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Presentation of self in digital life


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An invited research seminar for staff at the University of Reading, presented on 30 April, 2013.

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Presentation of self in digital life

  1. The Presentation of Self in Digital Life:identities, literacies and pedagogiesSteve WheelerPlymouth UniversityPhoto by Rick Doble:
  2. Instruments,mediating toolsSubject ObjectSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013CommunityRules Division of LabourEngeström, Y., Miettinen, R. and Punamäki, R. (1999) Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
  3. Instruments,mediating toolsSubject ObjectSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013CommunityRules Division of LabourTechnologyIdentityCommunityLearningEngeström, Y., Miettinen, R. and Punamäki, R. (1999) Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
  4. Instruments,mediating toolsSubject ObjectSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013CommunityRules Division of LabourTechnologyIdentityCommunity“We shape our tools,and then our toolsshape us.”- Marshall McLuhan“New tools of thinkinggive rise to newmental structures.”- Lev Vygotsky“We see ourselvesreflected in the eyesof others.”- Charles CooleyLearningEngeström, Y., Miettinen, R. and Punamäki, R. (1999) Perspectives on Activity Theory. Cambridge University Press.
  5. Who am I?Photo by Brecht Soenen:,UniversityofPlymouth,2013I am who I think you think that I amI am not who you think I amI am not who I think I amWho do you think you are?
  6. Symbolic InteractionismImage source Demeter Gray:,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  7. “We see ourselves reflected in the eyes of others”– Charles Cooley (1902)SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  8. “People areable to build a‘self’ by cyclingthrough manyselves”- Sherry TurkleSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  9. “Identity … experienced as a set ofroles that can be mixed and matched,whose diverse demands need to benegotiated” – Sherry Turkle (1995)SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Photo by Master Philip:
  10. ‘The Saturated Self’ – Kenneth Gergen
  11. People are “compelled to present themselvesmore accurately to people who know thembetter.”Leary, M & Allen, A. (2011) Self-Presentational Persona: Simultaneous Management ofMultiple Impressions. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101 (5), 1033–1049SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Photo by Steve Wheeler
  12. AnonymitySteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013“…feelings ofanonymity mayencourage greaterparticipation, andcreate more equalopportunities forcontributions, withno interruptionsfrom the more vocalmembers of thegroup.”Pearson, J. (2000) Lurking, Anonymity and Participation in Computer Conferencing. In D. M. Watsonand T. Downes (Eds.) Communications and Networking in Education: Learning in a Networked Society.London: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  13. PassiveObserverTransactionalParticipantPeripheralParticipantAdapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative learning: exploring thepotential of critical reflection to enhance organizational knowledge, Developmentand Learning in Organizations, Vol. 24 (1), 17 - 20SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Lurking = legitimate peripheral participation?Core
  14. ‘Transformativelearning involvesexperiencing a deep,structural shift in thebasic premises ofthought, feelings, andactions.’(O’Sullivan, 2003) MerizowSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  15. Perspective transformationPsychological (changes in self concept)Convictional changes (revision of belief systems)Behavioural changes (changes in lifestyle)SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Photo by Steve Wheeler
  16. PassiveObserverTransactionalParticipantPeripheralParticipantCoreGroupFullMemberAdapted from: Karalis, T. (2010) Situated and transformative learning: exploring thepotential of critical reflection to enhance organizational knowledge, Developmentand Learning in Organizations, Vol. 24 (1), 17 - 20SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013The transformation ‘event horizon’ – Kevin Burden
  17. DataInformationKnowledgeWisdomTransformationENGAGEMENTSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  18. Photo by Josh Liba: Identity,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  19. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  20. Blogging the actof writing......we arewritten.- Daniel ChandlerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  21. @timbuckteethPresentationof self incyberspace... theperformanceof ‘the self’onlineSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  22. case of Santiago Swallow
  23. Presentation of Self in Digital LifeSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Photo by Richie Diesterheft: – Drama Model
  24. How would yourbehaviour change ifthis man walked intothe room?Goffman in the real world:The ‘Celebrity Effect’Image source: https://commons.wikimedia.orgSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  25. What about these men?,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  26. What about this woman?SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  27. Would your behaviour change if one ofthese walked into the room right now?SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013http://commons.wikimedia.org
  28. • Well known person and an unknownperson walk into a shop• The unknown person asks for change ofa £20 note to make an urgent phone call• Observers watch for reactions from thetill operator• They measure interactions• In the ‘control condition’ two unknownswalk into the shopA Field ExperimentSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  29. • A pleasant surprise• Shop assistants were‘forced’ from theirfront stage into theirback stage roles• Celebrities ‘comeinto our homes’everyday!• Rules were forgottenor brokenSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Photo by Dawn Wheeler
  30. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013 trackingDigital Reputation
  31. languageManaging online identitynameimagesnetiquettereputationavatar interactionprivacypersonal dataidentitylegacyreputationnameprivacyimagesinteractionLearners need ‘digital wisdom’SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  32. Digital Tribes andthe Social Web:How Web 2.0 willTransform Learning inHigher EducationSteve WheelerUniversity of PlymouthccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010Engaging the Digital Generation Conference: University of Middlesex, London, 29 June 2010In 2010 I presented this keynote…
  33. “Where digitalcommunication hasfractured the tyranny ofdistance and computershave become pervasive andubiquitous, identificationthrough digital mediationhas become the newcultural capital”.- Wheeler (2009)Digital cultural capital –Membership of the Tribe,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  34. ConnectionccSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2010http://i.imx.comw
  35. CelebrationOne tribe or many?
  36. Collaboration
  37. Costume echo = group identityhttp://commons.wikimedia.orgSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  38. Postural echo=Identificationhttp://www.leifjeffers.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  39. Tribal Nature of New Media“New media ... havemade our world into asingle unit...The world is now like acontinually soundingtribal drum. Mediapoint us away fromindividual man andtoward tribal man.”- Marshall McLuhan (1960)metapedia.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  40. “Twitter and blogs ...contribute an entirelynew dimension ofwhat it means to be apart of a tribe. Thereal power of tribeshas nothing to do withthe Internet andeverything to do withpeople.”Internet Tribes“A tribe needs ashared interest and away to communicate.”SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  41. “The internet eliminatesgeography. This meansthat there are now moretribes: smaller tribes,influential tribes, andtribes that could neverhave existed before.”- Seth Godinhttp://nedgrace.files.wordpress.comTribesSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  42. Digital Tribes and Virtual ClansThere is one digitaltribe ... But there aremay subsets of thislarge digital tribe –what we can term‘virtual clans’.- Wheeler (2009)SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  43. http://www.phillwebb.netTotems“It is easier toproject yourfeelings of awetowards a totemthan something ascomplex as thetribe.”- Emile DurkheimSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  44. Digital Totems?• Gathering places• Rituals and rules• Celebration and fun• Transmission of customs,social mores and values(storytelling)• = Tribal identity• = Social networks Wheeler (2009) Digital TribesSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  45. Digital TotemsFor digital tribes... their totemsare their socialnetworking toolswithin the WorldWide Web.http://www.faqs.orgSource: Wheeler (2009) Digital TribesSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  46. Wikipedians(Deletionism + Exclusionism) /Inclusionism =DarwikinismSource: thefittestcontentSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  47. Flickrites and Facebookers http://www.coal-is-dirty.comSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  48. Smart Mobs“Smart Mobs consistof people who are ableto act in concert evenif they don’t knoweach other. [They can]cooperate in waysnever before possible.”Rheingold, H. (2002) Smart Mobs: The Next SocialRevolution. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books.The ‘Thumb Tribe’ – one thumb signallingSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  49. Flash mobshttp://idirekt.czThe power of txting to organise collective actionSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  50. Blogging TweetingPublic performance of learning?Video PodcastPhoto by Ed Yourdon:
  51. What my students said about Twitter...
  52.“We all fall somewhere along a continuumbetween Digital Visitor and Digital Resident,from very occasional online interaction, likeaccessing your bank account, to the evolution ofa complex online presence through a variety ofplatforms.” – Judy Bloxham (JISC, 2013)Digital Residents, Digital Visitors(White & Le Cornu, 2011)SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  53. Personal Learning NetworksPhoto by Steve WheelerSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  54. Beyond my reachWhat I can learn with help(ZPD)ZPD and scaffoldingWhat I canlearn on myownTechnology and toolsKnowledgeable othersSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  55. as‘mind tools’ forthe engaging oflearners incritical thinking- David Jonassen
  56. Photo by Mark Hillary,UniversityofPlymouth,2013Twitter Wall
  57. Students bloggingSteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013“I have neverhad to work sohard before!”
  58. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  59. SteveWheeler,UniversityofPlymouth,2013
  60. Learners will need new ‘literacies’• Social networking• Privacy maintenance• Identity management• Creating content• Organising content• Reusing and repurposing• Filtering and selecting• Self presenting• Transliteracy,UniversityofPlymouth,2013