14. ‘Transformative learning involves experiencing a deep, structural shift in the basic premises of thought, feelings, and actions.’ (O’Sullivan, 2003) http://www.halloffame.outreach.ou.edu/2003/Mezirow.html Jack Merizow SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  15. Perspective transformation Psychological (changes in self concept) Convictional changes (revision of belief systems) Behavioural changes (changes in lifestyle) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Photo by Steve Wheeler
  16. Passive Observer Transactional Participant Peripheral Participant Core Group Full Member Adapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative learning: exploring the potential of critical reflection to enhance organizational knowledge, Development and Learning in Organizations, Vol. 24 (1), 17 - 20 SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 The transformation ‘event horizon’ – Kevin Burden
  17. Data Information Knowledge Wisdom Transformation E N G A G E M E N T SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  18. Photo by Josh Liba: http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-4017909606 Digital Identity http://kellyholborow.blogspot.co.uk SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  19. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  20. Blogging http://www.volusion.com/ In the act of writing... ...we are written. - Daniel Chandler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  21. @timbuckteeth Presentation of self in cyberspace ... the performance of ‘the self’ online SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  22. http://qzprod.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/image.jpeg?w=880 The case of Santiago Swallow
  23. Presentation of Self in Digital Life SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Photo by Richie Diesterheft: http://www.flickr.com/photos/puroticorico/326684729/ Goffman – Drama Model
  24. How would your behaviour change if this man walked into the room? Goffman in the real world: The ‘Celebrity Effect’ Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  25. What about these men? http://www.flickr.com/photos/the-cbi/5148144187/ http://commons.wikimedia.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  26. What about this woman? SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pamela_Anderson_2_cropped.jpg
  27. Would your behaviour change if one of these walked into the room right now? SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 http://commons.wikimedia.org http://www.flickr.com/photos/its-ourtimenow/2647378683/
  28. • Well known person and an unknown person walk into a shop • The unknown person asks for change of a £20 note to make an urgent phone call • Observers watch for reactions from the till operator • They measure interactions • In the ‘control condition’ two unknowns walk into the shop A Field Experiment SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  29. • A pleasant surprise • Shop assistants were ‘forced’ from their front stage into their back stage roles • Celebrities ‘come into our homes’ everyday! • Rules were forgotten or broken SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Photo by Dawn Wheeler
  30. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 http://www.flickr.com/photos/hugovk/3945049632/ Sentiment tracking Digital Reputation
  31. language Managing online identity name images netiquette reputation avatar interaction privacy personal data identity legacy reputation name privacy images interaction Learners need ‘digital wisdom’ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  32. Digital Tribes and the Social Web: How Web 2.0 will Transform Learning in Higher Education Steve Wheeler University of Plymouth ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010 In 2010 I presented this keynote…
  33. “Where digital communication has fractured the tyranny of distance and computers have become pervasive and ubiquitous, identification through digital mediation has become the new cultural capital”. - Wheeler (2009) Digital cultural capital – Membership of the Tribe http://www.coreideas.com.au/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  34. Connection ccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010 http://i.imx.comw
  35. Celebration One tribe or many? http://www.zimbio.com
  36. Collaboration http://steve-wheeler.blogspot.com
  37. Costume echo = group identity http://commons.wikimedia.org SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  38. Postural echo = Identification http://www.leifjeffers.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  39. Tribal Nature of New Media “New media ... have made our world into a single unit... The world is now like a continually sounding tribal drum. Media point us away from individual man and toward tribal man.” - Marshall McLuhan (1960)metapedia.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  40. “Twitter and blogs ... contribute an entirely new dimension of what it means to be a part of a tribe. The real power of tribes has nothing to do with the Internet and everything to do with people.” Internet Tribes “A tribe needs a shared interest and a way to communicate.” SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  41. “The internet eliminates geography. This means that there are now more tribes: smaller tribes, influential tribes, and tribes that could never have existed before.” - Seth Godin http://nedgrace.files.wordpress.com Tribes SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  42. Digital Tribes and Virtual Clans There is one digital tribe ... But there are may subsets of this large digital tribe – what we can term ‘virtual clans’. - Wheeler (2009) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  43. http://www.phillwebb.net Totems “It is easier to project your feelings of awe towards a totem than something as complex as the tribe.” - Emile Durkheim SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  44. Digital Totems? • Gathering places • Rituals and rules • Celebration and fun • Transmission of customs, social mores and values (storytelling) • = Tribal identity • = Social networks http://www.flickr.com/photos/jcbwalsh/3412625028/ Source: Wheeler (2009) Digital Tribes SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  45. Digital Totems For digital tribes ... their totems are their social networking tools within the World Wide Web. http://www.faqs.org Source: Wheeler (2009) Digital Tribes SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  46. Wikipedians (Deletionism + Exclusionism) /Inclusionism = Darwikinism Source: http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/Darwikinism Survival of the fittest content SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  47. Flickrites and Facebookers http://www.travel-images.com http://www.coal-is-dirty.com SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  48. Smart Mobs http://www.ischool.berkeley.edu “Smart Mobs consist of people who are able to act in concert even if they don’t know each other. [They can] cooperate in ways never before possible.” Rheingold, H. (2002) Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books. The ‘Thumb Tribe’ – one thumb signalling SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  49. Flash mobs http://idirekt.cz The power of txting to organise collective action SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  50. Blogging Tweeting Public performance of learning? Video Podcast Photo by Ed Yourdon: http://fr.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-3405811164
  51. What my students said about Twitter... http://jcbarrington.blogspot.com/2011/05/on-twitter.html
  52. http://jiscrsc.jiscinvolve.org/wp/files/2013/04/digvis-digres.png “We all fall somewhere along a continuum between Digital Visitor and Digital Resident, from very occasional online interaction, like accessing your bank account, to the evolution of a complex online presence through a variety of platforms.” – Judy Bloxham (JISC, 2013) Digital Residents, Digital Visitors (White & Le Cornu, 2011) SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  53. Personal Learning Networks Photo by Steve Wheeler SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  54. Beyond my reach What I can learn with help (ZPD) ZPD and scaffolding What I can learn on my own Technology and toolsKnowledgeable others SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  55. http://thirdmonth.blogspot.co.uk Computers as ‘mind tools’ for the engaging of learners in critical thinking - David Jonassen
  56. Photo by Mark Hillary http://www.flickr.com/photos/markhillary/4135336907/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 Twitter Wall
  57. Students blogging SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 “I have never had to work so hard before!”
  58. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  59. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  60. Learners will need new ‘literacies’ • Social networking • Privacy maintenance • Identity management • Creating content • Organising content • Reusing and repurposing • Filtering and selecting • Self presenting • Transliteracy http://www.mopocket.com/ SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
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An invited research seminar for staff at the University of Reading, presented on 30 April, 2013.

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